|Publication number||US6825418 B1|
|Application number||US 09/573,490|
|Publication date||Nov 30, 2004|
|Filing date||May 16, 2000|
|Priority date||May 16, 2000|
|Also published as||CA2409682A1, CA2409682C, EP1287533A1, EP1287533A4, US7465878, US8278554, US20050016754, US20090084575, WO2001088929A1|
|Publication number||09573490, 573490, US 6825418 B1, US 6825418B1, US-B1-6825418, US6825418 B1, US6825418B1|
|Inventors||James C. Dollins, Anthony J. Mauro|
|Original Assignee||Wpfy, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (151), Non-Patent Citations (32), Referenced by (48), Classifications (8), Legal Events (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to indicia-marked electrical cable.
As shown in FIG. 1, an armored electrical cable 10 used, for example, to wire buildings has insulated wires 12 encased in a helically wound steel sheath 14. To install the cable, the wires at each end of the sheath are stripped of insulation 16, and the exposed conductors 18 are connected to terminals or other wires inside of a junction box, switch box or other enclosure.
The installer knows which connections to make at each end of the cable because the wire insulations are color-coded. For example, a ground wire may have one color, and wires carrying different phases of AC power could have other colors. The insulation colors are often dictated by industry practice. A cable used for a particular purpose, such as to wire three-phase 277-volt power, typically has several (e.g., four) internal wires and a particular combination of color-coded insulations on the wires. The insulation colors may comply, for example, with the B-O-Y (brown, orange, yellow) convention, in which brown, brown and orange, or brown, orange and yellow, are used depending on the number of internal wires that need to be marked in the cable. In addition, common and ground wires in the cable may have gray and green insulations. The installer (or someone who maintains the cable after installation) can easily identify the purpose of a given cable (e.g., that it is a 277-volt cable) by the predefined combination of insulation colors that are associated with that purpose.
As shown in FIG. 2, once the installation is done, the sheath 14 and the junction boxes 20 at both ends of the cable hide the internal wires from view.
The sheath of a cable can be marked to indicate the function of the cable as described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,350,885, incorporated by reference. The markings can include color-coded coatings and patterns.
In general, in one aspect the invention features an electrical cable including a sheath that envelops at least two internal conductors, and an indicia visible on the sheath and representative of the internal conductor.
One of the advantages of the invention is that someone who is familiar with the combination of indicia used on the conductors to imply a particular function for the cable can identify the function by looking only at the sheath.
Implementations of the invention may include one or more of the following features. Conductor indicia may be visible on the internal conductors. There may be at least two different conductor indicia that are visible on the internal conductors, and at least two different sheath indicia that are visible on the sheath, the sheath indicia being representative of the combination of internal conductors. The sheath indicia may be indicative of the conductor indicia on the conductors. The internal conductors may include electrical wires. The conductor indicia may include the colors of insulation on the conductors. The conductor indicia may be visible at multiple locations along the length of the conductors. The indicia may be visible at multiple locations along the length of the sheath. The sheath indicia may be the same as least one of the conductor indicia. The sheath may include a helically wound metal strip bearing the sheath indicia. The sheath indicia may include a stripe of ink around the circumference of the sheath. The indicia may be representative of a function of the cable. There may be electrical connections between ends of the conductors and terminals or other conductors, junction boxes may contain the electrical connections, and the conductor indicia may be hidden by the sheath and the junction boxes.
In general, in another aspect, the invention features a method of forming a cable by applying a sheath indicia along the length of a surface of a strip of material, wrapping the strip of material to form the sheath, and using the sheath to envelop internal conductors on which conductor indicia are visible, the sheath indicia being representative of the internal conductors.
In general, in another aspect, the invention features an electrical cable including a sheath that envelops an internal conductor, and an indicia visible on the sheath and symbolizing a gauge of the internal conductor.
Other advantages and features will become apparent from the following description and from the claims.
FIG. 1 is a side view of a cable.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a junction box and cables.
FIG. 3 is a side view of an indicia-coded cable.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a coating machine.
In an example implementation of the invention shown in FIG. 3, an MC or AC type 277-volt flexible armored cable 40 includes several internal wires, e.g., wires 52, 54 having insulations 56, 58 that are colored, e.g., brown and orange.
As shown in FIG. 3, to indicate that the cable is of the particular type, stripes of color 42, 44, and 46, are marked as stripes around the circumference of the outer surface of the sheath 48. In one example, the colors 42 and 44 are selected to match the colors of the insulations of two of the internal wires. The color 46 is selected to indicate the type of the cable, e.g., MC or AC.
A person who installs or maintains the cable can quickly and intuitively recognize the colors of the stripes 42 and 44 as the ones used for the two insulations in the particular type of cable, even though he may not be able to see the insulation on the internal wires. He can also recognize the cable as being of type MC or AC based on the color of stripe 46. Knowing the type or function of a given cable without seeing the insulations on the internal wires can save time and reduce hazards.
In FIG. 3, the stripes 42, 44, 46 are shown as three different patterns that represent respectively three solid colors: brown and orange, the colors of two of insulations on two of the internal wires, and blue, to indicate that the cable is type MC.
The sequence of three stripes is repeated all along the length of the cable, with each of the two stripes 42, 44 in each set being relatively shorter, for example two inches each, and the stripe 46 being relatively longer, e.g., twenty inches.
