|Publication number||US671830 A|
|Publication date||Apr 9, 1901|
|Filing date||May 2, 1899|
|Priority date||May 2, 1899|
|Publication number||US 671830 A, US 671830A, US-A-671830, US671830 A, US671830A|
|Original Assignee||Ernest Loesser|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
N. 67| 830. P t
, E. LUESSVER. a ented Apr. 9, |904.
DIAMOND CROSS-CUTTING MACHINE. 4 (Application le'd May 2, 1899.) (No Modem' 2 sheethshm l.'
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No. 67|,830... Patented Apr. 9, 190|.
DIAMUND CROSSfCUTTING MACHINE. (App'liction filed may 2, 1899.) un Mdel.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
STATES ERNEST LOESSER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 671,830, dated April 9, 1901.
Application led May 2, 1899. Serial No. 715,304. (No model.)
T0 a/ZZ whom, it nutty concern:
Be it known that I, ERNEST LoEssER, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of New York, in the borough of Manhattan and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Diamond-Gross-Cutting Machine, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a diamond-crosscutting machine, and has for its object the cross-cutting of diamonds or other precious stones for at once reducing the stone to better size for being worked up into diamond shape by removing and saving a fragment which can be fashioned into a small brilliant.
Heretofore the cutting of a precious stone, such as a diamond, to proper shape was accom panied by the tedious and slow reduction or grinding of all the removed parts to dust or powder, and sometimes a portion of considerable size had to be gradually ground off in this way before it was possible to produce the diamond shape or brilliant effect on the main body of the stone. The dust produced possesses some value, but not near the value of a single piece from which an equivalent quantity of dust could be produced. In accordance with my invention it is possible to save in one piece a portion or fragment which would under the former process be gradually and slowly removed in ground form, whereby a valuable fragment of the diamond is saved, which can be utilized for fashioning into a small brilliant.
The invention consists of a diamond-crosscutting machine, such machine comprising a cutter, a chuck constructed to present a corner of the stone to the cutter, and means for supporting the said chuck; and the invention consists, further, of details of construction and combinations of parts to be hereinafter described and then finally claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a machine adapted to saw or cut through a diamond or other precious stone. Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a plan View of the machine. Fig. 4C is a top View, enlarged, of the chuck-carrier. Fig. 5 is a transverse section on line 5 5, Fig. 3; and Fig. 6 isa detail sectional View of the chuck on line 6 6, Fig. 1.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.
Referring to the drawings, A indicates a suitable supporting-frame which at one end is secured in any suitable manner to the worktable and which at the other end is provided with conical bearings a for the conical or tapering ends of rotary shaft B, on which is mounted a driving-pulley B'. Mounted also on said shaft and turning in a slot or opening in the supporting-frame A is a cutter C of disk shape, which is retained on the said shaft by means of clamping-disks C and nuts C2 C3, screwed onto the threaded portion of the shaft. As the cutter-disk is quite thin, (almost like asheet of writing-paper,) itis braced by the broad dat contact-surfaces of the clamping-disks C', and only so much of the peripheral portion of the cutter projects as is required for actual use. The cutter, while it has a knife-edge, at the same time, as is well known, such edge is made up of minute or microscopic teeth, and hence to distinguish the present invention from well-known diamond-cutting work the action of the cutter may be termed a sawing one. The cutter must be made of a metal'of low heat-retaining property, as great heat is produced in sawing through such a hard stone as a diamond.V
The heat has no practical softening action on the metal, so that the diamond can always be cut through and through. A nicking disk or cutter C4 is arranged also on the shaft B alongside cutter O and is made of the same metal.
