Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS6624676 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/930,179
Publication dateSep 23, 2003
Filing dateAug 16, 2001
Priority dateAug 23, 2000
Fee statusPaid
Also published asUS20020030477
Publication number09930179, 930179, US 6624676 B2, US 6624676B2, US-B2-6624676, US6624676 B2, US6624676B2
InventorsKatsuhisa Daio
Original AssigneeSony Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Asymmetry detection circuit and detection method of same
US 6624676 B2
Abstract
An asymmetry detection circuit having a simple circuit configuration capable of realizing reliable detection without dependence on the signal level and capable of realizing high precision asymmetry detection almost completely free of any influence from a voltage offset or the like, and a detection method of same, wherein a capacitor cuts off the direct current component of an input signal and passes the alternating current component, a bias voltage is added to the alternating current component in accordance with a constant voltage of a constant voltage source to generate an APL clamp signal, a comparator compares the signal with a constant voltage and outputs a pulse voltage signal representing a duty ratio of the signal in the APL value, a voltage/current conversion circuit outputs a current signal to charge or discharge a capacitor to generate an integrated signal, and a filter eliminates the alternating current component of the integrated signal and outputs the direct current component as an asymmetry detection signal.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(5)
What is claimed is:
1. An asymmetry detection circuit comprising
an alternating current separation means for outputting an alternating current component of an input signal,
a clamping means for adding a predetermined bias voltage to the alternating current signal obtained from said alternating current separation means,
a comparing means for comparing the output of said clamping means with a reference voltage in accordance with said bias voltage and outputting a pulse signal in accordance with the duty ratio of the output signal of said clamping means in accordance with the comparison result,
a voltage/current converting means for converting said pulse signal to a current signal,
an integrating means for integrating said current signal and outputting an integrated signal, and
a filter for eliminating the alternating current component of said integrated signal and outputting a direct current component.
2. An asymmetry detection circuit as set forth in claim 1, wherein said alternating current separation means comprises a capacitor cutting off the direct current component.
3. An asymmetry detection circuit as set forth in claim 1, wherein said integrating means comprises a capacitor charged or discharged by said current signal.
4. An asymmetry detection circuit as set forth in claim 1, wherein said filter is a low pass filter.
5. An asymmetry detection method for detecting the asymmetry of an input signal, comprised of the steps of
cutting off a direct current component of said input signal and outputting an alternating current component,
adding a predetermined bias voltage to said alternating current component and clamping said input signal by the bias voltage,
comparing said clamped signal and the reference voltage in accordance with said bias voltage and outputting a pulse signal representing the duty ratio of said clamped signal in accordance with the comparison result,
converting said pulse signal to a current signal, integrating said current signal and outputting an integrated signal, and
eliminating the alternating current component of said integrated signal and outputting the direct current component.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to an asymmetry detection circuit for detecting the asymmetry of alternating current signals and a detection method of the same.

2. Description of the Related Art

In an asymmetry correction circuit or the like, in order to correct the asymmetry of alternating current signals, first the asymmetry of an input signal must be detected.

Conventionally, the asymmetry of alternating current signals has been detected by comparing the bias voltages of the signals with an intermediate potential of a signal amplitude. FIG. 4 shows an example of the conventional asymmetry detection circuit. As illustrated, this asymmetry detection circuit 200 is comprised of peak hold circuits 210 and 220, an intermediate voltage detection circuit 230, and an asymmetry processing circuit 240.

The peak hold circuit 210 holds the upper limit value (positive peak level SPK1) of an input signal Sin, while the peak hold circuit 220 holds the lower limit value (negative peak level SPK2) of the same input signal Sin.

The intermediate voltage detection circuit 230 detects the intermediate voltage of the input signal Sin in accordance with the positive peak level SPK1 and the negative peak level SPK2 found by the peak hold circuits 210 and 220.

Here, assume that, for example, the input signal Sin has the waveform shown in FIG. 5. The peak hold circuit 210 detects the positive peak level SPK1 of this input signal Sin, while the peak hold circuit 220 detects the negative peak level SPK2. The intermediate voltage detection circuit 230 finds an intermediate voltage V2 of the input signal Sin, by the following equation based on the positive and negative peak levels SPK1 and SPK2 and outputs a signal SM indicating the intermediate voltage to the asymmetry processing circuit 240.

