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Publication numberUS679377 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 30, 1901
Filing dateNov 2, 1900
Priority dateNov 2, 1900
Publication numberUS 679377 A, US 679377A, US-A-679377, US679377 A, US679377A
InventorsHenry D Hibbard
Original AssigneeHibbard Rodman Ely Safe Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safe or vault hinge.
US 679377 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 679,377. Patented July 30, I911". H. n. HIBBAREL SAFE 0R VAULT HINGE.

(AppuufltiOR filed NQV- 2, 1.90 (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet l.

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:3 kisAZiorrae yJ No. 679,377. Patehted' July 3o,.|90|.

- H. u HIBBARD. 1 7

SAFE'OR VAULT HINGE.

(Application filed Nov. 2, 1900 J n/ uenior, flewa y 1255550! 7 0;, 3 hz'sAflorngy.

(No Model.)

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UNiTED Status HENRY D. HIBBARD, OF PLAINFIELD, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO THE HIBBARD, RODMAN, ELY SAFE COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

SAFE OR VAULT HHNGE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 679,377, dated July 30, 1901. Application filed November 2, 1900. Serial No. 35,196. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, HENRY D. HIBBARD, a citizen of the United States, residing in Plainfield, in the county of Union and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safe or Vault Hinges, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to safe or vault hinges, one object being to provide an improved hinge for supporting the door on the safe or vault body.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in connection with means for supporting the door on the body, improved means for adjusting the door relatively to its seat.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in connection with means for supporting the door on the body, improved means for limiting the swinging movement of the door relatively to such supporting means.

A further object ofthe invention is to provide, in connection with this improved hinge, improved means for overcoming friction, inertia, and air-pressure of the door and starting such door open after the same is unlocked.

A further object of the invention is to provide a hinge comprising the following elements, viz: a crane member, improved means for adjusting the door relatively to its seat, improved means for limiting the movement of the door relatively to said crane member, and improved means for starting the door open after it is unlocked.

In the drawings accompanying and forming part of this specification, Figure l is a front View of one form of safe or vault with this improved hinge in position. Fig. 2 is a top view of the front of a safe or vault and of this improved hinge, and Figs. 3, 4, 5, and 6 are detail views of this improved door-adjusting means.

Similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures of the drawings.

The safe-body 2 is preferably provided with two sets of forwardly-extending lugs or ears 3 for the reception of one or more hinge-pintles and with a doorway for the reception of a door 4. This safe-body may be of any desired form or construction, as likewise may also be the door. In the form thereof herein shown and which may be its preferred form, if desired, this improved hinge comprises a crane member 5, having bearings or sleeves 6, connected with the ears or lugs 3 of thebody by a pair of pintles 7. One pint-1e may be used instead of two, if desired. This crane member 5 comprises a pair of forwardly-extending arms 8, pivotally connected to the door by a pintle 9,extending through bearings or sleeves 10 of such arms, and lugs or cars 12, projecting forwardly of the door. The forwardlyextending arms 8 project beyond the pivotal point of the crane member with the door and carry the means for starting the door open, which in the present instance comprises a spindle or rod 13, projecting through bearings 14 of such arms. Mounted adjacent to the ends of this rod 13 is a pair of eccentrically-supported rolls or disks 15, adapted to engage the body of the safe or vault when rotated into position for this purpose by a handle or lever 16, secured to such rod, whereby friction, inertia, and air-pressure of the door will be overcome and the-door started open. In the present construction one roll, as the lower one, is shown located at the inner side of one hinge-arm, while the other one, as the upper roll, is located at the outer side of the other hinge-arm.

In large doors it is essential that the outstarting or starting-open means be located on extensions of the crane-hinge arms, since in any case one-man power is supposed to open the safe-door, and consequently the larger and heavier the door the greater the leverage the man should have in order not to make this work too laborious. For this reason the point of contact of the outstarting eccentrics is carried over by extending the arms of the crane member, so that any pressure brought upon the safe front or body by the eccentrics will act with an increased leverage on the door. The point of application of the force to the door proper is, however, substantially on the center line, as set forth in the patent hereinafter referred to, so that the door will be started outward at all points simultaneously. Furthermore, in very large doors it would not be practicable to carry the eccentrics on the pin or pintle 9, since the friction would be such as to prevent it from working as readily as if located on an independent shaft, as in the present casethat is to say, if the outstarting means is located on the door pin or pintle 9, as in my patent hereinafter referred to, such pin 9 would have to be rotated in order to start the door open, and since this pin carries the door and as this door is suspended at one side of the hinge and is very massive, weighing sometimes as high as four tons, it follows that the rotation of this pin must be accomplished under the friction caused by the great weight of the door, which would be very considerable and such as to render the operation of the door entirely unsatisfactory and probably impossible by one-man power in the ordinary way. Furthermore, by locating the outstarting means relatively remote to the pin 9 not only is increased leverage obtained, which is essential in large doors, but a handle is provided for the swinging of the door after it has started open. In my patent referred to this handle is shown located adjacent to the pintle 9, which is satisfactory for a small door, but would be ineffective for a large door, such as a heavy vault-door weighing, for instance, four tons.

