US 675651 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 675,65I. Patented lune 4, I90I.
P. DE LACY.
SODA WATER FOUNTAIN.
` (Application filed Tune 23, 1900,) (N o M o d al 2 'Sheets--Sheet l.
"o Wmas'ses: fwenor:
-' Peter-IML@ me bums versus co., mmoma. wAsmNnToN. o c.
No. 675,65l. Patented lune 4, I90l. P. DE LACY.
SODA WATER FDUNTAIN.
(Application led June 23, 1900.)
2 Sheets-Shet 2.
fn'wmo: Peter @L acy- .c. me mams armas co. Ncmwmo., wumsmmp UNrTien STATES PATENT OFFICE..
PETER DE LACY, OF NEV YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO THE IRON CLAD ltlANUFACTRING COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
SFEGFITATOBT forming part of Letters Patent No. 675,651, dated J' une 4, 1901.
Application tiled June 23|1900. Serial No. 21,254. (No model .To @ZZ whom t mfr/7j concern:
Be it known that I, PETER DE LACY, a citizen of the United States, residing in the borough of Manhattan, in the city and county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful lmprovemen ts in Soda-Vv'ater Fountains, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to vessels or receptacles used for containing liquids of various sorts, but more especially to fountains for containing liquids under pressure; and it more particularly relates to the method of assembling an improved bottom with the shell or body of such vessel and to the improved construction of such bottom, the object of the invention being to provide a receptacle of this character in which the bottom is assembled therewith in an improved manner and to provide an improved bottom for assemblage with the body of the receptacle, whereby a receptacle having an improved reinforced bottom is furnished.
ln the drawings accompanying and forming part of this specification, Figure l is a longitudinal sectional view of a soda-water fountain having this improved bottom assembled therewith in accordance with the present improvement. Fig. 2 is a sectional View, on an enlarged scale, of one portion of such body and bottom. Fig. 3 is a sectional View of this improved reinforced bottom. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of the lower portion of this improved receptacle, illustrating one step in the method of assembling the bottom with the body. Fig. 5 is aview substantially similar to that of Fig. 4 with the device for holding the bottom hoop in position during the riveting removed, and Fig. G is a side view of said device.
Similar characters of reference designate corresponding parts in all the gures of the drawings.
In the present instance the improvement is shown applied to a soda-water fountain, although it will be understood that it may be applied to other and various kinds of receptacles.
The outer cylinder 2, the lining 3, and the head -t may be of the usual or any suitable construction.
The improved reinforced bottom 5 in the present instance comprises a substantially concavo-convex plate (i, having, when the re` ceptacle is in its normal upright position, an upwardly-extending flange 7, thus providing asubstantiallycup-shaped bottom the flange of which is adapted to encircle the body or shell 2 of the receptacle. Secured to the under side of this bottom prior to its assemblage with the body or shell 2 of the receptacle is a bottom support or truss 8, comprising an annular curved or substantially concave-convex plate 9, having a downwardlydepending flange or hoop l0, united one with the other by a series of braces l2, which are arched or inwardly curved in the direction ot' their length. have in practice a substantially ogee formation, it' desired. This support or truss 8 may be secured to the bottom in any suitable wayas, for instance, by rivets-but in the present instance it is preferably secured thereto by solder 13, whereby that part of the bottom which is supported by the concavo-convex plate of the truss is reinforced not only by such truss-plate 9, but also by a layer of soldering material intermediate such plate and the wall of the bottom, thus forming a threefold reinforcement for the lining 3, supported by the bottom plate.
In assembling the parts a hoop or band 13 is riveted by suitable rivets 13 to the lower portion of the body 2, so as to leave a space 14 intermediate such hoop and body, this being accomplished by the use of a device similar to that shown in Fig. (5, having recesses in one edge thereof, whereby after the riveting of the hoop in position this device is Withdrawn, so as to leave the desired space between such body and the hoop. The lining 3 is then assembled with the body, with its bottom end of a substantially concavo-convex shape and projecting below the lower edge of such body in a manner similar to that shown in Figs. t and 5, after which the improved re-` inforced bottom (see Fig. 3) is assembled in position with its flange 7 extending into the space la, provided therefor intermediate the body 2 and the hoop 13, with the inner concaved face of the bottom in engagement with the convex face of the lining. The depend- Each of these braces may t IOO ing iiange 10 of thetruss or bottom support is then riveted by suitable rivets l0 to the hoop or band, after which soldering material 'l5 is forced into all the joints,'not only above the rivets 13", but also below the same and intermediate the flange 10 of the truss and the hoop 13', thus providing at this point a three-part reinforcement comprising the hoop 13', the truss-tlange lO, and an intermediate material l5. By this organization leakage of the receptacle is positively prevented, since should the lining not be effective for this pun pose or spring aleak it would be impossible for the iiuid to pass the bottom, owing to the fact that it must either pass through the metal or around the bottom at the upper edge of its flangeand then through the` soldering material and the hoop or truss, so that the soldering material not only acts to more firmly and thoroughly secure the parts together, but also acts as a reinforcing medium to prevent the passage of the iiuid should the lining spring aleak,
