|Publication number||US6880507 B2|
|Application number||US 10/794,112|
|Publication date||Apr 19, 2005|
|Filing date||Mar 5, 2004|
|Priority date||Mar 5, 2003|
|Also published as||DE10309408A1, US20040187823|
|Publication number||10794112, 794112, US 6880507 B2, US 6880507B2, US-B2-6880507, US6880507 B2, US6880507B2|
|Inventors||Mario Kuhl, Henning Karbstein|
|Original Assignee||Ina-Schaeffler Kg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (5), Classifications (15), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to an internal combustion engine, whose valve train includes switchable cam followers, with each cam follower featuring an essentially circular cylindrical shape and being guided so that it can move longitudinally in a receptacle of the engine, so that a force is applied at one axial end by a cam of a camshaft and at the other axial end indirectly or directly by a gas exchange valve of the valve train, with a main oil gallery arranged in the internal combustion engine for introducing hydraulic medium into a valve lash adjustment element arranged in the cam follower and with a switchable oil channel arranged in the internal combustion engine for introducing hydraulic medium into the region of a switch element arranged in the cam follower.
In an internal combustion engine known from DE 198 44 202 A1 (which corresponds to U.S. Pat. No. 6,164,255), the valve train component is formed as a switchable, circular cylindrical cam follower, which is arranged so that it can move longitudinally in a receptacle configured as a bore hole and which can be moved at one longitudinal end by the cam of a camshaft against the force of the valve spring of a gas exchange valve.
The cam follower contains a hydraulic valve lash adjustment element, which requires oil as a hydraulic medium in order to fulfill its function of lash adjustment. Consequently, in the internal combustion engine a main gallery is arranged as an oil supply line to the valve lash adjustment element.
The switchable cam follower is provided with a switch element. When the camshaft rotates and the cam acts on the follower, the switch element allows the gas exchange valve to open periodically in one switch position and in the other switch position, the transfer of forces from the cam to the gas exchange valve are stopped, so that this valve remains constantly in the closed position. For the activation of the switch element, the cam follower also requires oil as hydraulic medium, which is supplied to the cam follower from a switchable oil bore in the internal combustion engine.
For dual flow oil supply to switchable valve train components according to the conventional state of the art, a first oil supply supplies the hydraulic valve lash adjustment. This oil also has a lubricating function. A second oil supply takes over the regulating function of a switch element formed as a coupling mechanism. In most cases, this dual flow supply is realized over the cylinder casing of the cam follower, which can be, e.g., a bucket tappet, a roller tappet, or a bearing element.
Disadvantages in these known valve train components are that there are additional costs due to modified engine constructions and thus associated complicated component constructions. Complicated component constructions can also be encumbered with functional disadvantages due to greater masses and throttling problems.
The invention provides a switchable roller tappet, which is suitable for certain engine constructions, for which the position of the main oil gallery and the switchable oil bore hole are fixed in advance. However, a completely new construction of the roller tappet for adapting to these engine conditions should be avoided because on one hand this would rely on the same strategy and on the other hand this would be considerably more complex and thus more expensive, more difficult, and more susceptible to risks. Elimination of the dual flow oil supply is not considered, because a common oil supply for the main oil gallery and the switchable oil bore for low oil pressures would limit functionality and lower function reliability.
According to the invention, the outer surface of the cam follower has a helical groove, through which at a peripheral point of the cam follower the switchable oil channel is connected hydraulically to the region of the switch element opened at another peripheral point of the cam follower.
According to another aspect of the invention, the outer surface of the cam follower has a helical groove, through which at a peripheral point of the cam follower the main oil gallery is connected hydraulically to an inlet opening located at another peripheral point of the cam follower for the valve lash adjustment element. Also, two helical grooves can be arranged on one cam follower.
Through a helical groove, which is arranged on the outer surface of a circular cylindrical cam follower of a valve train, the oil flow from the switchable oil channel and the oil flow from the main oil gallery in the direction of motion of the cam follower or along its height axis, can be interchanged outside of the cam follower, more precisely between the cam follower and its guidance in a receptacle of an internal combustion engine. This is necessary, especially when a certain angular position of the oil inlet in the cam follower is advantageous. It can be necessary, e.g., in order to guarantee protection against leakage for the receptacle of the valve lash adjustment element when the engine is idling, or for achieving a “stiff” oil column, to maintain a ventilation capability for the switchable oil channel directed upwards away from the cam follower.
