US 683991 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Got. 8, l90l.
WATER BAG FOB TH HEAD.
(Application led Nov. 23, 1900.) (No Model.)
W/TNESSES As'zzza/ frame.I
A TTU/m5 rs y UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
STELLA ROWE, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
WATER-BAG FOR-THE HEAD.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 683,991, dated October 8,1901. Application filed November 23, 1900. Serial No. 37,489. (No model.)
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Be it known that I, STELLA ROWE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Water- Bag for the Head, of which t-he following is a speciiication. l
This invention relates generally to a waterbag made of rubber, oiled silk, or other suitable material, and more particularly to one speciallyvshaped and constructed to tit the head of a person.
The object of this invention is to provide a water-bag especially adapted for use upon the head, whereby the direct application of heat or cold to any part of the head can be had; and another object is to so construct this water-bag that heat or cold can be applied to one portion of the head Without being applied to the whole head, as it frequently happens that it is only desirable to apply heat or cold to one particular portion of the head, and very often it is extremely difficult to give such application by means of the waterbags now in common use.
Vith these objects in view my invention consists in making the water-bag essentially like a hood in shape, dividing said hoodshapedbag vertically into a plurality of compartments, having a common filling-opening and stopper, and also in providing fastening devices, by means of which the bag can be securely fastened upon the head of a person, thereby bringing the heating medium directly upon the aected part or organ.
This 'invention consists also in certain details of construction and novelties of combination, all of which'will be fully described hereinafter and pointed out in the claim.
In the drawings forming a part of this specification, Figure l is a perspective view showing the practical application of my invention; Fig. 2, a side elevation ofthe device; Fig. 3, a sectional view on the line 3 8 of Fig. l', showing the forward compartments filled. Fig. t is a top View showing the forward extension and the central filling-open ing and plug; Fig. 5, a detail sectional view on the line 5 5 of Fig. 6; and Fig. 6, an enlarged sectional View showing the filling-opening, plug or stopper, and funnel.
In constructing my improved water-bag for the head I employ the usual rubber or fabric commonly1 used for making water-bags, and I construct said bag essentially in the shape of a hood, as most clearly shown in Figs. l'
the bag, and a funnel D surrounds the said opening in order to facilitate the introduction of the water.
A metallic screw-threaded neck E is inserted and secured in the filling-opening to receive the screw plug or stopper F, which has a rubber washer F arranged in the top thereof, and the bottom of this screw plug or stopper bears upon a rubber ring or gasket F2, so that all leakage will be avoided. The forwardlyprojecting portion of the hood, or that portion which rests upon the forehead, is preferably split or divided, as most clearly shown at G in Fig. l, and in order to bind said projecting portion tight to the forehead I provide the sections with a suitable fastening device by means of which they Ycan be drawn close together and brought to bear directly upon the forehead and temples.l
In the present instance I employ rings H,
secured by straps I-I, secured adjacent to the ends of each section and through which a piece of ribbon or string can be drawn and tied to securely hold the sections together.
I also prefer to use rings I I at the lower ends of the bag, through which a ribbon or string can be passed and tied beneath the chin in case it is desired to bring the bag close to the cheeks or neck.
Inasinuch as it frequently happens that heat or cold is only required at one particu lar side or point, I propose to divide my ho`odshaped water-bag vertically into a plurality of compartment-s, and this I accomplish by means of the vertical seamsK, which seams are made by stitching or cementing, as pre ferred, and it will be noted that all the seams run toward the common central filling-opening and approach it, but do not extend entirely to said opening. This permits all of the compartments to be filled at once, if so desired, and in case it is desired to fill a less IOO number the entrance to any particular conipartment can be closed by pressing the outer sheet and lining together adjacent to the central opening between the thumb and forefinger of one hand, thus preventing the ingress of water into that compartment.
The iilling-opening and plug being located in the top will not prevent the patient reclining or resting in any desired position. If desired, the forward lower ends of the bag can be made to exclude Water by placing a seam across each end.
In order to use my invention, it will only be necessary to fill one or more of the cornpartnients with hot or cold Water, screw down the plug orstopper, and place upon the head, and if necessary the strings can be tied to bind the hood lirrnly uponthe head.
The advantages of the shape will be apparent to every one and also the idea of dividing the bag into compartments, so that any particular portion of the head can be treated without subjecting the entire head to such treatment.
Having thus fully described myinvention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
A Water-bag for the head essentially hoodshaped and divided vertically into a series of compartments having a common filling-opening at the top, the forwardly-projecting p0rtion adapted to rest upon the forehead being divided and provided With means for fastening the said divided portion across the forehead, and means attached to the'lower end of the bag and adapted to be fastened beneath the chin, substantially as shown and described.
LIDA A. WOODWELL, MARY L. TURRILL.