|Publication number||US693328 A|
|Publication date||Feb 11, 1902|
|Filing date||Feb 18, 1901|
|Priority date||Feb 18, 1901|
|Publication number||US 693328 A, US 693328A, US-A-693328, US693328 A, US693328A|
|Inventors||Alfred White Morgan|
|Original Assignee||George I Girty, Frank Girty, Alfred White Morgan|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' i No; 693,328. n Patented Fen.. n, |902.-
A. w.\ MORGAN.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALFRED VIIITE MORGAN, OF URBANA, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR OF ONF-HALF TO FRANK GIRTY, ADMINISTRATOR OF GEORGE I. GIRTY, DECEASED.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 693,328, dated Februaryfl 1, 1902.
Application filed February 18, 1901. Serial No. 47,798. (No model.)
T0 all whom zt may concern.-
Be it known that LALFREDWHITE MORGAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Urbana, in the county of Champaign and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Flying-Top, of which the following is a specification. n
This invention relates to flying-tops; and the objects of the same are to provide a general, simple, and effective means for causing the Hier or top portion to be initially rotated with rapidity and automatically disengage itself from the spinning means, to have the flier or top portion of a cheap and durable construction and provided with structural features to permit the air to pass therethrough without frictional obstruction to the rapid rotation of the same, and to have the spinning means re versible, so that either end of the same may be employed to effect theI operation desired without requiring manual winding of the cord, and also embodying other features which will prevent obstructive entanglement or disarrangement of the primary operating devices, including a spindle and holder.
The invention consists in the construction and arrangement of the several parts, which will be more fully hereinafter described and claimed and subject to such variations in the form, size, proportions, and4 minor details as fairly fall within the scope of the invention.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is an elevation of a dying-top, embodying the features of the invention. Fig. 2 is a detail perspective Vi ew of the improved flier. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section showing the liier inverted and one of the engaging ends of the spindle in operative relation thereto. Fig. 4 is a transverse vertical section of the improved flier, showing a slight modification.
Similar characters of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in the several views.
The numeraln 1 .designates a holder, which is preferably of elongated oval form and comprises an outstanding inclosing rim 2 and a continuous resilient back 3. Freely rotatable in and 'longitudinally slidable through the opposite end portions of the rim 2 is a spindle 4, and engaging the latter is an operating-cord 5, extending away from the said spindle in reverse directions and having free movement through eyes in the. end portions of the holder. The cord is wound a suitable distance on the spindle within the confines' of the holder, and the vcoils thereof are held in regular condition and prevented from having a too slack application by the said back 3, said cord being also secured to the spindle at a proper point, so as to alternately move or slide the same through the holder in accordance with the portion of the cord engaged and operated to rotate the spindle.
The improved device as thus far described is similar in all respects to that disclosed by Patent No. 658,489, granted to me September 25, 1900, with the exception that the cod` is continuous in the present instance., in the patentI referred to, the spindle also has a reversible use, and the cord when'un-A wound from'the spindle to rotate the spindle by grasping one portion thereof will cause winding of the opposite portion of said cord, and, further, when the one spindle extremity is projected from the one end of the holderl in actuating and'causing the top in engagement with said extremity to-perform the operation sought 'the opposite extremity will b e drawn in toward the opposite end of the holder and ready for use to produce a subsequent similar fiying vmovement of the top. On each end of the spindle is a blade 6, which in! creases in-width toward its outer free end,
the saidblade having a longitudinally-exi tending socket '7 in the center thereof,lwith its larger extremity innermost to fit over the Spindle end, as shown by Fig. 1, and the "re-v duced portion outermost and terminally open to loosely receive a portion of thetop, which will be presently set forth. The blades, which are formed of doubled pieces of sheet metal,
