|Publication number||US694477 A|
|Publication date||Mar 4, 1902|
|Filing date||Mar 11, 1901|
|Priority date||Mar 11, 1901|
|Publication number||US 694477 A, US 694477A, US-A-694477, US694477 A, US694477A|
|Inventors||Frank E Howland|
|Original Assignee||Frank E Howland|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
'FRANK E. HOWLAND, OF BEORIA, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 694,477, dated March 4, 1902. Application iiled March 11, 1901. Serial No. 50,746. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANKE. HOWLAND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pecria, in the county of Peoria and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Valves; and I do hereby declaro that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in apparatus for carbonating and dispensing liquids. y
More particularly, my invention relates to a device adapted to be applied to casks, kegs, or other receptacles whereby in its use it is practicable to completely fill the receptacles in the iirst instance and in such filling and as the liquid is dispensed a constantrecarbonatin g process is instituted which continues until all of the liquid is Withdrawn from the receptacle.
The device is adapted to a receptacle being filled, and by a certain manipulation of the valve part of the device an inlet into the receptacle, which permits the filling, and a vent or air-escape is provided, thus enabling the receptacle to be completely filled.
That my invention may be more fully understood, reference is had to the drawings, in which- Figure l is a side elevation of a soda-Cask with my device attached thereto. Fig. 2 isa side elevation of the device,showing theparts thereof assembled, but the complete device Y detached from the receptacle. Fig. 3 is a vertical section illustrating the manner of assembling the parts. Fig. 4 is a detailed sectional view of the valve part and seat therefor on a plain-at right angles from that shown in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a section on the line y y of Fig. 2. Fig. 6 is a plan view of the valve part and seat or housing therefor, omitting from the complete device a certainclamping standard and screw part. Fig. 7 is a top view of the valve-seat with the valve, gasket, and other parts removed. Fig. 8 is a section through the plug just above the leather valveseat or gasket.
The general idea of construction involved 1n carrying out my invention contemplates a plug adapted to be secured to a cask or keg that is purposed to contain iiuids for drinking purposes, such as soda-water, mineral water, beer, &c., which said fluids are invariably charged or carbonated. This plug may be of any suitable form that will adapt it for such attachment and will lalso form a seat for a valve,= said valve being adapted to shift within the plug to match openings in said plug, and as I construct the device I desire to interpose a gasket having openings matching with openings in the bottom of the plug, so that a connection may be made with said valve from agas generator or supply, and also to open simultaneously an outlet or dischargeopening from the receptacle whereby as the liquid is discharged the gas enters and fills the space thus'vacated by the liquid, which will result in a constant recarbonation of the liquid therein contained, rendering the liquid fresh, sharp, and pungent. The valve may be likewise manipulated to establish an inletopening in iilling the receptacle and an outlet or vent to permit the escape of air as the receptacle is being so filled.
A detailed description of the parts is herein given by reference to the drawings,in which likeletters in the different figures refer to the same parts.
In the drawings, A is a soda-Cask selected to illustrate in a generalway the application and use of my device; but it may be applied to a keg, barrel, or any other suitable receptacle adapted to contain liquid purposed to be dispensed in a carbonated condition.
B is a metal plug-screw, threaded on its outer surface, adapting it to be screwed into a suitable opening in the receptacle. The interior portion of the plug is open, the bottom portion being closed with the diaphragm b, provided with three small openings b b2 b3,
there being provided the supplemental bottom piece or valve-seat C, which may be of leather 'or other suitable material, provided with perforations or ports c and c', corresponding in number and position with perforations or ports b' b2 h3 in the diaphragm b. In the gasket or valve-seat Cis provided the slot c2, which is so placed as to bear over one of the ports or perforations in the diaphragm and so that one of the ports of the valvemay bear over said slot so as to facilitate some shifting of the valve Without cutting off IOO the communication between these particular matching ports while the opposite port is completely closed.