V 2=(S PK1 −S PK2)/2  (1)

Namely, the intermediate voltage V2 is the voltage in the middle of the positive peak level SPK1 and the negative peak level SPK2 of the input signal Sin in the waveform of the input signal Sin shown in FIG. 5 and is a voltage value where a=b stands as illustrated.

The asymmetry processing circuit 240 calculates the asymmetry of the signal Sin according to the bias voltage V1 of the input signal Sin and the intermediate voltage V2 thereof.

The asymmetry of alternating current signals is defined as the ratio of upper and lower peak voltages with respect to the direct current voltage level by which the duty ratio of the alternating current signals becomes 50%. The asymmetry processing circuit 240 can calculate the asymmetry of the input signal Sin based on the bias voltage V1 of the input signal Sin and the intermediate voltage V2 detected by the intermediate voltage detection circuit 230 according to this definition.

Summarizing the problem to be solved by the invention, in a conventional asymmetry detection circuit, in order to find the asymmetry of an input signal, first the positive and negative peak levels of the,signal are detected by the peak hold circuits, and then the intermediate voltage V1 of the signal amplitude is detected in accordance with the result. Therefore, the positive peak hold circuit and the negative peak hold circuit become necessary. The precision of the found intermediate voltage is largely governed by the holding characteristics of these circuits.

On the other hand, there is no problem as long as the voltage applied to the alternating current signal as the reference bias voltage V1 is clear, but if an offset or the like of the signal occurs in the middle of the path, the precision of the bias voltage V1 is lowered. For example, when viewed by the path up to a comparison circuit for comparing the bias voltage V1 and the intermediate voltage V2 of the amplitude of the signal (not illustrated: for example, existing inside the asymmetry processing circuit 240), the precision of the two are liable to differ and the precision of detection of the asymmetry is liable to fall due to an offset occurring in the peak hold circuit for finding the intermediate voltage V2.

In order to prevent such a fall of the precision of detection of asymmetry, a correction must be carried out in each circuit or the precision of detection of each circuit block must be raised, so there are the disadvantages of increased complexity of the system, sensitivity to fluctuations of measurement conditions or the signal level, and susceptability to interference.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to provide an asymmetry detection circuit having a simple circuit configuration capable of realizing reliable detection without depending upon the signal level and realizing high precision asymmetry detection almost entirely free from the influence of voltage offset or the like and a detection method of the same.

To attain the above object, according to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided an asymmetry detection circuit having an alternating current separation means for outputting an alternating current component of an input signal, a clamping means for adding a predetermined bias voltage to the alternating current signal obtained from said alternating current separation means, a comparing means for comparing the output of said clamping means with a reference voltage in accordance with said bias voltage and outputting a pulse signal in accordance with the duty ratio of the output signal of said clamping means in accordance with the related comparison result, a voltage/current converting means for converting said pulse signal to a current signal, an integrating means for integrating said current signal and outputting an integrated signal, and a filter for eliminating the alternating current component of said integrated signal and outputting a direct current component.

Preferably, said alternating current separation means comprises a capacitor cutting off the direct current component.

Preferably, said integrating means comprises a capacitor charged or discharged by said current signal.

Preferably, said filter comprises a low pass filter.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an asymmetry detection method for detecting the asymmetry of an input signal, comprised of the steps of cutting off a direct current component of said input signal and outputting an alternating current component, adding a predetermined bias voltage to said alternating current component and clamping said input signal by the related bias voltage, comparing said clamped signal and the reference voltage in accordance with said bias voltage and outputting a pulse signal representing the duty ratio of said clamped signal in accordance with the related comparison result, converting said pulse signal to a current signal, integrating said current signal and outputting an integrated signal, and eliminating the alternating current component of said integrated signal and outputting the direct current component.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other objects and features of the present invention will become clearer from the following description of the preferred embodiments given with reference to the attached drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of an embodiment of an asymmetry detection circuit according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a waveform diagram showing a definition of asymmetry;

FIG. 3 is a waveform diagram showing a principle of asymmetry detection in the present embodiment;

FIG. 4 is a circuit diagram showing an example of a conventional asymmetry detection circuit; and

FIG. 5 is a waveform diagram showing a principle of detection of the conventional asymmetry detection circuit.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of an embodiment of an asymmetry detection circuit according to the present invention.

As illustrated, an asymmetry detection circuit 100 of the present embodiment is constituted by a duty ratio detection circuit 110, a filter 120, and a capacitor 130 (C2).

