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Publication numberUS664771 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 25, 1900
Filing dateApr 12, 1900
Priority dateApr 12, 1900
Publication numberUS 664771 A, US 664771A, US-A-664771, US664771 A, US664771A
InventorsWilliam Warner Mccallum
Original AssigneeWilliam Warner Mccallum
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mechanism or apparatus for bending tubing.
US 664771 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 664,771. Patented Dec. 25, 1900.



(Application filed Apr. 12, 1900.

(No Model.)




srEcIFIcATIoN forming part of Letters Patent no. 664,771, dated iDecember as, 19cc.

Application filed April 12, 1900. Serial No. 12,517. kNo model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Beit known that I, WILLIAM WARNER Mo- OALLUM, of Milwaukee, in the county of Milwaukee and State of Wisconsin,have invented a new and useful Improvement in Mechanism or Apparatus for Bending Tubing, of which the following is a description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which are a part of this specification.

My invention relates to improved mechanism or apparatus for bending or coiling substantially straight metal tubing into curved or spirally-coiled form, and especially into a series of similar coils in parallel adjacent planes.

The invention consists of the mechanism and devices and the parts and combinations thereof, as herein described and claimed, or their equivalents.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is an elevation at the side of my improved mechanism for bending or coiling tubing. Fig. 2 is atransverse section of the construction shown in Fig. 1 adjacent to and showing the face of the initial plate and adjacent collar. Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the shaft adjacent to and showing theface of the second or other plate than the initial one shown in Fig. 2 and of an adjacent collar. Fig. 4 shows one of the plates and the related collar in connection with a tube being bent with the coils separated one from another. Fig. 5 is a plan view of tubing coiled by my improved mechanism and devices. Fig. 6 is an edge view of the coiled tubing shown in plan in Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is a modified form of the construction adapted for bending a tubing into oval coils. Fig. 8 is a construction adapted for bending tubing into triangular coils.

In the dawings, A is a fragment of a shaft or mandel, preferably of cylindrical form, which should be of such size and so mounted and driven as to adapt it for bending tubing of small or great diameter, as desired. An initial or base blate 10, which is advisably of disk form and may be of this circular or disk form in all cases, is secured either permanently or by a suitable key 11 releasably on the shaft. In the drawings, Fig. 1, the initial plate 10 is shown to be secured releasably to the shaft A by means of the key, and the back of the plate is placed against a collar 12, fixed on the shaft. As a convenient means for securing the end of the tubing to be bent to this plate, and thereby securing it in position for bending, I provide a groove 13 across the plate 10 adjacent to the shaft A, andthe rearward wall of this groove is cut away, as shown at 14, in an oblique plane from near the bottom of the groove to the surface of the plate at a distance rearwardly therefrom from near the shaft outwardly to the edge of the disk. The depth of this groove is to be substantially equal to the diameter of the tubing to be bent. It will be understood that this construction provides for the insertion of the end of the straight tubing in the groove 13 from that edge of the disk at which the groove is cut away, as shown at 14, into the groove beyondthe shaft A, so that when the shaft is rotated the end of the tubing will remain held in the distant portion of the groove and will escape from the groove along the inclined wall at 14. A collar or coilcore 15 is placed on the shaft adjacent to the face of the disk 10, which collar or coil-core is of such size circumferentially as thefirst line or circle of the coil is desired to be. This coil-core is preferably made separate and detachable from the shaft and from the adjacent disk, though it maybe integral with one of the adjacent disks. It is preferably keyed to the shaft, as shown in Figs. 2, 3, and 4-. This coil-core is also preferablyprovided with a shoulder 16, formed by increasing the radial width of this collar or coil-core eccentrically to the locality of the shoulder 16, where the collar is abruptly lessened in radial width, forming the substantially radiallyextending shoulder, as shown. The thin or narrow portion of the collar or coil-core is adjacent and opposite the groove 13 and its inclined or cut-away wall 14, so that in bending tubing that has been inserted in the groove 13 the tube will first follow closely about the thin portion of the coil-core and will be gradually carried away from the axis of the core until it reaches the shoulder 16, where it will be so much farther from the axis of the core as equals the diameter of the tubing. It will be noted that the shoulder 16 is as wide ra dially substantially as the groove 13, or, in

other words, as wide radially as the thickness also substantially as long in the direction of from surface to surface in an oblique direction to the surface, the inclination of the walls of the slot being rearwardly in the direction of the rotation of the plates from the surface that is nearest to the plate toward the other surface. This construction provides opportunity whereby when a coil of the tubing has been made between the plates 10 and 17, consisting of several circles of coils, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the tubing from the exterior circle B can be bent into the slot 18 and across this plate in the slot 18 to the other surface of the plate and at the same time carried radially inwardly, as shown at O in Figs-5 and 6, to a coil-core on the other side of the plate 17. This provides for a transverse tube-coil connection between a coil B in one plane and a coil D in another plane. At the outer side of the plate 17 another coilcore substantially like the coil-core 15,is