As shown in FIG. 4, one way to mark the sheath of FIG. 3 with the colored stripes is to coat successive sections of a steel strip 62 with colored ink as it comes from a feed roll 60 and just before the strip enters a forming machine 64 where it is convoluted. One good way to apply the ink is by spraying, but the ink could also be applied using wipe, drip, brush, transfer wheel, or transfer roll devices. Multiple coating machines can be provided in sequence along the production line to coat successive ones of the stripes. Or a single coating machine 66 capable of coating different ink colors can apply the colors in succession.
In the case of a single coating machine that applies the ink “on-the-fly” to the steel strip just before it enters the forming (convoluting) machine, the coating machine must be able to switch coating colors quickly and to apply and cure the ink in a short time between when the strip arrives at the coating machine and when it is delivered into the forming machine.
One way to achieve the color switching is to provide reservoirs of liquid ink 68, 70, 72 from which ink can be withdrawn to the coating station 69, and a delivery mechanism 71 that allows rapid switching among the different ink reservoirs 68, 70, 72. The delivery mechanism includes pumping equipment and valving that is controlled by an electronic controller 73 to accomplish the switching in accordance with a predetermined sequence of colors to be applied.
In addition, the composition and characteristics of the ink and the manner in which the ink is maintained in the machine should be arranged so that the cured ink imparts an easily visible marking to the sheath of the cable. The solids in the ink can be made to remain evenly suspended in the liquid carrier until the ink is applied to the sheath, by continuous mixing.
A variety of inks can be used. The inks could be water-based, acetone-based, or uv-cured. Epoxy coatings, powder coatings, paints, tapes, or films could also be used. An example is a water-based ink comprising a mixture of water, polymers, pigments, 2-butoxyethanol (<0.003), 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (2.5), 2-butanone (<0.5), and N,N-diethylethanamine (<0.5) and available from Performance Coatings Corporation of Levittown, Pa. (The numbers in parentheses represent percentages by weight.)
Other embodiments are within the scope of the following claims.
Although the colors of the markings on the sheath may be identical to the colors on the insulations of the corresponding internal wires, the colors may also differ, for example, by any one or a combination of measures of color, such as hue, saturation, luminance, or intensity. It is useful to choose the combination of sheath colors so that they may be recognized intuitively by a person who is familiar with the color combination of the internal wires that are associated with a particular type of cable. The sheath colors could be different from but indicative of the internal colors. For example, if the internal colors are pink, plum, and brown, the external colors could be red, purple, and black.
As in the example given above, it may not be necessary to include all of the internal colors on the sheath because a subset of the colors may suffice to indicate the type of cable. For example, if the internal colors are red, white, green, brown, and black, it may be sufficient to show red, white, and brown on the sheath. On the other hand, all of the colors of the internal colors may be shown on the sheath. In the case when fewer than all of the colors are shown on the sheath, the ones that are not shown can be ones that identify internal wires in a way that is not unique to the type of cable being marked. For example, cables commonly use internal wire insulation that is gray, green, or white to indicate common conductors or equipment grounds. Those colors might not be included in the colors on the sheath because they do not convey as much information to the observer as the other internal wire insulation colors do.
The patterns in which the internal wire insulation colors are marked on the sheath need not be circumferential stripes of equal length along the sheath. The stripes could be of different lengths for different colors and the boundaries of the stripes could be at different angles to the length of the cable rather than perpendicular as in FIG. 3.
Rather than being circumferential stripes that intersect the longitudinal axis of the cable, the colors could be provided continuously along the length of the cable, for example as continuous longitudinal stripes. The longitudinal stripes could be repeated around the circumference of the cable so that the orientation of the installed cable about its longitudinal axis would not affect an observer's ability to see the combination of colors. Longitudinal stripes would not have to be continuous but could be interrupted periodically along the length of the cable. The longitudinal stripes could be coated on the sheath after the strip has been convoluted. A wide variety of patterns other than stripes could also be used, for example, spots or symbols.
The sections of cable that are not marked to indicate the colors of the internal wires could be left plain, for example, the plain steel of a typical helically wound armored cable. Or those sections could be colored in a manner that did not relate directly to the colors on any of the internal wires, as in FIG. 1 where color 46 indicates the type of the cable (MC or AC for example).
The combination of markings need not all be colors nor need any of them be colors. One or more of the markings could be in the form of patterns of a single color, or markings other than colors, for example, embossing or engraving on the sheath. Such patterns may be more durable and easier and cheaper to apply than colors.
Instead of colors, the internal wires could be identified by patterns or other markings and those patterns or markings could be indicated or implied by the sheath markings.
The sheath need not be helically wound, but could be any other kind of metal sheath, such as round or box conduit, solid flexible sheathing that has been formed with helical or other bendable features, or other continuous sheathing.
The sheath need not be metal but could be other materials such as plastic or cloth.
The cable could be designed for purposes other than power distribution.
The cable could be marked in a variety of ways other than coating with ink. For example, the markings could be painted, silk-screened, sprayed, enameled, printed, embossed, anodized, engraved, or cut, or applied using powdered metals. The markings need not be applied to the strip prior to helical winding but could be applied to the sheathing or the material from which the sheathing is made either before the sheathing is formed, before the internal wires are encased in the sheathing, or after they have been encased. If the strip is coated prior to convolution, the coating need not be done in-line as described above but could be done off-line and then reloaded onto a take-up reel for later use.