spindle and have outer straight end edges 8. The dier or top 9 comprises a circular rim 10, having 'a lower reinforce-bead 11 and ra- -are immovably iixed on the terminals of the dial blades 12, mainly above Ithe plane of the-` upper edge of said rim and extendingvoutwa'rdly from a centralweb 13, the one edge of each blade having a convex flare above the plane of the upper edge of the rim to Ice horizontally catch the air and cause an elevation of the flier. To prevent interference with the regular rise of the dier, the upper edge 14 of the rim is struck inwardly, and at their points of jointure with the rim the blades are broadened and have angularly-disposed depending defiecting-wings 15 at one edge, the said wings having their corner portions projecting downwardly inside of the rim and close to the lower edge of the latter, so as to throw the air below the said lower edge of the rim and prevent friction being set up between the inner surface of the rim and the air-currents, and thereby avoid counteracting obstruction to the free-rising movement of the flier. In the form of the flier shown by Figs. 2 and 3 the web 13 has ears 16 cut therefrom and struck down to form opposite stops to receive the outer edge of either blade 6 between them, as shown by Fig. 3. These ears are located on opposite sides ot` a diametricalline drawn between them andare struck down from opposite sides of said line to provide means for easily receiving the end of the blade and establish a positive hold between the latter and the dier to impart the rotary motion of the spindle to the filer. Depending from the center of the web 13 is a pin or post 17, which is loosely receivedin the outer reduced portion of the socket 7 of either blade G, the said pin or post being long enough to steady the flier in its rising movement from the blade after the cord portion at opposite sides of the holder has been drawn out its maximum extent and the spindle impelled ou twardlyfrom the holder its full prearranged limit. When the spindlelhas been so impelled outwardly in either direction, the flier or top will automatically disengage itself from the blade and gradually rise with a rapid whirling movement, which causes its ascent, and in the event that the flier returns to the ground, door, orothersurface before its whirling motion is spent it will spin as a top on the free end of the pin or post 17. In another use of the device the flier can be reversed and caused to spin on a table, ioor, or other surface and by a very simple and obvious addition be transformed into a reversible top without detracting from its iying characteristics. The pin or post 17 is headed and inserted through the web 13; but in the form shown by Fig. e the pin or post 18 is centrally secured to' and depends from a cap- `plate 19, having depending singularly-bent ends 20, which have a relation to each other similar to the ears heretofore set forth and are in like manner engaged by the blades 6 for holding the iiier iu operative engagement with the spindle.
By having the cord 5 continuous or doubled, as shown, an important advantage results in the practical operation of the device. When the one portion of the cord which is forcefully drawn from the spindle by the operator to rotate the spindle reaches its terminal in accordance with the predetermined adjustment, the other portion,which has been winding on the spindle at the same time,
reaches its maximum coiled extent, and at this time the two portions of the cord will be drawn taut and suddenly check or limit the rotation of the spindle and throw the flier oit' the spindle-terminalin an automatic manner.
The entire device is simple and durable in its construction and can be cheaply manufactured, and though the preferred form has been shown and described it is obvious that further changes can be made.
Having thus described t-he invention, what is claimed as new is- 1. In a device of the class described, the combination of a rotatable longitudinallymovable spindle having blades at the opposite extremities with sockets therein, a holder through which the spindle moves, a continuous doubled cord engaging the spindle to have one portion wind thereon when another portion is unwinding,the cord moving through opposite portions of the holder, and a flier having stop devices to loosely contact with the blades and engage the sockets in the latter, the doubled cord iu its operation limiting the rotation of the spindle and causing the flier to be thrown off the latter.
2. A flier havingasurrounding rim and upper radial blades, the rim being in the form of a depending band in a plane at a right angle to the blades and the latter provided with depending angularly-disposed wings at their outer extremities to direct the air-cur rents to the lower edge of the band, the said wings extending downwardly inside of the band from the upper edge of latter to near the lower edge of the same, and an operating device with which said flier is adapted to engage.
3. In a device of the class described, the combination of a rotatable longitudinallymovable spindle having blades on the opposite extremities with Asockets therein, and a flier having centrallydocated stop devices to contact with the blades and a pin or post to loosely engage the sockets of the blades.
4. In a device ofthe character set forth, the combination of a rotatable longitudinallymovable spindle having blades on opposite extremities for reversible use, the blades being increased in width toward their outer ends and provided with central sockets, and a flier to engage either blade having oppositely-arranged stop devices and a depending pin or post between them to loosely and removably engage the blades.
