|Publication number||US6850202 B2|
|Application number||US 10/350,655|
|Publication date||Feb 1, 2005|
|Filing date||Jan 24, 2003|
|Priority date||Dec 29, 2000|
|Also published as||US6559806, US20030112194|
|Publication number||10350655, 350655, US 6850202 B2, US 6850202B2, US-B2-6850202, US6850202 B2, US6850202B2|
|Inventors||P. Thomas Watson|
|Original Assignee||Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (59), Referenced by (9), Classifications (7), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/020,832 filed Dec. 12, 2001 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,559,806, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/751,284, filed Dec. 29, 2000, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,480,161.
1. Field of the Invention
The subject invention relates to alignment devices and, more particularly, to devices for aligning an antenna with a satellite.
2. Description of the Invention Background
The advent of the television can be traced as far back to the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century. However, it wasn't until 1923 and 1924, when Vladimir Kosma Zworkykin invented the iconoscope, a device that permitted pictures to be electronically broken down into hundreds of thousands of components for transmission, and the kinescope, a television signal receiver, did the concept of television become a reality. Zworkykin continued to improve those early inventions and television was reportedly first showcased to the world at the 1939 World's Fair in New York, where regular broadcasting began.
Over the years, many improvements to televisions and devices and methods for transmitting and receiving television signals have been made. In the early days of television, signals were transmitted and received through the use of antennas. Signal strength and quality, however, were often dependent upon the geography of the land between the transmitting antenna and the receiving antenna. Although such transmission methods are still in use today, the use of satellites to transmit television signals is becoming more prevalent. Because satellite transmitted signals are not hampered by hills, trees, mountains, etc., such signals typically offer the viewer more viewing options and improved picture quality. Thus, many companies have found offering satellite television services to be very profitable and, therefore, it is anticipated that more and more satellites will be placed in orbit in the years to come. As additional satellites are added, more precise antenna/satellite alignment methods and apparatuses will be required.
Modern digital satellite communication systems typically employ a ground-based transmitter that beams an uplink signal to a satellite positioned in geosynchronous orbit. The satellite relays the signal back to ground-based receivers. Such systems permit the household or business subscribing to the system to receive audio, data and video signals directly from the satellite by means of a relatively small directional receiver antenna. Such antennas are commonly affixed to the roof or wall of the subscriber's residence or mast located in the subscriber's yard. A typical antenna constructed to receive satellite signals comprises a dish-shaped receiver that has a support arm protruding outward from the front surface of the dish. The support arm supports a low noise block amplifier with an integrated feed “LNBF”. The dish collects and focuses the satellite signal onto the LNBF which is connected, via cable, to the subscriber's set top box.
To obtain an optimum signal, the antenna must be installed such that the centerline axis of the dish, also known as the “bore site” or “pointing axis”, is accurately aligned with the satellite. To align an antenna with a particular satellite, the installer must be provided with accurate positioning information for that particular satellite. For example, the installer must know the proper azimuth and elevation settings for the antenna. The azimuth setting is the compass direction that the antenna should be pointed relative to magnetic north. The elevation setting is the angle between the Earth and the satellite above the horizon. Many companies provide installers with alignment information that is specific to the geographical area in which the antenna is to be installed.
The ability to quickly and accurately align the centerline axis of antenna with a satellite is somewhat dependent upon the type of mounting arrangement employed to support the antenna and the skill of the installer. Prior antenna mounting arrangements typically comprise a mounting bracket that is directly affixed to the rear surface of the dish. The mounting bracket is then attached to a vertically oriented mast that is buried in the earth, mounted to a tree, or mounted to a portion of the subscriber's residence or place of business. The mast is installed such that it is plumb (i.e., relatively perpendicular to the horizon). Thereafter, the installer must orient the antenna to the proper azimuth and elevation. These adjustments are typically made at the mounting bracket.