When the marking is done by coating ink stripes along the length of a metal strip, the stripes need not be the full width of the strip. The stripe could be narrow and positioned at any place across the width of the strip. It is useful to position the stripe in the middle of the strip so that when the strip is convoluted the coloring appears on the ridges of the sheath rather than on the troughs. It is also useful to make the stripes narrower than the whole width of the strip so that the continuity of the ground formed by the successful convolutions along the length of the finished sheath are not interrupted by the ink at the edges of the strip. Or conductive ink can be used if the stripe is to span the whole width of the strip.
When different types of cable are to bear combinations of markings, the markings on respective cables may bear a relationship to one another to indicate common features of the cables as by using blue to indicate MC cables. Or, by way of another example, various 120-volt power cables could all bear purple stripes in addition to any stripes needed to represent the colors on the internal wires.
Other features of the internal wires can be represented by the markings on the sheath, for example the gauge of the wires, the type of insulation and the type of wires. 12-gauge wire covered with brown insulation, for example, could be indicated by printing a repeated series of brown numbers 12 along the strip instead of a continuous stripe, or by adding an additional colored stripe (e.g., white) around the circumference of the sheath.
In a specific example, a high voltage 12-gauge four-wire MC cable in which two of the wire insulations are brown and orange could be marked by a repeated set of stripes in which one stripe is formed of brown 12s, one stripe is formed of orange 12s, and one longer stripe is a continuous blue.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US242813||May 18, 1880||Jun 14, 1881||Chaeles b|
|US277248||May 8, 1883||Electroplated insulated conductor of electricity|
|US403262||Feb 28, 1888||May 14, 1889||Covering for electric cables|
|US769366||May 20, 1904||Sep 6, 1904||James K P Pine||Flexible tube.|
|US817057||Oct 24, 1904||Apr 3, 1906||Edwin T Greenfield||Flexible metallic tube.|
|US840766||Oct 30, 1905||Jan 8, 1907||Edwin T Greenfield||Tubing.|
|US951147||Jun 16, 1906||Mar 8, 1910||Mcmeen & Miller||Identifiable cable conductor.|
|US1068553||Sep 18, 1912||Jul 29, 1913||Flexible tubing.|
|US1383187||Mar 8, 1917||Jun 28, 1921||Titeflex Metal Hose Corp||Apparatus for making tubes|
|US1580760||Mar 7, 1924||Apr 13, 1926||Fed Metal Hose Corp||Method and apparatus for making flexible metal lined tubes|
|US1596215||May 3, 1923||Aug 17, 1926||Fed Metal Hose Corp||Method of making flexible metal tubes|
|US1617583||May 3, 1926||Feb 15, 1927||Method oe and machine eor manufacturing spiral metal tubes|
|US1781574||Oct 18, 1928||Nov 11, 1930||Nat Electric Prod Corp||Protected armored cable or conduit|
|US1913390||Dec 23, 1931||Jun 13, 1933||American Metal Hose Company||Flexible metal tubing|
|US1976804||Apr 6, 1931||Oct 16, 1934||Rca Corp||Transmission cable|
|US1995407||Aug 7, 1934||Mar 26, 1935||Walker Hervey S||Armored cable|
|US2070679||Aug 4, 1934||Feb 16, 1937||Kurt Bergstein||Process for preparing nonmetallic articles for electro-plating|
|US2086152||Feb 26, 1936||Jul 6, 1937||Harry J Hornung||Flexible conduit for electric conductors|
|US2106048||Nov 12, 1932||Jan 18, 1938||Candy & Company Inc||Coded wire|
|US2118630||Jan 15, 1936||May 24, 1938||Okonite Co||Electric cable|
|US2125869||Jul 18, 1933||Aug 9, 1938||Gen Cable Corp||Electrical conductor|
|US2234675||Jul 26, 1939||Mar 11, 1941||Johnson Gustave A||Armored electric cable|
|US2316293||Mar 26, 1940||Apr 13, 1943||Int Standard Electric Corp||Electric power cable|
|US2372868||Feb 10, 1944||Apr 3, 1945||Jr Richard F Warren||Rope|
|US2379318||Jul 22, 1942||Jun 26, 1945||Gen Electric||High-frequency transmission line|
|US2414923||Jul 30, 1943||Jan 28, 1947||Batcheller Clements||Metal cladding by spraying|
|US2446387||May 19, 1943||Aug 3, 1948||Peterson Thomas F||Shielded cable|
|US2464124||Jul 24, 1944||Mar 8, 1949||Runzel Cord & Wire Company||Electric conductor|
|US2504178||Apr 28, 1947||Apr 18, 1950||Sprague Electric Co||Electrical condenser|
|US2591794||Jul 17, 1948||Apr 8, 1952||Anaconda Wire & Cable Co||Gas-filled power cable with embossed tape|
|US2628998 *||Nov 8, 1945||Feb 17, 1953||Gilbert Co A C||Splittable cable with visible conductors|
|US2663754||Jul 18, 1950||Dec 22, 1953||Bianco Joseph F||Slotted dielectric coaxial line and process for making same|
