|Publication number||US6935582 B2|
|Application number||US 10/433,727|
|Publication date||Aug 30, 2005|
|Filing date||Aug 23, 2002|
|Priority date||Oct 4, 2001|
|Also published as||DE10148824A1, DE50211796D1, EP1434942A1, EP1434942B1, US20040075000, WO2003031808A1|
|Publication number||10433727, 433727, PCT/2002/3091, PCT/DE/2/003091, PCT/DE/2/03091, PCT/DE/2002/003091, PCT/DE/2002/03091, PCT/DE2/003091, PCT/DE2/03091, PCT/DE2002/003091, PCT/DE2002/03091, PCT/DE2002003091, PCT/DE200203091, PCT/DE2003091, PCT/DE203091, US 6935582 B2, US 6935582B2, US-B2-6935582, US6935582 B2, US6935582B2|
|Inventors||Wolfgang-Manfred Ruehle, Matthias Boee, Norbert Keim|
|Original Assignee||Robert Bosch Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (1), Classifications (13), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a fuel injector.
As an example, German Patent Application No. DE 196 26 576 describes an electromagnetically actuable fuel injector in which, for the electromagnetic actuation, an armature cooperates with an electrically energizable magnetic coil, and the armature lift is transmitted to a valve-closure member via a valve needle. The valve-closure member cooperates with a valve-seat surface to form a sealing seat. A plurality of fuel channels is provided in the armature, and the armature is reset by a resetting spring.
A particular disadvantage of the fuel injector described in German Patent Application No. DE 196 26 576 is that, in the part throttle range, the fuel quantity flowing through the fuel injector cannot be metered with sufficient precision when the valve-closure member lifts off from the sealing seat. Especially when the fuel injector is opened rapidly, there are sudden pressure drops in front of the sealing seat, which causes hydraulic compressive oscillations and subsequently considerable dispersions both in the injected fuel quantity and the injection characteristics of all fuel injectors of an internal combustion engine.
An example fuel injector according to the present invention includes a sleeve which is inserted in the central fuel feed of the fuel injector which modifies the flow route of the fuel flowing through the fuel injector in length and diameter in such a way that the excited natural compressive oscillations of the fuel injector are able to be synchronized with the closing pulses of the fuel injector. Thus, the hydraulic dynamic effect of the oscillations exerted on the armature may be utilized for the closing procedure of the fuel injector, especially in the part throttle range.
It may be advantageous if the inner diameter and the length of the sleeve are in direct proportion to one another.
Furthermore, it may be advantageous if, given specific dimensions of a standard fuel injector, only the length and the diameter of the sleeve have to be appropriately selected for achieving the desired effect.
It may also be advantageous if the sleeve is easy to insert in the fuel supply and can be sealed from the environment of the fuel injector by a seal. A fuel-distributor line may be connected to the sleeve according to the present invention without any design modifications and prior to inserting the sleeve in the central fuel supply.
An exemplary embodiment of the present invention is represented in the drawing in simplified form and explained in greater detail in the following description.
In a part-sectional representation,
Fuel injector 1 is made up of a tubular nozzle body 2 in which a valve needle 3 is positioned. Valve needle 3 is in operative connection with a valve-closure member 4, which cooperates with a valve-seat surface 6 positioned on a valve-seat member 5 to form a sealing seat. Fuel injector 1 in the exemplary embodiment is an inwardly opening fuel injector 1 which has at least one spray-discharge orifice 7. Nozzle body 2 includes a seal 14 which seals the combustion chamber from a cylinder head (not shown).
Nozzle body 2 is connected to an outer pole 9 of a magnetic coil 10. Magnetic coil 10 is wound on a coil brace 12 and cooperates with an inner pole 13 of magnetic coil 10. Magnetic coil 10 is energized via a line 11 by an electric current which may be supplied via an electrical plug contact 17. Plug contact 17 may be encased by a plastic coating (not shown further).
Valve needle 3 is connected by force locking to an armature 20. Braced on armature 20 is a restoring spring 23 which in the present design of fuel injector 1 is prestressed by a sleeve 24.
The fuel is usually conveyed to fuel injector 1 by a fuel-distributor line via a central fuel supply 16. In the illustrated exemplary embodiment of a fuel injector 1 configured according to the present invention, fuel injector 1 is extended by a sleeve 21 which will be described in greater detail in the following. Sleeve 21 is inserted in a tubular, inflow-side end 22 of fuel injector 1 and sealed by a seal 19. The fuel is conveyed to the sealing seat via bores 15 in armature 20 and fuel channels 18 in a valve-needle guide 8.
In the rest state of fuel injector 1, valve needle 3 is provided with an initial stress by restoring spring 23, in such a way that valve-closure member 4 is sealingly held at valve-seat surface 6, thereby keeping fuel injector 1 closed. A working gap formed between armature 20 and inner pole 13 is closed as is a prestroke gap formed between a flange and a shoulder of valve needle 3.
When magnetic coil 10 is energized by electric line 11 via plug contact 17, a magnetic field is built up which pulls armature 20 to inner pole 13, counter to the force of restoring spring 23. The fuel conveyed via sleeve 21 is able to flow to the sealing seat through bores 15 in armature 20 and fuel channels 18.
If the coil current is switched off, armature 20 falls away from inner pole 13 after sufficient decay of the magnetic field, due to the pressure of restoring spring 23, whereupon valve needle 3, which is in operative connection to armature 20, moves in a direction counter to the lift direction. As a result, valve closure member 4 comes to rest on valve-seat surface 6, and fuel injector 1 is closed.
