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Publication numberUS668720 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 26, 1901
Filing dateMar 3, 1899
Priority dateMar 3, 1899
Publication numberUS 668720 A, US 668720A, US-A-668720, US668720 A, US668720A
InventorsFredrick H E Siegmund
Original AssigneeFredrick H E Siegmund
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 668720 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 668,720. Patented Feb. 26, l90l.



(Appl ica.tion filed 15m. 3, 1899.)

(No Model.)

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 668,720, dated February 26, 1901. Application filed March 3, 1899. Serial No. 707,624. kNo modeLl To foil 1071.072], it may concern.-

Be it known that I, FREDRIGK H. E. SIEG- MUND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, county of Cook, State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and usefulImprovement in Joints; audl declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.

My invention has for itsobject the production of a joint for uniting two adjoining surfaces of wood.

My joint is applicable more particularly in connection with the drip-boards of sinks and in connection with the wooden framework that is placed upon the top of a metal sink, although it is not necessarily confined to these uses. In this class of work, however, much difliculty has heretofore been encountered in making drip-boards and the like which would properly keep their shape after being repeatedly soaked with moisture and dried. If the boards were made of one piece, they would warp. If they were made of more than one piece and glued or fastened together, the moisture would soon loosen the joints, and thus spoil the board. The same is true of the wooden frames that are placed upon the edges of metal sinks. It is to obviate these difiiculties and to obtain a joint that would securely unite two adjoining faces of wood and which would neither corrode nor loosen in any way that 1 have devised my present joint, which consists, essentially, in providing in each adjoiningface of the wood a kerf or recess, bringing these adjoining faces together, and pouring into the recess or orifice thus formed molten lead or other similar metal. From experiment I have found that when this is done the molten metal fills all the interstices of the wood and when it cools it binds the adjoining faces tightly together.

In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a drip-board embodying my invention. Fig. 2 illustrates the joint when applied to an angle. Fig. 3 shows the parts before the molten metal is poured. Fig. 4 shows the parts after the molten metal is poured.

In carrying out the invention, A A represent two adjoining faces of wood which are to be united by my joint. In the adjoining face of each is a kerf or recess B, preferably of dovetailed shape in cross-section, as shown. C is a body of molten metal, preferably lead, which is poured into the recesses after the two adjoining faces are brought together. In making the joint the operator should becareful to heat the metal just sufficiently so that it will properly run, but not enough to burn the wood to any extent. By this joint very long surfaces can be easily united, since the distance to which the. molten metal will run 'is practically unlimited.

By the above-described construction pieces of wood are thdroughly united and bound together, dampness or moisture cannot in any way afiect the joint, it will not corrode or rust, and for uses where the wood must be subjected to moisture it is superior to any other form of joint.

I am aware that it is old to unite two pieces of wood by driving into them a solid-metal key, and I am also aware that metal plates have been joined by molten metal; but my invention is distinguished from both of these constructions; in that with the dovetailshaped grooves when the metal cools it shrinks and there is a broad bearing-surface, which being tapered makes a much more solid joint than if the sides of the groove were straight and only the ends of the grooves were depended on for a bearing, and particularly by the fact that the grooves referred to run along the meeting edges of the joint for the length of the latter, and consequently the metal key also runs for its length or greatest dimension along the joint, thus strengthening it against lateral strains, while the strain brought on the dovetailed edges of the groove by shrinking in cooling of the metal acts simultaneously throughout the length ofthe groove, and thus does not tend to split the latter, and the strain on the wood in drawing it together is not exerted step by step sucthe edges of the joint throughout theirlength, 1o cessively at different portions, as would be the substantially as described. case with a solid-metal key which is driven in. In testimony whereof I sign this specifica- What I claim istion in the presence of two witnesses. The combination with a joint in wooden framing having dovetailed grooves running FREDRICK SIEGMUND' along the meeting edges of the joint of a Witnesses: metal key cast in such grooves and acting in W. H. OHAMBERLIN,

shrinking to simultaneously draw together GERTRUDE HEIDELBERGH.

Referenced by
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US2673076 *Jan 17, 1950Mar 23, 1954Mercil Plating Equipment CompaRotatable work holder for electroplating apparatus
US2863185 *Feb 16, 1954Dec 9, 1958Arnold T RiediJoint construction including a fastener for securing two structural members together in edge-to-edge closely abutting relation
US2931077 *Mar 13, 1956Apr 5, 1960Murray Loren CMobile home construction
US3039569 *Aug 8, 1956Jun 19, 1962Aetna Steel Products CorpPartition construction
US3071674 *Nov 17, 1958Jan 1, 1963Franz BauerAssembly of axially aligned components
US3077962 *Dec 2, 1960Feb 19, 1963Engineering Metal Products CorCurtain wall metal window frame
US3858372 *Oct 15, 1973Jan 7, 1975Pryce WilsonDemountable building
US4512131 *Oct 3, 1983Apr 23, 1985Laramore Larry WPlank-type building system
WO2015004651A1 *Jul 13, 2014Jan 15, 2015CASPI, ArieSystem and method for cladding walls using plastic panels and adapters for use with standard power saws
Cooperative ClassificationB23K20/122, E04B1/585