US 676183 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. s-7s,sss. Patented Jun n, mol.
J. T, rennes..
(Application led Feb. 16, 1901.)
1 (No Model.)
TH: Nonms PETERS co.. Priore-urne.. wsnmmou. nA c.
- UNITED .i STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JEFFREY T. FERRES, OF ANDERSON, INDIANA, ASSIGNOR TO J. W. SEFTON i MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE AND CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming' part o'f Letters Patent N o. 676,183, dated June 11, 1901.
Application filed February 16, 1901. Serial No. 47,610. (No specimens.)
of frame buildings for the purpose of rendering their walls more nearly air-tight and impervious to moisture. The building-paper now in common use for this purpose is not entirely satisfactory, even when a board sheathing is first applied to the outer face of the framework ofthe building and the paper applied to such board sheathing and the" weather-boarding then nailed on over the paper, and when in the cheaper classes of buildings this board sheathing intermediate `the.
weather-boarding and the frame of the building is omitted and the paper has to be tacked directly to the outer face of the framework of the building and has nothing to support it between the joists and other separated parts of such framework the paper is apt to get torn and mutilated prior to or during the application of the weather-boarding, and after the weather-boarding is applied it is easily aected by air and moisture penetrating the joints in the weather-boarding. So, too, there being nothing to hold the overlapping edges of the sheets of paper together along their horizontal joints they are apt to sag away 1 from each other between the joists and leave In the accompanying drawings, Figure l represents a continuous strip or sheet of double-faced corrugated paper intended for my improved building-paper as the same is delivered from the machine; Fig. 2, an elevation of the side of a frame building having sheets or boards of said paper applied to it;
Fig. 3, a vertical section showing the completed wall of such building with my improved building-paper interposed between the weather-boarding andthe framework of` in Fig. l is formed upon any suitable ma! chine-such, for instance, as that illustrated and described in my pending application, Serial NORM-9,196, filed March l5, 1899; butinstead of employing upper and lower facingsheets A B of the same width as the intermediate corrugated sheets C said upper and lower sheets are of greater width than the intermediate sheet and project at opposite edges of the latter, as shown. ous strip ory sheet of double-faced paper or board may be of the usual. or any suitable width-say from twenty fourv to thirtysix inches-and it can be cut transversely into separate boards or sheets of any desired size for the purpose described, as indicated by the dotted lines in Figs. 1 and 2. The width of these Aseparate boards or sheets will be immaterial where the wall of the frame building is to be provided with the board sheathing heretofore described, sinceit will then be immaterial where the'vertical joints between the vertical rows of boards or sheets may happen to come; but where no such board sheathing is employed then the corrugated boards or sheets will be cut of such width as to conform to the distances between the j oists or uprights of the framework, so that the vertical joints between the vertical rows of such boards or sheets may coincide with such joists or uprights and the edges of the sheets be tightly nailed to such uprights. In applying these boards or sheets to the building the boards This continuj IGO will be placed in position for the extensions j of the facing-sheetsA B to .project at the upper and lower edges of the. board, and the boards will be so applied thatthe inner facingsheets of the boards will project at the top of the sheets and the outer facing-sheets at the bottom.
Referring to Figs. 2 and 3, the application of the boards to a building will be readily understood. The work is preferably begun at the bottom and the lowermost board in a given vertical row nailed securely to the sheathing D and joists E by a horizontal row of nails along its lower edge and two vertical rows along its opposite sides or by the verti-` cal rows alone in event no sheathing is employed and the board is to be secured to the joists alone. The next board above is then applied, with theY lower edge of its'body portio'nabu-tting against the upper edge of the, bodyportionl of the lower board and with its baickresting against the upwardly-projecting extension of the inner facing-sheet of the lower beard, While the depending extension ofV its own outer facing-sheet overlaps and rests' `against the upper part of the body portien of the lower board, and inthis position thezsecond board is nailed to the sheathing and jnists by vertical rows of nails at its opposite sides and by two horizontal rows at its lower edge, the lower one of said horizontal row's'of nails passing through the. depending extension of the outer facing-.sheet of the upper board and the upper portion of the blOdy of thelower-board and the uppenone of said' rows of nails passing through the lower portion of the body of the upper board and the vertically-projecting extension of the inner facing-sheet of the lower board, as clearly indicated in Fig. 2 and shown in Fig. 3. The. succeeding boards in vertical rows are app-lied and secured in like manner until the tdpgofthe wall ofthe building is reached, and
,then` the next adjacent vertical row is applied an air-space, (within the corrugations ofthe sheets-or boards,) which will aid materially in preventing the temperature of the inside of the-'Wall of the building from being affected bythe temperature at the outside thereof, and thus serve to protect the interior of the building. from. the effects of external cold in winter and external heat in summer.
