Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS668315 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 19, 1901
Filing dateJul 17, 1900
Priority dateJul 17, 1900
Publication numberUS 668315 A, US 668315A, US-A-668315, US668315 A, US668315A
InventorsGuglielmo Marconi
Original AssigneeMarconi Wireless Telegraph Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Receiver for electrical oscillations.
US 668315 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Feb. l9, l90tl.

No. 668,3l5.

a. MAR CONI. RECEIVER FOR ELECTRICAL OSCILLATIONS.

(Application filed July 17, 1900.)

{No Model.)

7IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII'IIIL MM mm M m: ucmnls PEYERS on. PHOTOLITHON WASNINGYON, B4 c GUGLIELMO MAROONI, OF LONDON, ENGLAND, ASSIGNOR TO MARCONIS WIRELESS TELEGRAPH COMPANY, LIMITED, OF SAME PLACE.

RECEIVER FOR ELECTRICAL OSCILLATIONS..

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 668,315, dated February 19, 1901.

Application filed July 17, 1900. Serial No. 23,949. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, GUGLIELMO MAROONI, electrician, a subject of the King of Italy, residing at 18 Finch lane, Threadneedle street, in the city of London, England, have invented a certain new and useful Receiver for Electrical Oscillations, of which the following is a specification.

In the specification of a former patent, No. 627,650, I described a receiver in which the aerial conductor was connected to a capacity, which might be the earth, through the primary of an induction-coil,while the terminals of a detector of electrical oscillations-for instance, a coherer or other imperfect contactwere connected to the secondary. According to this invention this secondary is broken in the middle or wound in two parts, the inner ends of the wire being connected to the localbattery circuit, which usually includes a relay working an ordinary telegraphic receiv ing instrument, while the outer ends are connected direct to the detector. It is advantageous also to place a condenser across the inner ends.

Figure 1 is a diagram of the apparatus arranged according to this invention, and Figs. 2 and 3 show coils which I have found to work well.

In Fig. l, A is the aerial conductor, connected to one end of the primary j of an induction-coil, of which the other end is connected by E to a capacity,which may conveniently be the earth. j is the secondary of the induction-coil, wound in two parts, the outer ends being in connection with the terminals of a detector T, while the inner ends are connected to the two plates of a condenser j B is a battery, and R a relay, connected to the condenserj and working an ordinary telegraphic instrument. 0 c are choking coils, whose object is to prevent oscillations generated in the winding j from running into the battery-circuit, which would weaken the efiect of the oscillations on the detector T.

Figs. 2 and 3 show instances of coils with which very good results have been obtained. These diagrams are greatly-enlarged halflongitudinal sections, but are not strictly to scale. In place also of showing the section of each coil or layer of wire as a longitudinal meter in diameter insulated with single silk and coated with paraffin-wax. The secondary j is of copper wire .019 centimeter in diameter insulated with single silk covering and is wound over the primary, commencing in the middle and in the same sense as the primary. Each half of the secondary is in layers of the following number of turns: first layer, seventy seven; second, forty nine; third, forty-six; fourth, forty-three; fifth, forty; sixth, thirty-seven; seventh, thirtyfour; eighth, thirty-one; ninth, twenty-eight; tenth, twenty-five; eleventh, twenty-two; twelfth, nineteen; thirteenth, sixteen; fourteenth, thirteen; fifteenth, ten; sixteenth, seven; seventeenth, three, making five hundred in all.

The following are the details of the coil shown in Fig. 3: The primary,wound on a core 2.5 centimeters in diameter, consists of fifty turns of copper wire .07 centimeterin diameter insulated with single silk covering. The secondary is of copper wire .005 centimeter in diameter insulated by a single silk covering and is wound over and in the same sense as the primary. Each half of the secondary consists of one hundred and sixty turns in a single layer. These coils give the best results when the length of the aerial conductor at each station is one hundred and fifty feet. When using coils in which the secondary winding consists of one layer only, I have noticed best results when the length of the secondary winding is approximately equal to the length of the aerial conductor employed at the transmittingstation.

What I claim is- 1. In a receiver for electrical oscillations, the combination of an induction-coil the secondary of which is wound in two parts, an aerial conductor connected to one end of the primary, a capacity connected to the other end of the primary, a detector connected to the outer ends of the secondary, and a local circuit connected to the inner ends of the secondary.

2. In a receiver for electrical oscillations, the combination of an induction-coil the secondary of which is Wound in two parts, an aerial conductor connected to one end of the primary, a capacity connected to the other end of the primary, a detector connected to the outer ends of the secondary, a condenser across the inner ends of the secondary, and a local circuit connected to the condenser.

3. In a receiver for electrical oscillations, the combination of an induction-coil the secondary of Which is wound in two parts, an aerial conductor connected to one end of the primary, a capacity connected to the other end of the primary, a detector connected to the outer ends of the secondary, a local circuit connected to the inner ends of the secondary, and choking-coils between the local circuit and the inner ends of the secondary. 4. In a receiver for electrical oscillations, the combination of an induction-coil the secondary of Which is Wound in two parts, an aerial conductor connected to one end of the primary, a capacity connected to the other end of the primary, a detector connected to the outer ends of the secondary, a condenser across the inner ends of the secondary, a local circuit connected to the condenser, and choking-coils between the local circuit and the condenser.

GUGLIELMO MAROONI. Witnesses:

EDWARD OARPMAEL, WILFRED CARPMAEL.

Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationH01C8/02