|Publication number||US6962554 B2|
|Application number||US 09/945,026|
|Publication date||Nov 8, 2005|
|Filing date||Aug 31, 2001|
|Priority date||Mar 15, 1995|
|Also published as||CA2170720A1, US20020025890, US20060194676|
|Publication number||09945026, 945026, US 6962554 B2, US 6962554B2, US-B2-6962554, US6962554 B2, US6962554B2|
|Inventors||Dennis L. Keiser|
|Original Assignee||Keiser Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (40), Referenced by (7), Classifications (32), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 09/069,057, filed Apr. 28, 1998, now abandoned, which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/405,494, filed Mar. 15, 1995, now abandoned.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an exercising apparatus and, more particularly, to such an exercising apparatus which has particular utility in affording capabilities not heretofore possible using prior art exercising equipment.
2. Description of the Prior Art
The development of exercising equipment is, from an historical perspective, a relatively recent phenomenon. While free weights have been known for a somewhat longer period of time, mechanical exercising equipment has existed for only a few decades. For example, exercising equipment employing one or more stacks of weight plates as the resistance force have been known for several decades. Such a device is depicted in the Zinkin U.S. Pat. No. 2,932,509 which was issued in 1960. Devices of this type were a substantial advance in the art in a variety of respects. By employing weight stacks, the desired amount of weight could readily be selected and applied as the resistance force during the performance of a particular exercise. Since the weight plates were captured within the device and the path of travel thereof controlled by the device during exercising, there was significantly less risk of injury to the operator. The operator was free to concentrate on the form and repetition involved in the particular exercise without the distraction of retaining the weights within a prescribed path as required with free weights. These benefits and others experienced in the use of such prior art exercising equipment were significant and resulted in the development of an entirely new industry.
Other advances in the art included the development of exercising equipment having multiple stations in a single unit. The aforementioned patent depicts such a device. The operator was permitted to perform a multiplicity of different types of exercises in a single unit by virtue of the multiple stations. Such prior art devices constituted an improvement over the prior art in that a plurality of exercises could be performed without having a corresponding plurality of discrete exercising devices. This was not only substantially less expensive, but required significantly less space. Other improvements in equipment of this type included devices which employed a single common weight stack for use by the operator at all of the stations thereof. This not only reduced the expense of such equipment, but allowed the devices to be produced in substantially smaller sizes.
Thereafter, hydraulic and pneumatic exercising machines were developed. Such machines employed a fluid or a gas as the resistance force rather than the comparatively cumbersome weight stacks of prior art devices. For example, the Keiser U.S. Pat. No. 4,050,310 issued in 1977 is directed to an hydraulic exercising machine. The Keiser U.S. Pat. No. 4,257,593 issued in 1981 is directed to a pneumatic exercising apparatus upon which an entirely new segment of the industry was developed. Such devices have numerous operative advantages over the prior art, particularly for certain uses. They are less cumbersome and generally expensive than free weight machines. They possess a virtually infinite degree of adjustability, unlike free weight machines. They avoid the development of inertia characteristic of the weight stack in free weight machines. There are a plurality of more arcane advantages in such pneumatic exercising machines.
Thus, the state of the art relative to exercising equipment includes a plurality of types of exercising devices having a melange of relative attributes and detriments. However, all conventional exercising devices suffer from several universal operative disadvantages. There has not heretofore, as a practical matter, been an exercising device capable of permitting an operator simultaneously to exercise both upper body and lower body musculature. Conventional exercising equipment of any truly effective type requires that the operator exercise only selected upper body muscles, or selected lower body muscles at any one time. While it has been recognized that it would be desirable to be able to exercise the upper body and lower body at the same time, no satisfactory device for achieving this objective has heretofore been developed.
In addition, all prior art exercising equipment requires that the operator either adjust to the machine, or reconfigure the machine, in order to perform a different exercise than the one previously performed. Such repositioning and/or reconfiguring necessitates a relatively substantial delay in the exercising program. This detracts from what would otherwise be an optimum program of exercise. This imperative has prevented the development of exercising programs of any particular level of sophistication. It has not heretofore been possible, as a practical matter, to vary the resistance force during continuous exercising; or to vary the attitude of exercising during continuous exercising; or to vary both the resistance force and the attitude of exercising; or to be able to provide such variation for simultaneous exercising of both the upper and lower body; or to permit exercising in different environments such as those having substantially reduced gravity as compared with that of the planet earth while maintaining substantially identical parameters for such exercising; or to achieve all, or any combination, of the foregoing objectives with a precision in both control and adjustability permitting a substantial advance in the benefits to be achieved in accordance with a regimen for exercise which may be either of a basic or sophisticated design.
