US 69357 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. H. MOORE. VENTILATOR FOR RAILROAD CARS.
N0. 69,357. Patented Oct. 1, 1867.,
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JOSEPH- MOORE, OF CHICAGOLILLINOIS. Letters Patent No. 69,357, dated October 1, 18 67.
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TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
' Be it known that I, Josnrn II. Moons, of the city of Chicago, county of Cook, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful improvements in Ventilators for Railway Cars; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, true, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, making a part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a top view with a portion of the case removed, and
Figure 2 a vertical section;
Like letters refer to the same pnrts in both figures.
Thenature and object of my invention consist in constructing a ventilator for railway cars with a revolving sluift'provided with rods or points projecting out sufficiently far to dip'into a water-bath located at the bottoin of the ventilator, so that a shaft rotated by fans will operate easily in the bath, and throw suficient water to keep a screen or perforated diaphragm moist and-washed; in providing a ventilator constructed substantially as shown with a screen of perforated diaphragm near the shaft, or between it and the opening for the discharge of the purified air, so that it can be kept moist or damp by the operation of the.rods of the shaft; and in the several new combinations hereinafter set forth and claimed. v i
To enable others skilled in the art to malre and use my invention, I will proceed to describeits construction and operation. I
The 'case A is made of wonder metal, or partly of both, as may be desired. It is about four and one-half i feet long, and-from two to three wide, and'about four inches deep at the inner end, and about'e'ighteen inches deep at the outer end, where the shaft and wind-wheel are located. The bottom of the outer end may be made cylindrical, as shown, or in any other suitable form. This case or box is made into two compartments by the perforated or gauze plate or diaphragm E, which may bem'ade straight or curved, shown.' I prefer the chrved form, and also to have it'located so as to be near the sprinklers a 0, attached to the shaft C. It'can, however, be located further back than is shown. Thebest partition or diaphragm 'will b9 made of gauselsads with small copper wire. It is attached to the case by'means of a flanch, b, turned at the ends, apd bolts 0, pro vided with large nuts' or washers, or by any other suitable means. Atthe inner end an opening, F, is made for the passage of the purified air into the car. This may also be covered by sperforated plate, wire gause or netting, or by a simple register. The bottom of the outer.end is made water-tight for the bath B, which, in win'ter, may be made sulficiently'salt to prevent freezing. Over this bath I place the shaft 0, which is supported I by standards d, which standards are placed vertically across the opening for the doors at the sides At each epd of the shaft I attach the fans D, which are attached to the shaft by,the arms e, and are set at 'such an angle as will cause the shaft to revolve by the action of the currents of airwhen introduced from either side ofthe ventilator. Between thesefans I insert, or otherwise attach to the shaft, the sprinlrlers' a a. Theseare arranged spirally, as shown, so. that their weight will be' evenly balanced upon the shaft. They are made of small copper wire, about seven inches in length, and flattened'at the ends, or are made spoon-shaped, if desired. It a suflicient number are attached they will not even require flattening; but when flattened I place them'about' one inch apart. The'dcors G are single doors and are hinged so as to open inwards or towards the-centre of the car; and they rest against and are held by rests or cstchesplaced on the bottom of the car for that purpose, and are so held'that tlrey will, from their position, which is a little back of the right angle, act in or to a certain extent as wind-gatherers or directors. Automatic doors, such as were describedhy me in a previous application,. may be used.- It is designed by me to place two of these ventilators upon each car, opposite,-or nearly so, to each other, atthc bottom, with the both end outwards, so that the line of the shaft 0 will correspond with the line of the car, and bring the fans D in a position to be operated by the air-currents formed by the I ion of the car or train. In operationthe door which, from thedirection of the train, will be the forward door is opened and fastened in position, and a.- rear one closed, when the air will enter the'ventilator, and, striking or impinging against the fans, will cause the shaft with the sprinklers to revolve rapidly, which will not only keep the diaphragm moist-and washed, but will keep the drum of the ventilator filled with drops or'particles of water, which, with the diaphragm, purifies the air from the dust and small particles of ashes and cinders. The air, after passing the diaphragm, passes through the ventilator, and into the car at F, or at any other convenient point, from whence it is distributed through the cur by aux suitable means, or by a simple register. lIusuully provide the ventilators with cocks or plugs to draw off the bothuhen it lJVcOlllCS foul; Thisrentilator will be found simple and cheap in its comtruction, nnd effective in accomplishing the desired object of introducing clear and pure air into railwaycnrs, and, whenever used in connection with the usual upper ventilators, rinilowa, or registers, will cause currents of pure air to circulate through the cars.
Having tliusfully described my invention, what 1 claim as new, 'mnl desire to secure by Letters Patent, is- 1. The shaft C, when provided with rude or ilnshcrs a a, uttacheil spirally, as described, in combination with the wind-fans I), located inside of the casing. substantially as and for the purposes deecriboil.
2. The shaft C, [It0\ld6(l with the rode a a and fans D, located and operating no tlOoCTlbC l in combination with tho dooro G and both 13, substantially asspcc fieil.
3. The perforated diaphragm or partition E, in combination with the shaft 0, provided-with rods-or tlusiiers a a, and water-bath B, the whole constructed and operating substantially specified.
JOS. H. MOORE.
E A. WEST, L. L Bonn.