US 673767 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented May 7, |901.
G. W. EYCLESHYMEB.
(Application filed Apr. 10, 1900.)
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GEORGE W'. EYOLESl-IYMER, OF TROY, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO MARY J. EYOLESHYMER, OF RAYMERTOWN, NEW YORK.
SPEGKFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 67 3,767, dated May '7, 1901. Application filed April 1900. Serial No. 12,349. (No model.)
To all whoml it may concern.:
Be it known that I, GEORGE W. EYcLns- HYMER, of Troy, in the county of Rensselaer and State of New York, haveinvented certain 5 new and useful Improvements in Steam-Radiators; and l hereby declare that the followingis a full,clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying d rawings,which form part of this specification.
Io This invention is an improvement in steamradiators; and its objects are to produce a more uniform distribution of the steam or heating element to the pipes, to avoid sharp bends in the fiow of the steam through the apparatus, and to cause the steam and water of condensation to always flow downwardly.
The invention therefore consists in the novel construction and combination of parts hereinafter described and claimed, and illus- 2o trated in the accompanying drawings, in
which- Figure l is a vertical section through the apparatus. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section on line 2 2, Fig. l, looking downward. Fig. 3 is a detail verlicalsection on line3 3, Fig. l; and
Fig. et is a sectional detail showing the connection of the pipe-sections, part of the intermediate section being shown in full lines.
The radiator is composed of upper and 3o lower headers A and B, connected by a series of vertical pipes O. The peculiar construction of the header A is one of the features of the present invention. This header A has a central upwardly-projecting enlargement E, which is connected to the steam-supply pipe S, and from this enlargement the top walls a of the header incline outwardly and downwardly toward the ends thereof. 1Within the header is a series of transverse curved plates or partitions F, theupper parts of which converge within the enlargement E,
and their lower parts extend downwardly and outwardly in the body of the header and diverge therein somewhat in fan shape, as
shown. These partitions F separate the steam entering the header and disperse the same therein, so that the supply of steam will be more uniformly distributed throughout the header and every pipe in the heater will receive a substantially similar supply of steam, which will result in a much more uniform heating of the pipes. The header B is provided with an inclined bottom b, through which the Water of condensation is directed to the outlet-pipe O, which is tapped into one end of the bottom, as shown.
As it is very inconvenient and troublesome to connect the headers A B by vertical or straight sections of pipe, I preferably make the pipes O in upper and lower sections O 6o and O2, respectively, the lower end of the upper section and the upper end of the lower section being respectively provided with couplings O3 and O4. These couplings are provided with right and left hand screw-threads, and, as shown, they are connected by similarly threaded pipe-sections c, which are inclined at an angle of about forty-five degrees. Each section c consists of a straight pipe provided on its opposite ends with rightand left 7o hand screw-threads, thus enabling the ends of said sections cto be screwed into the couplings C3 and C4, respectively, of the vertical sections O' and O2, and as these sections O3 and O4 are curved at their centers on an an- 75 gle of about forty-tive degrees the sections c when mounted in position in the apparatus Will also be on angle of about forty-tive degrees to the vertical sections O and O2, which, it will be observed, do not aline. By this 8o means any pipe can be easily removed for repairs and replaced when necessary, and sharp bends in the pipes O are entirely obviated.
Only one set of pipes C is shown in the drawings conuectingtheheadersAB; butobviously the number of rows of these pipes may be multiplied, according to the size of the heater desired. Preferably when more than one row of pipes O is employed the pipes `in adjoining rows alternate, so that air pass- 9o ing between them through the radiator will be directly subjected to the greatest amount of heating-surface.
It will be observed that as the steam enters the top header A and flows downwardly through the pipes O it will assist in carrying any water of condensation into the header B and off through the pipe O, and owing tothe absence of any sharp bends in the pipe the outtlow of the steam or heating lluid and Ioo of any water of condensation willibe unobstructed.
The construction shown is well adapted for single radiators or t'or different sections of a radiator, as each header and base and its connected parts constitute a unit, and a number of such units can be connected in series or multiple to form larger heaters, if desired.