From the foregoing it will be seen that the door is pivotally secured to the crane member intermediate the starting-open means and the pivotal point of such crane memberwith the body, such pivotal connection of the door with the crane member being preferably in the present instance in" a line located substantially centrally of the door, whereby although the starting-open means is located relatively remote from such pivotal point nevertheless owing to this organization it will start all parts of -'the door open at the same time, as just set forth.

For limiting the oscillatory movement of the door relatively to such crane member I provide a somewhat diiferent means from that shown and described in my contemporaneouslypending application, Serial No. 16,250, filed May 11, 1900, and which has now eventuated in Patent No. 662,434, dated November27, 1900. In the present instance this means comprises a pair of set-screws or devices 20 and 21, preferably located substantially in alinement on one of the cranearms 8, one screw being located at one side of and the other at the other side of the pivotal connection of such crane-arm with the door, whereby on adjusting these devices the oscillatory movement of the door relatively to its hinge is controlled, the given oscillatory movement being usually just sufficient to permit the door to be properly shut and opened.

The provision of a pair of adjusting devices located one at each side of the hinge or pintle 9, although not necessarily located in the position shown in the drawings, is necessary with large doors, since the larger the door (and conseqently the longer the distance between the hinge-pintles connecting the hinge with the body and with the door) the smaller will be-the-angnlar motion necessary for the door to have on its hinge-pin in order that the door may be closed and opened properly. In safes having comparatively small doors the amount of angular motion is comparatively large, and in practice it is found that it is only necessary to provide a means on the outer side of the hinge-pin connecting the hinge member with the door, since oscillation in the other direction is limited by the door coming in contact with the main body of the hinge member. In the door of a large safe or vault, however, as above stated, the angular motion required is small, and as the bosses or lugs for the reception of the hinge-pintles are necessarily large it follows that the space left for angular motion between the'door when seated and the body of the hinge is more than is desirable. Fig. 2, for instance, shows a relatively large space between the part 5 and the face of the door. Consequently an adjusting device located at some point intermediate the hinge-pin 9 and the pintle connecting the hinge member with the body is necessary, and therefore an adjusting device 21 is preferablylocated at-theinnerside of the hinge-pin 9 and on one arm of the crane member, so as to limit this oscillation in the proper manner. In other: words, owing to the length of the arms of the crane member and to the necessity of having very large bosses or lugs to receive the pintle or hinge-pin 9 when the doors are large it follows that the bosses or lugs carried by the body must project out a comparatively great distance from the body of the safe in order to be beyond the plane of the bosses or lugs 12, so as to permit the swinging of the door. Consequently, as above set forth, this leaves a comparatively large space between the arms of the crane member and the door of the safe when seated in the jamb, so that some means is necessary to limit oscillation.

For adjusting the hinge, and thereby the door, relatively to its seat means cooperating with one of the pivotal connections is provided, and which means in the present instance is shown carried by the bearing-sleeve of one of said pivotal connections and comprises a plurality of sets of shiftable or rotatable devices, such as set-screws. In the present instance two setsof such devices 22 and 23 are shown, one carried by each of the sleeves or bearings 6 of the crane member, one set of said set-screws being located at the outer side of one sleeve, while the other set thereof is located at the inner side of the other sleeve, the set-screws of each set being shown located at substantially an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of the door or crane member. In the present instance each set of set-screws is shown comprising eight, the four screws, as a, of the set 22 being located toward the forward side, and the four set-screws, as b, of the same set being located toward the rearward side of their sleeve, while IOC IOC

