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Publication numberUS6706376 B1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/926,279
PCT numberPCT/EP2000/002395
Publication dateMar 16, 2004
Filing dateMar 17, 2000
Priority dateApr 8, 1999
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCA2365950A1, CA2365950C, DE19915722A1, EP1171659A1, EP1171659B1, WO2000061850A1
Publication number09926279, 926279, PCT/2000/2395, PCT/EP/0/002395, PCT/EP/0/02395, PCT/EP/2000/002395, PCT/EP/2000/02395, PCT/EP0/002395, PCT/EP0/02395, PCT/EP0002395, PCT/EP002395, PCT/EP2000/002395, PCT/EP2000/02395, PCT/EP2000002395, PCT/EP200002395, US 6706376 B1, US 6706376B1, US-B1-6706376, US6706376 B1, US6706376B1
InventorsUlrich Von Fransecky
Original AssigneeHuesker Synthetic Gmbh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Textile mesh structure, in particular, a geotextile
US 6706376 B1
Abstract
The invention relates to, in particular, a geotextile comprising linear running warp threads (1) and linear running weft threads (2) which are essentially orthogonal thereto. Said weft threads are joined to the warp threads (1) by means of fixing threads (3) which are applied by warp knitting and whose meshes wrap around the warp threads (1) along the entire length and around the weft threads (2) in the area of crossings (4). The warp threads (1) and the weft threads (2) are arranged individually or in groups in larger intervals which result in inner widths (5) of the mesh (6). The aim of the invention is to attain an improved joining of warp threads and weft threads without requiring the use of additional fixing threads or stronger fixing threads. To this end, the invention provides that, in the areas in which the weft threads (2) cross the warp threads (1), the lengths of the meshes (7) of the fixing threads (3) are distinctly shorter than the lengths in the areas of the mesh structure which are located therebetween.
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Claims(20)
What is claimed is:
1. A textile mesh structure comprising:
linearly extending warp threads;
linearly extending weft threads positioned substantially at a right angle to said warp threads;
fixing threads arranged to join said warp and weft threads, said fixing threads being applied by warp knitting to form thread meshes;
said thread meshes being arranged to extend around said warp threads over an entire length of said warp threads and around said weft threads in regions in which said warp threads and weft threads intersect;
said warp threads and said weft treads being arranged one of individually or in groups at relatively large spacings in order to form internal widths; and
in said regions in which said warp threads and said weft threads intersect, lengths of said thread meshes are shorter than in regions between intersect regions.
2. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein said textile mesh structure is structured as a geomesh.
3. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein said lengths of said thread meshes in said intersect regions are at least 30% shorter than said lengths of the meshes between said intersect regions.
4. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein, in said intersect regions, said lengths of said thread meshes are structured and arranged such that a mesh is associated with each weft thread.
5. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 4, wherein said weft threads are arranged in weft thread groups comprising a plurality of weft threads, and said lengths of said thread meshes are structured and arranged such that a mesh is associated with each weft thread of said weft thread group.
6. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein a fixing thread is associated with each warp thread to form a warp mesh.
7. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 1, wherein said warp threads are arranged in warp groups including at least two warp threads positioned in closer relation to each other than to adjacent warp groups.
8. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 7, further comprising a joining thread arranged in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of said warp threads of said warp group.
9. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 7, wherein each fixing thread of said warp group is associated with each warp thread.
10. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 9, further comprising joining threads extending in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of said fixing threads.
11. The mesh structure in accordance with claim 1, further comprising a non-woven material layer, wherein one of joining threads and said fixing threads are one of knitted on and applied by Raschel knitting to join said warp and said weft threads to said non-woven material layer.
12. A process for forming a textile mesh structure comprising:
linearly extending warp threads;
linearly extending weft threads at substantially a right angle to the warp threads; and
warp knitting fixing threads to join the warp and weft threads, whereby thread meshes are formed,