Therefore, it has long been known that it would be desirable to have an exercising apparatus which permits upper body and lower body musculature to be exercised simultaneously; which is readily adjustable to precise selected configurations for exercising under the control of the operator; which affords the capability of exercising with precisely the same operative effects in substantially dissimilar operative environments; which affords the capability of exercising in accordance with a program of exercise permitting both the resistance force and the attitude of such exercising to be varied during substantially continuous exercising; which is compact and suitable for use in operative environments such as extraterrestrial environments in which the magnitude of gravity is substantially reduced relative to that of the planet earth; and which is otherwise entirely successful in achieving its operational objectives.
Therefore it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved exercising apparatus.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which possesses a capability for use in the performance of exercises, and combinations of exercises, not heretofore achievable in the art.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is entirely adaptable to a virtually infinite number of usages from a single configuration.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which simultaneously permits both upper body and lower body exercise.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is adjustable for the performance of a virtually infinite number of exercising motions, all at the selection of the operator.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which affords a precision of adjustment not heretofore achieved in the art so that the optimum results can be achieved.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which permits the operator to adjust both the resistance force and the attitude of exercising during substantially continuous exercising so as to permit the performance of a range of exercises within a single continuous exercising program.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which affords the operator a panoply of data revealing the operator's performance during such exercising and similarly provides the operator with an array of selections for adjustment of the exercising apparatus more precisely to achieve the desired operative results.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is particularly well suited to usage in extraterrestrial environments, such as space vehicles, space stations, and other operative environments in which the magnitude of gravity is different from that of the planet earth.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is capable of usage in a multiplicity of operative environments while affording precisely the same performance characteristics.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is disposable in a collapsed attitude particularly well suited to storage in confined areas, such as aboard space vehicles and in other environments wherein the size of the apparatus is of significance because of spacial limitations.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is of very light weight and thereby particularly well suited to transport aboard space vehicles wherein there may be a restricted launch weight.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is readily adaptable for usage in a wide range of commercial environments, including usage in the home, in private and public gymnasiums, at academic and professional athletic institutions and in virtually any environment within which physical exercise is desired or required.
Another object is to provide such an exercising apparatus which is particularly well suited to usage by astronauts during space flights for the purpose of avoiding muscle deterioration, decalcification of bone structure and other debilitating results from operation in an environment of substantially reduced gravity.
Further objects and advantages are to provide improved elements and arrangements thereof in an apparatus for the purpose described which is dependable, economical, durable and fully effective in accomplishing its intended purpose.
These and other objects and advantages are achieved, in the preferred embodiment of the exercising apparatus of the present invention, in an exercise apparatus having a frame with a predetermined reference position, an engagement assembly for use by an operator during exercise, a system for resisting movement of the engagement assembly by the operator during exercise and a mechanism mounting the engagement assembly for selective movement along a path of travel relative to the reference movement along a path of travel relative to the reference position for purposes of controlling the exercise of the operator positioned relative to the reference position.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the exercising apparatus of the present invention is generally indicated by the numeral 10 in
The exercising apparatus is not limited in any respect to usage in a particular operative environment. Nonetheless, the exercising apparatus of the present invention has unique operative advantages when employed in an environment of substantially reduced gravity, such as aboard a space vehicle and, particularly, when so employed for sustained periods of time, such as during prolonged space flights and aboard space stations. It has been discovered, through extraterrestrial space exploration to date, that subjection of the human body to such an environment of reduced gravity causes muscular and bone deterioration and, perhaps, other long term effects. It is believed that this degenerative process begins immediately and continues throughout the period of exposure to the low gravity environment. It is also believed that it may not be possible to restore this muscle and bone loss upon return to the earth. Accordingly, the development of some means for preempting this deteriorative process is of paramount importance if prolonged space exploration is to be a practical reality. It is now postulated that frequent exercise by astronauts during such space flight may prevent, or retard, these effects of exposure to a reduced gravity environment. Accordingly, the development of a suitable exercising apparatus for such space flight is of considerable importance.
Only for purposes of illustrative convenience, the exercising apparatus 10 of the present invention will be described, in part, as employed in such an environment. In this respect, a mounting structure 20 is shown in
An operator is generally indicated by the numeral 29 in
The operator 29 is shown in a supine attitude 30 in
Turning then to the exercising apparatus 10 itself, the apparatus has a main frame generally indicated by the numeral 60. The main frame can be constructed of any suitable material, such as tubular steel. In this illustrative operative environment, the exercising apparatus is to be employed in a reduced gravity environment, but must be launched into space aboard a space vehicle. Accordingly, the conservation of weight and space may be important. The main frame has a pair of substantially parallel, longitudinal frame members 61 interconnected by a pair of transverse frame members 62 extending therebetween in spaced, parallel relation. Thus, the longitudinal and transverse frame members form a rectangular configuration. The main frame is mounted on, or rested upon, a surface of support by mounting assemblies 63 which are mounted on the interior surface 22 of the bulkhead 21. It will be understood that in other operative environments under normal earth gravity conditions, the main frame can simply be rested on a surface of support in which case the mounting assemblies may be replaced by adjustable rests for this purpose.
