US 689168 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Der.. i7, lsol.
` J. J. CONNY. CHICKEN C00?. (Appumim ami Ap. n, 1am.)
(lol lodalJ UNITED STATES JOHN J. CONROY, 0F WESTCHESTER, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION'fonning part of Letters Patent N o. 689,168, dated December 17, 1901. Application led April 9. 1901. Serial No. 54.998. (No model.)
To all wiz/0m it may con/cern.Y
Beit known that I, JOHN J. CONROY, a citizen of the United-States, residing at Westchester, county of Chester, and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Chicken Coops, ot' which the following is a specication.
My invention relates to a new and useful improvement in chicken-'coops, and hasfor its object to construct a chicken-coop which will be very cheap to manufacture and lightin weight, so that coops can be stacked together and take up comparatively small space when stored away, and also at the same time make the same durable and alford good protection to the small chickens.
With these ends in view this invention consists in the details of construction and combination of elements hereinafter set forth and then specifically designated by the claims.
In order that those skilled in the art to which this invention appertains may understand how to make and use the same, the construction and operation will now be described in detail,referrin g to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 represents a perspective View of my invention, the outer covering being broken away at the top to show better the construction; and Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1.
In carrying out my invention as here embodied, A represents a ring of wire which is joined together at B by a loose connection, so as to allow a certain amount of contraction and expansion of the ring.
C represents two rods which at the lowerl ends are secured to the ring A and extend upward and meet each other at the top. D represents other rods arranged around the ring, which rods are also secured to the riugA and extend upward and meet at the top, so that the rods C and D form a cone. The rods D may be of any number, arranged around the ring. In the drawings only two are shown, which in practice will probably be sufcient.
The rods D and C have formed with them, at `the top where they join, eyelets; These eyelets will lie one below the other, and for the purpose of securing all the rods together in a cheap and simple manner a rope having PATENT OFFICE.
a knot E at its lower end is passed up through all the eyelets and is knotted above the same at F, thus joining all the rods securely together. A short rod G secures vthe two rods C together at a point midway between the ring A and the apex of the cone.
H represents rods shorter than the rods C, which are also secured to the ring A by eyelets through which the ring passes and at their upper ends have formed therewith eyelets which surround the short rod G. These rods H, together with the rods C, form a grating the purpose of which is to allow the small chickens to pass through and out-0f the coop, but to prevent the hen from wandering.
I represents short chains which are secured to the lower ends of the rods C and are joined together at the center by the snap-hook J. The rods H pass through the links of these chains at regular intervals, and thus these rods H are kept atan equal distance from one another. For the purpose of covering this frameworkI provide a canvas cover K, which has a hem around the lower edge through which the ring A is first passed before any of the rods are secured in place. This covering K is cut to the right shape so it willv fit over the framework and be joined together down the front at the point L in any suitable manner. When it is desired to allow the small chickens to pass out of the coop, the flaps M are turned back, as shown in Fig. l, which will only expose the grating formed by the rods H and C, and thus the hen will be conlined, but theA chickens can come and go as they please. -At night or in bad weather the flaps M can be closed and buttoned, and thus the coop will be made storm-proof.
To make the canvas more du rable and stien it, I provide upon the inner surface of the same wire-netting which can be secured to the canvas in any suitable manner by stitching or the like. The rods C and H pass up inside of the canvas, and the rods D canalso do the same; but in practice I prefer to have the rods C pass inside of the canvas and the rods D be joined to the ring A through a slit in the hem of the outer covering K and pass up outside of the covering. Thus the rods C will be joined together at the apex of the cone beneath the covering and the rods D joined together upon the outside of the covering,
which will hold the covering more securely. This coop can be secured to the ground by stakes or staples N; but if it is preferred to have a door to the coop a board can be placed underneath the coop and the staples be driven in the board.
The advantages of my invention are that by constructing the chicken-coop in the manner before described the cost ofthe same will be very small, so that a farmer with comparatively little means can aiord to buy these coops in quantities, and while they are simple and cheap in construction they are also very durable and proof against all kinds of weather,and on account of their construction, being entirely of wire and canvas, they will be very light to handle, and when it is desired to store them away they can be easily taken apart and folded, or they can be'stacked one over another, and thus take up comparatively small space in storage.
Of course I do not wish to be limited to the construction here shown, as slight modifications can be made without departing fro mrthe spirit of my invention. Y r
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and useful is 1. In a chicken-coop, a ring adapted to form the base thereof, rods extending upward from said ring and meeting so as to form a conicalshaped framework, eyes formed upon the upper end of each of the rods, a connection adapted to be passed through all of said eyes, enlargements formed with said connection above and below the eyes for the purpose of holding the rods together, bars arranged between two of the upright rods for the purpose of forming a grating, means for keeping said rods a predetermined distance apart, a covering adapted to cover the framework, said covering consisting of a fabric lined with wire cloth, iiaps formed with the covering and adapted to be turned back to expose the grating, substantially as described and for the purpose specified. Y
2. In a chicken-coop, a ring adapted to form the base of said coop, rods extending up from said ring, all of said rods meeting at a certain point so as to form a conical-shaped framework, means for securing these rods together at the apex of the cone, a short rod adapted to join two of said upright rods at a point midway of the ring and the apex of the cone, rods arranged between these two upright rods, the lower ends of said rods being connected to the ring, the upper end of said rods being connected to the short'conn'ecting-rod, these rods being formed so as to form a grating, chains secured to the main side rods of the grating, means for connecting and disconnecting said chains at the center, the rods forming the grating adapted to pass through the links of the chain so as 'to hold said rods at equal distances from one another,'a covering adapted to surround the framework, the ends of said covering adapted to be joined together in the front, flaps formed by leaving the lower corners of the covering loose so that said flaps can be opened to expose the grating, and means for securing the coop against removal, substantially as described and for the purpose specified.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature'in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOI-IN J. CONROY.
FRANK B. RUPERT, ALGER C. WniToRoFT.