US 681323 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Pjented Au 27, my.
D N A L H G u 0 H H F No. 68l,323.
' v I J 0; I i
UNITED STATES FRANK II. HOUGHLAND,
PATENT ()FFICEL on s'r. LOUIS, rssouar.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 6B1,323, dated Apgust 27, 1901.
Application filed December 15, 1900- Serial Nb. 39 ,9'77- (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may boncern:
Be it known that I, FRANK H. IIQUGHLAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at St. Louis, in theState of Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Boxes, (Case 13,) of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the ac- This invention relates to that class of boxes or cartons shown and described in my appli cation marked A and filed of even date herewith; and my object is to provide a box of that character which while being economical in construction will be-capable ofbeing sealed and made thoroughly germ-proof..
- My'irivention therefore consists in the box or carton as illustrated in its preferable though not necessary embodiment in the accompanying drawings and described in detail hereinafter, and set forth by the'clai ms at the end hereof.
In the drawings accompanying this application, Figure 1 represents the blank from which my box is made. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the box partly made up and with the upper end partly closed, and Fig. 3 is a vertical central section.
' Referring now to the details of the drawings by numerals, 1 represents the blank, which is creased or scored entirely across its top and bottom at 2 and 3, thus dividing the ends from the sides. The blank is then creased or scored vertically at 4, 5, 6, and 7, and these two sets of creases form the sides 8, 9, 10, and 11, their gluing-strips 12, the ends 13, 1 1, 15, and 16, and 17, 18, 19, and 20. One-half of each of the end parts 13, 15, 17, and 19 and each of the parts 16 and 20 are made slightly smaller than the rest of the end parts for a purpose to be hereinafter described, and between the parts 13, 14, and15 and 17, 18, and 19 there is a small piece cut away, as shown. in Fig. 1. further creasedor scored, as shown at 13, 15*, 17 and 19, so that when the blank is made into box form the parts 13, 15, 17, and
19 may fold inwardly on these creases. The blank is folded or doubled on itself on the creased and the pasting or gluingstrip12 secured to the inner edge of'the side 11.
To set up the box, it is preferable to use a form or mandrel of rectangular shape of the The parts 13, 15,-17, and 19 arerectangular opening formed by the sides 8, 9, 10, and 11. Then as the bottom is closed first the operator presses his fingers against the 17, and 19, formed by the creases l3, 15 17, and 19 and forces them downwardly and inwardly, and by this simple operation the end parts will be caused to assumethe position jecting parts of the ends 17 and, 19 are doubled under the enlarged part ,offlthe end 20. Glue is now-spread on these enlarged portions, or, if desired, it may'bespread within opposite side, when the operator guides and directs these enlarged or projecting portionswithin said pocket and presses the ends down flat; When the glue sufliciently adheres, the mandrel may of course be withdrawn, and we will now have a box or carton with its lower end absolutely sealed and which will be germproof and air-tight. After the mandrel is withdrawn the box or carton is filled and the upper end sealed in a similar manner.
It is of course obvious that the mandrel is not-necessary, but simply makes it easier and vious that the projecting parts to be inserted within the pocket formed by the opposite end parts may, if preferred, be made much larger,
' these and other details of my box may be vaspirit of my invention. 3
Upon referring to my drawings it will be observed that the parts 13, 15,17, and 19 (each of which has been described as having a half of smaller size) in reality have enlarged parts, which I have lettered 13",.15", 17 and 19", and I deem this construction as important for the reason that when the parts of the box are folded) the said parts 13 and 15 fold under the gluing portion of the parts Y14, and the parts 17 b and 19 fold under the gluing portion of the part 18, and thus the end is doubled or reinforcedjat the point where it is sealed or glued. This doubledor reinforced structure thus greatly increases the strength of the end closure, which of course is the mostvulnerable part of a box.
folded (see Fig. 2,-where they are partially proper length, whi'ch'is inserted within the 1 -triangularly-shaped part of the ends 13, 15,
shown in Fig. 2, in which the enlarged or prothe pocket formed by the folding ends on the.
simpler to form the first end. It is also obso as to have a larger gluing-surface; but
ried without evading or departing from the From the foregoing it will be seen that I have produced'a most simple carton which can be shipped absolutely flat and which when folded and packed end to end in a crate will have a plurality of thicknesses or folds on each end,"thus protecting the contents, and as there are no ends pasted on the top surface of the box there are no sharp corners on the outer-surface which can form a starting place for ripping.
hat I claim as new isa i 1. A folded blank box having sides and ends made from a single blank having the parts of the ends of two sides toward the center of the blank and the whole of one side extending beyond the main outlines of the blank, the
shorter ends being adapted and arranged to form a pocket to be'entered by said exten- SIODS.
2. A blank for a folded blank box having the inner parts of the ends of two sides and the'whole offoneside extending beyond the main outlines of the blank to form a pocket and entering-tongue to close the box.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses, this 5th day of December, 1900.
FRANK H. HOUGHLAND.
A. SELEGSTON, JESSE SOHLOSS.