|Publication number||US6690803 B2|
|Application number||US 10/324,650|
|Publication date||Feb 10, 2004|
|Filing date||Dec 19, 2002|
|Priority date||Aug 12, 1998|
|Also published as||US6553123, US20030091201|
|Publication number||10324650, 324650, US 6690803 B2, US 6690803B2, US-B2-6690803, US6690803 B2, US6690803B2|
|Inventors||Steven P. Dykstra|
|Original Assignee||Johnson Controls Technology Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (40), Referenced by (9), Classifications (10), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present application is a divisional application claiming priority under 35 U.S.C. § 120 from co-pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/132,333 filed on Aug. 12, 1998 by Steven P. Dykstra and entitled CONVERSATION MIRROR/INTERCOM, the full disclosure of which is incorporated by reference.
The present invention relates to a vehicle interior accessory comprising an interior mirror and particularly to an intercom system associated with such a mirror.
With the ever increasing popularity of mini vans and sport utility vehicles, which frequently have multiple rows of seats, the ability to effectively communicate between the front and rear seat passengers and, in the case of families, the vehicle operator and children in the rear seat area has become problematical. U.S. Pat. No. 4,934,802 discloses a small, centrally located, convexly curved conversation mirror which allows the vehicle operator to establish eye contact with rear seat areas without the need to move or use the rearview mirror employed for monitoring traffic conditions. When the radio is playing and the like, for example, however, although visual contact may be established, it still is difficult to communicate verbally, particularly with children who may not be attentive. Accordingly, there exists a need for a system by which visual and verbal communication between front seat occupants and mid or rear seat occupants can be effectively established.
According to one aspect of the present invention, a conversation mirror/intercom for a vehicle includes a vehicle accessory configured to mount to the roof area of a vehicle near a forward vehicle occupant, a conversation mirror coupled to the accessory and an intercom. The conversation mirror is configured to provide visual contact between the forward vehicle occupant and a rearward vehicle occupant. The intercom includes a microphone supported in close proximity with the conversation mirror and a speaker operably coupled to the microphone. The intercom provides verbal communication between the forward vehicle occupant and the rearward vehicle occupant.
According to another aspect of the present invention, an intra-vehicle communication system includes a surface configured to be mounted to a vehicle interior proximate a first occupant wherein the surface is further configured to display an image of a second occupant of the vehicle. The system further includes an intercom including a microphone supported in close proximity with the surface and a speaker operably coupled to the microphone.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a method for a first vehicle occupant to communicate with a second vehicle occupant is disclosed. The method involves viewing the second vehicle occupant while not facing the second vehicle occupant, speaking into a microphone of an intercom having a speaker proximate the second vehicle occupant during the viewing and muting existing audio output from a stereo system while speaking into the microphone.
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary front elevational view of a vehicle including a conversation mirror/intercom embodying the present invention and shown in a use position;
FIG. 2 is a partly broken-away left-side elevational view of the conversation mirror shown in FIG. 1, showing its stored position in phantom form; and
FIG. 3 is an electrical circuit diagram in schematic form of the intercom circuit for the mirror system of the present invention, showing pictorially the location of the transducers in a typical vehicle.
Referring initially to FIG. 1, there is shown a vehicle 10, such as a mini van, sports utility vehicle or other passenger carrying vehicle which has a front seat area including an operator seat and a rear seating area spaced therefrom for carrying passengers. Typically, a van may include three rows of seats. The system of the present invention is particularly advantageous for communicating with second and third row seated passengers. In FIGS. 1 and 2, the vehicle 10 includes an overhead console 12 typically mounted to the sheet metal roof 13 (shown schematically in FIG. 2) of the vehicle behind windshield 11 and including a variety of accessories such as sunglass storage compartments, garage door opening transmitters, and overhead electronics such as an electronic compass or the like. Pivotally mounted to the console 12 is a conversation mirror/intercom system 20 of the present invention, which includes a mirror frame 22 pivotally mounted to the console by means of a pivot axle 24 extending between the console 12 and mirror frame 22 and provided with a torque fitting for holding the mirror frame and a convex conversation mirror 26 therein in a stored position, shown in phantom in FIG. 2, or in a selected lowered use position, such as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. Although in the preferred embodiment the mirror frame 22 is pivotally mounted to the console 12, other movable mounting structure, such as a slide-out mount, could also be employed. Mirror 26 is conventionally mounted within the frame and can have a shape as described in the above-identified U.S. Pat. No. 4,934,802, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference. Mirror 26 is preferably convex to provide a relatively unobtrusive and yet effective mirror for allowing the driver to visually establish eye contact with mid and/or rear seat passengers.
