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Publication numberUS692390 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1902
Filing dateApr 2, 1898
Priority dateApr 2, 1898
Publication numberUS 692390 A, US 692390A, US-A-692390, US692390 A, US692390A
InventorsEdward P Waggoner
Original AssigneeA A Griffing Iron Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Separator.
US 692390 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

N0. 692390. Patented Feb. 4, |902.

E. P. WAGGDNER.'

SEPARATOR.

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WITNESSES:

TH: scams PETERS co., wow-umu wAsmNL-.Yon D c UNiTnD STATES PATENT (nlirrio'l.l

EDVARD P. W'AGGONER, OF SYRAOUSE, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO THE A. A.

GRIFFING IRON COMPANY, RATION OF NEV JERSEY.

OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY, A CORPO- SEPARATO R.

SPEIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N o. 692,390, dated February 4, 1902. Application tiled April 2, 1898. Serial No. 676,170. (No model.)

To @ZZ whom zt may concern.-

Be it known that I, EDWARD P. WAGGONER, of Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga, inthe State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvementsin Separators, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is'a full, clear, and exact description.

This invention relates to improvements in Io separators particularly applicable for removing water, oil, doc., from exhaust-steam or other moving fluids, and has for its object the production of a device which is simple in construction and is highly positive and effective l5 in use; and to this end the invention consists in the combination, construction, and arrangement of the component parts of a separator, as hereinafter fully described, and pointed out in the claims. zo ln describing this invention reference is had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which like letters indicate corresponding parts in all-the views.

Figures l and this improved separator, the inclosing shell or casing for the separating-frame being indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2. Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line 3 3, Fig. l. Fig. 4 is an isometric View of one of 3o the sections of the separating-frame of this improved separator. Fig. 5 isa sectional view 'taken on line 5 5, Fig. 4.

In the practical operation of separators designed for the same use as this invention only a portion of the passing steam or other fluid is operated upon, and the water, oil, dac., removed in one part of the separator from said portion of the steam or other fluid is afterward permitted to flow or dropinto a rapidly- 4o moving currentof said passingsteani orother fluid, which picks up a large proportion of the separated water, oil, dsc., and carries the same onward to the exit of the separator.

This invention is radically different fromsaid type of separators, for the reason that the passing steam or other fluid is caused to impinge against a large number of separatingsurfaces of particularly effective shape which deflect the water, oil, dto., adhering thereto 5 v to a number of inclosed conduits for prevent- 2 are perspective views ofr ing access of the passing steam or otherfluid to said separated water or oil.

As preferably constructed this improved separator comprises a frame A, an inclosing shell or casing B, and a receiving-chamber C. The frame A usually consists of a series of sections ct, arranged one in advance of the other within the shell or casing B and each formed with one or more fluid-openings a, separating-surfaces et, and inclosed conduits 6o a3. The sections a aro generally removably arranged crosswise within the inclosing shell or casing B with their upper, lower, and side faces d4 a5 a a6 in close proximity to the inner faces of the top, bottom, and side walls b b h2 b2 of said shell or casingB for preventing the ready escape of the steam or other passing nid between said faces aA1 a5 a@ a6 Z) o b' b2 b'.

The fluid-openings a in the sections Ct are 7o usually arranged in substantially upright pai'- allel planes, are comparatively long and narrow, and extend from a plane in close proximi ty to the lower faces a5 of said sections to a plane adjacent to the upper faces ct4'thereof. 75 The portions of the sections a interposed between the fluid-openings o. generally consist of a series of substantially upright parallel barscc, which are united at their opposite ends, are provided with the separating-surfaces ctg, and inclose the conduits a3. The front and rear faces of the bars a7 of one section are separated from the bars of the contiguous sections, and, as clearly seen in Fig. 3, said bars ofone section are usually arranged out of alinement with the bars of the contiguous sections for forming a tortuous path for the passing steam or other fluid. The separating-surfaces aQare generallyof less length than the bars a7 and are provided one above 9o the other upon the front or advance faces of said bars and in the path of the passing steam or other fluid. The surfaces et? are usually formed by grooves which extend lengthwise of the bars a7 from transverse shoulders 0.8, 95 provided upon the front faces of the bars a7 and decrease upwardly in depth. The conduits a3 are generally provided with outletopenings in their lower ends opening through the lower faces of the sections a, extend uploo wardly through the bars a7 in proximity to the rear faces of said bars and along the separating-surfaces a2, and are formed with forwardly-extending inlet openings or branches communicating with the lower ends of the grooves forming the separating-surfaces di.