Z Z are pipes attached to the diaphragm Z) at the openings H112 and depend into the cask and preferably near to the bottom thereof. The pipe Z, as herein arranged, couipared with Fig. l, is a gas-inlet pipe, and Z is the outlet or dispensing pipe. This arrangement, however, is only adopted for the purposes ot illustration, and it is obvious that in practice the reverse use may as well be adopted. )Vithin the interior open space in the plug the valve D is adapted to be inserted and rests upon the valve-seat O or gasket, which said valve is provided with the flange d, adapted to meet and fit closely up against the wall of the plug, except a portion representing approximately one-third of the circumference ot the flange, which is cutaway, as at CZ', and provides a way or clearance for the lug or stop b4, integral with the wall of the. plug and is adapted to restrict the movement of the valve.
E is a take-up nut adapted to be screwed into the plug B and down upon the flange CZ of valve D. Any suitable wrench may be used to turn the nut into position. The valve D is provided with the perforations d2 d3, which said perforations are adapted to meet or to be turned into coincidence with the perforations or certain of them in the valve-seat C and diaphragm b to facilitate the carbonating and dispensing the liquid and also to facilitate the escape of air during the filling operation. Likewise the turning ofthe valve from such coincidence of perforations will close the cask and suspend the above said operations.
F is a socket-wrench formed to match the segmentally-formed upper end of the valvestem D, the said wrench being provided with the extended arms F' F2, there being provided the perforationsff', through the wrench and the arms thereof`,which when the Wrench is placed on the valve-stem match with the perforations cl2 d3 in the valve and valve-'stem and are continuously so matched during such juncture of ports.
A suitable clamp is necessary to be used to secure the wrench to the valve-stem. This may be of a suitable form; but the one I have shown and prefer to use consists of the frame or standard II, provided with the base I, having the inwardly-extending fiange i', adapted to engage the flange d4 on the valve-stem, and the screwK, carried in the threaded head L at the upper end of the standard. The screw K is screwed downwardly into contact with the Wrench F and rests in aseat in the upper face thereof, substantially as shown. Any suitable wrench may be used to operate the screw.
The parts of my device so assembled and attached to a suitable receptacle are in readiness to be utilized for the purposes above enumerated-viz., for the purpose of filling an empty cask, keg, or other receptacle, and when so filled andthe connection is made with the gas-supply under the proper pressure and also connected up with a fountain, faucet, or other dispensing element to be dispensed at will and in desired quantities and simultaneous with such dispensing, the space of the discharged liquid will be filled with gas and the remaining liquid will be thus continually recharged, rendering the liquid always sharp and pungent at all times and at all stages ofthe emptying of the receptacle.
l. In a valve the combination with a plug adapted to fit in an opening in a receptacle having an open threaded interior and a closed bottom portion provided with `three perforations, of an inlet and outlet tube depending from said plug, a valve seated in the open,- ing in the plug provided with perforations therethrough adapted to be shiftedto and from coincidencewith the perforations in the bottom of the plug, mechanism connecting -with the valve provided with ducts communicating with the perforations in the valve and suitable means for shifting the said valve,
as described. y
2. In avalve, the combination,with a plug,
adapted to fit in an opening in a receptacle,proA
vided with an open interior the same being ex-k teriorly and interiorly threaded and provided with a closed bottom portion having three (3) perforations therein, two (2) pipes or ducts communicating with two (2) ot said perforations and depending into the receptacle a gasket fitting in the bottom portion of the plug provided with two' (2) perforations matching with two (2) of the said `perforations in the bottom portion of the plug and a slot matching with the threaded perfora-v tion in the bottom part, a valve seated in the interior of said plug and secured therein by means of a suitable take-up nut and provided with two (2) perforations therethrough, a
suitable wrench connected with said valve having perforations therethrough matching with the perforations in the valve adapted' to turn the valve in the plug to ,cause the IIO matching of the perforations inthe'valvev with those in the gasket and the bottom portion of the plug and also to turnthe said valve from such matching relation ot the perforations substantially as shown and described.