The duty ratio detection circuit 110 is comprised of a capacitor 140 (C1), a resistor 150 (R1), a constant voltage source 160 (V2), a comparator 170, and a voltage/current converter (V/I converter) 180.

Below, an explanation will be given of the configurations and functions of parts of the asymmetry detection circuit of the present invention by referring to FIG. 1.

In the duty ratio detection circuit 110, the capacitor 140 cuts off the direct current component of the input signal Sin and allows only the alternating current component to pass through.

The constant voltage source 160 supplies a constant voltage V2 as the reference voltage.

The capacitor 140, the resistor 150, and the constant voltage source 160 give a bias voltage in accordance with the constant voltage Vin to the input signal Sin as an average picture level (APL) value. Namely, the input signal Sin is clamped according to the constant voltage V2.

As illustrated, the input signal Sin is input to one input terminal Tin1 of the comparator 170 via the capacitor 140. The resistor 150 and the constant voltage source 160 are connected in series between the input terminal Tin1 of the comparator 170 and a reference potential (ground potential) GND. A middle point of connection of the resistor 150 and the constant voltage source 160 is connected to the other input terminal Tin2 of the comparator 170.

For this reason, a signal SAC obtained by APL clamping the input signal Sin is applied to the input terminal Tin1 of the comparator 170, and the constant voltage V2 is input as the reference voltage to the input terminal Tin2.

The comparator 170 compares the signal SAC and the reference voltage V2 and outputs a pulse voltage signal VCMP in accordance with the result of comparison. In the comparator 170, the reference voltage for comparison of the signal SAC is the APL value. Therefore, as a result of comparison of these signals, a voltage pulse VCMP in accordance with the duty ratio in the APL value is output.

The voltage/current conversion circuit 180 converts the input voltage signal to a current signal. Namely, the voltage/current conversion circuit 180 outputs a current IC in accordance with the voltage VCMP output by the comparator 170.

The capacitor 130 is charged or discharged by the current IC output by the voltage/current conversion circuit 180. Due to this, an integrated voltage VC is obtained from the terminal of the capacitor 130 in accordance with the output current IC.

The integrated voltage VC obtained by the capacitor 130 is input to the filter 120. The filter 120 is comprised of, for example, a low pass filter. The alternating current signal component contained in the integrated voltage VC is eliminated by the low pass filter. As a result, the direct current component contained in the integrated voltage VC is output. The direct current component is output as an asymmetry detection result SASYM of the input signal Sin.

Next, an explanation will be given of the principle of asymmetry detection in the present embodiment by referring to the waveform diagrams shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3.

FIG. 2 is a waveform diagram of the definition of asymmetry of alternating current signals. The asymmetry of the alternating current signals is defined as the ratio between the upper limit peak value and the lower limit peak value with respect to the direct current voltage value by which the duty ratio becomes 50%.

As illustrated, it is assumed that the duty ratio becomes 50% when the alternating current signal Sin is clamped by the voltage V1. At this time, when the upper limit value of the signal Sin, that is, the positive peak level, is A, and the lower limit value, that is, the negative peak level, is B with respect to the voltage V1, the asymmetry ASYM of the signal Sin is found by the following equation:

ASYM=(A−B)/(A+B)100%  (2)

According to equation (2), the case where the asymmetry ASYM is 0% arises when the upper limit value and the lower limit value are equal and A=B. Namely, when the asymmetry ASYM is 0%, the alternating current signals exhibit completely vertically symmetrical shapes.

Here, consider a triangle with a bottom side set at the duty ratio and with a height set at the peak value (upper limit value or lower limit value). As areas of this triangle, a positive side area SP and a negative side area Sn can be found as follows.

S p=50A/2  (3)

 Sn=50B/2  (4)

FIG. 3 shows the area Sp and the area Sn with respect to the case where the input signal S in has the APL value (voltage V2).

When the asymmetry is 0, SP and Sn found according to equations (3) and (4) satisfy the following equation:

S P =S n  (5)

On the other hand, when the asymmetry is a number other than 0, SP and Sn found according to equations (3) and (4) satisfy the following equation:

S P ≠S n  (6)

On the other hand, the APL value is the average value of the alternating current signals, and so is a direct current voltage value always satisfying equation (5). When the asymmetry is a number other than 0, A is not equal to B. In the APL value, by equation (5), the duty ratio does not become equal to 50%.