The inclosing shell or casing B is of any desirable size, is preferably provided with suitable conduits or passages b3 b4 b5, and serves to support the separable sections of the frame A in their operative position. The conduits or passages b3 b4 communicate with the front and rear portions of the inner chamber of the shell or casing B for conducting the steam or other passing fluid to and from the frame A, and the conduit or passage b5 communicates with the lower portion of said inner chamber for receiving the water, oil, the., discharged from the outlet-openings in the lowe'r ends of the conduits a3. The receiving-chamber C, which is of suitable form and size, is usually arranged beneath the inclosing shell or casing B and communicates with the conduit or passage b5 for receiving the water, oil, the., discharged from the conduits a3 and separated Within the frame A. The top wall b of the inclosing shell or casing Bis usually detachable for facilitating the entrance and removal of the sections of the frame A. A number of the inclosing shells or casin gs B may be formed of unequal length and of substantially the same width, and the' separating-frames arranged within said shells or casings may be made up of a greater or less number of sections of the same size, thus greatly decreasing the cost of the separators and facilitating the shipment of different sizes thereof. The inclosing shell or casingB forms a particularly practical and eective means for conducting the steam or other fluids to the separating-frame A of this improved separator; but it is obvious that any other suitable means for accomplishing this result and permitting the removal of the water, oil, tite., from the conduits a3 may be used, if desired. l

In the operation of this invention the eX- haust-steam or other passing fluid enters the conduit or passage b3 and strikes against the separating-surfaces a2 of the front section a of the frame A. A considerable portion of the water, oil, dac., carried by the steam or other passing fluid adheres to said separating-surfaces and passes downwardly along the same into the corresponding conduits as and thence into the receiving-chamber C. The steam or other passing fluid escapes in thin sheets through the fluid-openings a' of the front section a, impinges against the separating-surfaces of the contiguous section a., passes in thin sheets through the fluid-openings in said contiguous section, and continues its onward passage to the separating-surfaces and through the fluid-openings of the various sections ot' the frame A until divested of its water, oil, the., it escapes through t-he outlet conduit or passage b4. During the onward passage of the steam or other passing fluid after its escape through the fluid-openings a of the front section a additional quantities of water and oil are separated from said steam or [luid by the separating-surfaces a2 of the additional sections a and pass downwardly through the conduits a3 of said additional sections intothe receiving-chamber C.

The construction and operation of this improved separator will now be readily understood upon reference to the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings, and as the exact construction and arrangement of the parts of said separator may be more or lessh varied without departing from the spirit of this invention I do not herein specifically limit myself to such exact construction and arrangement.

Having thus fully described this invention, what is claimed as new, and desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is-

l. A separator comprising a frame having an opening for the passing fluid, a separating-surface arranged inthe path of said fluid, an inclosed conduit for the oil or other material to be separated, said conduit extending along the separating-'surface and having an inlet-opening arranged in proximity to the separating-surface, means for conducting the Apassing fluid to and from the frame, and a receiving-chamber communicating with the conduit, substantially as and for the purpose described.

2. Aseparator comprising an inclosingshell or casing, a frame arranged within the inclosing shell or casing, and having an opening for the passing fluid, a separating-surface arranged in the path of said fluid, and an inclosed conduitfor the oil or other material to he separated, said conduit extending along the separating-surface and having an inletopening arranged in proximity to the separating-surface, and conduits for conducting the passing fluid to and from the inclosing shell or casing, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

3. Aseparator comprising aninclosingshell or casing, a frame arranged within the inclosing shell creasing, and having an openingfor the passing fluid, a separating-surface arranged in the path of said fluid, an inclosed conduit for the oil or other material to be separated, conduits for conducting the passing fluid to andk from the inclosing shell or casing, and a receiving-chamber arranged beneath the inclosing shell or casing and communicating with the conduit of the frame, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

4t. A separator comprising an inclosing shell or casing, a frame removably arranged within the in closing shell or casing and having openings for the passing fluid, separating-surfaces arranged in the path of said fluid, inclosed conduits for the oil or other material to be separated, said conduits being arranged at the rear of the separating-surfaces and ICO IIO

of separable sections, each section having an opening for the passing fluid, a separatingsurface arranged in the path of said Iiuid, and a conduit for the oil or other material to be separated, said conduit extending along the separating-surface and having an inlet-open ing arranged in proximity to the separatingsurface, and means for supporting the separable sections in position, substantially as and for the purpose specied.