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the four screws a and the four I) of the other set 23 are located in a similar manner. The same result, however, can be accomplished by the use of two screws to a set; but when the hinge is a massive one the larger number is preferable. Each set of these screws engages a circular bearing member orblock 25, intermediate which and the spindle 7 is preferably located a series of bearings, such as elongated rolls 26, preferably corresponding in length to the width of the sleeve and by means of which the movements of the door are rendered freer. By means of this improved adjusting means the door can be adjusted in a vertical plane or in a horizontal plane or depthwise of its seat-that is, in a direction transverse of the plane of the door. By adjusting the upper or lower set of screws the door maybe moved to the right or left. By adjusting one set in one direction and the other in the opposite direction the door will be raised or lowered without affecting its position laterally. By adjusting the upper and lower sets together so as to adjust the bearing-blocks in the same direction the door will be shifted laterally in either direction, and by adjusting the set-screws of one set-as, for instance, the set a-inwardly and turning the other setscrews of the same setas, for instance, b outwardly a corresponding distance (see Fig. 6) the door will be adjusted depthwise of its seat, or in a direction transversely of the plane thereof-that is to say, the plane of the door may be adjusted relatively to its seat. This will be clearly illustrated by an inspection of Fig. 6, from which it will be seen that if the screws a are turned inward while the screws 1) are turned outward, such screws being located at an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of the door, the crane member will be shifted in the direction of the arrow 0, and thereby carry the door toward its seat. The reverse of this operation will carry the door outwardly relatively to its seat.

From the foregoing it will be seen that the door can be adjusted in any direction by the same means by merely manipulating the same in a proper manner.

-I claim as my invention- 1. The combination, with a safe or vault body and with a door therefor, of a hinge for said door, and means carried by a bearingsleeve of said hinge for adjusting the door inwardly and outwardly whereby the plane of the door may be adjusted relatively to its seat and also effective to adjust the door in one plane.

2. The combination, with a safe or vault body and with a door therefor, of a hinge for said door, and means comprising set-screws carried by a bearing-sleeve of said hinge for adjusting said door in a vertical plane, in a horizontal plane, and inwardly and outwardly whereby the plane of the door may be adjusted relatively to its seat.

3. The combination, with a safe or vault body, and with a door therefor, of means for supporting said door on said body; and means for adjusting the door inwardly and outwardly relatively to its seat, and comprising two sets of devices, the devices of each set being located diagonally to the plane of the door.

4. The combination, with a safe or vault body, and with a door therefor, of means for supporting said door on said body; and means for adjusting the door inwardly and outwardly relatively to its seat, and comprising two sets of set-screws, the screws of each set being located at an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of the door.

5. The combination, with a safe or vault body, and with a door therefor, of means for supporting said door on said body; and means for adjusting the door inwardly and outwardly relatively to its seat, and comprising a plurality of sets of devices, one set located at the outer side of the pivotal connection of the supporting means with the body, and the other set located at the inner side thereof, the devices of each set being located diagonally to the plane of the door.

6. The combination, with a safe or vault body, and with a door therefor, of means for supporting said door on said body; and means for adj nsting the door inwardly and out wardly relatively to its seat, and comprising a plurality of sets of set-screws, one set located at the outer side of the pivotal connection of the supporting means with the body, and the other set located at the inner side thereof, the set-screws of each set being located at an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of the door.

7. The combination, with a safe or vault body and with a door therefor, of a hinge for said door, and means comprising a plurality of sets of devices carried by a bearing-sleeve of said hinge for adjusting the door inwardly and outwardly whereby the plane of the door may be adjusted relatively to its seat.

8. The combination, with a safe or vault body and with a door therefor, of a crane hinge member pivotally secured to said body, and having a pair of forwardlyextending arms; a rod connecting said arms at their outer ends, and forming a handle for swinging the door; said'door having pivotal connection with the arms of said hinge member intermediate said handle and the pivotal connection of said hinge withthe body and in a line located substantially centrally of the door, whereby the door can be started at all points simultaneously.

9. The combination, with a safe or vault body and with a door therefor, of a hinge pivotally connected to said door and body, and means cooperating with the pivotal connection between the door and body for adjusting the door inwardly and outwardly whereby the plane of the door may be adjusted relatively to its seat.

10. The combination, with a safe or vault, and with a door therefor, of a hinge member having a sleeve; a pivot connecting such sleeve with the body; a bearing member or block located intermediate said sleeve and pivot; bearings intermediate said bearing member and pivot; and means engaging said bearing member, and comprising two sets of devices, one located at the inner side of said pivot and the other at the outer side thereof, and efiective to adjust the door inwardly and outwardly 11. The combination, with a safe or vault body, and with 'a door therefor, of a hinge member having a sleeve; a pivot connecting such sleeve with the body; a bearing member or block located intermediate said sleeve and pivot; bearings intermediate said bearing member and pivot; and means engaging said bearing member, and comprising two sets of devices, one set located at the inner side of, and the other set at the outer side of, said pivot, the devices of each set being located at an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of the door.

12. The combination, with a safe or vanlt body, and with a door therefor, of means for supporting said door on said body; and means comprising a pair of devices for limiting the: movement of the door relatively to said sup- 1 porting means.

