|Publication number||US6767339 B2|
|Application number||US 10/151,585|
|Publication date||Jul 27, 2004|
|Filing date||May 16, 2002|
|Priority date||Dec 12, 1997|
|Also published as||CA2447582A1, CA2447582C, DE60215794D1, DE60215794T2, EP1387709A2, EP1387709B1, US20030018307, WO2002094362A2, WO2002094362A3|
|Publication number||10151585, 151585, US 6767339 B2, US 6767339B2, US-B2-6767339, US6767339 B2, US6767339B2|
|Original Assignee||Wilson-Cook Medical, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (40), Referenced by (47), Classifications (19), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/184,331, filed Nov. 2, 1998 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,589,213, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 08/989,413, filed Dec. 12, 1997 (now abandoned), both entitled “Body Canal Intrusion Instrumentation Having Bidirectional Coefficient of Surface Friction with Body Tissue”.
This application also claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/292,146, filed May 18, 2001, entitled “Body Canal Intrusion Instrumentation Having Bidirectional Coefficient of Surface Friction with Body Tissue”.
This invention relates to instrumentation for invading body canals non-destructively and with a minimum of trauma, and more particularly, to the interface between the instruments and body tissue during dynamic ingress and egress of surgical instrumentation into the canals.
It has been the direction of the prior art to fashion the surface structure of instrumentation used for the non-destructive invasion of body canals with a very slippery surface to facilitate ingress of the instrumentation into the body canal. The resulting slippery surface also produces low friction during egress of the instrumentation from the body canal.
As set forth in detail in U.S. application Ser. No. 09/184,331, filed Nov. 2, 1998, entitled “Body Canal Intrusion Instrumentation Having Bidirectional Coefficient of Surface Friction with Body Tissue”, and which is hereby incorporated by reference, it has been found that the ingress of the medical device or other instrumentation into a desired body site can be facilitated by the utilization of a surface structure on the device having a bi-directional coefficient of friction with respect to the tissue within the body cavity or canal that is engaged by the device during ingress. For example, it has been found that naturally occurring peristaltic contractions tend to grasp and carry the device toward the desired work site. This significantly decreases the risk of puncture by the device, as well as reduces the time required by the surgeon for entry and positioning of the device at the desired work site. These advantages are particularly important during procedures such as the insertion of a gastric or jejungal feeding tube through the esophagus and into or through the stomach or small intestine.
Large flaps or barbs have been used on the outside surface of catheters and related devices for the purpose of stabilizing or anchoring the device within the body canal. These flaps or barbs are designed to prevent both ingress and egress of the device once the device has been positioned at the desired location within the body canal. These flaps or barbs are typically rigid, and are attached to the outside of the device in a hinged manner. However, these devices can be very traumatic to the tissue of the body canal, and can be very uncomfortable to the patient, when manipulated within the body or upon egress from the body canal.
In view of the above, there is a need for a medical device or other instrumentation having a series of flaps that function in a bi-directional manner to engage the tissue of the body canal so as to assist with ingress of the device, but which will permit egress of the device without causing trauma or discomfort to the patient.
The foregoing problems are solved and a technical advance is achieved in a medical device, such as a gastrointestinal catheter, for use in delivering fluid-like materials to the gastrointestinal tract. Such fluid-like materials could include feeding materials, drugs, contrast materials or saline.
The illustrative embodiment of the present invention is directed to a nasal-jejunal feeding tube having an arrangement of flaps cut from the outer surface of the catheter and configured so as to not readily adhere to the catheter outer surface. The arrangement of flaps are also configured so as to resist egress to the degree that allows the body to propel the device forward, yet will allow the device to be removed from the body without the flaps causing significant trauma, such as inflammation, to the tissues of the body canal, and thereby minimizing or eliminating patient discomfort.