Namely, even if the peak level of the alternating current signals is not monitored, by monitoring the duty ratio in the APL value of the alternating current signals, the asymmetry of the alternating current signals can be detected.

Below, an explanation will be given of operation of the asymmetry detection in the asymmetry detection circuit of the present embodiment by referring to FIG. 1.

First, the input alternating current signal Sin is input to the duty ratio detection circuit 110. In the duty ratio detection circuit 110, the direct current component of the input signal Sin is cut off by the capacitor 140. Further, by the resistor 150 and the constant voltage source 160, the signal SAC APL clamped at the constant voltage V2 is obtained and input to the input terminal Tin1 of the comparator 170. The constant voltage V2 is input as a comparison reference voltage to the input terminal Tin2 of the comparator 170.

In the comparator 170, signals input to the input terminals Tin1 and Tin2 are compared. As a result of this comparison, a voltage pulse VCMP indicating the duty ratio in the APL value is output. Namely, the duty ratio of the input signal Sin with respect to the APL value is represented by the pulse width of the output pulse signal VCMP of the comparator 170.

The voltage pulse signal VCMP output from the comparator 170 is input to the voltage/current conversion circuit 180. As a result of the conversion, a current signal IC in accordance with the voltage pulse signal VCMP is output.

The capacitor 130 is charged or discharged by the current signal IC. Namely, the current signal IC is integrated, and a voltage VC is obtained as the integrated signal from the terminal of the capacitor 130.

The alternating current component of the integrated signal VC is eliminated by the filter 120 and only the direct current component is output. This output signal indicates the asymmetry of the input signal Sin and is output as the asymmetry detection signal SASYM.

As explained above, according to the present embodiment, by just using a simple circuit, it is possible to detect reliably the asymmetry of the input signal. Also, in the duty ratio detection circuit, since the APL value is given by the constant voltage source, the signal SAC obtained by clamping the input signal Sin by the APL value is generated, and the signal SAC and the voltage V2 of the constant voltage source serving as the reference voltage are compared by the comparator 170, and the duty ratio can be correctly detected. By the voltage/current conversion circuit 180, the duty ratio detection result is converted to the current signal IC, the integrated signal VC is found by the capacitor 130 in accordance with that, and the asymmetry can be detected in accordance with the direct current component of the integrated signal. For this reason, it is possible to detect reliably the asymmetry almost completely free of any influence from fluctuation of the signal. Further, the circuit configuration is extremely simple. For example, for the comparison circuit 170, the voltage/current conversion circuit 180, and the filter 120, it is not necessary to use particularly limited elements. Already existing elements can be used. Therefore, development and manufacturing costs of a system including an asymmetry detection circuit can be kept low.

Summarizing the effects of the invention, as explained above, according to the asymmetry detection circuit of the present invention and the detection method of the same, asymmetry can be reliably detected by a simple circuit configuration and the result of detection of asymmetry is obtained based on the result of integration of the signal, so not only can the detection result be output as a voltage signal, but also reliable detection can be realized without dependance on the fluctuation of the level of the input signal.

Further, according to the present invention, there is almost no influence of direct current offset of the input signal and offset occurring in the signal processing circuit, so there is the advantage that a high precision can be held in the result of detection of asymmetry.

While the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments chosen for the purpose of illustration, it should be apparent that numerous modifications could be made thereto by those skilled in the art without departing from the basic concept and scope of the invention.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6066972 *Oct 13, 1998May 23, 2000International Business Machines CorporationDifferential receiver with duty cycle asymmetry correction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6937485 *Aug 28, 2003Aug 30, 2005Elpida Memory, Inc.Duty ratio detecting apparatus with small return time
Classifications
U.S. Classification327/175, 327/165, 327/100, 327/307
International ClassificationG01R19/00, G01R19/165, H03K5/08, H03K5/22
Cooperative ClassificationG01R19/165
European ClassificationG01R19/165
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 18, 2011FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Mar 23, 2007FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Nov 15, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: SONY CORPORATION, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DAIO, KATSUHISA;REEL/FRAME:012309/0315
Effective date: 20011107
Owner name: SONY CORPORATION 7-35 KITASHINAGAWA 6-CHOME, SHINA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DAIO, KATSUHISA /AR;REEL/FRAME:012309/0315