|Publication number||US6773200 B2|
|Application number||US 10/059,931|
|Publication date||Aug 10, 2004|
|Filing date||Jan 28, 2002|
|Priority date||Jan 31, 2001|
|Also published as||US20020127055|
|Publication number||059931, 10059931, US 6773200 B2, US 6773200B2, US-B2-6773200, US6773200 B2, US6773200B2|
|Inventors||Steven J. Cole|
|Original Assignee||Watermark Paddlesports, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (16), Classifications (16), Legal Events (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is based upon and claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(e) to the following U.S. provisional patent application, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety for all purposes: Ser. No. 60/265,641, entitled “Hitch-Mountable Recreational Equipment Rack,” filed Jan. 31, 2001.
The present invention relates generally to hitch-mountable recreational equipment racks having a locking post for securing the rack within a vehicle hitch receiver, and more particularly to devices and methods for preventing accidental or intentional withdrawal of the locking post from its locking position.
Many recreational equipment racks can be mounted to a vehicle by securing the rack to a socket-like hitch receiver provided on the rear of the vehicle. These racks typically include a hitch attachment member, or tongue, that is inserted into the hitch receiver. The tongue and sidewalls of the hitch receiver include holes that are aligned when the tongue is fully inserted into the hitch receiver. Typically, an elongate locking post is transversely passed through these holes to hold the rack tongue in place and prevent it from pulling out of the hitch receiver.
Various devices and methods exist for preventing the locking post from moving out of its inserted position, as can happen as a result of vibration during transit. Other devices guard against not only accidental removal of the post, but also prevent theft or other intentional removal by locking the post in place. However, certain designs may fail or may be easily damaged by attempts to remove the locking post from its inserted position.
A recreational equipment rack system includes an equipment rack for mounting on a vehicle. The equipment rack includes a rack tongue configured to be inserted into and secured within a hitch receiver provided on the vehicle. A fastening mechanism is provided to tightly secure the rack tongue to the hitch receiver. The fastening mechanism includes a bolt having a bolt head and a bolt post extending from the head for extending through transverse holes in the hitch receiver. The bolt post includes a threaded length and an unthreaded length. A nut assembly including a nut configured to engage the threaded length of the bolt enables selective clamping and releasing of the rack tongue with the hitch receiver. A removable lock is provided at the distal end portion of the bolt post. The threaded length on the bolt is limited so that the threaded length disengages the nut before the lock contacts the external wall of the hitch receiver.
FIG. 1 is cut away of an isometric view of a vehicle bumper and a conventional hitch receiver with a rack mounted therein.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of an equipment-rack tongue secured within the hitch receiver as shown in FIG. 1 using a fastening system constructed according to one embodiment of the present invention, taken along line 2—2.
FIG. 3 is a partially cut away view of the cross-section of FIG. 2, having a locking pin unthreaded from a locking nut.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of an equipment-rack tongue secured within the hitch receiver as shown in FIG. 1 using a fastening system constructed according to another embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of an equipment-rack tongue secured within the hitch receiver, taken along line 5—5, showing a floating nut.
FIG. 1 depicts fastening system 10 for securing a rack tongue 12 of a recreation equipment rack (not shown) within hitch receiver 14, which is provided on the rear bumper region 16 of a vehicle. Tongue 12 is secured within hitch receiver 14 by passing bolt 18 through transverse holes 20 and 22 provided in the receiver and tongue. FIG. 2 depicts nut 24 provided within the interior of tongue 12 to receive bolt 18. The bolt and nut act as a torque-operated clamping mechanism for tightly securing the tongue to the hitch receiver.
In FIG. 2, bolt 18 and nut 24 are rotated relative to one another to selectively clamp together and release the sidewall portions 12 a and 14 a of the tongue and hitch receiver captured between the nut and bolt head 26. A key-operated or combination-operated post lock 28 or other retention device is provided opposite bolt head 26 to prevent withdrawal of the bolt from its inserted position. The post lock engages a nub 27 formed on the end of bolt 18 opposite head 26.
In FIG. 2, nut 24 is fixed relative to tongue 12 so that nut 24 is substantially prevented from moving relative to tongue wall 12 a. Specifically, nut 24 may be welded to tongue 12 (as depicted), formed integrally as part of the tongue, or may otherwise be fixed relative to the tongue. As a result, if bolt 18 and nut 24 are threadably engaged, the bolt pulls out of its inserted position in direction 25 when loosened. This causes post lock 28 to eventually come into contact with the outer surface of the hitch receiver.
In some cases, enough force can be applied while attempting to loosen bolt 18 to break post lock 28 and drive the post lock off the end of the bolt. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the distance that bolt head 26 must move to completely remove threaded portion 18 a from nut 24 is indicated at 30. To prevent damage to post lock 28 distance 30 must be greater than distance 32, which extends from post lock 28 to an outer surface of hitch sidewall region 14 b (as shown in FIG. 2). Specifically, if bolt threads 18 a are still engaged with nut 24 when post lock 28 comes into contact with hitch receiver sidewall region 14 b, the leveraged force caused by further unscrewing of bolt 18, may be sufficient to damage post lock 28 or cause the post lock to fail.