wherein the thread meshes are arranged to extend around the warp threads over an entire length of the warp threads and around the weft threads in regions in which the warp threads and weft threads intersect, and
wherein, in the regions in which the warp threads and the weft threads intersect, lengths of the thread meshes are formed to be shorter than in regions between intersect regions.
13. The process in accordance with claim 12, wherein the warp threads and the weft threads are arranged one of individually and in groups, such that, spacing between threads in a group is smaller than spacing between adjacent groups.
14. The process in accordance with claim 12, further comprising arranging a joining thread in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of the warp threads of a warp group.
15. The process in accordance with claim 12, further comprising arranging a joining thread in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of the fixing threads.
16. The process in accordance with claim 12, further comprising joining the warp and weft threads to a non-woven material layer.
17. The process in accordance with claim 16, wherein the joining includes one of knitting on and applying by Raschel knitting.
18. A textile mesh structure comprising:
linearly extending warp threads;
linearly extending weft threads positioned substantially at a right angle to said warp threads;
fixing threads arranged to join said warp and weft threads, said fixing threads being applied by warp knitting to form thread meshes;
said thread meshes being arranged to extend around said warp threads over an entire length of said warp threads and around said weft threads in regions in which said warp threads and weft threads intersect;
said warp threads and said weft threads being arranged one of individually or in groups at relatively large spacings in order to form internal widths;
in said regions in which said warp threads and said weft threads intersect, lengths of said thread meshes are shorter than in regions between intersect regions; and
a non-woven material layer,
wherein one of joining threads and said fixing threads are one of knitted on and applied by Raschel knitting to join said warp and said weft threads to said non-woven material layer.
19. A process for forming a textile mesh structure comprising:
linearly extending warp threads;
linearly extending weft threads at substantially a right angle to the warp threads; and
warp knitting fixing threads to join the warp and weft treads, whereby thread meshes are formed,
wherein the thread meshes are arranged to extend around the warp threads over an entire length of the warp threads and around the weft treads in regions in which the warp threads and weft threads intersect,
wherein, in the regions in which the warp threads and the weft threads intersect, lengths of the thread meshes are formed to be shorter than in regions between intersect regions, and
joining the warp and weft threads to a non-woven material layer.
20. A textile mesh structure comprising:
linearly extending warp threads;
linearly extending weft threads positioned substantially at a right angle to said warp threads;
fixing threads joining said warp and weft threads;
each fixing thread extends around each warp thread over an entire length of each warp thread and around each weft thread in regions in which said warp threads and weft threads intersect, wherein said fixing threads are applied by warp knitting to form thread meshes along each warp thread and around each weft thread in regions in which said warp threads and weft threads intersect;
said warp threads and said weft threads being arranged in groups;
in regions in which said warp threads and said weft threads intersect, lengths of the thread meshes are shorter than in regions between the regions in which said warp threads and said weft threads intersect;
spacings having internal widths being defined by the regions between the regions in which said warp threads and said weft threads intersect; and
each group of warp threads being joined together by a joining thread,
wherein the internal widths are greater than widths of the groups of said warp threads and said weft threads.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application is a U.S. National Stage Application of International Application No. PCT/EP00/02395 filed Mar. 17, 2000 and claims priority under 35 U.S.C. 119 of German Patent Application No. 199 15 722.7 filed Apr. 8, 1999.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The invention relates to a textile mesh structure, in particular a geomesh, comprising linearly extending warp threads and weft threads which extend linearly substantially at a right angle to the warp threads and which are joined to the warp threads by means of fixing threads which are applied by warp knitting and the meshes of which extend around the warp threads over the entire length and the weft threads in the region of the intersections, wherein the warp threads and the weft threads are arranged individually or in groups at relatively large spacings which produce the internal widths of the mesh.