The main frame 60 has two upright forward frame members 70 individually extended upwardly from the junctures of the respective longitudinal and transverse members 61 and 62, respectively, and in right angular relation thereto. The forward frame members terminate in slanted upper surfaces 71 together defining a plane sloping downwardly from right to left, as viewed in
A pair of upright outer rearward frame members 80 are individually mounted on the rearward transverse frame member 62 in spaced, parallel relation extending upwardly to upper end portions 81. As shown in
A pair of lateral frame members 90 are mounted on, and extend upwardly from, each longitudinal frame member 61 to upper end portions 91. Lateral support members 92 are individually mounted on the upper end portions 91 of the lateral frame members 90 and extend to, and are mounted on, the central support beams 84, as shown best in
A pair of oblique side members 105 are individually mounted on the distal end portions 85 of the central support beams 84 and extend upwardly at an angle therefrom from right to left, as viewed in
The exercising apparatus 10 has an upper body exercise mechanism generally indicated by the numeral 115. The upper body exercise mechanism has a track assembly generally indicated by the numeral 120. The track assembly includes a pair of arcuate track members 121 each describing a segment of a circle and each having a front end portion 122 and an opposite rear end portion 123. Each of the arcuate track members is preferably cylindrical in cross section and is mounted on the main frame 60, as hereinafter described.
A rear mounting plate 124 is mounted on, and extends downwardly from, each of the side frame members 93. Thus, the mounting plates 76, 97 and 124 on each side of the main frame are preferably disposed in the same vertical plane on the interior sides of their respective frame members. Each arcuate track member is mounted on its respective mounting plates 76, 97 and 124 by mounting pins 126 individually extending inwardly of the main frame from their respective mounting plates and mounting their respective arcuate track member on the end portions thereof in the configuration shown in the drawings. As previously noted, each arcuate track member is a segment of a circle. The arcuate track members 121 are substantially concentric to the reference position 112 which, as noted, may be viewed as an axis extending through the shoulders 37 of an operator 29 disposed in the operator's station 111 in the supine attitude 30 shown in
The upper body exercise mechanism 115 of the exercise apparatus 10 includes a carriage assembly generally indicated by the numeral 140 in
A pair of rear roller mounting plates 170 are mounted on, and extend downwardly from, the opposite ends of the rear cross beam 155 beneath their respective rearward end portions 143 of the lower longitudinal frame members 142. Similarly, a pair of central roller mounting plates 171 are individually mounted on, and extend downwardly from, the lower longitudinal frame members 142 at approximately the junctures of the brace members 158 with their respective lower longitudinal frame members 142. Each of the rear roller mounting plates mounts a pair of spaced, parallel rear roller shafts 172 extending outwardly therefrom in predetermined spaced relation and individually rotationally mounting rear rollers 173 thereon. Similarly, the central roller mounting plates 171 individually mount central roller shafts 174 extending outwardly therefrom in spaced, parallel relation and individually rotationally mounting central rollers 175 thereon. The rear rollers 173 and central rollers 175 are spaced from each other and have arcuate channels extending peripherally thereabout so as rotationally to engage their respective arcuate track member 121 therebetween. Thus, the carriage assembly is mounted for movement on the arcuate track members by the rear rollers 173 on each side of the carriage assembly engaging the arcuate track member and by the central rollers 175 on each side of the carriage assembly engaging the arcuate track member. Thus, the carriage assembly is movable on the track assembly 120 between a retracted position shown in
A pair of bearing plates 180 are individually mounted on, and extend downwardly from, the lower convergent brace members 160. Bearings 181 are individually mounted on the bearing plates defining a primary pivot axis, or axis of rotation extending transversely of the carriage assembly 140. An engagement assembly is borne by the carriage assembly and is generally indicated by the numeral 182 in
A pair of arms, or arm members, 190 are individually mounted, as by welding, on the cross member 185 extending therefrom in spaced, substantially parallel relation thereto. The arm members have proximal portions 191 and opposite distal portions 192. The arm members have return bent portions 193 between the proximal and distal portions. Handles 194 are mounted on the distal portions 192 of the arm members extending inwardly toward each other and defining an axis parallel to the axis of rotation defined by the bearings 181. Each of the handles terminates in a terminal surface 195 which is right-angularly related to the axis defined by the handles. Suitable grips 196 are individually slidably received about the handles and disposed so as to expose the terminal surfaces 195 of the handles. A drive arm 200 is mounted, as by welding, on the arm member 190 on the right, as viewed in
A travel limiting assembly 210 is mounted on the apparatus, as best shown in
The exercising apparatus has a carriage positioning assembly generally indicated by the numeral 230 in
A pair of mounting plates 240 are individually mounted on the rear cross beam 155 of the carriage assembly 140 in adjacent spaced relation. An internally screw threaded drive sleeve or drive bushing 241 is pivotally mounted on, and between, the mounting plates and is screw-threadably received on the screw threaded drive shaft 234. Thus, it will be seen that operation of the drive motor 233 rotates the screw threaded drive shaft 234 in either direction thereabout to move the drive sleeve 241 therealong. Since the drive motor 233 is mounted in fixed position relative to the main frame, the rotation of the screw threaded drive shaft causes the carriage assembly 140 to be moved along the track assembly 120 between the positions shown in
An exercise force resistance assembly of the exercise apparatus 10 is generally indicated by the numeral 250 in
A linkage assembly 260 operatively interconnects the clevis assembly 255 with the drive arm 200 of the engagement assembly 182. The linkage assembly includes a pair of link arms 261 mounted by pivot mounts 262 at the opposite ends thereof on the clevis assembly 255 and on the drive arm 200. Thus, the major pneumatic cylinder is operatively linked to the engagement assembly 182 to resist movement of the engagement assembly between the retracted position 220 in the extended position 221.