Mirror frame 22 can be made of a suitable polymeric material used in the automotive environment and has sufficient space therein to receive and house at least part of the electronic circuit 30 shown in FIG. 3, including a microphone 32 mounted in the mirror frame in a location where verbal communications from the vehicle operator can clearly be picked up by the microphone 32. Thus, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, the microphone is located in the lower left corner of the mirror frame 22 so that, when the vehicle operator speaks, the voice is picked up by the microphone for subsequent signal processing. The mirror frame may pivot between a stored position, shown in phantom in FIG. 2, within the vehicle console 12 to the lowered use position, as shown in solid lines in FIG. 2 and in FIG. 1, for use. The pivot axle and torque fitting can be of the type used, for example, in vanity mirror covers or pivoted mirrors such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,004,289; 5,039,153; or 4,824,159. An electrical switch 34 is positioned between the mirror frame 22 and console 12 to be actuated by movement of the mirror frame 22 to a use position for applying electrical operating power to the electrical circuit 30, shown in detail in FIG. 3, for activating the intercom circuit for establishing voice communications. The intercom circuit is now described in greater detail in connection with FIG. 3.
In FIG. 3, the vehicle 10 includes an intercom circuit 30 in an overhead console located near the windshield 11, as seen in FIG. 2. The remaining transducers (37, 42), as described below are located in the mid and/or rear seat areas 15 of the vehicle, as shown pictorially in FIG. 3. Intercom circuit 30 includes the microphone 32 which is coupled to an audio amplifier 33 having an input coupled to microphone 32 and an output coupled to a speaker 37 positioned remotely by means of conductors 35 such that the speaker 37 can be positioned remotely and adjacent the rear seat passenger area of a vehicle, such as a van, sport utility vehicle or the like. Thus, speaker 37 may be located in the headliner of the vehicle utilizing a mounting system such as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,754,664. Amplifier 33 is powered by the vehicle power supply system identified as +V in FIG. 3 through switch 34 such that, when the mirror frame 22 is moved from a stored position to a use position, switch 34 is closed, providing operator power for the amplifier 33. The switch closure 34 may also provide a logic “1” output signal at an output terminal A in FIG. 3, which can be employed by a logic circuit for muting an existing radio or stereo system output, such that verbal communication can be more effectively established. Switch closure 34 also may provide operating power through a conductor 39 to an amplifier 40 associated with the rear seat passenger area and having a microphone 42 located in the rear seat area 15 for picking up voice communications from rear seat passengers which, in turn, is amplified by amplifier 40 and applied by conductors 43 to a speaker 45 which is mounted within the mirror 22, as shown in FIG. 1.
In some embodiments, circuit 30 may include two-way amplifiers and signal handling circuits which allow the microphone 32 and speaker 37 to operate as both a microphone and speaker such that only a single sound transducer need be used in the mirror frame 22 and in the rear seat area. Such conventional circuits and transducers are well known to those skilled in the art.
For use of the system, the operator pivots the mirror frame 22 downwardly from the stored position shown in FIG. 2 by gripping the lower edge 23 of the mirror frame and pivoting the frame about pivot axle 24 adjusting the mirror 26 to a position suitable for viewing the rear seat passengers. In this position, switch 34 is closed, providing power for amplifiers 33 and 40 such that two-way electrically amplified verbal communications between the vehicle operator and rear seat passengers can be established. Simultaneously, the signal from output terminal A can be employed to mute existing audio output from a stereo system, such that verbal communications are not hampered by extraneous audible information. When the communications have been completed, the mirror frame 22 is pivoted in a direction opposite arrow A in FIG. 2 back to the storage position, opening switch 34 and deactuating the amplifiers and returning the stereo system to a normal operating mode such that the front and rear seat passengers can again (perhaps desirably) remain incommunicado.