The preferred embodiment illustrated herein comprises a 14 FR nasal-jejunal feeding tube having a minimum overall length of 154 cm. A series of flaps are formed on the outer surface of the distal 50 cm of the catheter portion. Four longer flaps are formed near the distal end of the feeding tube, and are arranged about the perimeter of the feeding tube at approximately equal intervals (i.e., at 90° intervals with respect to each other). A number of shorter flaps are distributed along the length of the feeding tube inwardly or proximally from the four longer flaps. These shorter flaps alternate along opposite sides of the feeding tube at approximately 2 cm intervals for the distal 50 cm of the catheter. The feeding tube also includes several apertures distributed along the distal portion of the catheter. These feeding tube apertures alternate along opposite sides of the feeding tube at approximately 2 cm intervals, and are generally disposed at 900 intervals with respect to the shorter flaps.
FIG. 1 is a side view of an illustrative embodiment of a body canal intrusion instrument in accordance with the teachings of this invention. In particular, FIG. 1 is a side view of the distal portion of a nasal-jejunal feeding tube made in accordance with the teachings of this invention.
The present invention is directed to a medical device 100, such as a gastrointestinal catheter, for use in delivering fluid-like materials to the gastrointestinal tract. Such fluid-like materials could include feeding materials, drugs, contrast materials or saline. In particular, an illustrative embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIG. 1, which depicts the distal portion of a nasal-jejunal feeding tube having a plurality of bidirectional surface elements 102 distributed along the outer surface 104 of the catheter portion 106 of the device 100.
In the illustrative embodiment shown, a group of four (4) distal flaps 108 are disposed about the perimeter of the catheter outer surface 104 at approximately equal intervals (i.e., at 90° intervals). The distal flaps 108 are positioned near the distal tip 110 of the device 100. In the preferred embodiment, the distal flaps 108 comprise a first oppositely disposed pair of distal flaps 112 located approximately 0.7 cm from the distal tip 110 of the feeding tube 100, and a second oppositely disposed pair of distal flaps 114 located approximately 1.0 cm from the distal tip 110 of the device 100, as measured from the base 116 of each of the flaps 112, 114.
In the preferred embodiment shown, each of the distal flaps 108 are approximately 1.0 cm in length, when straightened. The distal flaps 108 are preferably formed by cutting a portion of the catheter outer surface 104. In addition, each of the distal flaps 108 are curved (or curled) so as to prevent the flaps 108 from adhering to the outer surface 104 of the catheter, and so as to orient the tips 120 of the distal flaps 108 forwardly (i.e., towards the distal tip 110 of the device 100). Preferably, each of the distal flaps 108 is curved by utilizing a cutting technique that results in the formation of a distal flap 108 that tends to curve outwardly from the outer surface 104 of the catheter. Depending on the type of material from which the catheter is manufactured, curving of the distal flaps 108 may also be accomplished by heat curving.
The configuration and orientation of the distal flaps 108 resist egress of the device 100, and also causes the device to be propelled forwardly by naturally occurring peristaltic contractions of the tissue of the body canal (not shown). In particular, when the device 100 is being inserted into the body canal, the distal flaps 108 provide a relatively large diameter near the distal tip 110 of the device 100 that can be readily grasped by the tissue of the body canal during peristaltic contractions. However, when the device 100 is being removed from the body canal, the forward orientation of the tips 120 prevent trauma to the tissue. In addition, the distal flaps 108 are sufficiently flexible to prevent trauma to the tissue of the body canal upon either ingress or egress of the device 100.
A plurality of secondary flaps 118 are disposed along the outer surface 104 of the catheter inwardly (or proximal) from the distal tip 110 and the distal flaps 108. In the preferred embodiment shown, the secondary flaps 118 are distributed along the distal 50 cm of the catheter portion 106 of the feeding tube. The secondary flaps 118 alternate along opposite sides of the feeding tube at approximately 2 cm intervals. In other words, the secondary flaps 118 comprise a first series of secondary flaps 126 disposed along the top side of the feeding tube (as viewed in FIG. 1) and spaced at approximately 4 cm intervals, and a second series of secondary flaps 128 disposed along the bottom side of the feeding tube (as viewed in FIG. 1) and spaced there between.
