US 664185 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Dec. I8, |900. C. W. STRAN.
KEG,BARREL; 0B CASK. (Applicaiou med Mar. 15, 1900.
(N0 Model) W/TNESSES /NVENTO/ @mici @J1 Zu/M #JM VIO CHARLES W. STRAN, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
KEG, BARREL, OR CASK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 664,185, dated December 18, 1900.
Application filed March 15, 1900. Serial No. 8,733. '(No model.)
Tc @ZZ whom, it may coi/wenn.-A
Be it known that I, CHARLES W. STRAN, a resident of Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, have'invented certain new and useful Improvements in Kegs, Barrels, or Casks; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to improvements in kegs, barrels, or casks, and pertains more especially to an article of the character indicated that is made of sheet metal.
The object of this invention is to provide a keg, barrel, or cask that possesses great strength and durability, whose heads cannot become displaced, that can be made with facility, and that is exceedingly simple in construction and comparatively inexpensive.-
With this object in View the invention consists in certain peculiarities of construction hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure I is an end elevation of a keg, barrel, or cask embodying my invention. Fig. II is a side elevation. Fig. III is an end elevation of aportion of the keg, barrel, or cask. Fig. IV is a transverse section on any one of lines IV IV, Fig. I, looking in the direction of the arrow.
My improved keg, barrel, or cask can be made entirely of sheet metal and requires no wood or other material in its construction nor any hoops or other independent fastening devices.
The barrel illustrated is composed of three pieces of sheet metal, and one of these pieces forms the bilge or body portion of the barrel. The barrels body portion is consequently composed of a sheet-metal shell ct, consisting, as already indicated, of a single piece of sheet metal and formingthe bilge of the barrel. The shell centrally between its ends has a plain portion b, extending, preferably, circumferentially of the shell and provided with a bung-hole c. The shell a is gradually reduced in diameter from the central plain portion b toward each extremity of the shell and.
is corrugated longitudinally between the central portion and extremities of the shell, and the alternate ridges e and furrows f of each corrugated portion of the shell extend, preferably, to the outer extremity of the said corrugated portion, and the furrows are gradually enlarged in depth toward their outer ends. By this construction a body portion possessing great strength and durability is provided. Preferably two beads d andcZ are formed upon and extend circumferentially of the shell between the central plain portion and opposite corrugated portions, respectively, of the shell.
Two heads Zt and Z?, close opposite ends, respectively, of the shell a. Each head h is composed, preferably, of a single sheet-metal plate arranged within and instrumental in closing the engaging end of the shell a and located, preferably, a short distance from the outer extremity of the said end of the shell. Each head h is provided with a corrugated iiange 7c, that extends circumferentially of and snugly engages and conforms to the inner side of the engaging corrugated end of the shell and is bent, as at Z, over the outer side or surface of the shell circumferentially of the latter and has its said bent-over portion Z snugly engaging and conforming to the said outer surface.
By the construction hereinbefore described the heads `are securely held in position and their corrugated flanges embrace and bind the ends of the bilge-forming shell or body and materially reinforce the ends of the barrel.
Of course one of the heads h is provided with a hole i for the reception of a faucet.
Obviously the heads Zz cannot possibly become accidentally displaced. The gradual diametrical reduction of the body-portionforming shell toward its extremities and the fitting of the heads within the said shell a short distance from the shells extremities and the engagement of the flanges of the heads with the inner surface of the shell at the outer sides of the heads securely holds the heads in place so far as outward displacement is concerned, and the bent-over portions Z of the heads flanges-that is, the portions of the said flanges that overlap and conform to the outer surface of the shellseplacement. The corrugated flanges of the gated ends of the bilge-forming shellV of the IOO curely hold the heads against inward disbarrel, and consequently prevent turning of the heads within the shell. In fact, iny improved manner of securing the heads to and Within the shell by means of corrugated flanges embracing and tightly fitting the correspondiugly-corrugated ends of the shell is instrumental in the formation of a barrel or cask that is exceedingly strong and durable and can withstand rough usage without liability of being injured.
What I claim is- 1. A keg, barrel or cask having the following: a body portion comprising la metallic shell that is corrugated longitudinally beA tween its central portion and ends and has the alternate ridges and furrows of the corrugated portions extending to the extremities of the shell, and metallic heads closing opposite ends, respectively, of the shell and provided Wit-h corrugated iianges that snugly engage and conform to the inner surface of the engaging corrugated ends of the shell and are bent over and snugly overlap and conform to the outer surface of the corrugated ends of the shell.
2. A keg, barrel or Cask having the following: a body portion comprising a shell corrugated longitudinally between its central portion and ends and having the alternate ridges and furrows of the corrugated portions extending to the extremities of the shell, and having the said corrugated portions gradually reduced in diameter toward the said extremities, and metallic heads closing opposite ends, respectively, of the shell and arranged Within the outer ends of the shell a short distance from the extremities of the said ends and provided With corrugated flanges that snugly engage and conform to the inner surface 0f the engaging corrugated ends of the shell and are bent over and snugly overlap and conform to the outer surface of the said corrugated ends of the shell, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. A keg, barrel or cask comprising the following: a sheet-metal shell ahavinga central circumferentially-extending plain portion b, and having the end portions between the said plain portion and the extremities of the shell corrugated longitudinally and gradually de'- creased in diameter toward the said extremities, the beads d and d formed upon and extending circumferentially of the shell bctween the diiferent corrugated end portions, respectively, of the shell and the aforesaid plain portion, and the sheet-metal heads h and 7i arranged within opposite ends, respectively, of the shell and snugly fitting the shell, and each of the said heads being provided, upon its outer side, with a corrugated ange that extends circumferentially of and snugly engages and conforms to the inner surface of the engaging corrugated end of the shell, and is bent, as at Z, over the outer side or surface of the shell circumferentially of the latter, and has its said bent-over portion l snugly engaging and conforming to the said outersurface.
Signed by me at Cleveland, Ohio, this 9th day of March, 1900.
CHARLES W. STRAN.
C. H. DoRER, A. H. PARRATT.