|US2688652||Nov 17, 1949||Sep 7, 1954||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Lead cadmium coated soldered brass cable armor|
|US2816200||Dec 15, 1954||Dec 10, 1957||Int Nickel Co||Electrical heating unit|
|US2944337||Feb 18, 1955||Jul 12, 1960||Acme Steel Co||Method of forming flexible tubing|
|US3020335 *||Mar 16, 1960||Feb 6, 1962||Western Electric Co||Color coded cable|
|US3073944||Mar 28, 1961||Jan 15, 1963||American Mach & Foundry||Helically formed tubing welding and cutting same into sections|
|US3197554||Sep 1, 1961||Jul 27, 1965||Baker Gene W||Multi-wire electrical system with identifying means|
|US3287490||May 21, 1964||Nov 22, 1966||United Carr Inc||Grooved coaxial cable|
|US3311133||Jan 22, 1964||Mar 28, 1967||Electri Flex Company||Flexible conduit|
|US3328514||Nov 13, 1964||Jun 27, 1967||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Shielded jacketed-pair communications wire|
|US3459233||Apr 12, 1967||Aug 5, 1969||Anaconda American Brass Co||Jacketed strip-wound metal hose|
|US3459878||May 23, 1967||Aug 5, 1969||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Cable identification and spacing system|
|US3474559||Mar 13, 1968||Oct 28, 1969||Mc Donnell Douglas Corp||Means and method of wire identification|
|US3551542||Apr 5, 1968||Dec 29, 1970||Anaconda Wire & Cable Co||Marking method for electric cable|
|US3551586||Mar 24, 1969||Dec 29, 1970||Western Electric Co||Shielded electrical cable|
|US3636234||Dec 4, 1969||Jan 18, 1972||United States Steel Corp||Communication cable|
|US3650862||Jan 27, 1969||Mar 21, 1972||Anaconda Wire & Cable Co||Marking apparatus and method|
|US3682203||Jan 23, 1970||Aug 8, 1972||Federal Metal Hose Corp The||Flexible metal hose|
|US3720747||Sep 1, 1970||Mar 13, 1973||Haveg Industries Inc||Process for color coding tfe insulated cables|
|US3748372||Oct 9, 1970||Jul 24, 1973||Du Pont||Electrical cable with polymer-oil insulation|
|US3790697||Oct 30, 1972||Feb 5, 1974||Okonite Co||Power cable shielding|
|US3815639||Jun 5, 1972||Jun 11, 1974||Westerbarkey Westaflex||Corrugated tubing|
|US3834960||Aug 31, 1973||Sep 10, 1974||Us Navy||Method of making fusible and electrical conductive coating|
|US3865146||Mar 22, 1974||Feb 11, 1975||Johns Manville||Helically wound tubing and method of forming the same|
|US3913623||Aug 2, 1973||Oct 21, 1975||Siegwart Emil||Flexible corrugated tube|
|US3938558||Oct 26, 1973||Feb 17, 1976||Manufacturers Systems, Inc.||Flexible cylindrical metal tube|
|US3994090||Aug 18, 1975||Nov 30, 1976||Wheeler James W||Marking and splicing aid for cables|
|US4021315||Aug 27, 1975||May 3, 1977||Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited||Process for electrolytic coloring of the anodic oxide film on aluminum or aluminum base alloys|
|US4029006||Jun 26, 1975||Jun 14, 1977||The Boeing Company||Method and apparatus for printing indicia on a continuous, elongate, flexible three-dimensional member|
|US4029129||Mar 26, 1976||Jun 14, 1977||Laffie Harper||Helical pipe lock seam|
|US4128736||Mar 30, 1977||Dec 5, 1978||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated||Cable design with limited color coding|
|US4139936||Jul 5, 1977||Feb 20, 1979||Hughes Aircraft Company||Method of making hermetic coaxial cable|
|US4141385||Mar 7, 1977||Feb 27, 1979||Emil Siegwart||Flexible corrugated tube|
|US4154976||Oct 25, 1977||May 15, 1979||General Cable Corporation||Flame retardant inside wiring cable made with an annealed metal sheath|
|US4158746||May 1, 1978||Jun 19, 1979||Northern Telecom Limited||Cable with color coding identification of groups|
|US4161564||Feb 28, 1977||Jul 17, 1979||La Barge, Inc.||Coating formulation, method, and coated substrate|
|US4187391||Jan 10, 1978||Feb 5, 1980||Kupferdraht-Isolierwerk Ag Wildegg||High frequency coaxial cable and method of producing same|
|US4196464||Feb 23, 1978||Apr 1, 1980||Eaton Corporation||Semi-conductive layer-containing reinforced pressure hose and method of making same|
|US4197728||Sep 11, 1978||Apr 15, 1980||Mcgowen Lloyd E||Flexible piping method and apparatus of producing same|
|US4274086||Jul 2, 1979||Jun 16, 1981||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Security alarm system|
|US4278836||Sep 15, 1978||Jul 14, 1981||Bingham Loran S||Repair coupling for flexible electrical conduit|
|US4280225||Nov 8, 1979||Jul 21, 1981||Bicc Limited||Communication systems for transportation undertakings|
|US4284842||Oct 31, 1979||Aug 18, 1981||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.||Cable having superior resistance to flame spread and smoke evolution|
|US4303733||Jan 21, 1980||Dec 1, 1981||Akzona Incorporated||Filament with conductive layers|