5. A flier having a rim and upper radial blades with a portion ot' their side edges formed with an upper convex flare and also provided with depending angularly-disposed wings at their outer extremities extending downwardly close to the lower edge of the said rim to deflect the'air-currents beneath the latter, the center of the flier having oppositely-disposed stop devices and a central depending pin or post, and an operating device With which the said flier is adapted to engage. l
6. A top-spinning device, consisting of a block or holder, a rod endwise movable within a longitudinal channel therein, and having atl one end an extended lateral portion op- Y.
posite ends of which are rigidly affixed to the rod, said lateral portion having an openingv therein to receive the pin on a top, and acord wound upon said rod within said channel, substantially'as described.`
7. A top-spinning device, consisting of a block or holder, a rod endwise movable therein, and having at lits. end an extended lateral portion, with opening to receive the pin on a top and braced at both ends to the rodga cord' Wound upon the rod within the block'holder, means for guiding thev rod at the endsof the block holder,"and means for turning thecord laterally at the ends of the block holder as set forth.
8. A top-spinning device, consisting ofa block or holder,r with a longitudinal channel,
d la rod endwise movable in said channel while being rotated, said rod havingat veach end an'extended lateral portion braced to the' rodf at each end, and having opening to receive the pin on a top, means at the ends of the block holder for guiding the rod, a cord wound upon the said rod within' the channel of the blooksholder, and means at the yends of the central opening to receive the pin on a top,
means at the ends of the block holder for guiding therod, a cord wound upon the rod within the channel of the block holder, and means for preventing overwrapping ofthe cord, as set forth.
10. A top-spinning device, consisting of a block holder, a rod endwise movable therein simultaneously with its rotation and having at its end an extended lateral portion braced to the rodat opposite ends, and having a central opening to receive the pin on a top, acord wound upon the rod within the block holder, rod-guiding means on the ends of the block holder, and lateral passages through the sides of the block between said guiding means and the 'end of the block for causing the cord to turn laterally and thus prevent its overwrappingas set forth.
1l. In a top-spinning device a rodV or shaft having at its end a holder with opening to receive the pin on a top, and a lateral portion braced at its opposite ends to the rod or shaft, as set forth. v 12.v A top-spinning device, consistingof block, a rod rotatable therein and endwise movable simultaneously with its rotation and having at its end an extended lateral portion braced at both ends to the rod, and having central opening to receive the pin on a top, a
cord wound upon the rod within theblock, andA means on the block'for turning the cord at substantially a right angle to the length of the rod,"as set forth.
13. A dying-top having a ring, atop portion depending holding lugs and wings `all formed from a single integral piece ofmaterial, said ring being disposed atsubstantiallyright an' gles to the top and the latter disposed wholly above the upper edge of` the ring,subst'an tially as described.
. 14.7 A flying-top having its ring, top portion and wings all of ay single piece of material with the top portion above the upper edge of the ring, and provided centrally with'a Vpin and lugs independent thereof to 'engage upon opposite sidesof a holder, as set forth. v
15. Apflying-top having a ring portion, a top portiondisposed above the upper edgeof said ring portion, a central pin and lugsl upon 0p'- posite sides thereof, as set forth.
16. A dying-top having aring portion,fa curved ytopvportion disposed above theupper edgeV of the ring portion, wings extending from the top portion and lugs projectin'gcentrally from the top portionwith a pin substantially parallel with the lugs and projected v below the lower edge of the ring portion, as set forth.
17. y'Anflying-top,comprising in a single ele; ment a substantiallyv vertical ring portion with beaded lower edge, a rounded top,wings with 'theirloweredges terminating within the areaof the ringportion and lugs extendingat substantially right angles from the center of the top portion, las lset forth.
18. A flying-top formed ofasingle piece of material and comprising a substantially vertical ring portion, a top portion, with lugs and wings having portions separated from the ring portion and extended downward within the latter and terminatingwithin thearea of said ring portion, as set forth.
, 19. The f1ying-top herein described, comprising the substantially verticalv` ring portion, having beaded lower edge, a curved top por' tion disposed above the upper edge of the ring portion, and having wings and lugs all formed I'IO of a single piece of material, and a centrallydisposed pin extending substantially parallel with the ring portion and projected beyond the edge thereof, as set forth.,v
20. In a top-spinning device, akrod or shaft having a terminal blade for engaging a top, said blade being reduced in width from its outer end toward its inner end and consisting of a blank of sheet metal foldedupon itself, with the extremity of the rod or shaftheld between its folds. y
In testimony that I claim` the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signaturein the presence of two witnesses.
ALFRED lVHITE MORGAN. Y
T. A. BUnT, FRED IIESS.
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