US 682817 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 682,8l7. Patehted Sept. I7, l90l.
, J. W. SHANER.
. WRAPPER PASTING DEVICE.
(Application filed Dec. 8, 1900.)
2 Sheets-Sheet I.
No. 682,817. Patented Sept. I7, I90].
J. W. SHANER.
WRAPPER PASTI'NG DEVICE.
(Application filed Dec. 3, 1900.)
(No Model.) ZSheefs-Sheet 2. t
I TJNTE Wimww, v I M ;..m 6. 7
UNITED STATES JOHN W. SHANER, OF WILLIAMSPORT, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO'TI'IE PATENT OFFICE.
NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 682,817, dated September 17, 1901. Application filed December 3, 1900. Serial No. 38,429., (No model.)
T0 at whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JOHN W. SHANER, of
Williamsport, county of Lycomin g, and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Wrapper-Past in g Devices, of which the following is a specification. I My invention relates generally to devices for facilitating the wrapping of packages, and has reference more particularly to and has been designed more especially for use in connection with the application of the outer wrapping or label to boxes or packages of rectangular shape containing manufactured food products.
The manufacture and sale of prepared food'- s'tufis-such, for instance, as bakery and cereal products-put up in sealed packages of uniform sizes and shapes suitable for the retail trade has grown to enormous propor tions. In the packaging of such goods an outside wrapper in the nature of a label containing the names of the contained article and its inanufacturer,with printed directions foruse, is commonly applied by hand to the package, the under side of its outer longitudinalfold receiving a strip of paste and its two endsg being neatly folded flat and commonly havin end seals applied thereto.
y invention has for its principal object or function to facilitate the ap lication of this outer wrapper or label to suc packages; and it relates more specifically to a simple and convenient device for applying paste in even quantities and over a uniform surface area of any desired width.
My invention in its preferred form is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure 1 is a plan view, and Fig. 2 is aside elevation.
Referring to the drawings in detail,A repres'ents a suitable base-plate, preferably of rectangular shape and of a size adapted to the requirements of the particular size of wrappers employed in connection therewith. Secured in or to the upper face of this base-plate parallel with and a short distance from one end of the same is a horizontally-disposed bar or strip B of a length equal to the width of the base-plate. This barB is designed to serve as shown in Fig. 2.
a stop or abutment for the upper end of a bundle of wrappers or labels 0, which is laid flat on the base-plate, as shown, and substantially the upper half thereof may be narrowed, as at b, for a purpose hereinafter disclosed.
D designates a paste-guard in the form of a pivoted rectangular bail, the principal member d of which consists of a single straight strip formed of sheet metal or any other suitable material, slightly convexed on its outer surface and having its straight lower edge adapted to lie upon the upper sheet of the Wrappers C transversely of the same. To the ends of the stripd are secured a pair of arms a of considerable length, which extend rearwardly and are pivoted at their other ends to a pair of adjustable plates E, set in the opposite sides of the base-plate A and adj ustably secured therein by means of a slot f and a set-screw g. Through the baseplate A and at any suitable and convenient distance apart are formed a pair of vertical slots F, designed to accommodate a pair of horizontally-adjustable stops G. The stops G may each conveniently consist simply of ametal casting comprising a horizontal foot member h and a vertically-disposed member '6, which latter is designed to serve as an abutment for the lower end of the pile of wrappers C and to be of a sufficient height 7 to also serve as a stop or abutment for the box or package which is to be wrapped. The,
stop G is adjustably secured in any desired position along the slot F by means of a headed screw in, passing through said slot from beneath and through the horizontal member h of the stop and engaging a wing-nut Z at its upper screw-threaded end.
K designates a suitable paste holder or receptacle, which may be conveniently located at the upper end of the device, being secured and held in position by means of an extended clip L, which fits over the upper narrowed edge of the transverse bar B.- 1 The operation of the device is-as follows: When a package, as M, is to be wrapped, a stack of wrappers O, somewhat less in height than the height of the stops G, is laid upon the base-plate A so that their upper or front edges closely abut the transverse bar B, as That done, the adjustable stops G are moved up into engagement with the lower or rear edges of the wrappers and secured in such position. The box or package M is then placed on top of the wrappers in a position indicated by dotted lines. By means of the brush P the operator applies a strip of paste to that portion of the top wrapper lying between the lower edge of the d and the opposite wall of the bar simply drawing the brush acros passage thus formed.