It will become apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications to the preferred embodiment of the invention as described herein can be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3099797||Jul 1, 1958||Jul 30, 1963||Piccinini Arnaldo||Radio receiving set for motor cars|
|US3950701||Nov 2, 1973||Apr 13, 1976||Hoshidenkiseizo Kabushikikaisha||Rear view mirror for a two-wheeled vehicle|
|US3971985||Mar 7, 1975||Jul 27, 1976||Nissan Denshi Company Limited||Automatic control system for condition-responsively switching over transceiver and radio or tape recorder audio signals|
|US4006447||Jun 12, 1974||Feb 1, 1977||Thomson-Csf||Audibility-control system for radio receiver|
|US4035589||Dec 29, 1975||Jul 12, 1977||Marine Electric Corporation||Entertainment and public address system with replay of entertainment program after a public address interruption|
|US4056696||Sep 15, 1976||Nov 1, 1977||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated||Flat panel telephone station set|
|US4060766||May 7, 1976||Nov 29, 1977||Nissan Denshi Company Limited||Automatic signal switching apparatus for a combined transceiver and radio or tape recorder set|
|US4105974||Oct 14, 1975||Aug 8, 1978||Rogers Edwin F||Priority interrupt circuit|
|US4362907||Feb 17, 1981||Dec 7, 1982||Polacsek David D||Combination automobile sun visor and radio and speaker assembly|
|US4389639||Nov 4, 1980||Jun 21, 1983||Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Voice warning device using entertainment speaker|
|US4435845||Jun 29, 1982||Mar 6, 1984||Blaupunkt-Werke Gmbh||Automobile radio and tape cassette switching apparatus|
|US4445228||Nov 1, 1982||Apr 24, 1984||Yamaha Parts Distributors, Inc.||Motorcycle audio system|
|US4524461||Jul 18, 1983||Jun 18, 1985||American Transceiver Corp.||Helmet-supported radio transceiver and broadcast receiver system|
|US4754486||Apr 13, 1987||Jun 28, 1988||John J. Lazzeroni||Motorcycle stereo audio system with VOX intercom|
|US4768870||Sep 28, 1987||Sep 6, 1988||Jimmy Chen||Combined loudspeaker and motorcycle driving mirror|
|US4824159||Sep 23, 1987||Apr 25, 1989||Prince Corporation||Pivoted rotatable illuminated rear seat vanity mirror|
|US4875229||Jan 11, 1989||Oct 17, 1989||Anthony P. Palett||Vehicle telephone with call answering and recording means|
|US4905270||Dec 14, 1988||Feb 27, 1990||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Vehicular hands-free telephone system|
|US4930742||Mar 25, 1988||Jun 5, 1990||Donnelly Corporation||Rearview mirror and accessory mount for vehicles|
|US4934802 *||Feb 25, 1988||Jun 19, 1990||Prince||Retractable conversation mirror|
|US4941187||Jan 19, 1989||Jul 10, 1990||Slater Robert W||Intercom apparatus for integrating disparate audio sources for use in light aircraft or similar high noise environments|
|US4965833||Aug 16, 1988||Oct 23, 1990||Mcgregor Thomas||Voice enhancer system|
|US5004289||Sep 27, 1989||Apr 2, 1991||Prince Corporation||Visor torque control|
|US5034808||May 30, 1989||Jul 23, 1991||Murray Harold R||Unified automatic video and audio signal control and distribution system|
|US5039153||Aug 28, 1989||Aug 13, 1991||Prince Corporation||Pivot down vanity mirror assembly|
|US5185803 *||Dec 23, 1991||Feb 9, 1993||Ford Motor Company||Communication system for passenger vehicle|
|US5243659||Feb 19, 1992||Sep 7, 1993||John J. Lazzeroni||Motorcycle stereo audio system with vox intercom|
|US5263199||Mar 13, 1991||Nov 16, 1993||Ronald P. Barnes||Vehicle accessory having integrally contained radio receiver and recording means|