A minor pneumatic cylinder assembly 271 is mounted on the carriage assembly 140 of the exercising apparatus. The minor pneumatic cylinder assembly includes a cylinder mount 272 mounting the minor pneumatic cylinder 273 on the lower longitudinal frame member 142 of the carriage frame 141 on the right, as viewed in
The apparatus has a linkage which interconnects the clevis assembly 255 of the cylinder rod 254 of major pneumatic cylinder 253 and the upper convergent brace member 159. The linkage includes a first linking member or arm 280 mounted on the pivot mount 262 interconnecting the link arms 261 and the clevis assembly 255 by a first pivot mount 281. A second pivot mount 282 interconnects the distal end of the first linking arm with a second linking member or arm 283 which is, in turn, connected to the upper convergent brace member 159 on the right, as viewed in
The exercise apparatus 10 has a lower body exercise mechanism generally indicated by the numeral 315 in
Two pair of attachment plates 330 are individually mounted on the proximal end portion 324 and on the distal end portion 325 of each pivot arm 323. The attachment plates of each pair are disposed in adjacent spaced relation. A linking pin 331 is positionable in holes extending through each pair of attachment plates 330, as shown in
An adjustable foot assembly 347 is slidably received on each outer member 334. Each adjustable foot assembly has an adjustment sleeve 348 which is slidably received on its respective outer member and which mounts a locking pin assembly 349. A pivotal foot rest 350 is pivotally mounted on the interior side of the adjustment sleeve and, thereby, on the interior side of its respective outer member. The foot rests are pivotal about pivot axes right-angularly related to their respective outer members. Each of the foot rests mounts a strap assembly 351 adapted operably to secure the foot, or shoe, of an operator therewithin for ease of operation. Each outer member has a plurality of locking pin holes 352 extending therealong in aligned spaced relation, as best shown in
The exercise apparatus 10 mounts a pair of pneumatic cylinder assemblies generally indicated by the numerals 361. Each of the pneumatic cylinder assemblies includes a cylinder mounting assembly 362 which is pivotally mounted on the transverse frame member 98 of the main frame 60, as best shown in
The lower body exercise mechanism 315 is shown in
Referring more particularly to
The exercising apparatus 10 has a data display assembly generally indicated by the numeral 400. The data display assembly has a pivotal mounting assembly 401 on which is adjustably mounted an arm member 402. The arm member is mounted on the pivotal mounting assembly so as selectively to be adjustable about an axis of rotation extending transversely of the main frame 60 and is of a type permitting the arm member to be selectively secured in virtually any position about the axis of rotation for purposes hereinafter described. The arm member 402 extends to a distal end portion 403 on which is mounted an adjustment assembly 404. Display console 405 is mounted on the adjustment assembly 404 and is selectively securable thereon in virtually any attitude about an axis of rotation extending through the adjustment assembly which is also transversely extended relative to the main frame 60. In other words, as shown in
Referring more particularly to
The exercising apparatus of the present invention can employ any suitable control system for operation of the operative portions thereof. However, the control system 426 of the preferred embodiment of the present invention has unique operative advantages. The control system 426 includes an electrical system generally indicated by the numeral 427 and shown in the schematic diagram of
The pneumatic system 430 has an air compressor 431 and an air compressor accumulator 432. The pneumatic system has an upper body accumulator 433 and a lower body accumulator 434. Accumulators 432, 433 and 434 may be of any suitable type such as the compression reservoir assemblies shown and described in the Keiser U.S. Pat. No. 4,257,593.