In an effort to automate the adjustment and positioning of an antenna, several different permanent motorized antenna mounts have been designed. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,726,259 to Idler, U.S. Pat. No. 4,626,864 to Micklethwaite, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,469,182 to Chaffe disclose different motorized antenna positioners that are designed to be permanently affixed to an antenna. Those devices are not designed such that they can be used to orient an antenna and then removed therefrom in order that they can be used to orient another antenna.
Thus, there is a need for a portable antenna alignment device that can be attached to antenna to automatically position the antenna in a desired orientation and removed therefrom to enable the device to be used to position other antennas.
In accordance with one form of the present invention, there is provided a portable device for orienting a receiver that is supported on a mast by a mounting bracket that selectively permits the receiver to be pivoted to a desired elevation angle and thereafter retained at the desired elevation angle. In one embodiment, the portable device comprises an elevation actuator removably coupled to the receiver and mast and, upon actuation thereof, pivots the receiver to the desired elevation angle and, upon deactivation thereof, maybe decoupled from the mast and receiver while the mounting bracket retains the receiver in the desired elevation angle.
Another embodiment of the present invention comprises a portable device for orienting a receiver that is supported by a mounting bracket that selectively permits the receiver to be pivoted to a desired elevation angle and thereafter retained at the desired elevation angle. One embodiment comprises means for generating rotary motion and means for coupling the means for generating rotary motion to the receiver. This embodiment may also comprise means for controlling the means for generating rotary motion such that, upon actuation of the means for generating rotary motion, the means for coupling pivots the receiver to the desired elevation angle and, upon deactivation of the means for generating rotary motion, the means for generating maybe decoupled from the receiver while the mounting bracket retains the receiver in the desired elevation angle.
Another embodiment of the present invention comprises a method for orienting a receiver at a desired elevation angle and may include coupling an elevation actuator to the receiver and actuating the elevation actuator to pivot the receiver to the desired elevation angle. This method may further include retaining the receiver at the desired elevation angle and decoupling the elevation actuator from the receiver.
Another embodiment of the present invention comprises a method for orienting a receiver that is supported by a mounting bracket that selectively permits the receiver to be pivoted to a desired elevation angle and thereafter retained at the desired elevation angle. One embodiment of this method may comprise coupling an elevation actuator to the receiver and loosening the mounting bracket to permit the receiver to pivot about an elevation pivot axis. The method may also include actuating the elevation actuator to pivot the receiver about the elevation pivot axis and deactivating the elevation actuator when the receiver has been pivoted to the desired elevation angle. This embodiment may further include locking the mounting bracket to retain the receiver in the desired elevation angle and detaching the elevation actuator from the receiver.
Yet another embodiment of the present invention may comprise a portable device for orienting a receiver that is supported on a mast by a mounting bracket that selectively permits the receiver to be rotated about the mast to a desired orientation and selectively permits the receiver to be pivoted relative to the mounting bracket to a desired elevation angle and thereafter retained in the desired orientation and elevation angle. One embodiment of this device may comprise an azimuth actuator assembly removably coupled to the receiver and mast, such that upon actuation thereof, said azimuth actuator rotates the mounting bracket and receiver about the mast and, upon deactivation thereof may be decoupled from the mounting bracket and mast while the mounting bracket retains the receiver in the desired orientation. This embodiment may also include an elevation actuator removably coupled to the receiver such that, upon actuation thereof, said elevation actuator pivots the receiver to the desired elevation angle and, upon deactivation thereof, maybe decoupled from the mast and receiver while the mounting bracket retains the receiver in the desired elevation angle.
In the accompanying Figures, there are shown present embodiments of the invention wherein like reference numerals are employed to designate like parts and wherein:
Referring now to the drawings for the purposes of illustrating embodiments of the invention only and not for the purposes of limiting the same,
In this embodiment, the antenna 10 includes parabolic dish 20 and an arm assembly 30 that supports a LNBF 32 for collecting focused signals from the dish 20. Such LNBFs are known in the art and, therefore, the manufacture and operation of LNBF 32 will not be discussed herein. The dish 20 has a front surface 22 and a rear surface 24. A conventional mounting bracket assembly 40 is attached to the rear surface 24 of the dish and serves to adjustably support the antenna on the mast 15.
