US 660316 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Oct. 23,1900.
.1. SHOENBEBG, GARMENT HANGER.
(Application filed May 28, 1900.)
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NlTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JEANNETTE SHOENBERG, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
SPECIFIOATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 660,316, dated October 23, 1900.
Application filed May 26, 1900.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JEANNETTE SHOENBERG, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Garment-Hangers; and I do declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art-to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to garment-hangers; and the object of the invention is to provide a hat-support which is especially designed and adapted to be placed on the backs of seats in audience-rooms, and notably in theaters, opera-houses, concert-halls, and the like, where individ ual chairs are generally used,and there is a space between the backs of the chairs of the nature somewhat of a recess, in which my improved support can be fixed and be out of the way of persons entering or leaving the seats.
To these ends the invention consists in the construction of a hat-support substantially as shown and described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of my new and improved support as it appears when up out of the way and out of use. Fig. 2 is a perspective View thereof as it appears when down and in use or ready for use. Fig. 3is a plain elevation of the head and its arms folded as they appear in front elevation, Fig. l; and Fig. 4: is a cross-section of the head on line 00 at, Fig. 2, with the arms spread as in that figure.
A representsa bracket, piece, bar, or strap, of wood or metal, of a suitable shape and length and adapted in this instance by holes through its ends, to be screwed to any such back of seat as may be met within audiencerooms. If this shape of bracket be not best in any particular case, another that is exactly adapted thereto may be adopted, and hence there is nothing arbitrary so far as the bracket or piece A is concerned.
B represents the hat-supporting arm as a whole, comprising the tube 2, pivoted at its lower end on the bracket A and carrying a detachable head 3 at its top. A spindle at extends lengthwise through tube 2 and has an Serial No. 18,082. (No model.)
exposed extremity atits bottom, while its top is secured to an interior spool-shaped head 5, confined within the head 3 and normally resting on the bottom thereof. A spring 6 is interposed between the said heads and is designed to have sufficient tension to throw the fingers 7, which are engaged with inner head 5 through the outer head 3, into folded position promptly upon the raising of arm B into a position of rest, as in Fig. 1.
It will be noticed that the respective cars a and b, by which the arm B is pivoted on bracket A, are at such a distance above the lower end of said bracket and there is normally such length of projection of spindle at beneath arm-tube 2 that when the arm B is lowered for use the spindle 4 will strike against bracket A and forcibly spread the fingers 7, as seen in Figs. 2 and 4. The said fingers, it will be seen, are pivoted at 8 in the head 3 and extend within into engagement between flanges of the spool 5, with which they engage in such way that when the said fingers are out of use or retired they stand vertically or parallel with the arm 13 and the back of the seat, but when down for use are spread laterally and upwardly, as seen in Fig. 2, thus serving to cause their inner rounded or preferably-looped ends to engage within the crown of the hat, while the hat itself rests down over the same with the top upward.
The use and operation of this device are also practically automatic by reason of the liftspring 0, which is meant to have such strength and to be so placed relatively that the instant the hat is removed the said spring will lift the arm B promptly out of the Way and throw it between the spring clampingjaws D. Hence the spring 0 is designed to be balanced or counterbalanced by the hat, so that the hat will hold the arm B down and spring 0 will instantly lift the arm up when the hat is removed. This it does with a throw, to make sure engagement with jaws D. Thus it occurs that this device is always taken care of and put out of the way by itself and is neverdown but when in use. It may be noted as afurther distinguishing feature of its charactor that the entire length of arm B, with its fingers, as seen in Fig. 1, does not exceed six and a half inches, and all the parts are correspondingly slight. At the most it need not stand out exceeding three-fourths of an inch from the back of the seat, so that in no case can it be said that it is objectionable on account of the space it. occupies or that it causes anythinglike an obstruction even where seats are brought unusually close together. be affixed to the backs of straight churchpews and be scarcely noticeable, especially as compared with the usual attachments on pews for receiving cards, envelops, song and prayer books, and the like.
The spring C may be of spiral wire or other material, and it may be arranged as shown or at the pivot of the arm 13, and the spring 6 might be differently arranged from what is here shown and serve the same purpose The arm-tube 2 is shown as having the ears I) at itsside and end, and the ears aand b are relatively of such depth that when the arm is down in use, as in Fig. 2, the end of tube 2 abuts against the bracket below its pivot, which prevents further descent of the arm.
It will be observed that the angular relation of the axes of the fingers 7 is such that the said fingers are spread when open, substantially as seen in Figs. 2 and 4, and thrown practically together when closed or folded, as in Figs. 1 and 3.
What I claim is- 1. In a garment-hanger, a suitable bracket, an arm pivoted thereon at its lower end and means to support said arm in a vertical position against the bracket, a spindle in said arm and a pair of fingers operatively connected with said spindle at its top, substantially as described.
It can 2. Agarment-hangerconsistingofa bracket adapted to be fixed lo the back of a seat, an arm pivoted thereon to stand vertically when out of use and means to hold said arm in raised position, a set of carrying-fingers pivoted in the top of said arm, a spindle extending longitudinally through said arm and means at the top thereof to throw the fingers out when the arm is lowered and the spindle is pressed upward, substantially as described.
3. The bracket, the arm pivoted thereon at its end, a set of fingers pivoted on the upper end of said arm and a spindle operatively connected with said fingers through said arm and extending through the lower end of the arm, substantially as described.
4. The bracket and the arm pivoted thereon and having a head, fingers pivoted in said head and a spindle operatively engaged with the said fingers inward from their pivots and a spring to assist in throwing the fingers into folded position, substantially as described.
5. In garment-hangers,a pivoted arm adapted to swing into substantially horizontal and vertical positions respectively, a set of fingers pivoted in the outer free end of said arm at such angles as will throw them toward each other when in closed position and a bolt in the arm operatively connected with said fingers, substantially as described.
Witness my hand to the foregoing specification this 20th day of April, 1900.
J EANNETTE SHOENl-BERG.
M. A. SHEEHAN, R. 13. Moses.