For the purpose of presenting a clearer understanding of the presentimprovement over the prior art it is deemed advisable to brietiy refer to such prior art. I am aware 'of a patent which shows a concavo-convex bottom having a depending iiange secured by rivets intermediate the flange or hoop of a truss and the inner side of the receptacle-body. Owing to the construction and assemblage of the parts it will be obvious that pressure exerted on the coneaved side of the bottom has a constant tendency to pull the flange at the upper part thereof away from the body-walls and also to force the shell-walls outwardly away from the flange, so that there is a constant strain upon the rivets and the metal of the walls and also on the truss and which bottom without the provision of such a truss would not even be able to withstand the strain for any .length of time. Since, therefore, the pressure of the iiuid upon the bottom exerts a constant tendency to pull the upper edge of the iiange away from the wall of the body and to force the wall away from such flange, it follows that when this occurs, even to a very slight extent, the lining of the receptacle will be driven into the opening thus formed, thereby rendering such lining liable to be punctured or cracked and so cause a leakage. These disadvantages and defects, as well as others, were obviated and overcome by animproved organization subsequently patented,4
in which the bottom was provided with a Iiange or hoop extending upwardly instead of downwardly, so as to overlap the outer side of the receptacle-body,whereby the pressure exerted on the concaved side of the bot- 4tom tends to draw this iiange more rmly into contact with the outer walls of the body. In this patent the body'is provided with an outer hoop riveted to such body to permit the insertion of the upwardly-extending flange, which is inserted in position after the lining has been placed in the receptacle, after which the truss is placed in position and riveted to the hoop, thev space intermediate the upper edge of the hoop and the body being filled with solder in the usual manner. In this device, as just set forth, the truss is assembled after the bottom is loca-ted in position, it being held by rivets to the hoop. In the present improvement the bottom support or truss is assembled and rigidly connected with the bottom prior to its assemblage with thebody or shell of the receptacle and forms -a part of such bottom, whereby such truss and bottom can be more firmly and securely connected and whereby the assemblage of the parts is facilitated, since in practice the assemblage of the truss with the bottom can be more readilyaccomplished prior to the assemblage of such bottom with the body or shell of the receptacle. \Vhen the truss is applied to thebot-tom after such bottom isin place,the heat necessary to accom plish this object will melt or otherwise damage the lining, usually made of sheet block-tin, and in practice in order to avoid this various expedients were used, .such as an intermediate layer of paper between'the lining and bottom, or the use of water. In the present improvement, however, as the truss is secured to the bottom before such bottom is assembled with the shell or body, these parts can be more perfectly and practically united and afterward assembled with the shell without in anyway damaging the lining or requiring the use of uncertain expedients to avoid such result, whereby the cost of producing the tank is materially decreased. Furthermore, by this means the bottom of the receptacle at those portions thereof whereit is supported by the truss comprises four thicknesses of metal, comprising the lining,the bottom,the concavoconvex plate of the truss, and an intermediate material, such as solder. Furthermore, also, by the improved organization shown the truss-flange is not only connected with the outer hoop by rivets, but is also secured thereto by au intervening material, thereby forming an improved reinforced standard or support 16 for the receptacle,comprising three thicknesses of metal, the hoop, the truss, and an intermediate material, such as solder.
I claim as my inventionl. A receptacle comprising a body provided with a hoopriveted thereto with an intervening space between such body and hoop, and with a lining having its end projecting beyond such body; a cupshaped bottom having its peripheral edge located in said intervening space intermediate the body and hoop; a truss,comprising an annular curved plate and a depending flange secured to said plate by braces, and riveted to said hoop; and a layer of material intermediate said depending iiange and hoop, whereby the receptacle comprises at this point three thicknesses of metal, and intermediate said annular curved plate and bottom, whereby the receptacle comprises at this point four thicknesses of metal, and ina ITO termediate said hoop and bottom whereby said receptacle comprises at this point not less than four thicknesses of material, and intermediate said hoop and body, substantially as described.
The herein-described improvement in the manufacture of vessels which consists in providing a body or shell with a hoop riveted thereto to form an intervening space between such body and hoop; then providing such body With a lining having its end projecting beyond said body; then rigidly securing to a cup-shaped bottom a truss comprising a curved annular plate and a depending flange connected to said plate by braces, thereby to provide a reinforced bottom comprising a single structure; then assembling such trussreinforced cup-shaped bottom with its peripheral edge located in the space intermediate said body and hoop; then riveting the depending ilange of said truss to said hoop, and then more thoroughly securing said parts together by soldering material, the organization being such that the bottom and the truss are rigidly secured together prior to the assemblage of such bottom with the body, whereby the necessity of using heat at the under side of the lining, and the consequent necessity of using an intervening protecting material for such lining is avoided.
3. The herein-described improvement in the manufacture of vessels which consists in providing a body or shell With a hoop secured thereto to form an intervening space between such body and hoop; then providing such body with a lining; then providing a cupshaped bottom with a reinforced truss rigidly secured thereto thereby to provide a reinforced bottom comprising a single structure; then assembling such truss-reinforced bottom with its peripheral edge located in the space intermediate said hoop and bottom; and then securing said truss to said hoop, the organization being such that the bottom and the truss are rigidly secured together prior to the assemblage of such bottom with the body, whereby the necessity of using heat at the under side of the lining, and the consequent necessity 0E using an intervening protecting material for such lining is avoided.
PETER DE LACY.
C. A. lVEEn, CHAs. FINKLER.