Extending upwardly from the supportingframe A is a pair of brackets D D, in conical bearings d of which is journaled the rockshaft E, having pointed or conically-turned ends e, corresponding to the said bearings, so that almost frictionless bearings for the said shafts are produced. Mounted on the rock-shaft E is an arm F, which is provided with a lateral extension f, with a depending flange f. The fiangef and the directly opposite portion of the arm F are provided with openings f2f3, that are alined and through which the said shaft passes. One of the said openings-namely, fZ-is screw-threaded to receive a corresponding screw-thread e on the rock-shaft, the screwing and unscrewing of IOO the rock-shaft being accomplished by a milled hand-wheel E', fixed tightly on -the same. This is an important adjustment, as thereby thearm F is moved laterally for the purpose to be hereinafter stated. Thumb-screws F' F', screwing 'into suitable screw-threaded bores in the arm and the extension, bind against the shaft E and fix it rigidly to the arm. G is a screw-threaded tail-rod onto which is screwed the counterbalance-weight g, which lessens or increases the downward pressure of the opposite end of the arm when adjusted. The said opposite end of the pivoted arm extends forwardly over the cutter and is provided with a split head F2 and a vertical bore f4.
A vertical spindle H is received in the bore f4, said spindle forming part of the chuckcarrying frame, which is composed, in the main, of a yoke H', from the center of which the said spindle extends. The projecting upper end of the spindle H has an annular groove h, into which is adapted to snap a suitable spring-catch I, secured by screws il to the arm F, so that when the spindle is pushed home in the split head F2 the spring will at once snap into the said groove. The clamp formed by the split head F2 is caused to bind tightly on the said spindle H by Vmeans of a screw J, passing transversely through Ithe split portion of the head and having a handlever J' for turning it. The yoke H' is provided with a setting-bar K, through which the spindle H passes, the projecting end of said bar carrying a centering stud or pin K and the said bar being adjustably supported on the yoke, so as to swing around the spindle, by means of a set-screw K', which passes through an arc-shaped slot k',extending transversely in the bar K,and screws into the yoke. The centering-studia is received in a recess k2 in the under side of arm F. By means of the set-screw K' the yoke is adjusted at au angle to the longitudinal axis of the arm F, and whatever be its position the combined action of the binding-screw J, set-screw K', and the centering-stud lc rigidly holds the yoke at the proper angle. In order to accurately set the yoke H', the same is provided at its end under the barK with a pointer L,
' that may be set opposite any of the series of graduations Z, arranged on the under side of the said bar. l
A conically-pointed pin 'm is rmly fixed in one of the bifurcations or legs of the yoke H', so as to extend at right angles to the spindle H, and another conically-pointed butA screw-threaded pin M is screwed into the opposite bifurcation or leg, so as to be axially in line with the other pin m. The head on pin M is provided with sockets to receive a suitable hand-lever, likewise the head of the before-described set-screw K'. The head N and is provided at diametrically opposite points with trunnions n, having sockets cone ,is set.
forming to and receiving the conical ends of the bearing pins or screws m M, so that the said head may swing on the axis passing through said screws. The chuck, consisting of the head N and parts to be hereinafter described, is provided with a laterally-extending lug or projection N', which projects into the space between the jaws of an L-shaped split clamp N2, that extends laterally and downwardly from the yoke H'. Clampingscrews n', passing through the clamp N2, bind the said clamp upon the projection N' and secure the chuck in the posit-ion to which it The chuck is thereby adjustable in a plane at right angles to the. plane in which the yoke H' is adjustable. The head N of gles to its axial turning-point and which receives the shank o' of a stone-retaining claw 02, whereby the stone seated in a'socket-piece A P, received in a suitable socket p in the head N, parallel with the bore o, is held firmly in position. The retaining-clawozisheldfrmly against the stone by means of set-screw q, which engages the shank of the claw. The stone retained in the chuck is supported there- .by in contact with the cutter C referred to.
