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Publication numberUS682953 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1901
Filing dateJul 6, 1900
Priority dateJul 6, 1900
Publication numberUS 682953 A, US 682953A, US-A-682953, US682953 A, US682953A
InventorsDownes Elland Norton
Original AssigneeDownes Elland Norton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bicycle, tricycle, &c.
US 682953 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 682,953. Patented Sept. l7, l9,0l.


(Application filed July 6, 1900.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet I.

No. 682,953. Patented Sept. l7, I90l.


(Application filed July 6, 1900.)

2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

(No Model.)

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 682,953, dated September l7, 1901.

Application filed July 6,1900. Serial No. 22,755. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, DowNEs ELLAND Non- 'lON, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, residing at Laurel Dene, Hampton Hill, in the county of Middlesex, England, have invented new and useful Improvements in and Relating to Bicycles, Tricycles, and the Like, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improved means for assistingin driving and increasing the speed of bicycles, tricycles, and the like by using the hands for driving in addition to the ordinary driving by the feet of the rider.

The way in which I carry out my invention is as follows, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure.1 is a part side view of a bicycle comprising my invention. Fig. 2 is a front view of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a part side viewof a bicycle, showing the handle-bar in the normal position in dotted lines and in full lines in a position of part of the movement for driving the machine,as hereinafter described. Fig. 4 is a front view of Fig. 3.

Instead of providing the handle-bar on the ordinary handle-bar pillar in the head of the front fork or steering-head of the machine I attach it to a separate pillar ct, pivoted to the rear end of a link I), connected (preferably by a pivotal joint) to the front fork or steering-head c of the machine. On the handlebar d itself, or, as shown, on a connection c thereon, I mount a spring drum or pulley e, such as that described in my prior specification of British Letters Patent, No. 259,355, dated September 1, 1896. Normally the handle-bar d rests on the top of the front pillar or steering-head cin the same position as the ordinary handle-bars on bicycles not provided with hand driving mechanism and is preferably locked in this position in the following manner, referring to Figs. 3 and 4: The han dle-bar is divided transversely in the centerthat is to say, it is formed of two separable parts 01 d, which are mounted so as to be capable of sliding in a sleeve or socket f on the top of the handle-bar pillar a, which is provided with a slot or hole a, adapted to engage a bored lug or eyelet g on top of the front fork or steering-head 0 when in the normal position of rest. A pin or projection h on the end of one part of the handle -bar' passes through the lug g (and enters a corresponding recess h in the end of the other part of said handle-bar, thus locking the two parts 01 d of the handle-bar together) and locking the handle-bar to the front fork or steering-head c. Pins 70 it" on the parts d and 61, respectively, of said handle-bar engage in slots Z Z in the sleeve f and prevent lateral movement of the parts 61 cl when in the position shown in Figs. 3 and 4-that is, when driving the machine by hand-power. m is a guide-pulley, carried by a bracket m on the steering-head c, for a flexible connection at, the lower end of which is attached to a V shaped clip or hook at, which engages or hooks onto the pedal 0 (see Figs. 1 and 2) or to the driving-crank 0 of the machine.

The working v is as follows: Assuming the handlebar d d to be locked in the normal position on top of the front fork or steeringhead 0, (in which position the machine can be driven by the feet alone in the ordinary way,) the pins 76 is, Fig. 2, will be in the horizontal parts of the slots H in sleeve f. When it is desired to drive the machine by hand, the parts (1 d of the handle=bar are moved laterally, (in opposite directions,) so as to withdraw the pin or bolt h from the lug g on the steering-head c and into the lateral or vertical part of the slot, thereby allowing the rider to give a reciprocating or to-and-fro movement to the handle-bar, which through; the flexible connection at, attached to the spring drum or pulley e on said handle-bar and to the V-shaped hook at on the drivingpedal 0 or on the crank 0, enables him to drive the machine by manual power alone or to assist the driving by the feet, the pull on the connection 'n being of course given at the commencement of and during the upward and forward movement of the crank o in the driving direction. In the upward movement of the crank the spring drum or pulley c takes up the slack of the connection n when not pulled by the hands.

Although I have described a particular method of locking the handle-bar in the normal position on the steering-head or front pillar 0, yet I do not confine myself to this arrangement, as it is obvious the handle-bar can be held thereon in any other convenient manner and that it need not be formed of two flexible connection Wound upon the said drum parts, as hereinbefore described.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

The combination, with a front fork, of a link I) pivoted at one end to the said fork,alink a pivoted to the other end of the link I) and foldable upon it, a reciprocatory handle-bar provided with a projecting arm e and journaled in the free end portion of the link a, a spring-drum carried by the said arm, and a and connected with the driving mechanism, substantially as set forth.

In testimony whereof I have signed my [5 name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.



W. A. LEWES, J. GRooM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5308097 *Apr 24, 1992May 3, 1994Francesco BonoMechanism to convert the front idle wheels of bicycles in general into drive wheels
US5429379 *Mar 7, 1994Jul 4, 1995Grigoriev; NikitaImpulse drive mechanism and shock driver for a land vehicle
US5501648 *Jul 15, 1994Mar 26, 1996Grigoriev; NikitaFront wheel drive bicycle exercise device
US7021639 *Sep 23, 2003Apr 4, 2006Hun Geun ParkBicycle of type driven by operation of handle
US20040113384 *Sep 23, 2003Jun 17, 2004Park Hun GeunBicycle of type driven by operation of handle
Cooperative ClassificationB62M1/10