Two helical grooves on the casing of the cam follower achieves the following advantages: the existing main oil gallery, which is arranged parallel to the axes of the camshaft and the crankshaft, can be kept. The switchable oil channel can be configured as a simple bore hole extending directly from the center of the engine in the radial direction to the cam follower. Through the switchable oil helical groove, there is a unique oil path directed downwards to the cam follower or a unique oil path directed upwards and thus good ventilation behavior. Thus, the cam follower can be designed so that in a structurally simply way, the valve lash adjustment element is arranged above and the switch mechanism lies below. Thus, in a simple way the invention can be used equally for similarly built engines with, however, different oil supplies. In addition, the lubricating behavior of the cam follower guidance is improved.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is shown in the drawings and is described in more detail in the following in comparison with an internal combustion engine according to previously known state of the art. In the drawings:
The switchable cam follower 1 shown in
The outer section 5 faces with one end a cam 8 of a camshaft and is closed by a base 9. In the region of the base 9 there is a roller 10, whose outer surface is used as a contact surface for the cam 8. The roller 10 is supported on a rolling support on a pin, which is guided in the region of the base 9 diametrically through the outer section 5 and is fixed there with its ends by crimping in the outer section 5.
With its end located outside of the outer section 5, the inner section 7 faces the push rod 4, which is here supported on a dome-shaped contact surface 11 of the inner section 7 with its end 12. Here, the contact surface 11 is part of a lash adjustment element, which is formed, among other things, by the inner section 7.
Hydraulic medium can be led to an outer end of a switch element 13 actuating the switching process of the cam follower 1. For this purpose, a channel 14 is provided in the internal combustion engine 3. To achieve a large lift of a gas exchange valve 15, which is connected over a valve lifter 16 and the tappet push rods to the valve train 2, coupling is required between the outer section 5 with the inner section 7 of the cam follower 1. The switch element 13 is produced as a piston-like slider, which is held in the coupling position by a compression spring.
If shut-off of the gas exchange valve 15 is desired, then hydraulic pressure is guided from the channel 14 in front of the outer end of the switch element 13. If the cam follower 1 is located in its base cycle phase, in which the outer section 5 and the inner section 7 are not tensioned against each other, then upon sufficient pressure of the hydraulic medium, the switch element 13 is displaced against the force of its compression spring in the radial direction completely into the inner section 7. For the subsequent cam stroke, the outer section 5 is then shifted relative to the inner section 7 against the force of a compression spring 17 arranged in the outer section 5. The push rods 4 and the gas exchange valve 15 are not displaced, because the force of the compression spring 17 of the outer section 5 is smaller than the opposing force of the compression spring of the gas exchange valve 15.
The lash adjustment element, which is formed, among other things, by the inner cylindrical section 7 and which is arranged in this section, requires as a hydraulically operating lash adjustment element the supply of oil as hydraulic medium. For this purpose, a supply line 18 is arranged in the push rod 4. However, instead of this supply line, a hydraulic medium supply line, which leads in the internal combustion engine 3 into the receptacle 19 for the outer cylindrical section 5, is also possible.
The cam follower 20 shown in
In the cam follower 20, the valve lash adjustment element is arranged in the upper region facing the gas exchange valve. The switch element is located underneath for turning on or turning off the axial force, which is to be transferred to the gas exchange valve. So that hydraulic medium can be guided from the higher lying switchable oil channel 25 in the internal combustion engine 22 into the lower lying region of the switch element in the cam follower 20, according to the invention a helical groove 26 running downwards is machined into the cam follower 20, which starts from the outer surface of the cam follower 20 located within the receptacle 21 of the internal combustion engine 22.
In a corresponding way, according to the invention another groove 27, which, however, extends upwards, is machined into the cam follower 20, which enables hydraulic means to be guided from the lower lying main oil gallery 24 in the internal combustion engine 22 into the higher lying valve lash adjustment element in the cam follower 20.
Instead of the helical grooves 26 and 27, which are machined into the casing surface of the cam follower 20, it is also possible to provide a collection of sunken surfaces, which are offset in the radial direction and which are arranged one behind the other in the shape of a helix.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US9243521||Dec 13, 2011||Jan 26, 2016||Eaton Corporation||Pump actuator anti-rotation device|
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|US20080035085 *||Aug 14, 2006||Feb 14, 2008||Hendriksma Nick J||Method and apparatus for controlling a switchable cam follower|
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|U.S. Classification||123/90.52, 123/90.2, 123/90.48, 123/90.55, 123/198.00F|
|International Classification||F01L1/245, F01L1/14, F01L13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F01L13/0005, F01L1/245, F01L1/146, F01L2105/00|
|European Classification||F01L13/00B, F01L1/14D, F01L1/245|
|Jun 4, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INA-SCHAEFFLER KG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KUHL, MARIO;KARBSTEIN, HENNING;REEL/FRAME:014696/0324
Effective date: 20040301
|Dec 7, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCHAEFFLER KG, GERMANY
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INA-SCHAEFFLER KG;REEL/FRAME:018606/0477
Effective date: 20060130
|Sep 24, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 9, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCHAEFFLER TECHNOLOGIES AG & CO. KG, GERMANY
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SCHAEFFLER TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG;REEL/FRAME:027830/0143
Effective date: 20120119
Owner name: SCHAEFFLER TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY
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Effective date: 20100218
|Dec 3, 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 19, 2013||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jun 11, 2013||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20130419