Where no board sheathing D is employed, the'. horizontal' joints between; the adjacent horizentalrowsof boards cannot' be made so securefand air-tightas wherethe board sheath'- ing is employed, since the overlapping edges of the boardscannot then be nailed together, as above described; but even in such case my improved sheets or boards are much superior to the sheets of common building-paper now employed, since they are much stronger and more rigid, and therefore more dnrableand less liable to become torn or otherwise muti-- lated. The horizontal joints between the adjacent rows of boards are much tighter than such joints can possibly be maintained between the sheets of thea paper now in use, and
g the advantages of the dead-air space within the sheets or boards themselves, above described, are attained to substantially the same degree as where the board sheathing D is employed.
In ordinary buildingpaper now in use a .j preparation of coalftar is ordinarily employed l for coatn g and waterprooin g thep'ap'er,w\1;1ieh\- serves such purpose, but also renders the pe* per highly inflam mable. In the manufacture yof my improved paper after the corrugated I sheet or board shown in Figli has been made .'I pass it between rollers running in a preparation of asphaltum and asbestosfdust, which coats both surfaces of the sheet and renders them waterproof and to a very considerable degree fireproof `as well. This coating, containing asphaltum, will also render the paper vermin-proof so long as the paper retains the odor of asphaltum; but for the purpose of rendering the paper permanently verminproof I mix corrosive s ublimate in the paste which is employed for pasting the facing sheets to the opposite sides of the corrugated sheet in the original manufacture of the paper. The corrosive sublimate thus employed not only renders the paper vermin-proof, but operates as a disinfectant also The corrugated sheet of paper shown in Fig.
1 is corrugated transversely as it passes through the corru gating-machine,and the facing-strips applied to its opposite sidestherefore project from the opposite edges of the corrugated sheet at'the ends of and at right IIO angles to the corrugations, so that when the sheets or boards are applied to arbuilding,'as in Figs. 2 ands, the corrugations extend vertically from the bottom to thetop of the wall of the building and furnish free passage for air, the corrugations being open at both top and bottom and permitting the air contained in them to freely rise as itbecomes warm and to escape at the top and fresh air to be drawn in at the bottom. This arrangement is ade vantageous where it is desired to permit cirf culation of air in` the Wall of the bllldingforthe purpose of preserving a minimum temperature within the building,as in the construction of summer-cottages,ice-houses,coldstorage buildings, and the like. l For some f purposes, however, it isdesirable toprovide the walls of a building with dead-air spaces, in which the air is not permitted to circulate freely, and in such cases the building-paper shown in Fig. 4: may be employed. paper the'corrugations of the middle sheet are formed longitudinally of the paper in its initial manufacture-as, for instance, by the method and apparatus shown and described in Letters PatentNo.654,884, of July 31, 1900, to Ferres and Ferres-and the extensions of the facing-sheets at the opposite sides of the corrugated sheet therefore extend longitudinal of and parallel with the corrugations instead of at rightangles thereto, as in the sheet of Fig. 1.
When the sheets or boards formed from the paper shown in Fig. 4 are applied to the wall of a building in the same manner as the paper of Fig. 1, heretofore described, the corrugations will extend horizontally along the wall of the building instead of vertically, and thereby serve to form dead-air spaces in which the air is not permitted to circulate freely. This arrangement will be employed` where it is desirable to Vprovide the wall of a building with such dead air spaces for the purpose of protecting the interior of the building from external heat and cold.
While designed primarily as a substitute for the ordinary building-paper now in use, as described, it will be manifest that the continuous strip of double-faced paper (shown in Figs. land 4) having the oppositely-projecting facing-sheets, may be employed for other purposes and cut to suit-able size therefor.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claiml. As a new article of manufacture,a continuous strip or sheet of double-faced corrugated paper provided with facing-sheets of greater wid th than the intermediate corrugated sheet y described.
3. As a new article of manufacture a sheet or board of double-faced corrugated paper provided at its upper and lower edges with extensions of the opposite facing-sheets thereof and coated with a waterproofing and lireprooiing material, substantially as described.
4. As a new article of manufacture, asheet or board of double-faced corrugated paper provided at its upper and lower edges with extensions of the opposite facing-'sheets thereof and coated with a waterproofing and fireproong material composed of asphaltum and asbestos-dust or equivalent material, substantially as described.
5. As a new article of manufacture, a sheet or board of double-faced corrugated paper provided at its upper and lower edges with extensions of the opposite facing-sheets thereof and having its opposite facingsheets pasted to the intermediate corrugated sheet with paste containing corrosive sublimate, and coated 'with a waterproofing and fireproofing material, substantially as described.
JEFFREY T. FERRES.
D. H. DURBIN, CLARENCE C. LEIB.