|Publication number||US690393 A|
|Publication date||Jan 7, 1902|
|Filing date||Apr 26, 1901|
|Priority date||Apr 26, 1901|
|Publication number||US 690393 A, US 690393A, US-A-690393, US690393 A, US690393A|
|Inventors||Abner Warren Bishop|
|Original Assignee||Abner Warren Bishop|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Jann, 1902.
No. 690,393. r
A. w. BISHOP.
' Gun cLEANER.
(Application led Apr. 26, 1901.;
m: mums PETERS co. How-uma.. wAsmNoToN, n. c.
f UNITED STATES ABNER WARREN BISHOP,
oF RACINE, WISCONSIN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 690,393, dated ranuar'y 7, 1902.
Application led April 26, 1901.
T0 all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that LABNER WARREN BISHOP', a citizen of the United States, residing at Racine, in the county of Racine and State of Wiscousin, have invented a new and useful Gun- Oleaner, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to gun-cleaners, and has for its object to provide an improved attachment for application to a cleaning-rod and also for insertion into a gun-barrel, the cleaner being constructed to accommodate itself to the interior of the barrel, so as to effectively remove lead, rust, and any foreign accumulations whatsoever. It is furthermore designed to construct the cleaner so as to prevent injury to the gun-barrel and to insure a tight fit of the cleaning-cloth commonly used in conjunction with a cleaner and also to arrange for connecting the device to the usual jointed rods and also to an ordinary wooden stick.
With these and other objects in View the present invention consists in the combination and arrangement of parts, as will be hereinafter more fully described, shown in the accompanying drawings,and particularly pointed out in the appended claim, it being understood that changes in the form, proportion, size, and minor details may be made within the scope of the claim without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
In the drawings, Figure l is a side elevation of the present gun-cleaner. Fig. 2'is a side elevation, partly in section, showing the cleaner within a gun-barrel and as though it were being drawn outwardly. Fig. 3 is an end elevation of the device.
Like characters of reference designate corresponding parts in all of the gures of the drawings.
In carrying out the present invention there is provided a tapered wooden head 1, the inner and smaller end of which is embraced by aferrule 2 to prevent splitting of the head and also provided with an outer reduced screwthreaded stem 3 of a diameter to fit the standard-socketof the ordinary jointed cleaningrods. The outer and larger end of the head is provided with a pair of longitudinal rightangularly-intersected slots or bifurcations 4,
Serial No. 57,610. (No model.)
which taper inwardly and terminate substantiallyrmidway of the length of the head, therebyformingelastically-yieldable fingers. The outer end of the head is rounded rearwardly or tapered, as at 5, to facilitate the introduction of the cleaner into a gun-barrel, and there are also provided a plurality of marginal grooves 6 around the split portion of the head, the front wall of each groove being disposed radially, thereby forming an abrupt radial marginal shoulder 7, while the rear wall of the groove inclines inwardly toward the bottom of the abrupt shoulder, thereby forming a beveled surface or shoulder 8.
In using the device a piece of cloth 9 is placed over the muzzle of the barrel 10 and the cleaner pushed into the barrel in the ordinary manner, the elastically-yieldable headsections snugly holding the cloth against the interior of the barrel. When the cleaner is reciprocated during the cleaning movement, the outward movement will cause the cloth to draw into the marginal grooves by reason of the inner beveled walls and the outer abrupt walls thereof, thereby drawing the cloth snugly about the tip of the cleaner and preventing the same from slipping from the device and also from becoming wrinkled and wedged between the cleaner and the gun-bar; rel. Furthermore, as the slots of the device are tapered rearwardly the tendency of the yieldable head-sections is to become substantially parallel, whereby all of the beaded outer portion of the head engages the gun-barrel as the intermediate portion ofthe head is reduced, as at 11, so as to lie out of contact with the barrel.
- One of the essential features of the present invention resides in the formation of the head from wood, as the latter is preserved by the oil employed in cleaning gun-barrels, while oil destroys rubber and similar materials heretofore used in the manufacture of gun-cleaners. Moreover, steel cleaners injure the barrel, while brass rubs off upon the interior of the barrel and collects lead. Should the wooden head rub through the cloth or be used without a cloth, it will not injure the interior of the gun-barrel in any particular and will clean the same as effectively as any other material.
While the cleaner is provided with a stem Ico for connection with the standard-sockets of the usual jointed rods, it is also designed to render the device capable ofJ application to an ordinary Wooden stick or rod by the ernployment of a detachable sleeve 12, which has one end provided with a comparatively small screw-threaded socket 13 for the reception of the stem 3 and its opposite end provided With a larger screw-threaded socket 14E for the reception of a Wooden stick or rod 15, the threads of the socket being comparatively deep, so as -to take into the rod as the latter is screwed into the connecting-sleeve. Thus the cleaner may be applied to a rod already constructed for the reception of cleaners, and by applying the connecting member 12 any ordinary Wooden stick may be fitted thereto by Whittling the end thereof so as to take into the outer and larger end of the said member.
What is claimed is- As a new article of manufacture, a guncleaner formed `from a solid cylindrical Wooden body, which is tapered rearwardly and has an enlarged head upon its front end and correspondingto the general taper of the body, the head end of the body being provided with a plurality of intersected longitudinal bifurcations which taper correspondingly to the body and divide the latter into a plurality of spring members, the front end of the head being rounded and the rear end terminating in an abrupt marginal shoulder, there being a plurality of marginal grooves formed in the head portion, the front Wall of each groove being radial and abrupt, and the rear Wall being inclined rearwardly and outwardly and merging into the outer side of the head, and a metallic ferrule applied to the rear end of the Wooden body and having a longitudinal rearwardly-directed screwthreaded stem.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto afxed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
ABNER WARREN BISHOP.
CHAs. M. DIETRICH, JOSEPH M. DIETRICH.
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