US 694969 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
N9. 694,969. A. A. KEMP.
FINGER GUARD FUR BEVOLVEBS.
(Application filed Nov. 9, 1900.) (No Model.)
Patented mar. ll, I902.
UNITED STATES fi PATENT FICE.
ARTHUR A. KEMP, 0F LoRETTA, OKLAHOMA TERRITORY.
FINGER-GUARD IFQR REVOLVERS.
SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent NO. 694,969, dated March 11, 1902. v
I Application filed November 9,1900. Serial No. 35,968. -CN'0 model.) i
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ARTHUR A. KEMP, a citizen of the United States, residing at Loretta, in the county of Beaver and Territory of Oklahoma, have invented a new and useful Attachmentfor Firearms, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to firearms in general, and more particularly to the class of revolvers wherein a cylinder is used for holding a number of cartridges, the object of the invention being to provide an attachment which will be so placed and constructed as to have a number of distinct uses. 1
In that class of revolvers known as the Colts revolver the cylinder is rotatably mounted in a frame, the back end of the frame being hemispherical in form to cover the rear end of the'cylinder and prevent any backward discharge from the cartridges. The cartridge-shells after having been discharged are ejected by means of a reciprocatory rammer mounted below the barrel and atone side, and
r to permit discharge .of the shells or ejection of the shells a portion of the back of the frame is formed removable and is carried by an arm which is pivoted in a recess in the rear wall.
of the chamber in which the cylinder is disposed. When the shells are to be ejected, this movable portion is swung outwardly from behind the cylinder, and when new cartridges have been inserted through the space thus left open the movable section is swung back into place, and one of the functions performed by the present invention is to facilitate the swinging of this movable section into and out of its closed position and also to hold the movable section positively against outward swinging movement when the weapon is discharged. Furthermore, in a revolver there is a liability of clippings and gases to be discharged through the seam between the front end of the cylinder and theadjacent face of the frame, and the present attachment acts to guard or protect the index-finger, which is usually held along the cylinder and with outer end across this seam.
An additional object of the invention is to provide a simple means for preventing the revolver from slipping through the belt.
These several functions are all obtained by the formation and arrangement of the single simple attachmentI In the drawings forming a portion of this specification, and in which like numerals of reference indicate similar parts in theseveral views, Figure 1 is a perspective view showing the use of the attachment as a fingerguard.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view showing the use of the attachment forpre venting the revolver from slipping through the belt of the user. Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken through the revolver just in the rear of the cylinder. Fig. 4 is a section taken through the base of the attachment and through the pivoted block to which it isattached.
Referring now to the drawings, there is shown a revolver of the Colt type, including a barrel 5, a frame 6, and a cylinder 7, rotatably mounted in the usual manner, the rear end of the frame directly behind the cylinder being formed to cover the entire rear end of I the cylinder and this rear end of the frame having a movable section in the form of a block 8, which when in place completes theclosure of the rear end of the cylinder and when removed from place exposes the chambers of the cylilder successively as the cylinder is rotated. The block 8, as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings, is carried by an'arm 9, which is pivoted in a recess 10 in the rear face of the frame and when moved upon its pivot carries the block into and out of its closed position, it being understood that the block .when in position prevents, in connection with the remainder of the rear of the frame, backward discharge, while when in its open position it permits the shells-to be successively ejected in the wellknown manner. The attachment of the present invention is carried by this block 8, which latter, with its arm, lies flush with the face of the frame when in closed position. The attachment consists of a finger 15, preferably of spring-steel, the body portion of-whleh is given a compound curve. The finger is of flat or 'cross-sectionally curved metal, as preferred, and the rear end thereof is bent to lie at right angles to the common chord of the curvature of the finger, and this laterally-bent portion is oross-sectionally formed into a dove- .1, as shown in Fig. & of the drawings, to enge a dovetail recess 16, formed in the front 30 of the block 8, this rear end of the finger ien engaged with the recess lying flush with face of the block. To secure a tight fit the end of the finger in the recess of the ock, the said end is slightly tapered, as own, and to prevent accidental removal ereof a retaining-screw 17is passed through is laterally-bent end 15 of the finger and to the block 8. As shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of .e drawings, the finger 15 lies spaced slightly om the periphery of the cylinder of the volver to permit the latter to turn freely id, furthermore, to permit the revolver to a slipped on the inside of a belt while the nger is passed down over the outside of the alt to rest with the inturned end 15 against ie upper edge of the belt and prevent the avolver from slipping down and entirely trough the belt, as shown in Fig. 2. Fig. 1 lows the finger 15 lying with the chord of its urvatnre parallel with the barrel of the re olver,'so that when the revolver is to be fired he index-finger may be laid along this finger 5 and will fit snugly thereagainst not only to old the revolver securely, but primarily to nsure proper aim. Should the block 8 stick :1 its closed position, the finger affords a means for readily swinging the block from its ilace instead of necessitating insertion of the humb of the user behind the block, the finger 15 giving a much greater leverage, as will be understood.
It will of course be understood that in practice modifications of the specific construction shown may be made and that any suitable materials and proportions may be used for the various parts without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is- A firearm including as one of its elements, a movable loading-gate having in its forward face a dovetail groove 16, and a combined handle, finger-guard and hanger 15 consisting of a curved plate extended forward beyond the juncture of the cylinder and barrel and at its rear end being curved inwardly to form shoulders to rest against the outer edge of the gate, said rear end being bent transversely to the line of the main body of the device and having a narrowed tapering end 15' adapted to said dovetail groove, and a retaining-screw passing through said plate into the body of the gate, substantially set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
ARTHUR A. KEMP.
E. B. SMITH, W. H. FEATHER.
as and for the purpose