When the apparatusis to be used for heating air for furnaces, the radiator may be inclosed in'a casing in the ordinary manner, through which casing the air is blown and is heated by external contact with the pipes.
Having thu's described my invention, what I vclaim is- 1. The combination of an upperinlet-head er provided with a straight bottom wall, and a curved top wall, the top wall converging and curving upwardly into a central enlargement or boss and diverging and 'curving downwardly untilit forms a junction with the lower wall, and a series of curved deflecting-plates l in said inlet-header conforming in contour to the shape ofthe said upper wall ofthe header; with a lower outlet-header provided with an inclined bottom and an outlet in the lower end of said bottom, and a series of interposed connecting-pipes for said headers, for the puri pose and substantially as described.
2. In a radiator, the combination of an inlet-header and an outlet-header; with upper l and lower series of straight vertically-.dis-I posed pipe-sections, the pipes of the upper yseries and those of the lower series being out of vertical alinement, and a coupling on the projecting end of each of said sections, one of said couplings being provided with left-hand screw-th reads and the other of said couplings with right-hand screw-threads, and intermediate straight .sections of pipe connecting the upper and lower vertical sections, said con- -necting pipe-sections being also provided with right and left hand screw-threads on their opposite ends, .for the purpose of enabling the connecting-sections to screw into the respective couplings of the vertical sections, all substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination in a radiator of an npper header and a lower header, a series of curved deflecting-plates in said upper header 'and an inclined bottom for said lower header; withseries of vertical steam-conductin g pipes connecting said headers, each of said .pipes consisting of a long and a short straight section, the long section and the short section being always out of vertical alinement, and each of `said sections being provided on its projecting end with a curved coupling, screwthreaded on its free end., one of said couplings being provided with left-hand screw threads and the other of said couplings with right-hand screw-threads, and an intermediate straight section of pipe connecting the long and short vertical sections, said connecting pipe-section being` also provided with right and left hand screw-threads on its opposite ends for the purpose-of enabling each connecting-section to screw into the respective couplings, the series of connecting-sections, in front elevation, being arranged on a line drawn diagonally from one side ot the upper header to the opposite side of the lower header, substantially as described.
4. In a radiator-heater, t-he combination of the upper header A having a central enlargement or boss E connected to the inlet-pipe, the top walls of said header being inclined outwardly and downwardly from said enlargement to the bottom of the header, and a series of curved partitions or detlecting-plates F within said header converging within the enlargement and diverging within the body of the header; with the lower header and the series of vertical sectional heating-pipes connecting the headers for the purpose and substantially as described, said pipes being formed of upper and lower Straightsections, the upper sections being always out of alinement with the lower sections and each section being provided on its projecting end with a coupling, screw-threaded on its free end, one of said couplings being provided with left-hand screw-threads and the other of said couplings with right-hand screw-threads, and intermediate straight sections of pipe connecting the upper and lower vertical sections, said connecting pipe-sectionsbein g also provided with right and left hand screw-threads on their opposite ends for the purpose of enabling the connecting-sections to screw into the respective couplings, substantially as described.
5. In a heater, the combination of the npper header A having a central enlargement E connected to the inlet-pipe and a series of curved detlectving-plates F within said header; and the lower header, provided wit-h an inclined bottom; with a series of sectional heating-pipes connecting the headers, the said pipes being formed .of upper and lower straight sections, the upper sections being always out of vertical alinement with the lower sections and each section being provided on its projecting end with a .curved coupling, one of said couplings being provided with left-hand screw-threads on its t'ree end .and the other of said couplings with right-hand screw-threads .on its free end, and intermediate straight sections of pipe connecting the upper and lower vertical sections, said connecting-sections being also provided with right and left h-and screw-threads on their opposite ends for the purpose of enabling the connecting-sections to screw into the respective couplings, substantially as and for the purpose described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I affix my signature in presence of witnesses.
PHILIP M. WALES, yCHRISTINA CLossoN, ERNEST B. PERREY.