|US5321671||Jul 27, 1992||Jun 14, 1994||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Radio receiver with tape deck having interrupt capability|
|US5481478||Jun 3, 1994||Jan 2, 1996||Palmieri; Herman D.||Broadcast system for a facility|
|US5647011||Mar 24, 1995||Jul 8, 1997||Garvis; Andrew W.||Headphone sound system|
|US5666291||Jun 2, 1994||Sep 9, 1997||Sony Corporation||Device for interfacing a CD-ROM player to an entertainment or information network and a network including such device|
|US5754664||Aug 1, 1994||May 19, 1998||Prince Corporation||Vehicle audio system|
|US6124886||Aug 25, 1997||Sep 26, 2000||Donnelly Corporation||Modular rearview mirror assembly|
|US6246765 *||Jan 11, 2000||Jun 12, 2001||Anthony P. Palett||Mirror mounted mobile telephone system|
|US6522754 *||Aug 11, 1998||Feb 18, 2003||Clever Devices, Ltd.||Digital vehicle microphone system and method|
|USD294495||Feb 18, 1986||Mar 1, 1988||Anthony P. Palett||Combined vehicle sun visor and cellular telephone unit|
|IT671885A||Title not available|
|JPH03231044A||Title not available|
|JPS6058734A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7055883 *||Nov 9, 2004||Jun 6, 2006||Honda Motor Co., Ltd.||Overhead console assembly|
|US7686464 *||Mar 30, 2010||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Multi-faced conversation mirror|
|US7742610 *||Aug 7, 2000||Jun 22, 2010||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Automobile audiovisual system|
|US20050134073 *||Nov 9, 2004||Jun 23, 2005||Honda Motor Co., Ltd.||Overhead console assembly|
|US20060291668 *||May 2, 2006||Dec 28, 2006||Beat-Sonic Co., Ltd.||Vehicle audio system|
|US20080122239 *||Sep 27, 2006||May 29, 2008||Lear Corporation||Vehicle overhead console assembly having a drop down occupant mirror assembly|
|US20080252090 *||Apr 16, 2007||Oct 16, 2008||Lear Corporation||Vehicle overhead console assembly having a drop down occupant mirror assembly|
|US20080304171 *||Jun 5, 2007||Dec 11, 2008||Ford Global Technologies, Llc||Multi-faced conversation mirror|
|DE102008015188A1||Mar 20, 2008||Oct 30, 2008||International Automotive Components Group North America, Inc., Dearborn||Fahrzeugüberkopfkonsolenvorrichtung mit einer absenkbaren Fahrzeuginsassenspiegelvorrichtung|
|U.S. Classification||381/86, 381/82|
|International Classification||B60R11/00, B60R1/00, B60R1/12|
|Cooperative Classification||B60R2011/0082, B60R2001/1284, B60R1/008, B60R2011/0085|
|Dec 19, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PRINCE CORPORATION, MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DYKSTRA, STEVEN P.;REEL/FRAME:013617/0791
Effective date: 19980811
|Dec 8, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JOHNSON CONTROLS INTERIORS TECHNOLOGY CORP., MICHI
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:PRINCE TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:014772/0532
Effective date: 19991108
Owner name: JOHNSON CONTROLS TECHNOLOGY COMPANY, MICHIGAN
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:JOHNSON CONTROLS INTERIORS TECHNOLOGY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:014772/0563
Effective date: 20001218
Owner name: PRINCE TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION, MICHIGAN
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:PRINCE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:014766/0025
Effective date: 19981001
|Jun 8, 2004||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Aug 20, 2007||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 10, 2008||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 1, 2008||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20080210