|US4310946||Mar 12, 1979||Jan 19, 1982||Plastiflex Company International||Electromagnetic energy-carrying tube and fabrication method therefor, and the combination thereof with suction cleaning apparatus|
|US4319940||Feb 17, 1981||Mar 16, 1982||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated||Methods of making cable having superior resistance to flame spread and smoke evolution|
|US4326561||Jun 4, 1980||Apr 27, 1982||Automation Industries, Inc.||Double-channel electrical conduit|
|US4329561||Feb 14, 1979||May 11, 1982||Friedrich Eichhorn||Method of ensuring the maintenance of constant quality of spot welds|
|US4340773||Jun 13, 1980||Jul 20, 1982||Champlain Cable Corporation||Coaxial cables with foam dielectric|
|US4360704||Dec 18, 1980||Nov 23, 1982||Kabel-Und Metallwerke Gutehoffnungshutte Ag||Moisture proof electrical cable|
|US4376229||Sep 16, 1980||Mar 8, 1983||Raychem Corporation||Shielded conduit|
|US4406914||Aug 10, 1981||Sep 27, 1983||Belden Corporation||Slotless multi-shielded cable and tape therefor|
|US4423306||Jul 22, 1982||Dec 27, 1983||Fox Richard W||Welding cable and equipment|
|US4424627||Aug 4, 1980||Jan 10, 1984||Tarbox John W||Wiring harness construction means and method|
|US4477298||Sep 24, 1982||Oct 16, 1984||At&T Technologies, Inc.||Cable shielding method and apparatus|
|US4499010||Mar 2, 1983||Feb 12, 1985||Toyama Prefecture||Conductive paint|
|US4528420||Apr 8, 1983||Jul 9, 1985||Northern Telecom Limited||Color coding identification of conductors in telecommunications cable|
|US4543448||May 23, 1984||Sep 24, 1985||N. K. F. Groep B.V.||Electrical cord set having a magnetically identifiable conductor, and a method of automatically manufacturing such a cord set|
|US4547626||Jun 5, 1984||Oct 15, 1985||International Standard Electric Corporation||Fire and oil resistant cable|
|US4552989||Jul 24, 1984||Nov 12, 1985||National Electric Control Company||Miniature coaxial conductor pair and multi-conductor cable incorporating same|
|US4579759||Mar 6, 1985||Apr 1, 1986||Idento Gesellschaft Fur Industrielle Kennzeichnung Mbh||Inscribable cable marking strip|
|US4595431||Jan 28, 1985||Jun 17, 1986||At&T Technologies, Inc.||Methods of and apparatus for applying a waterproofing material to a cable core wrap|
|US4629285||Feb 21, 1984||Dec 16, 1986||Fusion Uv Curing Systems Corporation||Color coded optical fiber waveguides and method for coloring same|
|US4644092||Jul 18, 1985||Feb 17, 1987||Amp Incorporated||Shielded flexible cable|
|US4701575||May 27, 1986||Oct 20, 1987||Comm/Scope Company||Jacketed cable with powder layer for enhanced corrosion and environmental protection|
|US4719320||Apr 28, 1986||Jan 12, 1988||Times Fiber Communications, Inc.||Coaxial cable with coil supported braid structure|
|US4731502||Oct 21, 1986||Mar 15, 1988||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Limited bend-radius transmission cable also having controlled twist movement|
|US4746767||Feb 27, 1987||May 24, 1988||Neptco Incorporated||Shielded electrical cable construction|
|US4749823||Apr 6, 1987||Jun 7, 1988||Kabelmetal Electro Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung||Multi-wire electric power cable, particularly a supply cable for borehole units|
|US4761519||Jan 29, 1987||Aug 2, 1988||Precision Interconnect Corporation||Highly flexible, shielded, multi-conductor electrical cable|
|US4778543||Mar 25, 1987||Oct 18, 1988||Northern Telecom Limited||Methods and apparatus for making electrical cable|
|US4880484||Nov 18, 1988||Nov 14, 1989||Kabelmetal Electro Gmbh||Method for manufacturing and marking cable|
|US4947568||Dec 14, 1988||Aug 14, 1990||Alfredo De Barbieri||Wire identification device|
|US4956523||May 26, 1989||Sep 11, 1990||United Wire & Cable (Canada) Inc.||Armoured electric cable with integral tensile members|
|US4965412||Apr 6, 1989||Oct 23, 1990||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Coaxial electrical cable construction|
|US4970352||Mar 14, 1989||Nov 13, 1990||Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.||Multiple core coaxial cable|
|US4997994||Sep 1, 1989||Mar 5, 1991||At&T Bell Laboratories||Article having marking thereon and methods of making|
|US5001303||May 26, 1989||Mar 19, 1991||Coleman Cable Systems, Inc.||Metallic sheath electrical cable|
|US5038001||Mar 13, 1990||Aug 6, 1991||Amp Incorporated||Feature for orientation of an electrical cable|
|US5061823||Jul 13, 1990||Oct 29, 1991||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Crush-resistant coaxial transmission line|
|US5103067||Apr 25, 1991||Apr 7, 1992||Champlain Cable Corporation||Shielded wire and cable|
|US5171635||Oct 10, 1990||Dec 15, 1992||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Composite wire construction|