According to the present invention, fuel injector 1 has a sleeve 21 inserted in central fuel supply 16, by which the compressive oscillations generated during the actuation of fuel injector 1 are able to be selectively used to reduce the dispersion in the metering of minimal quantities. Due to the rapid opening of fuel injector 1, there are sudden pressure drops in front of the sealing seat, which excite compressive oscillations of certain frequencies in fuel injector 1. As a result of the end height of armature 20 which induces a run-time difference between an inflow-side armature-end face and a discharge-side armature-end face, periodically changing pressure ratios occur. The pressure loss which takes place when the fuel flows through bores 15 of armature 20 contributes to this as well. As a result, armature 20 is exposed to high compressive forces which lead to periodically changing closing times of fuel injector 1 and which, therefore, have a direct effect on the metered fuel quantity.
However, by an appropriate design of fuel injector 1, it is possible to use the aforementioned hydraulic pressure fluctuations to improve the metering dynamics of fuel injector 1. Especially in the case of short injection times, the closing procedure of fuel injector 1 may be aided by the periodic compressive forces, thereby allowing an improved metering of minimal quantities in partial-throttle operation. The metering remains unchanged in full-throttle operation.
For this purpose, the individual components of fuel injector 1 directly involved in the excited oscillations are dimensioned and adjusted to each other in such a way that the pressure fluctuations are able to be periodically utilized to intensify the closing force of restoring spring 23. Especially valve-seat member 5 as well as valve needle 3 and sleeve 21 according to the present invention, which is inserted in central fuel supply 16 and sealed from the environment of fuel injector 1 by a seal 19, must be adjusted to each other. A fuel-distributor line (not shown further) may be connected at sleeve 21.
In order to be able to utilize the oscillations, given fixed dimensions of the remaining components of fuel injector 1, sleeve 21, for example, should have a specified length l or a multiple thereof and diameter d of sleeve 21 should also be adjusted if sleeve 21 is extended. In this way, it is possible to excite the fundamental and the associated harmonic oscillations of fuel injector 1 in such a way that the frequency, or the vibration period, of the oscillations is able to be synchronized with the closing pulses of fuel injector 1. Due to the fixed measurements of valve needle 3 and the other relevant components, it is easy to provide a standard fuel injector 1 with sleeve 21 according to the present invention, thereby improving the closing dynamics of fuel injector 1.
The dimensions of sleeve 21 are conditional upon the frequency ranges of the compressive oscillations. In general, a period duration T of the compressive oscillations should be greater than a typical closing time tab of a fuel injector 1 as it is assumed to be generally known. Ideally, it even holds that T/2≧tab. With typical closing times of tab≈0.35 ms, this results in a frequency range which is below 1.4 kHz. In such a situation, for example, a length l of sleeve 21 of approximately 28 mm results and an inner diameter d of sleeve 21 of approximately 2 mm. If length l of sleeve 21 were doubled, for instance to approximately 56 mm, inner diameter d is doubled as well to approximately 4 mm. The ratio of length l of sleeve 21 to its inner diameter d, thus, is constant and, in the case at hand, amounts to approximately l/d=14. This means that sleeve 21, in a simple manner, may equally be adapted to the connection measurements in the region of fuel supply 16 and to the compressive oscillations.
Were one to include the additional restriction that the pressure in front of the sealing seat is less than the system pressure during the entire opening time of fuel injector 1, and not only during the closing procedure, a frequency range of 1 kHz≧f≧200 Hz results for the compressive oscillations. This condition may be satisfied by a sleeve 21 which, for instance, has a length l of approximately 28 mm, and an inner diameter d of approximately 1.5 mm. When the length is doubled to 1 approximately 56 mm, inner diameter d will then increase to approximately 3 mm. The ratio of length l of sleeve 21 to its inner diameter d is 18.7 in this case. As a rule, the ratio of axial length l to inner diameter d of the sleeve preferably is in the range of 10≦l/d≦20.
The present invention is not limited to the exemplary embodiments shown and is also applicable, for instance, to fuel injection 1 for mixture-compressing, self-ignitable internal combustion engines.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4111365||Jun 17, 1977||Sep 5, 1978||Isuzu Motors Limited||Fuel injection system and its nozzle holder|
|DE3230843A1||Aug 19, 1982||Feb 23, 1984||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Kraftstoffeinspritzvorrichtung fuer brennkraftmaschinen|
|DE19626576A1||Jul 2, 1996||Jan 8, 1998||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Fuel injection valve for internal combustion engine|
|DE19650865A1||Dec 7, 1996||Jun 10, 1998||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Magnetventil|
|DE19701879A1||Jan 21, 1997||Jul 23, 1998||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Kraftstoffeinspritzeinrichtung für Brennkraftmaschinen|
|DE19826011A1||Jun 10, 1998||Dec 17, 1998||Nissan Motor||Engine fuel supply system with fuel tank and delivery pipe from tank|
|EP0780569A1||Dec 18, 1996||Jun 25, 1997||Nippon Soken, Inc.||Accumulator fuel injection device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7472844||Dec 21, 2005||Jan 6, 2009||Caterpillar Inc.||Fuel injector nozzle with tip alignment apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||239/585.1, 239/585.5, 239/533.2, 239/533.3|
|International Classification||F02M51/06, F02M63/00, F02M69/46, F02M51/08|
|Cooperative Classification||F02M69/465, F02M2200/31, F02M51/0671|
|European Classification||F02M69/46B2, F02M51/06B2E2|
|Nov 10, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:RUEHLE, WOLFGANG-MANFRED;BOEE, MATTHIAS;KEIM, NORBERT;REEL/FRAME:014678/0258;SIGNING DATES FROM 20030603 TO 20030618
|Jan 9, 2007||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Feb 17, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 15, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 30, 2013||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 22, 2013||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20130830