US 667856 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
m m m! m Du F d e t n e t a P R E N G A W R Q 6 5 00 7 6 6 0 N CARTRIDGE MAGAZINE.
(Applicatiun filed Oct. 5, 1900.) (No Model.)
2 heets-$heot I.
No. $67,856. Patented Feb.,l 2, I901.
c. R. WAGNER.
- (Application filed 061:. 5, 1900.)
2 Sheath-Shoat 2.
UNITED STATES- PATENT Orrron.
CARL ROBERT WAGNER, OF SUHL, GERMANY.
SPEGIFIGATION forming art of Letters Patent No. 667,856, dated February 1'2, 1901.-
Applicationmed October 5,1900. Sefiallio. 32,141. on model) To-aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, CARL ROBERT WAGNER, mechanical engineer, a subject of the King of Prussia, German Emperor, residing at Bahuhofstmsse 58, Suhl, in the Kingdom-of Prussia, Germany, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in or'Connected with Magazines-for Cylindri'ca1-Breech Rifles or Small-Arms; and I. do hereby declare the folthat in accordance with the progress of its is a vertical cross-section of the magazine.
lowing to be a fnll,clear,and. exact description ,of the invention,- such as will enable others skilled in the art tolwhich it appertains to make and use the same;
This invention relates to a box shaped magazine, opening through its hinged or folding bottom, for rifles or the like, the subject of the improvement being an arrangement whereby as the hinged bottom plate is opened the lever or arm which retainsthe cartridge feeder is by positive mechanical action turned down upon the. inner face of such bottom plate and retained in this lowered position until the bottom plate is turned backinto its place, or, in other words, till the magazineis' once more closed. Furthermore, in conse quence of the arm beingsecured in its turneddown position the pivoted cartridge-feeder arm cannot be opened unintentionally while the magazine-bottom is open-.that' is, before it has been locked. The means whereby the positive depression of the feeder-lever is effected at the moment of opening the magazine-bottom is a swinging pressure-lever suspended or pivoted in the magazine-wall, which is so operated or controlled by the magazinebottom itself while the latter is being moved movement it gradually depresses the feederarm against-the inner face of the magazinebottom.
One form of the improved apparatus is by way of illustration represented inthe accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of the magazine with its bottom closed; Fig. 2 is a similar section of the same with the bottom plate turned down to its extreme open position.
Fig. 5 comprises a front elevation and a perspective view of the pressure-lever. Fig. 6
Figs. 3 and 4 illustrate two inter-'- mediate positions of the parts referred to. V
hthe feeder-arm h, the pressure-lever a, con stru'ct-ed as a bell crank lever,' ithe"lowcr arm: of which is formed double or forked, is adapt charged and with itsbottom plate' loclied;
Fig. 7 shows the bottom-plate detached, with the cartridge-feeding mechanism in 'thep'osifeeder le veroi" arm, and Fig. -11 isa detail 1 p 65. 'The bottom plate I is made capable ofturnf ing or oscillating by being mounted on the hinge-pin U at its forward end; At its rear view of a modification.
Fig. 8 is another detached ward end there is arranged the catch or lever c', the outer longer arm of which engagesin a notch or slot-a, provided in the triggerguard,Figs.' 1 and 2, while the 'innershorter arm a so long as the, magazinebottom is closed remains in engagement witha pin or stud d, firmly fixed in the wall of the magazine, thereby retaining the bottom-in its closed .oi locked position. i ll v The cartridge-feeding lever ranged to swing or turn on thepivot h in the front part of the bottom plate I), where the latter isprovided with checks or lugs -b' and 1 wherc-thesaid lever h, by means-offal Shitable notch h provided for the purpose-cue".
gages with the hinge pin b? of the said bottom plate.
s The feeder arm or lover h itself is placed under the controlof a Hat spring f, fastened-I to the-inner face of the bottom-plate 1?, while the feeder proper,z, linked orjoint'edto the said feeder-arm h by means of the pivot 5, is controlled by the spring f secured to thearm'h, the arrangement being such that the first-named springfat the same time retains the lever c in its closed position, its free rearward end acting upon the projecting arm'c o f'such lever c, revoluble' on the pivot c, f For the reception ofthe-upp r part a of this lever 1' c the part to, projecting from themagazine-- wall w, is conveniently recessed, so as to make room for the said lever ,oto work in;
.At the front end of themaga'zine it, over so to swinger turn on the-pivot n J'Phe iower arms 71. n of thispressure-lever having a slot or recess hetween' them are adapted to take up their position against or in contact with the sit'ie "fu, i's or cheeks b (if the bottom plate 17', as is clearly shown in the drawings,-
- wherein the said arm'n of the pressure-lever engages and isheld at" rest in its terminal position, while the magazine-bottom is open, asshown at Fig. 2.