|US5180884||Nov 18, 1991||Jan 19, 1993||Champlain Cable Corporation||Shielded wire and cable|
|US5189719||Feb 5, 1991||Feb 23, 1993||Coleman Cable Systems, Inc.||Metallic sheath cable|
|US5216202||Aug 21, 1991||Jun 1, 1993||Yoshida Kogyo K.K.||Metal-shielded cable suitable for electronic devices|
|US5289767 *||Aug 21, 1992||Mar 1, 1994||Videojet Systems International, Inc.||Method and apparatus for guiding an elongated generally cylindrical member past a non-contact printing station|
|US5350885 *||Apr 8, 1992||Sep 27, 1994||Monogram Industries, Inc.||Armored cable|
|US5408049||Nov 1, 1993||Apr 18, 1995||Ford Motor Company||Multiple-phase electrical system|
|US5470253 *||Oct 3, 1994||Nov 28, 1995||Caterpillar Inc.||Engine wiring system|
|US5504540||Dec 7, 1993||Apr 2, 1996||Cybex Computer Products Corporation||Conductor arrangement for VGA video cables|
|US5651081 *||Nov 20, 1995||Jul 22, 1997||Commscope, Inc.||Composite fiber optic and electrical cable and associated fabrication method|
|US5708235||Sep 11, 1996||Jan 13, 1998||Wpfy, Inc.||Armored cable|
|US5719353||Jun 13, 1995||Feb 17, 1998||Commscope, Inc.||Multi-jacketed coaxial cable and method of making same|
|US5775935||Dec 18, 1996||Jul 7, 1998||Computer Data Exchange, Inc.||System and method for connecting color coded cables to a device|
|US5777271||Jan 18, 1996||Jul 7, 1998||Commscope, Inc.||Cable having an at least partially oxidized armor layer|
|US5862774||Jul 11, 1996||Jan 26, 1999||Moss; Kurt A.||Electrical wire identification marking methods and systems|
|US6017627||Oct 6, 1997||Jan 25, 2000||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||High voltage electric appliance|
|USH631||Jul 30, 1987||May 2, 1989||Apparatus for forming a metal sheath around a cable core|
|CH449732A||Title not available|
|DE328905C||Nov 9, 1920||Siemens Schuckertwerke Gmbh||Einrichtung an Leitungsanlagen|
|DE751575C||Jan 8, 1939||Oct 31, 1951||Siemens Ag||Aderkennzeichnung fuer elektrische Kabel und Leitungen mit Isolierung aus Kunststoff auf Vinylchloridbasis|
|DE1902057U||Aug 12, 1964||Oct 15, 1964||Osnabruecker Kupfer Und Draht||Strahlungsgeschuetzte kunststoff- oder gummiisolierte ader fuer starkstromkabel und -leitungen.|
|DE4016445A1||May 22, 1990||Aug 14, 1991||Noel Lee||Colour coding system for electrical system cables - has different colour insulation sleeves for cable wires of each wire group in colour coded outer conductor|
|FR763504A||Title not available|
|GB194419A||Title not available|
|GB332303A||Title not available|
|GB913514A||Title not available|
|GB1117862A||Title not available|
|GB1432548A||Title not available|
|GB2154785A||Title not available|
|JP1134808A||Title not available|
|JP3025806B2||Title not available|
|JP4920780B1||Title not available|
|JP5223677B2||Title not available|
|JP52121679A||Title not available|
|JP55120031A||Title not available|
|JP57143379U||Title not available|
|JP60097179A||Title not available|
|JP62037186A||Title not available|
|NL6510231A||Title not available|
|1||'071 patent claim chart, prepared by Gardere Wynne Sewell LLP (2 pages).|
|2||'345 Reissue patent claim chart, prepared by Gardere Wynne Sewell LLP (7 pages).|
|3||'855 patent claim chart, prepared by Gardere Wynne Sewell LLP (25 pages).|
|4||'914 patent claim chart, prepared by Gardere Wynne Sewell LLP (4 pages).|
|5||AFC Publication: "AFC Type AC Flexible Armored Cables," 7 pages, no date.|
|6||AFC Publication: "AFC Type MC Flexible Metal Clad Cables," 15 pages, no date.|
|7||AFC Publication: "It Can't be Seen if it isn't Green," 1 page, no date.|
|8||Aflex Prior Summary, prepared by Bromberg & Sunstein LLP, no date.|
|9||Aflex Publication: "Alflex Agrees . . . ," 1 page, no date.|
|10||Alfex Publication: "Fire Alarm and Control Cable," 2 pages, no date.|
|11||Alflex Publication: "RED ALERT Fire Alarm & Control Cable," 3 pages, no date.|
|12||Answer, Affirmative Defenses and Counterclaim, no date.|
|13||Chart: U.S. Patent No. 5,708,235 and Prior Art, prepared by Bromberg & Sunstein LLP.|
|14||Complaint for Patent Infringement, Mar. 31, 2003, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|15||Defendant Southwire Company's Answer to Plaintiffs' Complaint, Nov. 6, 2003, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|16||Defendant Southwire Company's Initial Disclosures to Plaintiffs Under Rule 26(a)(1), Jan. 15, 2004, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|17||Defendant's Amended Reply to Plaintiffs' Original Complaint with Counterclaim For Declaratory Judgment, Feb. 9, 2004, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|18||Defendants Response to Plaintiffs' Interrogatories Nos. 109, Feb. 20, 2004, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|19||Defendant's Responses to Plaintiffs' First Set of Requests for Production of Documents and Things (Nos.1-52), Feb. 20, 2004, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|20||Eastern Wire Publication: "Fire Alarm Cable for Places of Assembly," 2 pages, no date.|