Antenna 10 must be properly positioned to receive the television signals transmitted by a satellite 14 to provide optimal image and audible responses. See
As shown in
The motorized antenna alignment device 100 of the present invention may be employed to align the antenna 10 in a desired azimuth orientation. More specifically and with reference to FIGS. 1 and 3-6, one embodiment of the motorized antenna alignment device 100 includes a conventional motor 110. Motor 110 has a driven shaft 112 to which a driver gear 120 is non-rotatably affixed. Driver gear 120 is adapted to intermesh with the gear assembly 130 attached to the mast 15. Gear assembly 130 comprises a split collar assembly that is adapted to be removably affixed to the mast 15. As can be seen in
The motorized antenna alignment device 100 of this embodiment further includes a clamping arm assembly 160 that serves to clamp onto the mounting bracket assembly 40. As can be seen in
In this embodiment, the motor 110 may receive power from a source of alternating current 116 through cord 115. However, it is conceivable that motor 110 may comprise a DC powered stepper motor that is powered by a battery or batteries. Motor 110 may be controlled by a remote control hand held unit 190 that sends control signals to motor controls 119. Hand held unit 190 may be equipped with a conventional GPS unit 192 to enable the user to determine the longitude and latitude of the installation location. In addition, the hand held unit 190 may be equipped with a compass 194 that may be used to determine the azimuth orientation of the antenna 10.
This embodiment of the antenna alignment device 100 of the present invention may be used in the following manner. The installer clamps the clamping assembly 160 onto the mounting bracket assembly 40 by turning the first and second clamping screws (164, 168) into clamping engagement with the mounting bracket assembly 40. Thereafter, the gear assembly 130 is clamped onto the mast 15 with the clamping screws (145, 149) to attach it to the mast 15 as shown in
In the embodiment depicted in
By controlling the operation of the motor 210, the linkage assembly 230 causes the receiver to pivot about the elevation pivot axis D—D to a desired elevation angle “C”. To use this embodiment, the user clamps the mounting bracket 260 to the mast 15 and the clamping assembly 250 onto a portion of the receiver 10 as shown in FIG. 7. The user loosens elevation adjustment bolt 42 of the mounting bracket 40 to permit the receiver 10 to pivot about elevation pivot axis D—D. After the adjustment bolt 42 has been loosened to permit the receiver 10 to pivot about elevation pivot axis D—D, the motor 210 is powered to cause the receiver 10 to pivot about elevation pivot axis D—D until it is oriented at a desired elevation angle “C”. Thereafter, the mounting bracket 40 may be locked in that position, (i.e., the elevation adjustment bolt 42 is secured to prevent and further pivotal travel about the elevation pivot axis D—D). After the mounting bracket 40 has been locked to prevent further pivotal travel of the receiver 10 about the elevation pivot axis D—D, the support bracket 260 may be detached from the mast 15 and the clamp assembly 250 is removed from the receiver 10 to permit the device 200 to be used in connection with other receiver installations.
When using the device 200 as described above, the user may simply keep checking the elevation angle “C” of the receiver 10 using other known methods and apparatuses or, in another embodiment, the motor 210 may be controlled by a controller 290 as shown in FIG. 7. The controller 290 may be portable and, if desired, handheld and powered by a DC battery or batteries and coupled to the motor 210 by a cable 292. The desired elevation angle “C” is determined by the latitude and longitude of the antenna and the particular satellite 14 of interest. In this embodiment, the controller 290 may be equipped with commercially available software that generates appropriate control output signals, such as signals for controlling motor 210. One type of commercially available software that could conceivably be employed is that software sold under the trademark SATMASTER by Arrow Technical Services of 58 Forest Road, Heswall Wirral, CH60 5SW, England. However, other commercially available software packages could also be successfully used.