The 'oporationof the parts just described is as follows: As the' hinged bottom b of the magazine is opened its cheeks or lugs b, by means of their projections engage with the arms niof'the pressure-lever, thereby imparting to it a rotary movement, which by its 11 p,-. er arm n, engaging with the notch 72, of the coder; lever h, is transmitted to the said feeder-lever h, so vthat when the magazinebottom becomes fully open-that is to say, by the ti me 'itreaches its terminal posi-tiomthe said feeder-lever comes to, rest against the-inner 'face of such bottom and its notch 71 engages the upper arm of of the pressurelever n, asshown at Fig. 2. .In this situation of theparts the cartridges may fall from the magazine unimpeded or be readily removed by hand, and the magazine may with'equal facility be recharged from below. During the closing movement of the magazine-"oct-- tom b the projections-b release the a'rmsn of the pressure-lever and the feeder-spring f again com es into operation. While the magazine con tin ues charged, the said feeder-spring f is entirelyembedded in a suitable recess magazine,undiminished,as
provided for the purpose in thehottom plate I), so asto leave the available depth of the shown more particularly atFigs. 6 and 7. The feedenlever .h is preferably located under the projecting part of the corrugated plate 'which'forms the feeder z, so as to reduce-,the. space it takes up in the magazine-chain "r', 1at ftl-1e expense of the depth of thelatter, to the least con-' ceivable minimum. Besides, the employment of feeder mechanism, such as is shown in the drawings, enables both the spring f of the feeding-lever h and the spring f of the feeder proper, -z, to be so constructed as to insure uniformityin the process of raising the cartridges.
The most simple method of opening the magazine-bottom b is by applying pressure from within the trigger-guard a upon the por- 'tion of the arm of the locking catch or lever c which projects through the slot a, into such trigger-guard. 1
As illustrated in the drawings, the leverarm just mentioned is preferably formed-to fit the slot a, of the triggenguard as snugly as possible, so that .there should benopro- 1 trud ing or bulging parts likely to interfere with the ready manipulation of the firearm for ordinary purposes or to injure the handsor damage the clothes-of the marksman ashe shoulders the arm.
A modified form of the locking catch or lever is presented in; Fig-.11. This lever, which is here marked 6, is pivoted not to the magazine-bottom, but to the trigger-guard a, so that its lower longer arm is situated within such trigger-guard, while an upper shorter arm thereof, 6 protruding outward ,throug'h the trigger-guard, engages with' the lower edge of the magazine hottomplat e band retains the same in theclosed position by the 'aidof a spring f, depressing an inwardlydirected arm e ofthe same lever. The pivot e of such lever e is mounted in the trigger guard a.
l What I claim is l. The combinatiomwith a cartridge-magazine, a pivoted bottom plate, and a pivoted feeding-lever; of a hell-crank pressure-lever pivoted to the magazine adjacent to the pivot of it'ssaid bottom plate and engaging with the said bottom platean'd feeding-lever,sub-
stantially as set forth.
2. The com bination,with a cartridge-magazine, and a pivoted bottom plate therefor; of a feeding-lever pivoted to' the said bottom plate in front of the pivot thereof and provided with a notch h for engaging with the said pivot, and a bell-crank pressurewlever pivoted to the magazine behind the pivot of the-said bottom plate and engaging with the l-OO.
said bottom plate and ieedin'g-leveigsubstantially as set forth.
3. The combination,with a cartridgemagazine, andfa pivoted bottom plate therefor having projecting shoulders b of'a feedinglever pivoted to the said bottom plate and provided with a notch 72*, and a bell-crank pressure-lever pivoted to the magazine and straddling the said feeding-lever and engaging with the said shoulders and notch, substantially as set forth. s
4. The comhinatiomwith a cartridge-magazine, a pivoted bottom plate, and a pivoted feeding-lever; of a bell-crank pressure-lever pivoted to the magazine adjacent to the pivot of its said bottom plate and engaging with the said bottom plate and feeding-lever, a catch-lever pivoted to the free end portion of the said bottom plate, a single spring operating the said feeding-lever and catch-lever,and
a catch on the magazine for the said catch- In testimony whereof i atiix my signature in presencepf two witnesses. I
CARL ROBERT \VAGNER.
ERNEST GUMPERT, E..DEL STRQTH'ER.