13 by s the space or By reason of the convex character of the face of the guard (Z the lower longitudinal margin or edge portion of said guard rests squarely upon the upper surface of the wrappers in a plane substantially vertical thereto, thus the inner edge of the paste-s per longitudinal portion of from the brush of the opera danger of paste from the b the upper edge of the gu down theinner or under face thereof. The operator then raises the inner or lower end of the top wrapper, passing it over the nearer face of the box M and folding it over the top of the latter. The box is then drawn backward until it abuts the stops G, as shown in full lines, Fig. 2. This action withdraws the pasted end of the wrapper from beneath the guard d, which latter at the same time removes any surplus and unnecessary paste that may have been deposited on the wrapper. The pasted end of the wrapper is then folded up over the farther side of the package, and its marginal fold is lapped over the opposite end of the wrapper previously folded on top of the box. The ends of the wrapper are then neatly folded, so as to lie flat and parallel with the end surfaces of the box and are secured by the application of end seals or, where preferred, by a cord or equivalent device passed entirely around the package. The package is then removed, and the device is 'eady for a similar operation upon the next package.
From the foregoing .een that my inventio )editious, even, and u iaste to the surface of strip the width of whi ated by means of the adjustable plates E in he sides of the base-plate A,to which the arms f the paste-guard are pivoted. It will also e noticed that the simple act of withdrawing 1e upper end of the wrapper from beneath 1e lower edge of the guard automatically reioves any surplus of paste beyond what is ecessary to secure the opposite ends of the rapper together above the package.
The cutting away or narrowing of the up 2r portion of the transverse bar B affords lditional room for the operation of the brush applying the paste. The clip L performs e double function of securing the paste-box a convenient and accessible position and the same time serving as a guard for the reval of surplus paste from the brush before trip, while the upthe guard retreats tor, thus obviating rush working over description it will be 11 provides for an exniform application of the wrapper through ch may be easily reguguard sharply defining ard and dripping arms pivoted in the applying the latter to the wrapper, in which operation one or both sides of the brush are drawn transversely across the upper edge of J the clip, the paste thusremoved from the brush dripping down the inner surface of the adjacent wall of the box into the body of paste contained therein.
When it is desired to clean the paste-guard, or when the pile of wrappers has been exhausted and is to be replaced by a new set, the bail D may be swung back out of the way a through a half-circle for either of the purposes specified. 80
The base A may be a simple rectangular or other shaped plate, as shown, adapted to rest upon a table, counter, or other support, or it may obviously be provided with suitable 1 legs or other support and in itself constitute a table.
I claim- 1. In a device of the character described, the combination with a base-plate and a transverse bar or partition secured thereon near one end and forming a stop or abutment for a stack of wrappers, of a paste-guard pivoted to the sides of the base-plate and adapted to swing into and out of operative position adjacent said transverse abutment, substantially as described.
In a device of the combination wit the character described,
h a base-plate and a trans verse bar or partition secured thereon near one end and forming a stop or abutment for a stack of wrappers, of a paste-guard adj ustably pivoted to the sides of the base-plate and adapted to swing into and out of operative position adjacent and parallel with said transverse abutment, substantially as described.
3. In a device of the ch the combination with a has verse bar or partition see one end and forming a st a stack of wrappers, of a form of a rectangular b arms pivoted in the aracter described, e-plate and a transured thereon near op or abutment for paste-guard in the ail, having its two sides of the base-plate and its transverse guard member arranged adjacent and parallel with the vertical face of the transverse abutment, and normally resting with its lower edge across the topmost wrapper near one end thereof, substantially as described.
4. In a device of the character described, the combination with a base-plate and a transverse bar or partition secured thereon near one end and forming a stop or abutment for a stack of wrappers, of a paste-guard in the form of a rectangular bail, having its two sides of the base-plate, and its transverse guard member arranged adjacent and parallel with the opposing ver inally resting topmost wrapper near on operative face of said slightly convexed, subs 5. In a device of the the combination with a base-plate and a transverse bar or partition secured thereon near one end and forming a stop or abutment for a stack of wrappers, of a paste-guard pivoted to the sides of the base-plate and adapted to swing into and out of operative position adjacent said transverse abutment, and a stop in said base-plate adapted to engage the lower end of the stack of wrappers, substantially as described.
6. In a device of the character described, the combination with abase-plate and atransverse bar or partition secured thereon near one end and forming a stop or abutment for a stack of wrappers, of a paste-guard pivoted to the sides of the base-plate and adapted to swing into and out of operative position adjacent said transverse abutment, and a series of horizontally-adjustable stops in said baseplate adapted to engage the lower end of a stack of wrappers, substantially as described. 7. In a device of the character described, the combination with a base-plate and a transverse bar or partition secured thereon near one end and forming a stop .or abutment for a stack of wrappers, of a paste-guard pivoted to the sides of the base-plate, and adapted to swing into and out of operative position adjacent said transverse abutment, a horizontally-adj ustable stop in said base-plate adapted to engage the lower end of the stack of Wrappers, and a suitable paste-holder secured to said transverse bar or partition, substantially as described.
JOHN W. SHANER. Witnesses:
CHAS. BAKER, C. STEINHILPER.