US 662190 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Nov. 20,1900.V
E. A. GALBBAITH.
(Application led Apr. 16, 1900.)
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UNTTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
. EDWARD A. GALBRATTH, or BoSToN, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIeNo'R or ONE:
HALF To HENRY w. BRAec., or SAME PLACE.
SrEcIFIcATIoN forming pea er Letters Paten'. No. 662,190, dated November 2o, 1900.
Application filed April 16, 1900. Serial No. 13,015. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern; nation to the body of the section d, as shown Be it known that I, EDWARD A. GALBRAITH, upon the drawings, so as to permit the entire of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State section to yield bodily to a slight degree relof Massachusetts, have invented certain new atively tothe receptacle. 5 5 and useful Improvements in Packing-Cases, The body of the section cof each diaphragm of which the following is a specification. is provided with a plurality of series or groups This invention has relation to packing of tongues h, integral with the body, each boxes or cases for bottles of the type illusseries being arranged substantially in a cirtrated in my Patent No. 362,375, dated May cle surrounding au orifice formed by the dis- 6o io 8, 1887; and it consists in certain improveplacement of the tongues, said tongues being ments therein, which are illustrated upon the bent outward from one of the faces of the drawings, described in the following specitibody and being curved or inclined backcation, and particularized in the appended wardly so as to overhang the portions of the claims. body surrounding the orifice and forni springs 15 Referring to said drawings, Figure l illusadapted to yieldingly engage the bottom wall trates a packing-case embodying one form of d or the hinged cover c of the receptacle, acmy invention. Fig. 2 illustrates detached cording to the location of the diaphragm. one of the double diaphragms which extend These tongues or fingers actas annular springacross the packing-case and which is adapted cushions, and they maintain the Section e at 7o zo to yieldingly hold the bottle or bottles against some little distance from the adjacent parallateral or endwise jar. Fig. 3 represents an lel wall of the packing case or box and ab edge view of the same. Fig. 4 represents the sorb shocks or jars tending to force the bottle diaphragm doubled upon itself as itis in a or jar against the adjacent Wall. packing-case. The section d of each diaphragm is proz5 Referring to the drawings it will be seen vided with one or more apertures adapted to that in Fig. 1 I have illustrated a box or casreceive a bottle or jar, and around each apering having a bottom a., four side walls b, and ture is a plurality of tongues t', adapted to a hinged top or cover c. Within said box or yieldingly engage the sides of the bottle or receptacle are placed two double diaphragms, jar. The tongues t' project oppositely to the 8o 3o each serving the function of yieldingly holdtongues h prior to the packing-sheet ordou ble ing the bottle or jar packed in the case against diaphragm .being folded upon itself. sidewise and endwise vibration. The recep- The diaphragms or packing-sheets are artacle itself may -be made of wood or any ranged in the packing case or receptacle in othersuitable substance; but the diaphragms position to engage the upper and lower por- 35 are constructed, preferably, of pasteboard, tions respectively of the bottles or jars to be cardboard, or other suitable comparatively packed therein, and each of the diaphragms springy or resilient material. Each diais provided, as said, with asection apertured phragm is stamped or died out in elongated to receive the bottle, and with another parform, as shown in Fig. 2, adapted to be bent allel sec-tion against which the end of the 9o 4o on the lines indicated at 5, Fig. 2, to probottle is engaged.
vide two sections d and e, connected by the By reference to Fig. 1 it Will be seen that bridge f. When the diaphragm is bent upon when the packing-sheets are placed in the reitself, the sections d and e lie parallel to each ceptacle and the cover c of the box closed the other, as shown. The edges of the section e bottles orjars are held yieldingly against un- 45 and of the bridgef are smooth; but the secdue or longitudinal movement relatively to tion CZ of each diaphragm is provided with each other. The sections e are of such size tongue -like pieces g, extending entirely that they it snugly in the box, and after they around its edges and being adapted for yieldare once put in place and the hinged lid or ing engagement with the inner side walls of cover closed they cannot become displaced, roo 5o the receptacle or casing. The tongues or while the sections d of-the sheets or casings tongue-like pieces g are bent up at an incliare held parallel to the sections e by the frictional engagement of the tongues g with the inner faces of the side walls` b of the receptacle.
The bridgesff of the tWo packing-sheets act as spacing devices to maintain the sections separated to the proper extent, and they also prevent the dislocation of the sections d cl, which might occur if said sections were not connected by said bridges with the sections e.
Having thus explained the nature of the invention and described a Way of constructing and using the same, although without having attempted to set forth all of the forms in which it may be made or all of the modes of its use, I declare that what I claim is- 1. The combination' with a packing-receptacle adapted for the reception of bottles or jars, of packing-sheets or diaphragms each being doubled upon itself to have one section extending across the ends of the bottles or jars and having another section apertured to receive said bottles or jars, the firstmentioned section being provided with a plurality of annular groups of spring-tongues bent outwardly from one side of the section, and backwardly to overhang portions of the section, their outer ends being adapted to bear against the inner face of the top and bottom of the receptacle, to hold the bottles or jars yieldingly against longitudinal movement.
2. A packing-sheet for use in receptacles adapted for the reception of bottles or jars, said sheet being adapted to be bent upon itself to provide two parallel sections, one of which is apertured to receive a bottle or bottles, and
eaieo the other of which is provided with cushioning devices for engaging the top or bottom of the said receptacle.
3. The combination with a packing-receptacle adapted for the reception of bottles or 4o jars, of layers of packing-sheets arranged in parallelism and adapted to yieldingly maintain the said bottles or jars in said receptacle out of contact with each other and with the Walls of the receptacle, one of said layers being apertured to receive said bottles or ljars vand having integral spring-tongues around said apertures, and the other extending across the ends of said bottles or jars and having cushioning devices to separate it from the 5o adjacent parallel wall of the receptacle.
4. A packing-sheet of relatively springy or resilient material, having a plurality of annular groups of tongues integral with the body of the sheet, the tongues of each group surrounding an orifice formed by the displacement of the tongues, said tongues being normally bent or inclined backwardly from the said orifice to form springs which overhang the portions of the sheet surrounding the ori- 6o fice, each group of tongues constituting an annular cushion exposed to end thrust against the tongues.
In testimony whereof I have afixed my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
EDWARD A. GALBRAITI-I.
A. D. HARRISON, C. F. BROWN.