The machine described is operated as follows: 'lhe rough stone being at hand, the same is placed in proper position, as hereinafter stated, in the chuck. The arm F is now adjusted along the rock-shaft E, the yoke H', by means of the setting-bar K and the binding devices, is adjusted at the proper angle, and the chuck is then adjusted at the proper angle to the yoke. These adjustments are necessary' and depend upon the shape of the rough stone and the desired angle of cut to be made through it. Before cross-cutting by the cutter C a nick is cut by the nicking-cutter C4 and the arm then adjusted laterally to proper position, so that the formed nick will receive the edge of cutter C. The position of the stone S relatively to the cutter is all important. It has been found practically impossible to cut or saw through the thicker portion of the stone first even with a metallic cutter having a very low heat-retaining power. With a cutter of this quality, however, revolved at a very high rate of speed and one corner of the stone presented to the cutter the latter will pass clear -through the stone and cut or saw off a fragment, which heretofore in order to produce the dat table formed by the cross-cut had to be gradually ground down,producing diamond-dust of slight value com pared to the value of the fragment saved. In addition, therefore, to the stone proper, which is fashioned into a brilliant in the usual manner of diamond cutting 'and polishing, there is also obtained a valuable fragment that is likewise fashioned into a small brilliant. Therefore the two points to be observed in this connection for cross-cutting a diamond are that the cutter be of high heatresisting quality and that the corner of the stone be presented rst to the cutter, so that IOO IIO
arnese the latter Will cut or saw through toward the thickest portion.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a diamond-cross-cutting machine, the combination of a vertical rotary cutting-disk, a pivoted arm extending over said cuttingdisk, a stone-holding chuck supported by said arm on one side of its pivot, and a counterbalance-Weight acting downwardly on the opposite end of the arm,`substantially as set forth.
2. In a diamond-cross-cutting machine, the combination of a vertical rotary cutting-disk, an arm carrying at one end a stone -holding chuck and at the other end an adjustable counterbalance-Weight, said arm being pivotally supported, between the chuck and Weight, so as to extend over the cutting-disk, and means for laterally adjusting said arm relatively to the vertical plane of the cuttingdisk, substantially as set forth.
3. In a diamond-cross-cutting machine, the combination of a vertical rotary cutting-disk, a suitably-journaled screw-threaded rockshaft, an arm provided with a screw-threaded opening in which the screw-thread on the shaft engages, said arm being arranged in a plane over the cutting-disk, means for turning the said shaft in the said opening and thereby adjusting the arm relatively to the cutting-disk, and a stone-holding chuck supported by the arm, substantiallyas set forth.
4. In a diamond-cross-cutting machine, the combination of a vertical rotary cutting-disk, an arm arranged adjacent said cutting-disk, a chuck-supporting yoke provided With a spindle swiveled in said arm, means for adjusting the said yoke in a plane transversely to that of the cutting-disk, and a stone-holding chuck supported Within the arms of said yoke, substantially as set forth.
5. In a diamond-cross-cutting machine, the combination of a vertical rotary cutting-disk, an arm adjustable laterally relative to the vertical plane of said disk, a chuck-supporting yoke provided With a spindle swiveled in said arm, means for adjusting the said yoke in a horizontal plane transversely to that of the said disk, a stone-holding chuck pivoted Within the arms of said yoke,'and means for swinging and adjusting said chuck in a vertical plane transverse to the plane of said disk, substantially as set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
GEO. L. WHEELooK, M. H. WURTZEL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2420790 *||Dec 29, 1945||May 20, 1947||Moeller Morris A||Stonecutting clamp|
|US3486496 *||Dec 29, 1966||Dec 30, 1969||Corning Glass Works||Circular slurry saw|
|US3897772 *||Nov 12, 1974||Aug 5, 1975||Averbuch Joseph||Machine for cutting precious stones|
|US5190024 *||Nov 14, 1989||Mar 2, 1993||Senanayake Daya R||Diamond sawing process|
|US5932119 *||Jul 30, 1996||Aug 3, 1999||Lazare Kaplan International, Inc.||Laser marking system|
|US6211484||May 11, 1999||Apr 3, 2001||Lazare Kaplan International, Inc.||Laser making system and certificate for a gemstone|
|US6476351||Oct 16, 2000||Nov 5, 2002||Lazare Kaplan International, Inc.||Laser marking system|
|EP2216126A2||Nov 14, 1996||Aug 11, 2010||Lazare Kaplan International Inc.||Laser marking system for gemstones and method of authenticating marking|
|WO1990005624A1 *||Nov 14, 1989||May 31, 1990||Daya Ranjit Senanayake||Diamond sawing process|
|International Classification||B28D5/00, B28D5/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B28D5/0058, B28D5/025|
|European Classification||B28D5/02C3B, B28D5/00H|