|21||Eastern Wire Publication: "Making Your Cable Even Better," 3 pages, no date.|
|22||Exhibit A-order entry forms, 1990, 3 pages.|
|23||Exhibit B-order entry form, 1990, 2 pages.|
|24||Exhibit C-memorandum, 1991, 1 page.|
|25||First Amended Answer, Affirmative Defenses and Counterclaim, no date.|
|26||Joint Statement Pursuant to Local Rule 16.1, Jan. 15, 2004, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|27||Joint Statement Pursuant to Local Rule 16.1, no date.|
|28||Partial Translation of 59-87194 prepared by Merrill Translations, 2 pages.|
|29||Prior Art Cable, 1 page, no date.|
|30||Southwire's Amended Reply in Support of Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative, Transfer for Lack of Personal Jurisdiction and Improper Venue with Exhibits A and B, Sep. 23, 2003, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|31||Southwire's Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative, Transfer for Lack of Personal Jurisdiction and Improper Venue with Exhibits A-C, Aug. 11, 2003, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|32||Southwire's Reply in Support of Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative, Transfer for Lack of Personal Jurisdiction and Improper Venue, Sep. 16, 2003, AFC Cable Systems, Inc. v. Southwire Company-03-10591-NG (D. Mass.).|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7361840 *||Oct 11, 2002||Apr 22, 2008||Yazaki Corporation||Wire recycling method|
|US7420120 *||Dec 3, 2004||Sep 2, 2008||Wpfy, Inc.||Flexible conduit and cable|
|US7442877 *||Oct 11, 2002||Oct 28, 2008||Yazaki Corporation||Wire manufacturing method wire manufacturing apparatus and wire|
|US7456361||Jun 9, 2006||Nov 25, 2008||Hill Douglas C||Clip for flexible armored cable|
|US7465878 *||Aug 18, 2004||Dec 16, 2008||Wpfy, Inc.||Indicia-marked electrical cable|
|US7608782||Oct 27, 2009||Hill Douglas C||Clip|
|US7741563 *||Sep 4, 2007||Jun 22, 2010||Tsubakimoto Chain Co.||Closed type cable or the like protection and guide device|
|US7745740 *||Jun 29, 2010||Bridgeport Fittings, Inc.||Wire/cable identification device|
|US7946031 *||May 24, 2011||Panduit Corp.||Method for forming an enhanced communication cable|
|US7952027 *||Dec 29, 2008||May 31, 2011||Brian Grelck||Cable management system|
|US7954530||Jun 7, 2011||Encore Wire Corporation||Method and apparatus for applying labels to cable or conduit|
|US8234304||Nov 12, 2008||Jul 31, 2012||Southwire Company||Traceable and theft deterrent reclaimable product|
|US8278554 *||Dec 10, 2008||Oct 2, 2012||Wpfy, Inc.||Indicia-coded electrical cable|
|US8347533||Jan 8, 2013||Southwire Company||Machine applied labels to armored cable|
|US8362359||Jan 29, 2013||Superior Essex Communications Lp||Surface modified drop cable, method of making same, and drop cable assembly|
|US8454785||Apr 22, 2011||Jun 4, 2013||Encore Wire Corporation||Method for applying labels to cable or conduit|
|US8540836||Aug 29, 2011||Sep 24, 2013||Southwire Corporation||Method for applying coded labels to cable|
|US8826960||Apr 21, 2011||Sep 9, 2014||Encore Wire Corporation||System and apparatus for applying labels to cable or conduit|
|US8923675||Mar 12, 2014||Dec 30, 2014||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Optical fiber cable with core element having surface-deposited color layer|
|US9040825||Jun 2, 2010||May 26, 2015||Southwire Company, Llc||Conductors and metal-covered cable with coded information and method of applying coded information|
|US9053841||Apr 30, 2009||Jun 9, 2015||Southwire Company, Llc||Traceable and theft deterrent reclaimable product|
|US9070308||Sep 23, 2013||Jun 30, 2015||Southwire Company, Llc||Labeled armored electrical cable|
|US9082531||Apr 14, 2011||Jul 14, 2015||Panduit Corp.||Method for forming an enhanced communication cable|
|US9321548||Apr 30, 2013||Apr 26, 2016||Encore Wire Corporation||Method for applying labels to cable or conduit|
|US20050052079 *||Oct 11, 2002||Mar 10, 2005||Takeshi Kamata||Wire recycling method|
|US20050129855 *||Oct 11, 2002||Jun 16, 2005||Tekeshi Kamata||Wire manufacturing method wire manufacturing apparatus and wire|
|US20050194474 *||Feb 9, 2005||Sep 8, 2005||Ransburg Industrial Finishing K.K.||Electrostatic atomizer for a painting robot|
|US20060118323 *||Dec 8, 2004||Jun 8, 2006||Kalisz Joseph P||Wire harness with concentric code identifier|
|US20060152178 *||Jan 12, 2005||Jul 13, 2006||Carow James P||Automatic clothes dryer|
