|Publication number||US6847116 B2|
|Application number||US 09/731,889|
|Publication date||Jan 25, 2005|
|Filing date||Dec 7, 2000|
|Priority date||Dec 8, 1999|
|Also published as||US20010040239|
|Publication number||09731889, 731889, US 6847116 B2, US 6847116B2, US-B2-6847116, US6847116 B2, US6847116B2|
|Original Assignee||Rohm Co., Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (21), Classifications (26), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to chip-type semiconductor light-emitting devices and, more particularly, to a chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device having a semiconductor light-emitting chip connected to an electrode on a substrate and molded together with part of the electrode.
2. Description of the Prior Art
A conventional chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device of this kind is shown in FIG. 4. This chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device 1 includes a substrate 2. At opposite ends of the substrate 2, a pair of electrodes 3 and 4 are formed. The electrodes 3 and 4 include respective terminals 3 a and 4 a. Each of the terminals 3 a and 4 a is formed, at its width center, with a protrusion 3 b, 4 b. Also, a pad 4 c is formed at a tip of one protrusion 4 b. The electrodes 3 and 4 are structured by three layers, i.e. a Cu (copper) layer, an Ni (nickel) layer and an Au (gold) layer, as shown in FIG. 4(B). The formation of an Au layer, as an uppermost layer, improves the adhesion with solder and electrical connection to a metal wire 5.
The semiconductor light-emitting chip (hereinafter referred merely to as “LED chip”) 6 is bonded on the pad 4 c in the electrode 4. The LED chip 6 at a back electrode is electrically connected with the electrode 4. Wire bonding is made using the metal wire 5 between a surface electrode 6 a on the LED chip 6 and the protrusion 3 b in the electrode 3. Furthermore, the protrusion 3 b, the protrusion 4 b, the pad 4 c, the metal wire 5, the LED chip 6, etc. are encapsulated by a translucent synthetic resin mold 7. Such chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device 1 is to be mounted in a state that the backside of the substrate 2 is in contact with a surface of a circuit board. In the reflow process, electrical connection is provided through solder 8 between the terminals 3 a and 4 a and the wiring pattern on the circuit board.
In the prior art, there is a fear that, when repeatedly conducting a reflow process, solder melt 8 possibly intrudes into the mold 7 via the protrusions 3 b and 4 b, possibly reaching the metal wire 5 or the LED chip 6. If the solder 8 reaches the metal wire 5 or the LED chip 6, they might be stripped off or damaged due to the impact caused upon such reach of solder, resulting in erroneous operation of the chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device 1.
Therefore, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device capable of preventing peeling off of parts within the mold due to solder.
A chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device according to the present invention, comprises: a substrate; a pair of electrodes formed on the substrate; a semiconductor light-emitting chip electrically connected to the pair of electrodes; a mold encapsulating respective parts of the semiconductor light-emitting chip and the pair of electrodes; and a step formed in the electrodes at an inside of the mold and having a height increasing from an outer side to an inner side thereof.
If the solder melted during a reflow process intrudes into the mold via the electrode surfaces, the solder runs against a wall of the step made high with respect to a direction of from an outer side to an inner side. That is, the solder intruded in the mold is blocked before reaching the metal wire or the LED chip.
According to this invention, because the solder is blocked from advancing by the step, the parts inside the mold can be prevented from stripped off or so due to the solder.
The above described objects and other objects, features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the present invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A chip-type semiconductor light-emitting device 10 of this embodiment shown in FIG. 1A-
A pair of electrodes 14 and 16 are formed at opposite ends of the substrate 12. The electrodes 14 and 16 include respective terminals 14 a and 16 a formed extending between the lower and upper surfaces of the substrate 12. The terminals 14 a and 16 a are formed with respective protrusions 14 b and 16 b extending from a widthwise center thereof. The protrusions 14 b and 16 b have respective steps each formed in the full width at a lengthwise center portion thereof. The step provides a height greater at an outer portion (on a terminal side) and smaller at an inner portion (on a substrate center side). A pad 16 c is formed in a tip of one protrusion 16 b. Incidentally, each of the electrodes 14 and 16 comprises three layers, i.e. a Cu layer, an Ni layer and an Au layer, as shown in FIG. 1C. The step 18 is formed by providing the Cu-layer with a greater thickness at the inner portion (substrate center side) and a smaller thickness at the outer portion (terminal side). The provision of the uppermost Au layer is for improving the adhesion of solder 40 and electrical connection to the metal wire 22.
The LED chip 20 is bonded on the pad 16 c to have electrical connection at a backside electrode thereof with the electrode 16. Also, wire bonding is made by the use of a metal wire 22, such as a gold wire, between the surface electrode 20 a of the LED chip 20 and the protrusion 14 b of the electrode 14.
Furthermore, a translucent-synthetic-resin mold 24 is formed on the upper surface of the substrate 12. The mold encapsulates the protrusion 14 b, protrusion 16 b, pad 16 c, LED chip 20 and metal wire 22.
Hereunder, explanation will be made on a method for forming respective steps in the electrodes 14 and 16, with reference to FIG. 2A-FIG. 2D.
At first, as shown in
Next, as shown in
Subsequently, as shown in
As shown in
In this manner, the step 18 is formed by increasing the thickness of the Cu layer at the inner portion than that of the outer portion.
The light-emitting device 10 is mounted in a state that the substrate 12 is directly placed on the surface of a circuit board 38, as shown in FIG. 3. In the reflow process, electrical connection is provided through solder 40 between the terminals 14 a and 16 a and the wiring pattern on the circuit board 38. In the reflow process, even if solder melt 40 intrude into the mold 24 via the surfaces of the electrode 14 and 16, the solder 40 runs against a wall of the step 18 and blocked from flowing further inside.
According to this embodiment, because the step 18 serves to block solder 40 from advancing furthermore, the parts (LED chip 20, metal wire 22, etc.) inside the mold can be prevented from being stripped off due to the solder 40. Accordingly, the light-emitting device 10 is prevented from erroneously operating.
Incidentally, although in the embodiment the Cu layer, the Ni layer and the Au layer are formed by electroplating, these layers may be formed by electroless plating (chemical plating). Also, in this case, a barrier layer, such as Pd (palladium) layer, may be formed between the Ni layer and the Au layer.
Although the present invention has been described and illustrated in detail, it is clearly understood that the same is by way of illustration and example only and is not to be taken by way of limitation, the spirit and scope of the present invention being limited only by the terms of the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||257/736, 257/748, 257/775, 257/784, 257/781, 257/673, 257/690, 257/787|
|International Classification||H05K3/34, H01L23/52, H01L33/36, H01L33/56, H01L33/62|
|Cooperative Classification||H01L2924/00011, H01L2224/05553, H01L2924/181, H01L2924/00014, H01L2924/12041, H01L33/62, H01L2224/48091, H05K3/3442, H01L2224/48227, H01L33/486, H01L24/45, H01L2224/45144|
|Mar 16, 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROHM CO., LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ISOKAWA, SHINJI;REEL/FRAME:011628/0577
Effective date: 20010308
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