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Publication numberUS6899648 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 10/704,820
Publication dateMay 31, 2005
Filing dateNov 12, 2003
Priority dateSep 26, 2003
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCN1600394A, CN100402115C, US20050070383
Publication number10704820, 704820, US 6899648 B2, US 6899648B2, US-B2-6899648, US6899648 B2, US6899648B2
InventorsJung-Shih Chang
Original AssigneeJung-Shih Chang
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wood bat internally and externally reinforced with composite material or metal
US 6899648 B2
Abstract
An improved wood bat for baseball includes a wood body having a handle portion, a barrel portion, and a tapered portion therebetween. An axial hole is disposed longitudinally along the axis of the wood body from one end of the handle and extending a predetermined distance. A tubular core made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal is fitted to be received in the axial hole to internally reinforce the wood body. The wood bat may further comprise an outer sleeve which is made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal and surrounds the barrel to get an external reinforcing.
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Claims(11)
1. A bat, comprising:
an elongated wood body including a handle, a barrel, a tapered portion therebetween, and an axial hole disposed longitudinally along the axis of said wood body from said handle and extending a predetermined distance;
a tubular core made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal and received in said axial hole; and
an outer sleeve made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal and tightly surrounding said barrel;
wherein said outer sleeve includes a rear portion and a front portion extending from one end of said rear portion, said front portion having a first wall thickness which goes beyond an open end of said barrel a predetermined length to form a room having an open end, said rear portion surrounding said barrel has a second wall thickness that is thinner than the first wall thickness of said front portion, a front end cap is attached to the open end of said room.
2. The bat of claim 1, further comprising at least one shock-absorbing member respectively inserted inside said tubular core.
3. The bat of claim 1, further comprising at least one weight respectively inserted inside said tubular core.
4. The bat of claim 1, wherein said tubular core includes a strengthened portion having a first wall thickness and a regular portion having a second wall thickness that is thinner than the first wall thickness of said strengthened portion, said strengthened portion is arranged to correspond to said barrel.
5. The bat of claim 1, wherein said tubular core has a front portion corresponding with said barrel and a first reinforcing member tightly inserted therein.
6. The bat of claim 5, further comprising a second reinforcing member received in said room.
7. The bat of claim 1, wherein said tubular core has a front portion corresponding with said barrel and a reinforcing member tightly inserted therein.
8. The bat of claim 1, wherein said axial hole of said wood body includes a rear section having a first diameter, a front section having a second diameter that is larger than the first diameter of said rear part, and said tubular core is inserted in the inside of said rear section.
9. The bat of claim 1, wherein said axial hole is disposed from said handle and extending into said tapered portion but terminating short of said barrel.
10. The bat of claim 9, further comprising at least one shock-absorbing member respectively inserted inside said tubular core.
11. The bat of claim 9, further comprising at least one weight respectively inserted inside said tubular core.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to bats for baseball and, more particularly, to a wood bat which is internally reinforced with a tubular core made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal and externally reinforced with an outer sleeve made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal.

2. Description of the Related Art

Wooden bats are most popularly used because they are the cheapest ones. However, wooden bats have numerous drawbacks, such as heavy weight and bad equilibrium. In other words, the center of gravity is biased to the side of the barrel end. The center of gravity of a wooden bat is at about 11 inches from the barrel end, however the ideal center of gravity should be at the area within 1414.5 inches from the barrel end. Due to the aforesaid drawbacks, it requires much effort to hit the ball with the bat, and the bat cannot drive the ball to a long distance. Further, a wooden bat is weak and easy to break, and produces severe shocks when hitting the ball.

In comparison to wooden bats, an aluminum bat is relatively lighter in weight, and has an ideal equilibrium. Therefore, the performance of an aluminum bat is superior to conventional wooden bats, and an aluminum bat is more durable than conventional wooden bats. Further, the price of aluminum bats is reasonable. However, an aluminum bat produces shocks, noises and dents at barrel when hitting the ball.

The recently developed bats made of fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) material have the ideal counterweight and equilibrium and high performance in hitting. Further, a FRP bat has a strong structural strength, and does not break easily. However, The problem is that the FRP bat is so expensive that it can not get a popular use.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is one object of the present invention to provide a wood bat internally and externally reinforced and having a light weight, good equilibrium, and high structural strength for a good performance.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a reinforced wood bat, which produces less shock when hitting the ball.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a reinforced wood bat, which has its center of gravity adjustable.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a wood bat, which has the surface well protected against damage.

To achieve these and other objects of the present invention, the wood bat comprises a wood body having a handle portion, a barrel portion, and a tapered portion therebetween. An axial hole is disposed longitudinally along the axis of the wood body from one end of the handle and extending a predetermined distance. A tubular core made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal is fitted to be received in the axial hole. The wood bat may further comprise an outer sleeve which is made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal and surrounds the barrel to get an external reinforcing. In addition, the wood bat according to the present invention may have at least one shock-absorbing member installed in the tubular core to lessen shocks when hitting the ball or one weighting member installed in the tubular core to adjust the center of gravity of the bat.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other objects of the invention will become more clear upon a through study of the following description of the best mode for carrying out the invention, particularly when reviewed in conjunction with the drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the second embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the third embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the seventh embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the ninth embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 9 is a longitudinal sectional view of a wood bat constructed according to the tenth embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

With reference first to FIG. 1, a combination bat, referenced by 10, in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention is shown comprising a wood body 11, a tubular core 12, a front plug 13, and a rear plug 14.