Although not shown in the drawing of the illustrative embodiment, it should be appreciated that the secondary flaps 118 can be arranged in numerous other configurations. For example, the secondary flaps 118 can be disposed along the catheter portion 106 of the feeding tube in a spiral or random configuration. The secondary flaps 118 can also be disposed along more than two sides of the catheter portion 106. It is also not necessary for the secondary flaps 118 to be disposed in an alternating fashion along opposite sides of the catheter portion 106.
In the preferred embodiment, each of the secondary flaps 118 measures approximately 0.5 cm in length, when straightened. Each of the secondary flaps 118 has a truncate shape comprising a base 122 measuring approximately 0.016 cm in width, and a tip 124 measuring approximately 0.010 cm in width. The secondary flaps 118 are preferably formed by cutting a portion of the catheter outer surface 104.
In addition, each of the secondary flaps 118 are moderately curved outwardly so as to prevent the secondary flaps 118 from adhering to the outer surface 104 of the catheter, and to allow the tip 124 to engage the tissue of the body canal (not shown). Preferably, each of the secondary flaps 118 is curved by utilizing a cutting technique that results in the formation of a secondary flap 118 that tends to curve outwardly from the outer surface 104 of the catheter. Depending on the type of material from which the catheter is manufactured, curving of the secondary flaps 118 may also be accomplished by heat curving.
The secondary flaps 118 are also configured so as to orient the tips 124 of the secondary flaps 118 rearwardly (ie., away from the distal tip 110 of the device 100). This rearward orientation of the secondary flaps 118 resist egress of the device 100, and causes the device to be propelled forwardly by naturally occurring peristaltic contractions of the tissue of the body canal during the insertion process. In addition, the relatively low profile of the secondary flaps 118 minimizes trauma to the tissue during the removal process. The secondary flaps 118 are also sufficiently flexible to prevent trauma to the tissue of the body canal upon either ingress or egress of the device 100.
The feeding tube further comprises feeding tube apertures 130 disposed along the distal portion of the catheter. The feeding tube apertures measure approximately 0.5 cm in diameter, and provide openings through which feeding material can exit the interior of the feeding tube and enter the body canal or cavity. In the embodiment shown, the feeding tube apertures 130 are alternately disposed along opposite sides of the feeding tube at approximately 2 cm intervals, and are preferably located on the sides of the feeding tube that are 90° offset from the sides of the feeding tube along which the secondary flaps 118 are located (i.e., along the front and back sides of the feeding tube as viewed in FIG. 1). The illustrative embodiment comprises a total of five (5) feeding tube apertures 130.
The above described arrangement and dimensions provided for elements thereof are merely exemplary. Any other undisclosed or incidental details of the construction or composition of the various elements of the disclosed embodiments of the present invention are not considered to be critical to the achievement of the advantages of the present invention, so long as the elements possess the attributes required to perform as disclosed herein. The selection of these and other details of construction are believed to be well within the ability of one of ordinary skill in the relevant art in view of the present disclosure. Illustrative embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail for the purpose of disclosing practical, operative structures whereby the invention may be practiced advantageously. The designs described herein are intended to be exemplary only. The novel characteristics of the invention may be incorporated in other structural forms without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
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|U.S. Classification||604/175, 604/523, 604/910, 604/264|
|International Classification||A61M25/00, A61M25/04, A61M25/01, A61J15/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61J15/0069, A61J15/0003, A61J15/003, A61M2025/0046, A61M2025/006, A61M25/0043, A61M25/0125, A61M25/04|
|European Classification||A61J15/00, A61M25/00S, A61M25/01C7|
|Sep 26, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WILSON-COOK MEDICAL, INC., NORTH CAROLINA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REYDEL, BORIS;REEL/FRAME:013328/0620
Effective date: 20020829
|Jan 4, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 17, 2011||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COOK MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:COOK INCORPORATED;WILSON-COOK MEDICAL INCORPORATED;VANCEPRODUCTS INCORPORATED;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20110315 TO 20110322;REEL/FRAME:026287/0923
|Dec 29, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Dec 29, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12