US 671014 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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` UNITED STATES PATENT *'OFEoE.
JOHN PICKET COUNCIL, JR., WANANISH, NORTH CAROLINA, ASSTGNOR TO THE WHITE PATENT AXLE & HUB COMPANY, OF WILMINGTON,
NORTH CAROLINA." Y
VEHICLE-Ax @PECIFICATION forlning" part f Letters Patent-N0.` 671,014, dated April 2, 1901.
l Application led August 26, 1900. Serial No. 28,000. (No model.)
Zo all whom it may concern:
Beit known that I, JOHN PIoKET COUNCIL,
J r., a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Wananish, in the county of Columbus`and Stateof North Carolina,'have invented a new an'd Im roved Vehicle-Axle,of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description. v
This invention relates to improvements-in io axles for carriages or other vehicles; and the object is to provide an axle-spindle' with a simple means for supplying lubricant thereto and causing it to move by gravity to the outer side of the spindle and distribute itself evenly along the same, and, further, to provide a simple means forremoving dirt or grit that may enter around theinnerendof the'spindle.
I will 'describe a vehicle-axle embodying my invention and then point out the novel features in the appended claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of the axle-spindle embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section at right angles to Fig. 1 and showing the manner of supplying A lubricant thereto. Fig. 3 is a section on the line a; a: of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a section on the line yy of 1, and Fig. 5 is afragmentary View of the` inner end of the spindle.
Referring to the drawings1 designates a spindle arranged in the ordinary box 2. At itslv inner end the spindle has an enlarged portion 3, in which is formed an annular channel 4, and extended diagonally across this channel is a scraper 5, designed to force dirt or grit to an youtward opening 6 in the enlargedportion. By this construction dirt or grit entering between the enlarged portion 3 of the 'spindle'and the inner end of the box will fall into the channel 4 as it is scraped from the box and the diagonal scraper 5 will move the dirt or grit outward through the opening 6.
The spindle has a longitudinal bore 7, from which a port 8 leads outward and communicates with a channel 9, formed along the outer side of v.the spindle, at one-side and slightly .taken by the rotary box, the discharge of the below the center. By placing the channel 9 slightly below the center and`at the side and inclining the port 8 downward the oil or other lubricant will have a tendency to move outward by gravity, and as the port Sis at about the longitudinalcenter of the channel the lubricant will be evenly distributed as the box rotates around the spindle. The port 8 is controlledor opened and closed by means of a plunger-valve 10, movable in the bore 7 and `normally pressed outward to cover the port by means of a spring 11. A stem 12 extends from the plunger-valve, and on the outer end of this stem is secured a valve 13, here shown in the form of a ball-valve, designed to normally close an outward opening 14in the capnut 15. The outer end of the bore 7 is enlarged, as at 16, and attached to the valvestem andv engaging with the wall of this' enlarged portion of the bore are ingers 17,which prevent lateral movement ofsthe stem. By this construction it is designed that a lubricant of any consistency may be employedsuch, forinstan'ce, as oil, tallow, or even soap. When a fluid lubricant is used, it is to be inserted by means-of a force-pump-such, for instance, as indicated at 18 in Fig. 2. In insei-ting the oil the nozzle of the force-pump is pressed against the valve 13, forcing said valve inward from its seat and also moving the valve 10 from'the port 8. Then by oper- 8o ating the piston of the pump the oil will be forced into the bore and outward through the port into the channel 9, from which it will be oil or other lubricant being facilitated, as before described, by the said channel being placed below the center line of the spindle. Of course upon removing the pump the spring 11 will move the valves to theirl closing posit tion.'
Having thus described my invention, -I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patentl. In an axle, a spindle having a longitudinal bore and also having a' channel along ,its outer surface at one side, the said channel being below the axial center of the spindle and also having a port communicating with the bore of the spindle, a s prin g-pressed *l valve in the bore for controlling said port, a cap-nut for the spindle having an opening, a valve for controlling said opening, and a stem connection between said 'valve and the irstnamed valve, substantially as specified.
2'. .In an axle, a spindle having a longitudinal bore and also having a channel along its outer side communicating with said bore, a valve for controlling the communication between the channel and bore, a spring for moving said valve outward, 'a cap-nut for the spindle and having an opening in its end, a
- valve for said opening, a stem connection between sad `:alve and the first-named valve,
and c/entering-ngers attached to said stem andv engaging with the Wall of the bore, substantially as specified.
3. In an axle, a spindle having an annular channel at its inner end, and a scraper arranged diagonally across said Vchannel and adapted to direct dirt or grit through an outlet-opening formed in the spindle, subsi-,an tially as specified.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOHN PICKET CIOUNCIL,}J-R.
Witnesses: l y
JOSEPH B. BRINKLEY, J As. ROBT. COUNCIL.