placed on the shaft A, and another plate 17' is placed on the shaft against the coil-core 15', which plate, if another coil of the tube is to be formed, is also slotted radially at 18 as the plate 17 is slotted at 18, and another coilcore 15" is placed outside of the plate 17 on the shaft. If still other coils of the pipe are to be made, other plates like the plate 17 and other coil-cores like the coil-core 1-5 may be placed on the shaft to such number as additional coils of tubing are to be made. For a plate for the exterior of the last coil to be formed a non-slotted plate 10' is employed, which is placed on the shaft against the adjacentcoil-core, and these several plates and coil-cores being secured releasably to the shaft by the key 11 or its equivalent they are held in place up to the plate 10 conveniently by a nut 19, turning by its thread .on a corresponding thread'on the shaft or mandrel A. It will be noted that the several coil-cores having the eccentric and shouldered form are placed on the shaft in the same position relative to the radial'slots in the precedingplates that the coil-core v15 has to the plate 10,'as shownin Fig. 2 and as hereinbefore described. This relation of the other coil-cores to the slots in the preceding plates is shown in Fig. 3.

It will be understood that having devices put together as already described and as is illustrated by the construction in'Fig. 1 the attendant inserts the tubing in the groove 13 beyond the shaft, that thereupon on causing the shaft to rotate. slowly and holding the projecting portion of the tubing steady the tubing will be coiled about the coil-core 15 and upon and about itself, forming a spiral coil, and that when this coil becomes substantially as large diametrically as the plate 10 the tubing can be bent into the slot 18 of the plate 17, and as the plate continues to revolve the tubing can be readily bent and carried inwardly of the radial slot and to the opposite surface of the plate 17 onto the succeeding coil-core 15, about which another coil can be formed in the manner described. This process can be continued to any extent desired, forming a plurality or series of coils. It is, however, desirable for many purposes that the circles of the tubing in these several coils shall be separated one from another by V a greatenor less distance, and for this purpose I employ a coil-spreading device 20, which consists of a strip of flexible material, which may be firm hardsole-leather or, more desirably, lead, the strip being of such width as to substantiall fill the space between two adjacent plates 1O 17 and of 'suchthickness as to spread the circles of the tubing to such extent as desired. It will be'understood that by removing the nut 19 from the end of the shaft or mandrel A the plates and the coilcores can be removed from the shaft-and the coils of tubing taken therefrounand thecoilspreading device or devices 20 can then be removed from the coils.

The plate 21 and coil-core 22 shown in Fig. 7 are substantially like the plate 17 and the coil-core 15 of Figs. 1 and 3, except that the plate and the coil-coreare made inoval form with reference to bending tubing in coils of V ovalform. The plate23 and coil core 24shown in Fig. 8 are in triangular form toillustratea form of construction that is adapted for bending tubing-in triangular coils. These modified'forms of construction (shown in Figs. 7 and '8) are merely to illustrate the fact'that by means of my mechanism or "apparatus when made in suitable form tubing may be bent into coils of any form desired.

What I claim as my invention is- 1. The combinationof a revoluble shaft, an

initial plate on and revoluble with the shaft,"


initial plate on and revoluble with the-shaft,

means in the plate for taking and holding the end of tubing, other plates on and revoluble with and severallyremovable from-theshaft, r the plates being separated a distance'ifrom 1 eachother and theplate or platesintermcdiate of the end plates of the series of plates beingslotted radially from near the shaftto the outer edge.

.3. The combinationof arevoluble shafigan initial plate on and revoluble'withthe shaft, means in the plate for taking and holdingthe end of tubing, other plates on and revoluble with and severally removable from the shaft, the plate or plates intermediate of the end plates being slotted radially from near the shaft to the outer edge, and independent coilcores on the shaft extending from a plate to the adjacent plate substantially as long as the diameter of the tubing to be bent.

4. In mechanism for bending tubing,a shaft, an initial radially-projecting plate thereon, one or more removable radiallyprojecting plates on the shaft and adjacent to but at a predetermined distance from the initial plate and from each other, the intermediate plate or plates being slotted radially from near the WILLIAM WARNER MGOALLUM.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2783532 *Jul 11, 1950Mar 5, 1957Houdaille Industries IncTube bending method
US4038852 *May 3, 1976Aug 2, 1977Ronald LearScroll-forming device
US6152429 *Apr 27, 1998Nov 28, 2000Pettigrew; Doug G.Fence system for simultaneously tensioning a multiplicity of fence strands
US6648305Nov 20, 2001Nov 18, 2003Edward S. Robbins, IIIFence tensioner
US6848678Dec 23, 2002Feb 1, 2005Edward S. Robbins, IIIFence tensioner
US7461534 *Dec 18, 2006Dec 9, 2008Kerry Gilbert BridglandTool to manipulate wrought iron
Cooperative ClassificationB21C47/26