2. Discussion of Background Information

Textile mesh structures of that kind are known from U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,472,086 and 4,540,311. The linearly extending and load-carrying warp threads and weft threads of the mesh preferably comprise high-module polyester yarns or other high-strength filament yarns, for example of polyamide. The fixing thread which is knitted onto the structure and which joins the warp threads to the weft threads in the form of knitted meshes or tricot meshes is considerably weaker in terms of its thread strength than the warp threads and the weft threads.

If necessary that mesh structure after manufacture thereof is encased with a soft plastic material, for example PVC, with a bitumen emulsion or with latex.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides a better join between the warp threads and the weft threads without requiring additional fixing threads or stronger fixing threads.

In accordance with the invention, in the regions in which the weft threads cross the warp threads, the lengths of the meshes of the fixing threads are markedly shorter than in the regions which are therebetween.

Advantageously, the length of the meshes of the fixing threads in the regions in which the weft threads cross the warp threads is at least 30% shorter than the length of the meshes between the intersection regions. That measure provides for a considerable saving in terms of fixing threads or fixing yarn without any fear of an adverse influence on the strength of the mesh structure. The manufacturing speed of those textile mesh structures is also increased.

The present invention is directed to a textile mesh structure including linearly extending warp threads, linearly extending weft threads positioned substantially at a right angle to the warp threads, and fixing threads arranged to join the warp and weft threads. The fixing threads are applied by warp knitting to form a thread meshes, and the thread meshes are arranged to extend around the warp threads over an entire length of the warp threads and around the weft threads in a region in which the warp threads and weft threads intersect. The warp threads and the weft threads are arranged one of individually or in groups at relatively large spacings in order to form internal widths. In the regions in which the warp thread and the weft threads intersect, lengths of the thread meshes are shorter than in regions between the intersect regions.

According to a feature of the invention, the textile mesh is structured as a geomesh.

Further, the lengths of the thread meshes in the intersect regions are at least 50% shorter than the lengths of the meshes between the intersect regions.

In the intersect region, the lengths of the thread meshes are structured and arranged such that a mesh is associated with each weft thread. Moreover, the weft threads are arranged in weft thread groups including a plurality of weft threads, and the lengths of the thread meshes are structured and arranged such that a mesh is associated with each weft thread of the weft thread group.

According to another feature of the invention, a fixing thread is associated with each warp thread to form a warp mesh.

The warp threads are arranged in warp groups including at least two warp threads positioned in closer relation to each other than to adjacent warp groups. Further, a joining thread is arranged in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of the warp threads of the warp group. The fixing threads of the warp group are associated with each warp thread. Moreover, the joining thread extends in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of the fixing threads.

According to still another feature of the instant invention, a non-woven material layer is included, and one of the joining threads and the fixing threads are one of knitted on applied by Raschel knitting to join the warp and the weft threads to the non-woven material layer.

The present invention is directed to a process for forming a textile mesh structure including linearly extending warp threads, linearly extending weft threads at substantially a right angle to the warp threads, and warp knitting fixing threads to join the warp and weft threads, such that thread meshes are formed. The thread meshes are arranged to extend around the warp threads over an entire length of the warp threads and around the weft threads in a region in which the warp threads and weft threads intersect, and, in the regions in which the warp thread and the weft threads intersect, lengths of the thread meshes are formed to be shorter than in regions between the intersect regions.

According to a feature of the instant invention, the warp threads and the weft threads are arranged one of individually and in groups, such that, spacing between threads in a group is smaller than spacing between adjacent groups.

In accordance with another feature of the invention, the process includes arranging a joining thread in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of the warp threads of a warp group.

Moreover, the process includes arranging a joining thread in a zig-zag configuration to prevent lateral displacement of the fixing threads.

In accordance with still yet another feature of the present invention, the process includes joining the warp and weft threads to a non-woven material layer. Further, the joining includes one of knitting on and applying by Raschel knitting.

Further features of the invention are set forth in the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

An embodiment of the invention is described in greater detail in the description hereinafter with reference to the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of the textile mesh structure, in accordance with the invention,

FIG. 2 is a view on an enlarged scale of a register round or repeat of the mesh structure from one side, and

FIG. 3 is a view on an enlarged scale of a register round or repeat of the mesh structure from the other side.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The textile mesh structure shown in FIG. 1 is composed of linearly extending warp threads 1 and weft threads 2 which extend at a right angle to the warp threads 1. Each three warp threads 1 are combined to form a respective warp thread group 9. In addition each two weft threads 2 are combined to form a respective weft thread group 11. The weft threads 2 are joined to the warp threads 1 by means of fixing threads 3 which are knitted thereon. The meshes of the fixing threads 3 extend in a zig-zag configuration over the warp threads 1. The warp thread groups 9 and the weft thread groups 11 are arranged at relatively large spacings which afford the internal widths 5 of the mesh 6.

In accordance with the invention, in the regions 4 in which the weft threads 2 cross the warp threads 1, the lengths 8′ of the meshes 7′ of the fixing threads 3 are markedly shorter than in the regions therebetween of the mesh structure.