The pneumatic system 430 has three gauge pressure transducers 440, 441 and 442, respectively. Similarly, the pneumatic system has a pair of absolute pressure transducers 443 and 444.
The pneumatic system 430 has three upper body high flow valves 450, 451 and 452, respectively. Similarly, the pneumatic system has a pair of lower body high flow valves 453 and 454. The pneumatic system has a pair of upper body fast fill valves 460 and 461 and a pair of upper body proportional valves 462 and 463, respectively. The pneumatic system has a pair of lower body fast fill valves 470 and 471 and a pair of lower body proportional valves 472 and 473.
As indicated in
The pneumatic system 430 includes a pneumatic circuit 490, shown in the schematic diagram of
Pneumatic conduit 500 operatively interconnects upper body high flow valve 452 and extends as a vent to atmosphere. Pneumatic conduit 501 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 500 and upper body high flow valve 451. Pneumatic conduit 502 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 500 and upper body high flow valve 450. Pneumatic conduit 503 is operatively connected to upper body high flow valve 452. Pneumatic conduit 504 is operatively connected to upper body high flow valve 451. Pneumatic conduit 505 is operatively connected to upper body high flow valve 450. Pneumatic conduit 506 is operatively connected to the rod side of minor pneumatic cylinder 273. Pneumatic conduit 507 is operatively connected to the opposite end of minor pneumatic cylinder 273.
Pneumatic conduit 520 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 495 and upper body fast fill valve 460. Pneumatic conduit 521 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 495 and upper body proportional valve 462. Pneumatic conduit 522 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 495 and upper body fast fill valve 461. Pneumatic conduit 523 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 495 and upper body proportional valve 463. Pneumatic conduit 524 is operatively connected to gauge pressure transducer 440.
Pneumatic conduit 530 operatively interconnects upper body fast fill valve 460 and pneumatic conduit 524. Pneumatic conduit 531 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 530 and upper body proportional valve 462. Pneumatic conduit 532 is operatively connected to pneumatic conduit 524. Pneumatic conduit 533 is operatively connected to pneumatic conduit 524. Pneumatic conduit 534 is operatively connected to pneumatic conduit 524.
Pneumatic conduit 540 operatively interconnects air compressor 431 and air compressor accumulator 432. Pneumatic conduit 541 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 524 and pneumatic conduit 540. Pneumatic conduit 542 operatively interconnects the rod side of the pneumatic cylinder 363 on the right, as viewed in
Pneumatic conduit 555 operatively interconnects gauge pressure transducer 441 and pneumatic conduit 542. Pneumatic conduit 556 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 542 and lower body high flow valve 454. Pneumatic conduit 557 is operatively connected to lower body high flow valve 454 and vents to atmosphere. Pneumatic conduit 558 operatively interconnects lower body high flow valve 453 and pneumatic conduit 557. Pneumatic conduit 559 is operatively connected to lower body high flow valve 454. Pneumatic conduit 560 is operatively connected to lower body high flow valve 453.
Pneumatic conduit 570 is operatively connected to pneumatic conduit 524. Pneumatic conduit 571 is operatively connected to pneumatic conduit 570. Pneumatic conduit 572 operatively interconnects lower body fast fill valve 470 and pneumatic conduit 570. Pneumatic conduit 573 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 572 and lower body proportional valve 472. Pneumatic conduit 574 operatively interconnects lower body fast fill valve 470 and pneumatic conduit 542. Pneumatic conduit 575 operatively interconnects lower body proportional valve 472 and pneumatic conduit 542. Pneumatic conduit 576 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 542 and lower body fast fill valve 471. Pneumatic conduit 577 operatively interconnects pneumatic conduit 542 and lower body proportional valve 473.
The electrical system 427 of the control system 426 of the exercising apparatus 10 includes four microprocessors 600, 601, 602 and 603. The electrical system further includes sonar position processing circuits 604 and 605 and linear actuator 606. The electrical system further includes pressure switches 620, 621 and 622.
The electrical system 427 includes six electrically operated solenoid valves identified by reference numerals 630, 631, 632, 633, 640 and 641, respectively. The solenoid valves are selectively operated to control the flow of compressed air in the pneumatic system 430 through the pneumatic conduits individually connected thereto, as shown in
The electrical system has a pair of sonar transducers 650 mounted in predetermined positions adjacent to the cylinder rod 254 of the major pneumatic cylinder assembly 251. Similarly, a pair of sonar transducers 651 are mounted in predetermined positions adjacent to the linear actuator 606. A pair of sonar transducers 652 are mounted in predetermined positions adjacent to the cylinder rod 364 of pneumatic cylinder 363 on the left, as viewed in
The electrical system 427 includes an electrical circuit 690. The electrical circuit includes an electrical conductor 691 which operatively interconnects the sonar transducers 650 and the sonar position processing circuit 604. Electrical conductor 692 operatively interconnects sonar position processing circuit 604 and sonar transducers 651. Electrical conductor 693 operatively interconnects sonar transducers 652 and sonar position processing circuit 605. Electrical conductor 694 operatively interconnects sonar transducers 653 and sonar position processing circuit 605. Electrical conductor 695 operatively interconnects microprocessor 601 and microprocessor 603. Electrical conductor 696 operatively interconnects electrical conductor 694 and electrical conductor 695 serving as a means for communication with other exercising apparatuses if used on site or otherwise.
