US 692011 A
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N0. 692,0". Patented Jan. 28, ldz. m. HANSEN.
BARLEY BEARDER AND CEREAL'PULISHER. (Applicabioik filed Sept. 9, 1901.
WITNESSES 1N VEN TOR.
I BY 3 I ATTORNEY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters ]?atent No. 692,011, dated January 28 Application filed September 9, 1901. Serial No. 74,724. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, MARTIN HANSEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Livermore, in the county of Alameda and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Barley-Boarders and Gereal-Polishers, of which the following is a specification. v
My invention relates to an improved barley-bearder and cereal-polisher, the object of. my invention being to provide an apparatus to be used in connection with threshing-machines for all kinds of cereals, especially barley, so as to obviate the necessity of threshing the barley so close asto skin and crack the kernels, which would render the kernel unfit for malting. If the barley is not threshed close, there are always left a great many beards on the kernels.
The object of this apparatus is to remove the boards from the kernels by rubbing and also to polish the grain, thus putting it in better condition for the market.
My invent-ion therefore resides in the novel of parts for the above ends, hereinafter fully specified, and particularlypointed out in the claims. 1 In the accompanying drawing the figure is a vertical section of the apparatus, certain parts being also shown in side elevation.
Referring to the drawing, a represents a vertical tube having secured therein heads b, forming bearings for a vertical shaft 0, driven from a horizontal shaft (2 by means of miterwheels 6. Upon said shaft 0 is mounted a conveying-auger), which fits snugly within the tube a in the upper and lower portions thereof, but is reduced in diameter in the mediate portion, as shown at g. There is thereby formed around said reduced portion of the auger a rubbing-chamber h, in which the grain is packed, and while in said chamber it is rubbed by means of rubbing pins or 45 brushes 1', secured to the central portion of the shaft 0 and extending radially therefrom within said rubbing-chamber.
The operation of the apparatus is as follows: The apparatus is interposed between the BARLEY-BEARDER AND CEREAL-POLISHER.
construction, combination, and arrangement therein, an anger on said shaft fitt threshing-machine and the recle" same. The grain flows into the from a spout j at the bottom ther conveyed up to the rubbing-chanib the tendency is for it to pack togethe before it is pushed upward by themot on o the auger and while in said rubbing-chain, her it is rubbed by the pinst' orithe c, which makes from five hundre o hundred revolutions per minut bing process is applied while the ing forced upwardtlirough the ri her and into the upper portio ere he conveyer f catches it and throws it nt o .pleting the process. The beards, of wheat, dust, (be, will be conv recleaner of the threshing-machine n be taken out by said recleaner. readily seen, it is impossible to or p p the grain during this process, so that he grain is furnished in excellent conditionfor malt: ing. This apparatus does not req regu, lation or adjustment, as the grain, la -always f packed within the rubbing-chamberwhether it is fed fast or slow. The reduced portion of I. it the auger tends by centrifugal force to throw 7 5 the grain outward, where it is acted u by the rubbing-pins. i
The apparatus will also be foun e and valuable for cleaning beans 1. Man apparatus of the chat scribed, the combination of a tu within the tube in the lower p01 said auger being reduced in size or further portion thereof, and vices extending from said shaft n. per or further portion, substant scribed.
revolving therein, an anger on sai ting closely within the lower port nbffthe tube and reduced in size in an upp and rubbing devices mounted on p, t in said upper portion, substant l] as de scribed. i
3. In an apparatus of the cha ct i 'scribed,'- t he combination of a tube, a shaft ro- In witness whereof I have hereunto set my tatingtherlein, an augermounted on said shaft hand in the presence of two subscribing Wit andgfitting closely within said tube in the nesses.
ends thereof, and being reduced in a mediate MARTIN HANSEN.
'fpertionthereof, and rubbing devices extend- Witnesses:
iing fr o'masaid shaft in said mediate portion, P. H. MCVIOAR,
'bstaintitlly as described. 1 AUGUST HAGEMANN.