6. A separator comprising an inclosing shell or casing, a frame arranged within the inclosing shell or casing and composed of separable sections, each section having an opening for the passing fluid, a separating-surface arranged in the path of said iiuid, and a conduit for the oil or other material to be separated, said conduit extending along the separating-surface and having an inlet-opening arranged in proximity to the separating-surface, and conduits for conducting the passing iiuid to and from the inclosing shell or casing, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

7. Aseparator comprisingaframe composed of separable sections, each section having an opening for the passing fluid, a separatingsurface arranged in the path of said Huid, and a conduit for the oil or other material to be separated, the opening of one of said sections being arranged out of alinement with the corresponding opening in an adjacent section, and means for conducting the passing fluid to and from the frame, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

8. Aseparatorcomprising an inclosing shell or casing, a frame arranged within the inclosing shell or casing and having an opening for the passing fluid, a series of separating-sur faces arranged one above the other in the path of said uid, and an inclosed conduit for the oil or other material to be separated, said conduit having a plurality of inlet-openings arranged in proximity to the lower ends of the separating-surfaces, and conduits for conducting the passing fluid to and from the inclosing shell or casing, substantially as and for the purpose described.

9. A separator comprising an inclosing shelll inclosing shell or casing and provided with a plurality of bars having adjacent edges thereof separated, said bars being formed with lengthwise conduits, and having their front or advancek faces formed with transverse shoulders and grooves interposed between the shoulders aud'communicating with the conduits, said grooves being decreased upwardly in depth, and conduits for conducting the passing Huid to and from theinclosing shell or casing, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

1l. A separator comprising an inclosing shell or casing, a frame arranged within the inclosing shell or casing and provided with a plurality of bars having adjacent edges thereof separated, said bars being formed with lengthwise inclosed conduits, and having their front or advance faces formed with transverse shoulders, and grooves interposed between the shoulders and communicating with the conduits, said grooves being decreased upwardly in depth, conduits for conducting the passing fluid to and from the inclosing shell or casing, and a receiving-chamber arranged beneath the inclosing shell or casing and communicating with the conduits, substantially as and for the purpose described.

12. A separator comprising a frame com posed of separable sections, each section being provided with a plurality of bars having ad; jacent edges thereof separated, the bars of one section being arranged out of alinement with the bars of contiguous sections, and having their front and rear faces separated from the bars of said contiguous sections, and each of said bars being formed with a lengthwise conduit and having its front or advance face formed with a groove communicating with said conduit, and means for conducting the passing fluid to and from the frame, substan tially as and for the purposev specified.

13. A separator comprising an inclosing shell or casing, a frame composed of separable sections removably arranged one in advance of the other within the inclosing shell or casing, each 'section being provided with a plu-l rality of bars united at their opposite ends and having adjacent edges thereof separated, the bars of one section being arranged out of alinement with the bars of contiguous-sections, and having their front and rear faces separated from the bars of said contiguous sections, and each of said bars having its front or advance face formed with transverse shoulders, and grooves interposed between the shoulders and decreased upwardly` in depth and being provided with a lengthwise inclosed conduit communicating with the lower ends ofthe grooves and having an outlet-opening `in its l lower end, conduits for conducting the passing fluid to and from the IOO IIC

IZO

inelosing shell vor casing, and a receivingl ing witnesses,ab Jersey City, in the county chamber communicating with the outletof Hudson, in the State of New Jersey, this openings of the lengthwise conduits in said 14th day of July, 1897.

EDXVARD P. VAGGONER.

bars, substantially as and foi1 the purpose set Vitnesses:

5 forth. i

In testimony whereof I have hereuntol S. E. BRYNET,

signed my name, in the presence of two attest- T. E. NARY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3364664 *Jul 20, 1964Jan 23, 1968Cockle Ventilator Company IncGrease extractor for ventilating systems
US4283209 *Feb 6, 1979Aug 11, 1981Markus SchmalhoferSeparator for separating out particles of fatty substances from a gas current, more specifically from waste air from kitchens, and a waste air duct for the separator
US4717404 *Feb 27, 1987Jan 5, 1988L.A. Dreyfus CompanyDust separator
US6648939 *May 24, 2002Nov 18, 2003Filterwerk Mann & Hummel GmbhInertial separator
US20100193165 *Aug 5, 2010INJE Univ. Industry-Academic Cooperation FoundationHighly efficient environment-friendly air type heat exchanger
DE2832864A1 *Jul 26, 1978Feb 7, 1980Markus SchmalhoferFilter zur ausfilterung von fettartigen teilchen aus einem gasstrom, insbesondere aus kuechenabluft, sowie abluftkanal hierfuer
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB01D45/08