13. The combination, with a safe or vault body, and with a door therefor, of means for supporting said door on said body and means comprising a pair of devices located one at each side of the pivotal connection of the door with said supporting means for limiting the movement of the door relatively to said supporting means.

14:. The combination, with a safe or vault body, and with a door therefor, of a crane hinge member for supporting said door on said body; means comprising a pair of set-screws located one at each side of the pivotal connection of the door with said hinge for limiting the movement of said door relatively to said hinge member.

15. The combination, with a safe or vault body and with a door therefor, of ahinge member pivotally secured to said body and having a pair of forwardly-extending arms, and means located adjacent to the outer ends of said arms and efiective to start the door open, said door having pivotal connection with the arms of said hinge member intermediate the starting-open means and the pivotal connection of said hinge member with the body and in a line located substantially centrally of the door whereby the door is started open at all points simultaneously.

16. The combination, with a safe or vault body and with a door therefor, of a crane hinge member pivotally secured to said body and having a pair of forwardly-extending arms; starting-open means comprising a rod rotatably supported adjacent to the outer ends of said arms, one or more eccentricallyoperative devices carried by said rod, and a device secured to said rod for rotating it, said door having pivotal connection with the arms of said hinge member intermediate said starting-open means and the pivotal connection of said hinge with the body and in a line located substantially centrally of the door whereby the door is started open at all points simultaneously.

17. A safe or vault hinge comprising a crane member having a pair of sleeves for the reception of one or more pivots; means for adjusting said crane member relatively to the body of a safe, and comprising two sets of devices, one set located at the outer side of one sleeve, and the other set located at the inner side of the other sleeve, the devices of each set being located at an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of the door; and means carried by said crane member for limiting the movement of the door.

18. A safe or vault hinge comprising a crane member having a pair of sleeves for thereception of one or more pivots; means for adjusting said crane member relatively to the body of a safe, and comprising two sets of devices, one set located at the outer side of one sleeve, and the other set located at the inner side of the other sleeve, the devices of each set being located at an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of the door; and means carried by said crane member for limiting the movement of the door, and comprising a pair of set-screws located one at each side of the pivotal connection of said crane member with the door.

19. A safe or vault hinge comprising a crane member having forwardly-extending arms and one or more sleeves for the reception of a body-pintle; means for adj usting said crane member relatively to said pintle; means located adjacent to the outer ends of said arms for starting the door open; and means located intermediate the starting-open means and the door-adjusting means for limiting the movement of the door relatively to said hinge.

20. Asafe or vault hinge comprisingacrane member having a pair of sleeves for the reception of one or more body-pintles, and also having a pair of forwardly-extending arms; means for adjusting said crane member relatively to said pintle or pintles, and comprising two sets of devices, one set located at the outer side of one sleeve and the other located at the inner sideof the other sleeve, the devices of each set being located at an angle of forty-five degrees to the plane of said crane member; starting-open means comprising a rod carried at the outer ends of said arms,-

eccentrically-operative devices carried by 1 said rod, and a device for rotating said rod; said arms having sleeves located intermediate said starting-open means and the door-adj usting means for the reception of a door-pintle; and a pair of set-screws located one at each side of said door-pintle for limiting the movement of the door relatively to said crane member.

21. The combination, with a safe or vault tially centrally of the door, whereby the door can be started open at all points simultaneously; means carried by the hinge and efiective when shifted into contact with the door to overcome friction, inertia, and air-pressure of the door and start all parts of said door from the jamb at the same time; and means connected with said hinge for swinging the door, with the grasping part thereof located relatively remote to the pintle connecting said door with the crane member.

HENRY D. HIBBARD. Witnesses:

G. A. WEED, CHARLES FINKLER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2869485 *Aug 3, 1954Jan 20, 1959Diebold IncVault door construction
US4189805 *Aug 23, 1978Feb 26, 1980Nl Industries, Inc.Adjustable hinge installation
US8381355 *Sep 19, 2009Feb 26, 2013Euroinvest S.P.A.Adjustable hinge
US8925150Jun 14, 2013Jan 6, 2015Fapim S.P.A.Adjustable hinge for windows and doors
US20110041288 *Sep 19, 2009Feb 24, 2011Euroinvest S.P.A.Adjustable hinge
DE102010001399A1Jan 29, 2010Aug 4, 2011Wacker Chemie AG, 81737Verfahren zur Herstellung von Carbonsäuren mit 1-3 Kohlenstoff-atomen aus nachwachsenden Rohstoffen
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE05D7/0407