3. In avalvea plug adapted to fit in an opening in a receptacle and having an open interior and provided with perforations in the bottom portion thereof ducts or pipes matching with two (2) of the openings and depending therefrom a valve seated in the plug and provided with perforations therein, a leather gasket interposed between the valve and the bottom of the plug provided with perforations matching with the perforations in the bottom of the plug, a Wrench having radiating arms seated on the upper end of the valve-stem and having perforations one in each arm matching with the perforations in the valve, means for securing the valve in position and means for securing the wrench to the valvestem substantially as shown and described.
4. In a valve, the combination with a plug adapted to fit in an opening in a receptacle,
provided with perforations in the bottom portion thereof, comprisingla gas-inlet, a liquidoutlet and an air-vent respectively, of a valve seated in an opening in the plug and provided with perforations therethrough intermittingly caused to coincide with the gas-inlet and liquid-outlet and the air-vent when being filled with liquid, suitable inlet and outlet mechanism communicating with the perforations in said valve and .means for shifting said valve, substantially as shown and de scribed. p
5. In a valve the combinationwith a plug adapted to fit an opening in a receptacle having an open interior with a closed bottom pormechanismhaving openings matching the.
openings in the valve and means for turning the valve.
6. In a valve the combination with a plug adapted to it an opening in areceptacle having an open interior with a closed bottom portion provided withthree (3) perforations of ducts or pipes communicating with two (2) of the perfor'ations and depending into the receptacle, a gasket in the bottom of the plug provided with two (2) perforations matching with two (2) ofthe perforations in the plug and a slot therein matching with the threaded perforation, a valve seated in the Vplug and provided with two (2) perforations therethrough, a take-up nut adapted to be screwed into the interior of the plug and down upon flanges of the valve, a wrench having radiatand described.
ing arms seated on the valve and having perforatio'ns therethrough and throughthe said arms, and means for securing the said wrench to the valve, substantially as shown and'described.
7. In a valve'the combination with a plug adapted to fit an opening in a receptacle'havin g an open interior, witha closed bottom portion provided with three (3) perforations of ducts or pipes communicating with two (2) of theperforations and depending into the receptacle, a gasket in the bottom of the plug provided with two (2) perforations matching withvtwo (2) vof the perforations in the plug and a slot therein, matching With'the threaded perforation, a valve seatedin theV plug and provided with two (2) perforations therethrough, a take-up nut adapted to be screwed intoj the interioi of the plugv and down upon flanges of the valve, a wrench having radiating arms, seated onthe valve and having perforations ktherethrough and through the said arms, a suitable standard or clamping-frame l adapted to engage the valve and continuing above, the wrench adaptedI to carry a screw purposed to engage the said ,wrench to hold it in place on the valve substantially as shown p 8. In a valve the combination with a plug B provided with the bottom piece or diaphragm b, havingthe perforatio'ns b', b2, 3, of the pipes or ductsZ, ZY', communicating with the perforations b?, Vinl the bottom piece b, the'gasket O provided with the perforations o, c, and the slot c2, the valve D havingthe 'ange d and'cutaway as at d and provided with the perforations cl2, da, therethrough, the
stop b4, on the plug, the take-u'pnutE, thewrench F having the arms F F provided Withv the perforations ff therethrough, the stem vII having the' base I provided with flange/t' and the threaded head L at its upward portion and the screw K, all substantially as described and shown.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
W. V. TEFFT, A. DIXON.-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3357602 *||Jan 17, 1966||Dec 12, 1967||Ballantine & Sons P||Beer keg fitting|
|US4664292 *||Nov 18, 1985||May 12, 1987||Cadbury Schweppes, Plc||Method and apparatus for mixing in a diluent and concentrate in free space|
|US6223791||Oct 21, 1999||May 1, 2001||3M Innovative Properties Company||Gravity feed fluid dispensing valve|
|US6354346||Mar 1, 2001||Mar 12, 2002||3M Innovative Properties Company||Gravity feed fluid dispensing valve|
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|US6488058||Jul 19, 1999||Dec 3, 2002||3M Innovative Properties Company||Gravity feed fluid dispensing valve|