As FIGS. 2 and 3 in particular show the lengths 8′ of the meshes 7′ or the threads loops of the fixing threads 3 in the regions 4 in which the weft threads 2 intersect the warp threads 1 are at least 30% and preferably 50% shorter than the lengths 8 of the meshes 7 between the intersection regions 4. In the intersection regions 4, a mesh 7′ of the fixing threads 3 can be associated with each weft thread 2 per warp thread 1.

So that the warp threads 1 are secured to prevent lateral displacement thereof, a joining yarn 10 is applied by a Raschel knitting procedure, for holding the warp threads 1 of a warp thread group 9 together or securing them to prevent lateral displacement. That joining yarn 10 can either extend around the warp threads 1 of a warp thread group 9 in a zig-zag configuration or, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the fixing threads 3 of each warp thread group 9. It is however also possible for the warp threads 1 of a warp thread group 9 to be secured to prevent lateral displacement by the fixing threads 3 of a warp thread group 9 changing by tricot thread laying from one warp thread 1 of a warp thread group 9 to the adjacent warp thread 1 of the same warp thread group 9.

The textile mesh structure according to the invention can also be combined in known manner with a non-woven material layer.

LIST OF REFERENCES

1 warp threads

2 weft threads

3 fixing threads

4 intersection region

5 internal width

6 mesh structure

7 mesh

7′ mesh in the region of the intersection 4

8 length of the mesh 7

8′ length of the mesh 7

9 warp thread group

10 joining yarn

11 weft thread group

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7341076 *Apr 10, 2006Mar 11, 2008Nv Bekaert SaWoven fabric comprising leno weave bound metal
US7523626 *Oct 1, 2004Apr 28, 2009Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics CorporationConveyor belt
US7614258Oct 19, 2006Nov 10, 2009C.R. Bard, Inc.Prosthetic repair fabric
US7614436Feb 6, 2006Nov 10, 2009Milliken & CompanyWeft inserted warp knit fabric for tire cap ply
US8342213 *Jul 28, 2010Jan 1, 2013Lumite, Inc.Method for manufacturing a turf reinforcement mat
US20110027540 *Jul 28, 2010Feb 3, 2011Lumite, Inc.Method for manufacturing a turf reinforcement mat
US20130092281 *Dec 4, 2012Apr 18, 2013Lumite, Inc.Method for manufacturing a turf reinforcement mat
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CN1769557BOct 28, 2005Aug 25, 2010利巴机械制造有限公司Method for preparing flat ruche with large crystalline host lattice perforated twin-shaft mesh structure
CN101855397BMay 15, 2008Apr 10, 2013N.V.贝卡特股份有限公司A metal element based textile product with improved widthwise stability
EP1584721A1 *Mar 2, 2005Oct 12, 2005Dr. Klaus Schulte GmbH Chemisch-Technische FabrikationHigh performance protective fabric with antistatic and fire retarding properties
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Classifications
U.S. Classification428/212, 442/35, 442/2, 442/203, 428/220
International ClassificationD04H3/04, E02D17/18, D04B21/14, D04B21/10
Cooperative ClassificationD10B2505/204, D10B2403/02412, D04B21/165, D04B21/10
European ClassificationD04B21/10
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
May 8, 2012FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20120316
Mar 16, 2012LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Oct 31, 2011REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Sep 5, 2007FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Dec 20, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: HUESKER SYNTHETIC GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:HUESKER SYNTHETIC GMBH & CO.;REEL/FRAME:013608/0153
Effective date: 20021001
Owner name: HUESKER SYNTHETIC GMBH POSTFACH 12 62, FABRIKSTRAS
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:HUESKER SYNTHETIC GMBH & CO. /AR;REEL/FRAME:013608/0153
Jan 14, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: HUESKER SYNTHETIC GMBH & CO., GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VON FRANSECKY, ULRICH;REEL/FRAME:012472/0554
Effective date: 20011214
Owner name: HUESKER SYNTHETIC GMBH & CO. FABRIKSTRASSE 13-15D-
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VON FRANSECKY, ULRICH /AR;REEL/FRAME:012472/0554