|Publication number||US6918774 B2|
|Application number||US 10/465,314|
|Publication date||Jul 19, 2005|
|Filing date||Jun 18, 2003|
|Priority date||Jun 18, 2003|
|Also published as||CN2682600Y, US20040259392|
|Publication number||10465314, 465314, US 6918774 B2, US 6918774B2, US-B2-6918774, US6918774 B2, US6918774B2|
|Original Assignee||Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (25), Classifications (14), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Relevant subject matter is disclosed in co-pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/612,114 filed on Jul. 1, 2003 and entitled “ELECTRIAL CONNECTOR”, and U.S. patent application Ser. Nos. 10/278,520 filed on Oct. 22, 2002 and entitled “ELECTRICAL CABLE CONNECTOR”, 10/316,547 filed on Dec. 10, 2002 and entitled “CABLE ASSEMBY” and 10/317,830 filed on Dec. 11, 2002 and entitled “CABLE ASSEMBLY”, all of which are invented by the same inventor as this patent application and assigned to the same assignee with this application.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an electrical connector for high speed signal transmission, and particularly to an electrical connector for simultaneously engaging with two complementary connectors respectively mounted on first and second circuit substrates to establish an electrical connection therebetween.
2. Description of Related Art
With the development of communication and computer technology, high density electrical connectors are desired to construct a large number of signal transmitting paths between two electronic devices. Each of these electrical connectors provides a plurality of circuit boards to thereby achieve improved signal transmission of different electrical characteristics through the connector. Such high density electrical connectors are widely used in internal connecting systems of severs, routers and the like requiring high speed data processing and communication.
These connectors generally comprise two mating connector halves, i.e., a plug connector connecting with a first circuit substrate and a receptacle connector connecting with a second circuit substrate. An electrical connection is established between the first and the second circuit substrates through a direct engagement of the plug and the receptacle connectors. In some special circumstances where the connectors mounted on the first and the second circuit substrates are of the same type or the first and the second circuit substrates are required to have a larger distance therebetween, cable assemblies are then provided to achieve the electrical connection between the first and the second circuit substrates.
U.S. Pat. No. 6,217,364, issued to Miskin et al., discloses a cable assembly comprising a cable and an electrical connector terminated to one end of the cable. The connector includes an insulating housing formed by a pair of substantially identical housing halves and conductive terminals overmolded in a plurality of thin flat wafers to connect with a plurality of wires of the cable. The housing halves combines to define an interior cavity having a front opening and a rear opening. The wafers are closely juxtaposed in a parallel array and are positioned within the interior cavity of one of the housing halves such that the cable projects out of the rear opening of the cavity. The other housing half is then to completely enclose the cable and wafer subassembly. However, the cable and wafer subassembly are retained in the housing by securing the housing halves together through bolts and nuts, thereby complicating the assembly of the cable assembly. Furthermore, an engagement of the housing halves is easy to become loose due to vibration during the transportation and other matters, whereby the cable and the wafer subassembly cannot be stably retained in the housing.
U.S. Pat. No. 6,102,747 (the '747 patent), issued to Paagman, discloses a cable assembly comprising a cable and an electrical connector terminated to one end of the cable. Referring to
In order to electrically connect the first and the second circuit substrates, the cable assembly is required to have two connectors terminated to each end of the cable by connecting means as disclosed in the above-mentioned patents, thereby complicating the manufacture of the cable assembly. As a result, the manufacturing cost is accordingly increased.
Hence, an improved electrical connector for electrically connecting a first circuit substrate to a second circuit substrate is required to overcome the disadvantages of the related art.
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an electrical connector which can simultaneously engage with complementary connectors mounted on first and second circuit substrates to achieve an electrical connection therebetween.
In order to achieve the object set forth, an electrical connector in accordance with the present invention comprises a dielectric housing including front and rear housing portions each defining a plurality of juxtaposed channels therein and an intermediate housing portion interconnecting the front housing portion with the rear housing portion. A plurality of elongate circuit boards is side by side retained in the housing along a second direction perpendicular to the first direction. The circuit boards comprise front and rear mating edges respectively received in the channels of the front and the rear housing portions for mating with complementary components.
Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
The intermediate housing portion 24 comprises a split body having a first half 240 and a second half 242. Each half 240, 242 includes a top panel 2430, a bottom panel 2431 and a side panel 2432 formed between the top paneL 2430 and the bottom panel 2431. A plurality of latches 2434 extends forwardly and rearwardly from front and rear edges of the top and the bottom panels 2430, 2431. Each latch 2434 has a projection 2434 a formed at a free end thereof. The first and the second halves 240, 242 define a plurality of bores 2435 in the top and the bottom panels 2430, 2431 penetrating through the side panels 2432. The first half 240 and the second half 242 have a plurality of dowel pins 2436 and corresponding holes 2437 for joining the first half 240 and the second half 242 together. It should be noted that any other suitable connecting means may be employed to connect the first and the second halves 240, 242. This split design of the intermediate portion 24 helps to facilitate connecting the front and the rear housing portions 20, 22. It can be understood that the intermediate housing portion 24 can also be made as a one-piece configuration.
Each one of the circuit boards 3 is identical in structure and an exemplary one thereof being shown in
The first and the second halves 240, 242 of the intermediate housing portion 24 are first assembled toward each other in the lateral direction by an interferential engagement between the dowel pins 2436 and the corresponding holes 2437, and then are successively commonly attached to the front housing portion 20 in the front-to-back direction with the projections 2434 a of the latches 2434 mechanically engaging the cavities 2040 of the recesses 204 of the front housing portion 20 (FIG. 7). The second fastening elements 5 are inserted through the bores 2435 of the intermediate housing portion 24 to restrain movement of the circuit boards 3 in a vertical direction.
The rear mating edges 32 of the circuit boards 3 are exposed outside the front housing portion 20 and the intermediate housing portion 24 and are moved toward the rear mating face 220 of the rear housing portion 22 until the protrusions 34 adjacent the rear mating edges 32 abut against rear ends of the notches 203 of the rear housing portion 22. The rear mating edges 32 of the circuit boards 3 are received in the channels 202 of the rear housing portion 22. The projections 2434 a of the latches 2434 mechanically engage the cavities 2040 of the recesses 204 of the rear housing portion 22 (FIG. 7). The first fastening elements 4 are inserted through the apertures 205 and notches 207 of the rear housing portion 22 and the through holes 33 adjacent the rear mating edges 32 of the circuit boards 3. The first fastening elements 4 are further fastened to the rear housing portion 22 for keeping the circuit boards 3 in the rear housing portion 22.
It is noted that the circuit board 3 has a larger length with the front and the rear mating edges 30, 32 respectively received in the front and the rear housing portions 20, 22 for simultaneously mating with two complementary connectors respectively mounted on first and second circuit substrates (not shown) to thereby establish an electrical connection therebetween. It can be understood that since the front and the rear housing portions 20, 22 are identical in structure and the circuit boards 3 have the front and the rear mating edges 30, 32 directly mating with the complementary connectors, whereby the manufacturing cost of the connector 1 is decreased. It is also noted that the dielectric housing 2 can be made as a one-piece configuration.
It is to be understood, however, that even though numerous characteristics and advantages of the present invention have been set forth in the foregoing description, together with details of the structure and function of the invention, the disclosure is illustrative only, and changes may be made in detail, especially in matters of shape, size, and arrangement of parts within the principles of the invention to the full extent indicated by the broad general meaning of the terms in which the appended claims are expressed.
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|U.S. Classification||439/65, 439/607.05, 439/701|
|International Classification||H01R13/512, H01R31/06, H01R13/516, H01R13/66|
|Cooperative Classification||H01R13/6658, H01R23/688, H01R31/06, H01R13/516, H01R13/512|
|European Classification||H01R31/06, H01R13/66D2|
|Jun 18, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HON HAI PRECISION IND. CO., LTD., TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WU, JERRY;REEL/FRAME:014199/0806
Effective date: 20030612
|Jan 15, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 4, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jul 19, 2013||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Sep 10, 2013||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20130719