One way to address this problem is to reduce the length of the threaded portion of bolt 18 relative to the overall length of the bolt. This embodiment of the invention employs a thread that has a limited length so that the threaded portion of the bolt exits the nut before the post lock applies significant force against the receiver wall 14 b. This may be accomplished by extending unthreaded portion 18 b of the bolt so that the end of the bolt received within post lock 28 extends further away from hitch receiver 14. When the unthreaded length of bolt 18 is lengthened, bolt 18 may be fully unscrewed without bringing post lock 28 into contact with the hitch receiver sidewall 14 b. Alternatively, the length of threaded portion 18 a may be reduced, either alone or in combination with an overall lengthening of the bolt. As shown in FIG. 3, the threaded portion 18 a disengages from nut 24 before post lock 28 contacts hitch receiver sidewall 14 b.
FIG. 4 depicts another locking hitch mount system according to the invention. The problems discussed above are addressed in the depicted embodiment through provision of a nut assembly 34 having a floating nut 24 and receptacle 36 that reduces relative movement between bolt 18 and hitch receiver 14. Receptacle 36 is configured to hold nut 24 fixed against rotation while allowing the nut to “float” along the long axis of bolt 18 as indicated by arrows 38 a and 38 b. Nut receptacle 36 is provided in the interior of tongue 12, and includes a cavity 40 that is configured to grip the outer contour of nut 24 to hold it fixed against rotation. Cavity 40 is also shaped to allow the nut to move back and forth within the cavity along the long axis of bolt 18.
When bolt 18 is loosened, nut 24 moves relative to tongue 12 along arrow 38 b instead of the bolt moving relative to the tongue. Nut 24 moves within cavity 40 away from bolt head 26 until the nut reaches the unthreaded portion 18 b of the bolt. Friction may exist between nut 24 and the cavity walls such that loosening bolt 18 causes it to at first pull partially out of its inserted position. Bolt 18 may even pull out far enough to cause post lock 28 to contact sidewall 14 b of hitch receiver 14. However, when this happens, further rotation of the bolt will create a force directed along arrow 38 b sufficient to overcome the friction between the nut and the cavity walls, and the nut will begin to move relative to tongue 12. In other words, as soon as there is sufficient resistance to the bolt withdrawing from its inserted position (e.g., post lock 28 abuts receiver sidewall 14 a), the nut will begin to move within the interior of nut receptacle 36 along arrow 38 b. The relative motion of nut 24 relative to tongue 12 protects bolt retention lock 28 from damage and from being broken out of engagement with bolt nub 27.
Nut assembly 34 may be embodied in many different forms. For example, nut 24 may be square, hexagonal, or shaped in any other way that provides a grippable contour. Similarly, cavity 40 may be formed in any desired configuration to cooperate with the shape and size of nut 24, so that the nut is held fixed against rotation, while being permitted to move along the long axis of bolt 18.
The floating nut embodiment of the present invention requires a different threaded bolt configuration than the fixed nut embodiment. As shown in FIG. 4, floating nut 24 moves in direction 38 a toward bolt head 26 when tongue 12 is being secured to hitch receiver 14. When bolt 18 is being rotated in the opposite direction to disengage tongue 12 from hitch receiver 14, then nut 24 moves in direction 38 b toward tongue wall 12 b. It is important for threaded portion 18 a to be sufficiently long to pick up nut 24, even if nut 24 is situated against tongue wall 12 b. Thus, when bolt head 26 is against receiver wall 14 a, threaded portion 18 a should extend slightly closer to wall 12 b than the thickness of nut 24. The distance that threaded portion 18 a extends into nut 24 when bolt head 26 is against receiver wall 14 a and nut 24 is against tongue wall 12 b, should be less than the distance between post lock 28 and the external surface of receiver wall 14 b. Thus, it will not be possible to take advantage of the threaded portion of the bolt to force post lock 28 off of bolt 18. Note that the second embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 achieves a similar function to the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, with a shorter overall bolt length.
FIG. 5 depicts the floating nut embodiment of the present invention sectioned along line 5—5. Nut 24 is shown hexagonal within a square-shaped cavity 40. Two sides of nut 24 abut portions of nut receptacle 36 preventing the nut from rotating. It should be understood that a variety of shapes may be used for nut 24 and nut receptacle 36 provided the shapes cooperate to prevent the nut from rotating.
As indicated above, the invention is particularly useful in the context of recreation equipment racks and other equipment carriers. However, it should be further understood that the principles of the invention are applicable to any article secured to a vehicle hitch receiver with a transversely inserted bolt, post or similar structure.
While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to the foregoing preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will understand that many variations may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as variously described and defined above. The description of the invention should be understood to include all novel and non-obvious combinations of elements described herein.
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|U.S. Classification||403/378, 403/376, 403/377, 403/21, 403/22|
|International Classification||B60D1/60, B60R9/06|
|Cooperative Classification||B60D1/60, Y10T403/7079, Y10T403/7075, Y10T403/7077, Y10T403/1683, Y10T403/1691, B60R9/06|
|European Classification||B60D1/60, B60R9/06|
|May 15, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: YAKIMA PRODUCTS, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COLE, STEVEN J.;REEL/FRAME:012901/0616
Effective date: 20020417
|Sep 8, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WATERMARK PADDLESPORTS, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: CERTIFICATE OF OWNERSHIP AND MERGER;ASSIGNOR:YAKIMA PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:014438/0882
Effective date: 20021220
|May 12, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: YAKIMA PRODUCTS, INC., OREGON
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:WATERMARK PADDLESPORTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:017858/0048
Effective date: 20050622
|Feb 11, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 18, 2008||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 10, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Mar 18, 2016||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 10, 2016||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Sep 27, 2016||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20160810