Electrical conductor 700 operatively interconnects upper body fast fill valve 461 and microprocessor 602. Electrical conductor 701 operatively interconnects upper body fast fill valve 460 and microprocessor 602. Electrical conductor 702 operatively interconnects upper body proportional valve 463 and microprocessor 602. Electrical conductor 703 operatively interconnects upper body proportional valve 462 and microprocessor 602. Electrical conductor 704 operatively interconnects lower body fast fill valve 471 and microprocessor 603. Electrical conductor 705 operatively interconnects lower body fast fill valve 470 and microprocessor 603. Electrical conductor 706 operatively interconnects lower body proportional valve 473 and microprocessor 603. Electrical conductor 707 operatively interconnects lower body proportional valve 472 and microprocessor 603.
Electrical conductor 720 operatively interconnects the pressure switches 620 and 621 and the solenoid valve 632. Electrical conductor 721 operatively interconnects solenoid valve 630 and microprocessor 602. Electrical conductor 722 operatively interconnects solenoid valve 631 and microprocessor 602. Electrical conductor 723 operatively interconnects solenoid valve 633 and electrical conductor 721. Electrical conductor 724 operatively interconnects solenoid valve 633 and electrical conductor 722.
Electrical conductor 730 operatively interconnects pressure switch 622 and solenoid valve 641. Electrical conductor 731 operatively interconnects solenoid valve 640 and microprocessor 603. Electrical switches 732, 733, 734 and 735 are individually operatively connected to the buttons 480, 481, 482 and 483, respectively. These electrical switches 732, 733, 734 and 735 are, in turn, individually operatively connected to the microprocessor 603 by electrical conductors 736, 737, 738 and 739, respectively.
As will be appreciated, the precise location of many of the components of the control system 426 can be in any suitable location. In the preferred embodiment, it has been found convenient to locate some of these components on the carriage assembly 140. In addition, the electrical circuit heretofore described communicating with the buttons 480 and 481 and the buttons 482 and 483 must pass to the carriage assembly, or more specifically, to the engagement assembly 182 borne thereby. For purposes of allowing physical communication to the carriage assembly and the portions borne thereby from the remainder of the exercising apparatus, a power cable 740 is shown in the drawings extending from the exercising apparatus to the carriage assembly 140.
The operation of the described embodiment of the subject invention is believed to be clearly apparent and is briefly summarized at this point.
The exercising apparatus 10 is shown in
The exercising apparatus 10, as shown in
With the outer members 334 in the retracted operational attitudes 376, the adjustable foot assemblies 347 are moved to the desired positions along the outer members. This is achieved by pulling upwardly on the locking pin assemblies 349 thereof and slidably moving the adjustment sleeves 348 along the outer members to the desired positions. Once the desired positions are reached, the locking pin assemblies are pushed into the pin holes 352 coincident with the selected positions. The positions selected are, of course, those at which the feet 52 of the operator 29 will apply pressure during exercising.
The exercising apparatus 10 is, at this time, in the configuration shown in
As previously noted, the operation of the exercising apparatus 10 is described, for illustrative convenience, in an operative environment of no gravity, or of substantially reduced gravity, such as a space vehicle travelling through extraterrestrial space. Thus, as shown in
Similarly, the operator 29 individually places his feet 52 in the strap assemblies 351 of the adjustable foot assemblies 347, also as shown in
Simultaneously the data display assembly 400 is pivoted to a position, such as shown in
When the operator 29 is in the supine attitude 30 substantially as shown in
The operation of the upper body exercise mechanism 115 is somewhat different, as hereinafter described. As previously noted, the carriage assembly 140 can be positioned in any desired position between the retracted position, shown in
The engagement assembly 182, as previously noted, is movable under the impetus of the operator 29 between the retracted position 220 shown in phantom lines in
The operator 29, once having selected the exercise desired using the commands provided by the indicia of the second display area 408 on the display screen 406, can begin exercising. This is achieved by exerting force against the handles 194 of the engagement assembly 182 away from the chest if, for example, the exercise is a chest press. Movement of the engagement assembly from the retracted position 220 toward the extended position 221 causes the force to be transmitted to the major pneumatic cylinder 253 through the medium of the linking assembly 260 connected to the engagement assembly 182. Such movement causes the piston within the major pneumatic cylinder 253 to be drawn against air pressure therewithin to the left of the piston to afford resistance to such movement and therefore exercising resistance for exercising by the operator. In the return stroke from the extended position 221 toward the retracted position such air pressure to the left of the piston returns the exercising assembly to the retracted position as the operator permits this to occur. This process of reciprocal movement is repeated for such exercising in such concentric-eccentric strokes.