To use the controller 290, the user inputs the latitude and longitude of the receiver 10 and the appropriate information concerning the particular satellite 14 with which the receiver 10 is to be aligned and the software program is executed to cause the controller 290 to generate appropriate control output signals for controlling the motor 210 such that the motor 210 operates to pivot the receiver 10 to the desired elevation angle “C”. Thereafter, the mounting bracket 40 may then be locked to prevent further pivotal travel of the receiver 10 about the elevation pivot axis D—D and the device 200 may then be removed to enable it to be used with other receiver installations. The controller 290 may be equipped with a conventional global positioning system 294 and/or compass 296 to enable the user to determine the longitude and latitude of the receiver 10. Also, the controller 290 maybe coupled to the LNBF 32 by a cable 297 to enable the controller 290 to assess the signal strength and provide further appropriate control output signals to the motor 210 until the receiver 10 is oriented at the desired elevation angle. When using this alternative, the controller 290 may be equipped with a visual indicator 298 and/or an audio indicator 299 to provide the user with an indication that the receiver 10 has been oriented in an orientation that provides a desired amount of signal strength. After the receiver 10 has been oriented in the desired orientation, the mounting bracket 40 may then be locked in position and the device 200 may be removed therefrom.
To use the device 200′, the user couples the clamping assembly 160 onto the mounting bracket assembly 40 by turning the first and second clamping screws (164, 168) into clamping engagement with the mounting bracket assembly 40. Thereafter, the gear assembly 130 is clamped onto the mast 15 with the clamping screws (145, 149) as described above and is arranged in meshing engagement with gear 120. The clamping assembly 250 is placed into retaining engagement with a portion of the receiver 10 as described above. The user then couples the controller 290 to the LNBF with cable 297. In addition, the controller 290 is coupled to the first motor 110 with a cable 222 and the second motor 210 is coupled to the controller 290 with cable 223.
After the alignment device 200′ is affixed to the mast 15 and mounting bracket assembly 40 as shown in
As was discussed above, the controller of this embodiment may be equipped with a conventional global positioning system 294 and/or conventional compass 296 to enable the user to determine the longitude and latitude of the receiver 10. Also, the controller 290 may be coupled to the LNBF 32 by a cable 297 to enable the controller 290 to assess the signal strength and provide further appropriate outputs to the motors (110, 210) such that the receiver 10 is oriented at the desired azimuth setting and elevation angle. When using this alternative, the controller 290 may be equipped with a visual indicator 298 and/or an audio indicator 299 to provide the user with an indication that the receiver 10 has been oriented in an orientation that provides a desired amount of signal strength. After the receiver 10 has been oriented in the desired orientation, the mounting bracket 40 may be locked in position and the device 200′ is removed therefrom. The reader will appreciate that the first motor 110 and the second motor 210 may be so activated such that the receiver 10 may be oriented in the desired elevation angle prior to being oriented at the desired azimuth orientation or visa versa. Furthermore, the first motor 110 and the second motor 210 may be simultaneously activated and controlled such that the receiver 10 may be simultaneously positioned in the desired elevation angle and azimuth orientation.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described herein for use in connection with a conventional receiver such as an antenna of the type depicted in
The embodiments of the present invention represent a vast improvement over prior motorized antenna alignment devices. Due to its portable nature, the present invention is well-suited for use by installers that typically install and orient several antennas. The various embodiments of the present invention may be quickly attached to an existing antenna installation to orient the antenna in a desired elevation angle or elevation angle and azimuth orientation and thereafter be removed from the antenna for use in connection with another antenna that differs from the first antenna. Those of ordinary skill in the art will, of course, appreciate that various changes in the details, materials and arrangement of parts which have been herein described and illustrated in order to explain the nature of the invention may be made by the skilled artisan within the principle and scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.
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|International Classification||H01Q1/12, H01Q3/02|
|Cooperative Classification||H01Q1/125, H01Q3/02|
|European Classification||H01Q1/12E, H01Q3/02|
|Jul 1, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 17, 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 1, 2013||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Mar 26, 2013||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20130201