The wood body 11 having the shape of a conventional bat for baseball includes a handle 112, a barrel 114, and a tapered portion 116 therebetween. The body 11 has an axial hole 118 which is disposed longitudinally along the axis of the wood body 11 from one end of the handle 112, extending into the tapered portion 114, and terminating at one end of the barrel 114.

The tubular core 12 is a tubular member made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal, for example, carbon fiber reinforced epoxy resin, or aluminum alloy. The outer diameter of the core 12 is fitted the diameter of the axial hole 118 to be tightly received therein. The front plug 13 is plugged in the top end of the axial hole 118. The rear plug 14 plugged in the bottom end of the axial hole 118.

In production, the bat can be variously embodied. FIG. 2 shows a wood bat 20 constructed according to the second embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the bat 20 is similar to the bat 10 of the first embodiment. The difference is that the bat 20 further includes an outer sleeve 22 made of fiber reinforced plastic materials or metal, for example, carbon fiber reinforced epoxy resin, or aluminum alloy. The outer sleeve 22 surrounds the barrel 211 of the wood body 21. Whereby, the wood body 21 can get an external reinforcing provided by the outer sleeve 22.

FIG. 3 shows a wood bat 30 constructed according to the third embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the bat 30 also has an outer sleeve 32 as the bat 20 of the second embodiment. But the outer sleeve 32 has a front end extending from the open end of the barrel 311 of the wood body 31 a predetermined length to form a circular room 34 having an open end. A front end cap 36 is attached to the open end of the room 34. For not effecting the normal length of the bat 30, the length of the barrel 311 is reduced. A shock-absorbing filler (not shown in the drawings) can be filled in the room 34.

FIG. 4 shows a wood bat 40 constructed according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the tubular core 42 includes a strengthened portion 422 having a first wall thickness and a regular portion 424 having a second wall thickness that is thinner than the first wall thickness of said strengthened portion 422. The strengthened portion 422 is arranged to correspond to the barrel 411 of the wood body 41.

FIG. 5 shows a wood bat 50 constructed according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the tubular core 52 of the bat 50 has a front portion corresponding to the barrel 511 of the wood body 51. A reinforcing member 54 is fitted to insert into the front portion of the tubular core 52.

FIG. 6 shows a wood bat 60 constructed according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the bat 60 is similar to the bat 30 of the third embodiment. The difference between them is that the outer sleeve 62 of the bat 60 includes a rear portion 622 and a front portion 624 extending from one end of the rear portion 622. The front portion 624 has a first wall thickness and goes beyond the open end of the barrel 611 a predetermined length to form a circular room 64. The rear portion 622 surrounds the barrel 611 and has a second wall thickness that is thinner than the first wall thickness of the front portion 624.

FIG. 7 shows a wood bat 70 constructed according to the seventh embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the bat 70 includes two shock-absorbing members 72 which are cylindrical members respectively made of shock-absorbing materials such as foamed plastic, cloth or cork and tightly inserted into the inside of the tubular core 74 at selected locations. The shock-absorbing members 72 can be made having a certain weight for adjusting the center of gravity of the bat 70.

FIG. 8 shows a wood bat 80 constructed according to the eighth embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, there has a difference between the axial hole 811 of the wood body 81 and the axial hole 211 of the wood body 21 that the former includes a rear section 812 having a first diameter and a front section 814 having a second diameter that is larger than the first diameter of the rear section 812. The tubular core 82 is fitted to insert in the inside of the rear section 812.

FIG. 9 shows a wood bat 90 constructed according to the ninth embodiment of the present invention. According to this embodiment, the bat 90 is similar to the bat 30 of the third embodiment. The only difference between them is that the wood body 91 of the bat 90 has an axial hole 911 disposed from the handle 912 and extending into the tapered portion 914 but terminating short of the barrel 916. In other words, the barrel 916 is not hollow.

The wood bats mentioned above have numerous advantages as follows:

1. Because the wood body has a hollow portion and is reinforced by the tubular core and the outer sleeve having a relatively lower specific gravity than wood materials, the bat would not be broken or deformed easily and the total weight thereof is relatively lighter than conventional wooden bats.

2. The center of gravity of the bat can be positioned within the area between 1414.5 inches distanced from the barrel end thereof.

3. The shock-absorbing members in the wood body can absorb shocks upon hitting a pitched ball, preventing sport injury to the user.

4. The reinforced wood bat does not cause noises like an aluminum bat when hitting the ball.

5. The reinforced wood bat has all advantages of a FRP bat but has a lower manufacturing cost comparing with that of a FRP bat.

Although particular embodiments of the invention have been described in detail for purposes of illustration, various modifications and enhancements may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the invention is not to be limited except as by the appended claims.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7874946 *Jul 27, 2009Jan 25, 2011Mattingly Hitting Products, Inc.Baseball bat with multiple reinforcing beams
US20110111892 *Nov 5, 2010May 12, 2011True Temper Sports, Inc.Bat with handle having internal core member and method of making same
US20140148281 *Mar 14, 2013May 29, 2014Min-Ju ChungBall Bat
Classifications
U.S. Classification473/564, 473/567, 473/566
International ClassificationA63B59/00, A63B59/06
Cooperative ClassificationA63B59/0088, A63B59/06, A63B59/0092, A63B2209/02
European ClassificationA63B59/06
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 30, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Nov 18, 2008FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4