US 671638 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Apr. 9, l90l.
STOOL AND CANE.
(Application filed July 24, 1900.)
m: Nonms Pz'nzns co. PHOTO-LUNG wAsHmumm u. c.
UNITED STATES l ATENT FIcn.
EDWIN SLAGLE, OF PLATTSBURG, MISSOURI.
STOOL AND CANE.
SPECIFIGA'IION forming part of Letters Patent No. 671,638, dated April 9, 1901.
v Application filed July 24, 1900. Serial No. 24,705. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern/.-
Be it known that I, EDWIN SLAGLE, acit-izen of the United States, residing at Plattsburg, in
the county of Clinton and Stateof Missouri, have invented a new and useful Stool and Cane, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a combined stool and cane; and the objectof the same is to provide simple and effective means for supporting a person While at labor or during the pursuance of those classes of vocations requiring an upright or standing posture or for other purposes, the improved device being in connection with supporting devices on the person of the user and transportable with the latter from place to placewithout interference with the free movement of the person carrying the same, the device in its use affording a restful support by relieving the weight of the body to a great extent from the feet and at the same time elevating the user high enough for practicable purposes and having adj ustable means for accommodating a dilference in stature.
The invention consists in the construction and arrangement of the several parts, which will be more fully hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective View of the improved device, showing it applied to a dotted figure in condition for transportation from one place to another, Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the improved device,
showing a portion of the pedestal broken away and the suspending devices disconnected. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal vertical section of the seat and a portion of the pedestal. Fig. 4 is a rear end elevation of the seat and a portion of the pedestal. Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view of a portion of the device. Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view of a cane-head attachment for the pedestal.
Similar numerals of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in the several views.
. The numeral 1 designates a pedestal of suitable length, and 2 a seat adjustably and movably mounted thereon and adapted to be supplied with a cushion or other covering, as may be desired and well understood by those skilled in the art. The seat has depending side flanges 3, which provide easy contacting means for the legs of the user and prevent rubbing. or injury thereof and-also obviate wear on the garments, the :front of the seat being reduced for ready and comfortable disposal between the legs of the user, and the form of seat shown is concaved to easily receive the posterior portion of the body. At an intermediate point the said seat also has a pair of depending ears 4, which are spaced apart from each other and movably embrace knuckles 5 on the upper end of areduced extension 6, rising vertically from a socket 7 of elongated form and adjustably fitted on the upper extremity of the pedestal 1.
transverse openings 8 to removably receive a bolt 9, passing through any one of said openings and the opposite sides of thesocket and provided with a winged clamping -head 10, which is fitted to the one screw-threaded extremity of the said bolt. is also passed through the socket to prevent springing or spreading of the same when the pedestal engages it at a low point'to prevent To make the socket adjustable on the pedestal, the latter is formed witha series of A bracing-bolt 11 breakage of the said pedestal, the said bolt 4 11 being supplied with a clamping-head 12, removably mounted on one end. Two of the sides of the socket have slots 13, extending full length thereof, to accord them a yielding movement to make them effective in their clamping engagement with the pedestal or, in other words, to permit them to be drawn tightly against the said pedestal, and the remaining two sides are substantially closed and have opposite slots 14 in their upper portions, the one for the vertical adjustment and outward projection of a ratchet-block l5,having teeth 16, and the other slot 14 for the passage therethrough of a clamping and sustaining bolt or pin 17, connected to said block at the side opposite that on which the teeth are formed and provided with a clamping-head 18, having a wing which is adapted tobear against an interposed washer l 9. By loosening the clamping-head 18 the block ldmay be adjusted as desired, and from the foregoing description, indicating the shape of the socket, it will be understood that said socket is angular in cross-section, and likewise the upper extremity of the pedestal, to prevent any tendency of the latter to turn or to exert a twistingstrain on "the bolt 9. To prevent and the teethl6 are thus always held in a posi:
upperend of a depending rest-arm 2 2 is pivotally mo untjed,'and the lower free end of the same is adapted to-engage the teeth 16 of the block 15 and prevent downward movement of the seat at the reargreater than-the designed adjustment of the coacting'parts specirear-ends of resilient drawing-loop 25, passing. forwardlyunder the seat, between the ears thereof, above the pivot of the same, and
cODneOted at its front'end to an elastic band '26, secured tothe rear under portion ofja block '27, heldi',ri'gidly ion the underside of when-the said shoulder is caused to enga witheither of; the teeth 16 of the ratchetblock 15,"this'adjustment being eifected when movements of the body of the person carrying it is not desired 'to use the, seat and during transportation of the same and permitting a free'movementthereof to conform to the the same. When the loop 25 is drawn back, as just explained, the tension of the elastic band 26 is increased, and the moment said loop is released itautomatically returns to its normal position and immediately pulls the the teeth of the. ratchet-block 15.
rest-arm into engaging position relatively to The elastic band 26 always. draws the rest-arm forward to normal operating position and also permitsthe said arm to give sufficiently to practically serve its intended function. The loop is made adjustable at its rear extremity to correspond to the adjustment of the ratchet-block below and also to increase the play of the arm or restrict its movement.