If, for example, the operator selects a pull down, the buttons 480, 481, 482 and 483 are depressed, as instructed by the indicia and the control system applies air pressure to the right side of the piston as viewed, for example, in
Unlike any exercising device heretofore known in the art, the path of such reciprocal exercising can be modified during exercising by moving the carriage assembly 140 along the track assembly 120 literally during such continuous exercising. Following the commands indicated by the indicia of the second display area 408, the carriage assembly 140 can be moved through the medium of the drive motor 233 and screw threaded drive shaft 234 to position the carriage assembly in any of the positions between that shown in
In addition, the resistance force provided to both the upper body exercise mechanism 115 and the lower body exercise mechanism 315 can be varied individually as desired by the operator 29 following the commands of the indicia of the second display area 408. Thus, pneumatic resistance for the legs 50 of the operator and/or for the arms 38 of the operator can be increased or decreased or retained the same during such continuous exercising or adjusted between different exercises as desired.
Still further, the effective pivot point of the interconnection of the major pneumatic cylinder assembly 251 and the engagement assembly 182 can be varied for purposes of converting the exercising apparatus from the shoulder press configuration of
Although the control system can be configured in any desired manner, it is preferably configured so that depression of the two buttons controlling the major pneumatic cylinder 253 effectively deactivates the major pneumatic cylinder. In other words, the pneumatic system equalizes air pressure on both sides of the piston therewithin permitting the operator freely to move the exercising assembly 182 to any desired position between the retracted and advanced positions. The control system, through the sonar transducers, senses where the cylinder rod 254 is and the microprocessor 603 through the pneumatic system applies air pressure to the interiors of the major and minor pneumatic cylinders on the correct sides of the pistons therewithin for the particular exercise to be performed as indicated by the position of the cylinder rod 254. Similarly, depression of the two buttons controlling the pneumatic cylinders 363 operates in the same manner to control the lower body exercising assembly.
When the program of exercising is concluded, the exercising apparatus 10 is returned to the collapsed or stored configuration, shown in
Therefore, the exercising apparatus of the present invention permits upper body and lower body musculature to be exercised simultaneously; is readily adjusted to precise selected configurations for exercising under the control of the operator; affords the capability of exercising with precisely the same operative effects in substantially dissimilar environments including those of substantially reduced gravity; affords the capability of exercising in accordance with a program of exercise permitting both the resistance and the attitude of such exercising to be varied during substantially continuous exercising; is quite compact and suitable for use in operative environments such as spacecraft and in other extraterrestrial environments; and is otherwise entirely successful in achieving its operative environments.
Although the invention has been herein shown and described in what is conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the invention which is not to be limited to the illustrative details disclosed.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1015071||Aug 28, 1911||Jan 16, 1912||Robert Reach||Gymnasium rowing apparatus.|
|US2932509||Aug 2, 1957||Apr 12, 1960||Zinkin Harold||Body exercising apparatus|
|US3074716||Jul 26, 1960||Jan 22, 1963||Mitchel Carl E||Swimming instructing machine and exerciser|
|US3387843||Aug 19, 1964||Jun 11, 1968||Lloyd E. Chandler||Exercise machine in which the user pushes or pulls against a resisting force produced by a pneumatic cylinder operating in conjunction with compressed air|
|US3451271||Jun 30, 1966||Jun 24, 1969||David E Knoblauch||Hydraulically controlled exercising and weight lifting device|
|US3692296||Dec 16, 1970||Sep 19, 1972||Monroe Auto Equipment Co||Air spring shock absorber unit|
