US 674145 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 674,l45. Patente'd May l4, 190i.
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(Application flled Oct. 18, 1900.)
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UNITED STATES ATENT FIG-E" SAFE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 674,145, dated May 14, 1901.
Application filed October 18, I900. ri l N 33.446. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Beit known that I, OSCAR A. WEISSENBORN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safes, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to a safe for the use of families and householders and in other situations for the safe keeping of important papers and documents, costly jewelry, and other valuables.
The object and purpose is to improve the construction so as to materially reduce the cost while maintaining the required security, and at the same time so facilitate the transportation of the safe that it may be removed when necessary by simple manual labor without the use of machinery.
The general construction of a safe is that of two divisionsa burglar-proof and a fireproof division-one placed within and removable from the other. The burglar-proof securityis against ordinary looting of a dwelling, and the fireproofing is designed to resist the degree and continuance of heat encountered in burning of a house. Means are also provided to guard against the theft and removal of the safe.
To enable others skilled inthe art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe the same, referring to the annexed drawings, which show a safe embodying my improvements.
In said drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical transverse section givinga general view of the construction preferred in carrying my invention into practice; and Fig. 2 is a perspective View, reduced, of the inner parts detached.
Referring to Fig. 1, A indicates the main body or outer portion of the safe, consisting of a metallic box, preferably of very hard iron or steel, made to resist fracture by blows of a hammer and proof against the action of an ordinary drill. Within this box A isa detachable section B, herein called the primaryinner section, composed of two shells, forming a double-walled box and containing between the walls the fireprootlng material I). This section is thus complete in itself and separable from the outer box, so that when desired to remove the safe the inner section In order to prevent the clandestine removal of the safe, I employ a device for fastening the safe permanently to the building where used. Such device is here represented by lag-screws S S, to be screwed into the wall or floor, as f, and, if desired, may take the form of bolts, as h, made long enough to pass through a beam of the house, as g, and recei ve a nut on the opposite side. The bottom or floor c of the body A is preferably of extra thickness andis perforated to receive the said screws or bolts,the heads beingletinto the floor 0 below its surface and the cavity above the heads filled with cement to cover the heads.
The fastening device is protected from being looked upon the inner section the fastening device becomes inaccessible to any except the owner or person holding the safe-key or the combination, if a permutation-lock. To allow the inner section to be easily detached from the outer box, the lines of separation are slightly inclined inward, as indicated in Fig. l.
The contents of the safe are placed in a cabinet or case 0, consisting of a secondary inner section, which is again divided into two parts is and Z, adapted to slide into the interior of primary section B. The part Z is of less depthithan the interior of B and rests on cleats s therein to form a'secret chambers beneath it. Likewise the inner part is made shallower than Z and has a cleat is fixed to its upper edge, whereby it is prevented from passing inward, and so leaves a space e for another secret chamber. N 0 access to these secret spaces can be had by the door alone, but the cabinet must be drawn out bodily, as by knobs 0, having screws by which to connect its two parts.
The above-described fire and burglar proof safe embodies improvements whereby security is maintained and the cost is so reduced as to enable any family of moderate means to possess a convenient lockup for valuable-s, and at the same time the sectional structure admits of easy transportation, as the safe can be taken in pieces, removed, and set up again by hand and without the use of skilled labor or machinery.
The said improvements are not restricted to particular forms or special construction, as the same may be varied within the invention. I have shown the burglar-proof part as GXEO' rior and the fireproof within; but the order may be reversed and the exterior portion made fireproof.
I claim asmy invention- 1. In a sectional fire and burglar proof safe, the combination with a drill-resisting outer section or box as A, of a removable primary section, made with double walls containing fireproof material between the Walls, and closed by a double-walled fireproof safe-door, and a secondary section or cabinet within the primary section constructed to conceal a secret compartment between it and the fireproof section, which is accessible only by removing such inner section or cabinet, after first unfastening and opening the safe-door.
2. In a safe comprising fire and burglar proof inner and outer sections, the combination with a drill-resisting outer section or box as A, containing means of fastening the safe to the building where used, of a double-walled primary inner section inclosing a secondary inner section made in two parts, as described, such primary section containing fire-resisting material arranged to cover and conceal the fastening means aforesaid, and the two parts of the secondary inner section constructed to inclose one or more secret compartments between them which are inaccessible without removing a secLion of the safe.
OSCAR A. WEISSENBORN.