|Publication number||US67045 A|
|Publication date||Jul 23, 1867|
|Publication number||US 67045 A, US 67045A, US-A-67045, US67045 A, US67045A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
JOSEPI., HALL'OF CINCINNATI, OHIO,
iMPh-oi/EMNT IN SAI-'s'.
Specification forming.partrofflaetters Patent N 0.671,045, dated July 23, 1867'.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JOSEPH L. HALL, of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Safes, of which the following is a full and clear description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.
The nature of my invention has reference to a through-and-through bolt or bolts, located within the doors of safes, and operated by the locks attached thereto, and so arranged and constructed, in connection with the casing of the safe, that either end of the bolt shall engage oi'sets on the door-jambs when the safe is locked, and, also, to a groove in one or more of'the plates of metal or other material forming the casing of the safes, to receive corresponding tenons formed in the plate or plates composing the doors, for the purpose of preventing a forcible separation of the casing from the doors of safes when they are locked.
Figure l is a perspective view of the front of a safe (the door being open) having my improvements attached thereto. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section of the door and part of the casing of the safe, the door being closed.
A is the casing of the safe, the plates of which are secured the one to the other by means of screws tapped into them from the inside-the method usually employed for se. cure construction. rlhe plate a in the casing of the safe has a rib, b, projecting outwardly upon thetop, bottom, and lock faces. The gutter or groove c is located between the rib b and the outer plate d of the casing of the safe.
Where the outer plate of the casing is of considerable thickness the jamb may beformed in it, and each plate in the series of plates forming the casing ofthe safe may be so con-` structed, except the bolt-plate. j
The exterior plate B of the door of the safe is constructed with inwardly-projecting tenon c, adapted to enter and closely lit the groove c in the casing of the safe when the door is closed, as shown in Fig. 2.
The tenon e; or one similar thereto, may be located upon the successive plates in the door of the safe, except the bolt-plate, to enter the corresponding jambs in the casing ofthe safe.
A through-andthrough bolt, C, horizontally located between the plates f and g of the door of the safe, is of 'greater length than either of the plates j' g. Its lock end h is' entered into the mortise t in the rear of plate la of thecasing of the safe. The opposite end h of the bolt C is entered into the much deeper mortise il in the plate k. The pin l is lirmly secured to the bolt C. It passes through the perforation m, made in the plates of the door of the safe, which are inside of the plate f.
The hinged end of the plate fis constructed with the projecting tenon ff, which, when the door of the safe is closed, enters the mortise n in the rear of plate k of the casing A.
The arbors D are conical in form. They are tapped through the series of plates composing the door and casing of the safe, to add security thereto. lhey are keyed from the inside, or are otherwise secured, to prevent their removal from the outside, where a smooth surface is presented, ush with the outside surface of the safe.
When the safe-door is closed the lock is operated, and the boltO is thrown. The pin Zofthe bolt is connected with the lock, and through it motion is communicated to the bolt C, the lock end hof which enters the mortise i, without, however, withdrawing entirely the opposite end of the bolt from the mortise i in the plate k, which insures a sufficient bearing for the endh' of the bolt G upon the plate k.
Still further security is attained by the entrance of the projecting tenon f into themortise n in plate k.- At the same time the projecting tenon e enters the groove c of the casing of the safe, rendering it practically impossible for an evil-disposed person to separate the casing from the door of the safe by driving in wedges, and thus attempting .to spring or bind back the casing from about the door, in order to open it without unlocking or otherwise throwing the bolts.
A mode of forcing open the doors of safes resorted to by bnrglars is to tap into the doors a number of bolts near the lock ends, and, by means of levers attached thereto, bring such a strain upon the bolts of the locks that they or their guide-blocks, which are secured to the insides of the safe-doors, are broken, and the safes are opened. This serious obstacle is removed by the introduction of one or more of my through-and-through bolts, C, either ends of which are entered into mortises c' and i in the casings of the safe. The bolts C being located in the interior of the safe-doors, betweenl the bolt or bolts G when, thrown in either direction, substantially as and for the purpose herein described and set forth.
2. Constructing one or more of the platf; composing the door or doors, and jambs, rabbets, or casings of safes, or other receptacles,
Withvthe tenons and lgrooves entering and litting each other when the doorsare closed, for
the purpose of obstructing an entrance to the safes, as herein described. Y
JOSEPH L. HALL.
Attest: i Y M CHARLES L. FISHER,
SAMUEL B. RUSSELL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4712490 *||Feb 27, 1986||Dec 15, 1987||Lichter Robert J||Safe|
|US4850287 *||Feb 26, 1988||Jul 25, 1989||Lichter Robert J||Safe with double sliding door|
|US4852503 *||Feb 26, 1988||Aug 1, 1989||Lichter Robert J||Sliding door safe with anti-intrusion lock device|