|US3784194||Apr 20, 1972||Jan 8, 1974||J Perrine||Bilateral reciprocal isokinetic exerciser|
|US3822599||Oct 16, 1969||Jul 9, 1974||Brentham J||Exercising device|
|US4050310||Mar 17, 1976||Sep 27, 1977||Keiser Dennis L||Exercising apparatus|
|US4227689||Jul 24, 1978||Oct 14, 1980||Kintron, Incorporated||Exercising device including linkage for control of muscular exertion required through exercising stroke|
|US4247098 *||Dec 11, 1978||Jan 27, 1981||Brentham Jerry D||Dual cylinder hip exercising device|
|US4256302||Mar 10, 1976||Mar 17, 1981||Keiser Dennis L||Variable resistance exercising device|
|US4257593||Dec 20, 1977||Mar 24, 1981||Keiser Corporation||Pneumatic exercising device|
|US4326707||Sep 4, 1979||Apr 27, 1982||Strecker Dennis C||Hydraulic exerciser|
|US4500089||Jan 20, 1983||Feb 19, 1985||Nautilus Sports/Medical Industries, Inc.||Weight lifting lower back exercising machine|
|US4549733 *||Feb 4, 1983||Oct 29, 1985||Alan Salyer||Weight type exercising device|
|US4609190 *||May 25, 1984||Sep 2, 1986||Brentham Jerry D||Physical fitness diagnostic testing apparatus|
|US4700946 *||Oct 11, 1985||Oct 20, 1987||Breunig Donald E||Exercise Device|
|US4720099 *||Jun 29, 1987||Jan 19, 1988||The Toro Company||Exercise machine|
|US4722525||Jul 31, 1986||Feb 2, 1988||Brentham Jerry D||Physical fitness diagnostic testing apparatus|
|US4730829||Jun 26, 1987||Mar 15, 1988||The Toro Company||Exercise machine|
|US4911436 *||Apr 29, 1987||Mar 27, 1990||Pneu-Body, Inc.||Pneumatic home fitness center|
|US4915379||Jul 21, 1988||Apr 10, 1990||Sapp William E||Apparatus for exercise and physical therapy|
|US4976426 *||Sep 6, 1989||Dec 11, 1990||Garden Reach Developments Ltd.||Rehabilitation exercise device|
|US5018725 *||Jul 25, 1990||May 28, 1991||Cook Roger D||Adjustable exercise equipment|
|US5044632 *||Apr 26, 1990||Sep 3, 1991||Hammer Corporation||Dumbbell press exercise machine|
|US5060939||Mar 29, 1991||Oct 29, 1991||Diversified Products Corporation||Multi-position exercise bench|
|US5102122 *||Oct 2, 1990||Apr 7, 1992||Robert A. Piane, Jr.||Exercise apparatus|
|US5145479 *||Apr 3, 1991||Sep 8, 1992||Brad Olschansky||Total body exercising apparatus|
|US5310394||Dec 28, 1992||May 10, 1994||Demetrios Kallios||Spotter system for weightlifters|
|US5336145||Dec 1, 1993||Aug 9, 1994||Keiser Dennis L||Apparatus having a movable load bearing surface|
|US5403257||Aug 4, 1993||Apr 4, 1995||Tunturipyora Oy||Multi-pull exercise devices|
|US5526692||Dec 29, 1993||Jun 18, 1996||Keiser Corporation||Sensor|
|US5776040||Aug 2, 1996||Jul 7, 1998||Nautilus International, Inc.||Auxiliary weight system for exercise apparatus|
|US5890996||May 30, 1996||Apr 6, 1999||Interactive Performance Monitoring, Inc.||Exerciser and physical performance monitoring system|
|US6142919||Apr 12, 1999||Nov 7, 2000||Jorgensen; Adam A.||Multi-purpose low profile physical exercising device|
|US6447430||Feb 10, 2000||Sep 10, 2002||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise machine|
|FR2581550A1 *||Title not available|
|FR2645032A1||Title not available|
|GB2240727A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7637854 *||Nov 12, 2007||Dec 29, 2009||Suk Hwan Jang||Backbone correction exercise apparatus|
|US7691041 *||Nov 8, 2005||Apr 6, 2010||Abdo John S||Exercise machine|
|US7976446 *||Nov 3, 2009||Jul 12, 2011||Edward Chen||Exercise apparatus|
|US8070659 *||May 21, 2004||Dec 6, 2011||Robovic, NC.||Orthopedic exerciser|
|US8267843 *||Mar 30, 2010||Sep 18, 2012||Fabio Dellino||Gluteus weight training machine|
|US20060194676 *||Nov 8, 2005||Aug 31, 2006||Keiser Dennis L||Exercising apparatus|
|US20070037666 *||May 21, 2004||Feb 15, 2007||Guy Gagnon||Orthopedic exerciser|
|U.S. Classification||482/112, 482/908, 482/142, 482/138, 482/137|
|International Classification||A63B21/008, A63B21/06, A63B23/02, A63B23/035, A63B21/015, A63B24/00|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S482/908, A63B21/0087, A63B2210/50, A63B2225/09, A63B2225/096, A63B21/0611, A63B23/0211, A63B22/0056, A63B2220/13, A63B2208/0252, A63B22/001, A63B21/015, A63B23/03575, A63B24/00|
|European Classification||A63B23/035G, A63B22/00A6, A63B22/00P6, A63B21/06D, A63B21/015, A63B24/00, A63B21/008C2|
|Aug 8, 2006||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Nov 21, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 22, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8