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Publication numberUS693323 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 11, 1902
Filing dateAug 15, 1901
Priority dateAug 15, 1901
Publication numberUS 693323 A, US 693323A, US-A-693323, US693323 A, US693323A
InventorsGeorge A Gritton, Robert Rodgers
Original AssigneeGeorge A Gritton, Robert Rodgers
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Chair.
US 693323 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 693,323. Patented Feb. Il, |902.

R. RODGEBS, Decd.

'6. A. ummm. Administrator.

CHAIR.

!Application filed Aug.- 15, 1901.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet I.

No. 693,323. Patented m.y n, 1902.

R. RODGERS, Decd. G. A. GRITTUN, Adminisiraor.

CHAIR.

(Applictio filed Aug. 15, 1901.) y l (no Model.) 1 2 sheets-sheet 2.

UNITED STATES `Pn'Eintr OFFICE,

GEORGE A. GRITTOIT, OF VOLOANO, CALIFORNIA, ADMINISTRATOR OF ROBERT RODGERS, DECEASED.

CHAIR# SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters ItatentA N o. 693,323, dated February 1 1, 1902. Application tied August 15,1901. serial No. 72,321. (No man.)

To a/ZZ whom/'it may concer-72,:

Be it known that I, GEORGE A. GRITroN, a citizen o f the United States, residing at Volcano, in the county of Amador and State of California, administrator of the estate of ROBERT RODGERS, deceased, late a citizen of the United States and a resident of Volcano, in the county of Amador and State of California, (as by reference to the duly-certified copy of letters of administration hereto annexed will more fully appear,) do hereby declare that ROBERT RODGERS invented a new and useful Chair, of which the following is a specification.

The object of the invention is to provide al chair of integral or single-stock constructionl wherein all of the elements thereof, including the frame, braces, and back and seat fillers and also when a rockingchair the rockers, are constructed from a single original stock or timber kerfed, sawed, or split to form the necessary elements or branches to constitute the various parts of the structure.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the following description when 'considered in connection with the accompanying drawings,wherein similarreference characters represent corresponding parts in all the figures, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion, size, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrilicing any of the advantages ofv 4the invention.

'In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a chair constructed in accordance with the invention, the form shown being a rocking chair. Fig. 2 is a detail View in perspective of the upper portion of the chairback, showing the'head-bar and the upper portions of; the back-fillers andindicating the manner of securing the parts together at their points of intersection. Fig. 3 is a detail View of the joint between the front seatstandards and the seat. Fig. 4t is a detail View in perspective of a portion of one of the front standards. Fig. 5 is a detail view of the joint between the side braces.

The chair embodying the invention is of timber, of which the central portion in length t forms the head-bar l at the top of the chairback. From this point the lstock with but' small reduction in width (measured in a direction parallel with the vplane of the back) is extended to form the back side bars 2, the bend at the junction of said side bars with the head-bar being effected by cutting away the major portion of the width of the stock, as shown at 3, to form a thin web 4, which bends readily and forms a rounded and graceful corner. The side bars of the back extend downward to the plane of the seat with but one intermediate reduction in thickness formed by dividing therefrom the strips, which may be comparatively light, to form the arms 5; but at ythe plane of the 'seat the side portions 2 are divided into three branches to form, respectively, a rear leg 6, a seat side ba'r 7, and an intermediate side brace 8, the outer portions 6 and 7 thus formed being comparatively heavy, while the intermediate brace is light. The reduction or the division of the side bar 2 to Yform the elements 6, 7, and 8 is in thickness; but in addition to this one of 'the side bars 2 is divided in width to form branches or elements V9 and 110, respectively constituting a rear seat-bar and a rear brace, said seatbar being extended transversely'between the sidev bars 2 and being terminally attached to that side bar which is opposite to the one from which it is formed. The seat side bars 7 are extended-inward at their front ends to form the front seat-bar 11, the angular bends at the front ends of the side bars being formed, as shown in Fig. 3, by reducing or recessing the stock at those points to form thin bendable webs l2, the recesses thus constructed being of such a shape as to snuglyreceive the slightly-reduced portions or necks 13 of the arm elements 5. The extensions'of these arm elements below the plane of the seat-bars form the front chair-legs y14, which may be reduced in thickness to form the side braces 15 and may be reduced in width to form the fron-t braces 16, the lower ends of said front braces being mortised into the opposite front legs, loo

respectively. The side braces 15 preferably intersect the side braces 8 and may be interlocked therewith by halving to form notches 17, as shown in detail in Fig. 5, the lower ends of said side braces being engaged with or mortised into other chair elements, such as the legs or rockers, according to the form of chair which is being constructed. Vhen the chair is of the rocker type, the elements 5 to 14, which respectively form the arms and front legs, are extended to form rockers 18, into which are mortised the lower ends of the elements forming the rear legs G. The connection between the lower ends of the frontlegs 1i and the front ends of the rockers 18 is formed by thin webs 19, consisting of reduced portions of the elements produced by recessing the same in thickness, as shown at 20.

It will be seenthat the entire frame, including the braces of the chair, has now been described and that the rocker elements may be included or omitted, according to whether a rocker or stationary chair is to be constructed.

The back and seat fillers consist of thin strips cut, respectively, from the inner and outer sides of the stock, and thereby reducing the latter in width, and constitute the outer elements 2i and the intermediate elements 22, said intermediate elements preferably beingfolded or re-tu rned upon themselves to form the loops 23 and being halved with the head-bar, as shown in detail in Fig. 2, to interlock therewith. Each of these elements is secured to the rear seat-bar at its point of intersection therewith, the screws 24: being illustrated in the drawings as the means for thus attaching said parts,and beyond said rear seat-bar the elements are extended forward to form seat-fillers, which are mortised at their front ends into the front seat-bar, screws 25 also being shown at this point for securing said extremities in place.

1. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames, and front and rear legs integral and cut from a single stock.

2. A bent-Wood chair having its back and scat framesfside arms and front and rear legs integral and eut from a single stock.

3. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames, its front and rearlegs7 and its side arms integral and cut from a single stock, the front legs being formed as extensions of the side arms.

4. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames and its legs integral and formed from a single stock of which the head-bar of the back-frame forms the center.

5. A bent-wood chair having its back and seatframes and front and rear legs integral and formed from a single stock ot' which the head-bar of the back-frame forms the center, and of which the side bars of the back-frame form continuations, the stock being recessed at the points of junction of the side bars with the head-bar to form pliable webs:

G. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and form ed from a single stoek,and side arms integrally connected with the side bars of the back-frame.

7. A'bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock, and seat-fillers also integral with said stock.

8. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock, and also having back-fillers integral with said stock.

9. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock, and also having back and seat fillers, one of which is formed as an extension of the other, and also integral with said stock.

10. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock, and also having back and seat Iillers integral with and struck from said stock at the upper end of the back-frame.

11. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock, and outer and intermediate back and seat fillers also integral with said stock and struck respectively from the inner and outer sides thereof.

12. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock which is reduced in width at opposite sides of its center to form integral back and seat fillers.

13. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock which is reduced in thickness at opposite sides of its center to form integral side arms.

14C. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock which is reduced in thickness at the junction of the back and seat frames to form integral rear legs.

15. A bentwood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock which is reducedin thickness at intel mediate points to form integral side arms intersecting the seat-frame and extended below the frame thereof to form integral front legs, said stock being also reduced at the junction of the back and seat frames to form integral rear legs.

16. A bent-wood chairwhaving its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock which is reduced at intermediate points to form integral side arms extended below the plane of the seat-frame to form front legs, and also reduced at the junction of the back and seat frames to form legs, the portion of the stock forming said front and rear legs being further reduced to form intersecting side braces.

17. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from a single stock which is reduced in thickness at the junction of the back and seat frames to form rear legs, and is reduced in width at an adj acent point to form a rear seat-bar.

IIO

I i8. A loent-vvood chair having its back and lSeat Viframes integral and formed ironia single stock of which the seat side bars are extensions of the back side bars and of Which the 5 front seat-bar consists of extensions of the seat side bars, one side member'of the stock being reduced in Width to form a rear seatbar which is extended transversely and connected with the opposite side member. f

1o y19. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and lformed from a single looped stock of which the side bars form the side bars of back and seat frames and are extended transversely at their front ends to 15 form the front seatQbar, one of said side members being reduced in Width to form a rear seat-bar.

20. A bent-wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and'formed from a' single zo looped stock of which the side bars form the:

side bars of back and seat frames'a'nd are lextended transversely at their frontends to form the front seatbar, one' of vsaid Yside members being reduced in width vto form a rear 25 seat-bar, and both of said 'side members be# ing reduced in thickness to form rear legs and side braces.

21,V A bent-Woodchair having itsback and seat'frames integral and formed from a single 3o stock of which the side members are reduced in thickness at opposite pointsl to forni side arms and front legs,'and are f urtherreducedv in thickness at' their opposite points to form rearlegs and side braces. 35 22, Abent-Wood chair of integral construc- 'tion having a stock divided longitudinally to form elements integral and connected with the stock and respectively forming back and seat frames, and frontand'rear legs. 4o 23. A bent-Wood chair of integral construction, consisting of a stock divided longitudinally to form elements in tegraland connected looped stock of Which the side bars'arel dif' vided longitudinally to form integralelements 5' 5 connected with vthe' main stock, and consti-y tut-ing side arms, front legs and rockers.

' 26. A bent-Wood chair 'having its vback and seat frames, its front and rear legs, and rock# ers v integral and formed from asingle stock. '6e

, 27 A bent-wood chair having its back and seatframes integral and formed from 'a single looped stockof whichy the side membersfare divided longitudinally to form elements'whi'cli respectively constitute rear` legs, and continir- 6 5 nous side arms,` front legs and rockers.

28; A bent-Wood chair having its back and seat frames integral and formed from asingle looped stock reduced to form integral elements constitutingv rear legs and side braces, ,also 7e reduced toV form side arms, front legs and rockers, said front legs also being reduced to formside braces intersectingthe first-named side braces.

InI testimony that I claim the foregoing as 7 5` theinv'ention of ROBERT RoDGE'RsI have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two `witnesses. GEORGE A. GRITTON, Administrator 'f the's'zfcmfe of Robert Rodgers, deceased. i Witnesses:

.T. A. KEFFER, L. E. WAGGONER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4529246 *Mar 30, 1981Jul 16, 1985Leib Roger KPatient chair
US4555139 *Mar 30, 1983Nov 26, 1985Leib Roger KPatient's defined-motion chair
US4595235 *Apr 15, 1982Jun 17, 1986Leib Roger KPatient's defined-motion chair
US4784435 *Dec 3, 1986Nov 15, 1988Leib Roger KPatient chair
US4946224 *Mar 21, 1988Aug 7, 1990Leib Roger KCombination wood-metal chair
US5071191 *Apr 16, 1990Dec 10, 1991Leib Roger KCombination wood-metal chair
US6089288 *Apr 29, 1999Jul 18, 2000Fcc Commercial FurnitureMethod and apparatus for bending a laminate-covered sheet of wood to provide a rounded corner
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA47C3/029