|US20070049073 *||Jun 9, 2006||Mar 1, 2007||Hill Douglas C||Clip for flexible armored cable|
|US20070181335 *||Apr 13, 2007||Aug 9, 2007||Panduit Corp.||Enhanced Communication Cable Systems and Methods|
|US20080121425 *||Sep 4, 2007||May 29, 2008||Mitsuhiro Harada||Closed type cable or the like protection and guide device|
|US20080203247 *||Feb 13, 2008||Aug 28, 2008||Hill Douglas C||Clip|
|US20090095398 *||Oct 11, 2007||Apr 16, 2009||Hardin William K||Method and system for applying labels to armored cable and the like|
|US20090114418 *||Nov 7, 2007||May 7, 2009||Jl Audio, Inc.||Wire with convertible outer jacket and method thereof|
|US20090138514 *||Nov 12, 2008||May 28, 2009||Holcombe Charles L||Traceable and Theft Deterrent Reclaimable Product|
|US20090139743 *||Dec 4, 2007||Jun 4, 2009||Bridgeport Fittings, Inc.||Wire/cable identification device|
|US20090188694 *||Jan 23, 2009||Jul 30, 2009||Wpfy, Inc.||Flexible conduit with visual identification|
|US20100058709 *||Mar 11, 2010||Hill Douglas C||Clip|
|US20100163278 *||Dec 29, 2008||Jul 1, 2010||Brian Grelck||Cable Management System|
|US20100264206 *||Oct 21, 2010||Holcombe Charles L||Traceable and Theft Deterrent Reclaimable Product|
|US20100294533 *||Oct 4, 2007||Nov 25, 2010||Kiyoshi Yagi||Shielded electric wire and method of identifying shielded wire|
|US20100306983 *||Dec 9, 2010||Robert Eugene Brooks||Method of attaching an element to a continuously moving elongated article|
|US20110192022 *||Aug 11, 2011||Panduit Corp.||Method for Forming an Enhanced Communication Cable|
|US20110220386 *||Sep 15, 2011||Richard Temblador||Conductors and metal-covered cable with coded information and method of applying coded information|
|CN101192745B||Oct 30, 2007||Jun 27, 2012||株式会社椿本链索||Closed type cable or the like protection and guide device|
|WO2006060671A1 *||Dec 2, 2005||Jun 8, 2006||Wpfy, Inc.||Flexible conduit and cable|
|WO2009094504A1 *||Jan 23, 2009||Jul 30, 2009||Wpfy, Inc.||Flexible conduit with visual identification|
|International Classification||H02G3/04, H01B7/36|
|Cooperative Classification||H01B7/365, H01B7/361, Y10T29/49117|
|European Classification||H01B7/36D, H01B7/36B|
|Mar 14, 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WPFY, INC., DELAWARE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DOLLINS, JAMES C.;MAURO, ANTHONY J.;REEL/FRAME:011625/0221
Effective date: 20010228
|May 30, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 10, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WPFY, INC., DELAWARE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DOLLINS, JAMES C;MAURO, ANTHONY J;REEL/FRAME:021954/0843
Effective date: 20010228
|May 19, 2009||RR||Request for reexamination filed|
Effective date: 20090403
|Dec 23, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UBS AG STAMFORD BRANCH, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: BL NOTICE AND CONFIRMATION OF GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:WPFY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025562/0275
Effective date: 20101222
|Dec 29, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST FSB, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: NOTE NOTICE AND CONFIRMATION OF GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:WPFY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025571/0366
Effective date: 20101222
|Feb 28, 2012||RR||Request for reexamination filed|
Effective date: 20120109
|May 30, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Apr 2, 2013||B1||Reexamination certificate first reexamination|
Free format text: CLAIMS 31-34 ARE CANCELLED.CLAIMS 1-30 AND 35 WERE NOT REEXAMINED.
|Aug 27, 2013||FPB2||Reexamination decision cancelled all claims (2nd reexamination)|
|Apr 9, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WPFY, INC., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: TERMINATION AND RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENTS;ASSIGNOR:WILMINGTON TRUST, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, SUCCESSOR IN INTEREST TO WILMINGTON TRUST FSB;REEL/FRAME:032643/0937
Effective date: 20140409
|Apr 15, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DEUTSCHE BANK AG, NEW YORK BRANCH, NEW YORK
Free format text: NOTICE AND CONFIRMATION OF GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENTS (SECOND LIEN);ASSIGNOR:WPFY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:032689/0470
Effective date: 20140409
Owner name: DEUTSCHE BANK AG, NEW YORK BRANCH, NEW YORK
Free format text: NOTICE AND CONFIRMATION OF GRANT OF SECURITY INTEREST IN PATENTS (FIRST LIEN);ASSIGNOR:WPFY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:032688/0699
Effective date: 20140409