Means are also provided in connection with the improved device to hold the seat against too great freedom in downward movement at l tremity of an elastic band 31 is disposed and held against disengagement by a spring-clip 32, the opposite extremity of the said band being caught over. an outwardly-projecting position after downward tilting pressure is p released from the front end thereof. To the. rear under portion of the seat 2 the pending adjustable straps 34, looped around the opposite bent extremities of a hanger 35, having a central loop 36, from which an elastic adj ustable hanger-strap .37 depends and carries ahook. or catch member 38 at its lower extremity to detachably interlock with a slotted member- 39, secured to-tl1e upperend of a rear-elastic hanger-strap 42, which is adjustable andfhas its upper extremity secured" to acoupling-link 43, fastened to the straps .of the suspenders 33 at; the 'rear and below thepoint of crossing of the same. The straps 40 and 42. provide for holding the seat well up .in position and also -.permit a yielding movement of the same, it being understood that the entire device will be held up by the user when in'erect position, so that'the lower end'of" the pedestal'will be clear of the surface upon which it is adapted to rest, as clearly shown by Fig. 1., j g
When transporting the device from one place toanother, it is obviously necessary to have the pedestal held against swinging movement, so as to avoidimpedimentin the least to free pedestrial motion, and for this purpose a metal clip 44 is employed, having an inwardly-projecting hook 45 and a securingstrap 46. The said strap is fastened around one limb of the user of the-device with the clip and .hook located inwardly, and to hold the pedestal steady the lower extremity thereof is caught in the said hook, as shown by Fig. 1, and thereby moves regularly with the limb of the user. At any time desired the pedestal when in this'held condition can be disconnected for immediate use, and it will be seen that the user when transporting the device willnot be materially discommoded, the hands are left free, and a great convenience is afforded by having ready means for assuming a sitting posture.
The improved device is supplied with a further attachment in the form of a canehead 47, having a socket 48, similar to that heretofore described, and by disconnecting the seat and its socket from the pedestal and replacing the same by the head 47 and socket 48 and securing the latter by the same bolts a cane can be readily'produced.
The improved device has a general use, as
indicated, but is particularly adapted for use by those who are required to stand during long periods of time-such, for example, as in tonsorial pursuitsand by means of the stool set forth this vocation is rendered less tiresome by providing means for allowing the operators to assume a sitting posture, and thereby relieve the feet of the greater part of the weight of the body and at the same time maintain said operators at an elevation required for successfully carrying on their work and also permit freedom of movement about the tonsorial compartment Without requiring a continuous disconnection and reapplication of the stool.
In addition to the function and advantage of the elastic band 31 heretofore set forth it also operates to give the pedestal an outward or backward pull and at all times to properly dispose the seat under the user without preliminary arrangement of the same. After the pedestal has been released from the legclip and hook the said elastic band 31 draws the pedestal immediately to the rear, and it is proposed to so arrange the said clip and hook at all times in such manner that the best results will ensue from the use of the same. The position of the clip and hook may be changed from that shown and turned toward the rear or in any other position. The preferred form of the device has been shown and described; but it is obviously apparent that changes in the form, size, proportions, and minor details may be resorted to without in the least departing from the principle of the invention.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is 1. In a device of the character set forth, the combination of a pedestal, a socket adjustably mounted on the upper extremity thereof, a stop device carried by the said socket at the rear, a seat pivotally supported by the socket above the stop device, and automatically-operat-ing'means pivotally connected to the rear of the seat to adj ustably and removably engage the stop device.
2. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with an ordinary pair of suspenders, of a hanger adjustably connected at its opposite ends to the front portions thereof, a coupling-link attached to the rear of the suspenders,lelastic suspending-straps adj ustably secured to and depending from the central portions of the hanger and link, and a seat having the said suspending-straps connected to the front and rear portions thereof.
3. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a pedestal, of a socket adjustably and removably mounted on. the
upper extremity thereof, a seat pivotally mounted on the upper portion of the socket, a ratchet-block adjustably mounted in the socket, a rest-arm pivotally attached to the rear of the seat, and means for holding the said arm in engaging position with relation to the said ratchet-block.
4. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a pedestal, of a socket adjustably and removably mounted on the upper extremity thereof, a seat pivotally mounted on the upper portion of the socket,
rigid means for limiting the movement of the seat, and a resilient device connected to the seat and socket and operating to draw the seat downwardly.
5i In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a pedestal, of a socket adjustably and removably mounted on the upper extremity thereof, a seat pivotally mounted on the upper portion of the socket, a rest-arm movably connected to and depending from the rear portion of the seat, a drawing-loop having an automatically-operating attaching device secured thereto and the front portion of the seat, the rear extremity of the loop being adj ustably attached to the said arm, and means in connection with the socket for engaging the rest-arm.
6. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a pedestal, of a socket adj ustably and removably mounted on the upper extremity thereof, a seat pivotally mounted on the upper portion of the socket, a rest-arm movably mounted on the rear portion of the seat and depending from the latter, a drawing-loop having an automatically-operating attaching device secured thereto and to the front portion of the seat, the rear extremity of the loop being adj ustably attached to the said arm, yielding means for drawing the rear portion of the seat downwardly, and
means in connection with the socket for engaging the rest-arm.
7. In a device of the character set forth, the combination with a seat having a pedestal movably attached thereto, of a strap adapted to be fastened around the leg of the user of the device, and a hook horizontally projecting therefrom to detachably engage the lower extremity of the pedestal and hold the latter adjacent the said leg of the user of the device.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aflixed'my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
EUGENE Bownnm FRED D. MCBEATH.