US 696425 A
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No. 696,425. Patented Apr. I, I902.
M. C. FARR.
(Application filed July 8, 1901.)
WW I d7 ,3 M L -E- a! rah F llivrrnn drains PATENT UFFICE.
MARK C. FARR, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
LAWN S EAT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. dated April 1902- Applioation filed July 8,1901. Serial No. 67,466. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, MARK O. FARR, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Lawn-Seat, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in seats for lawns and campus-grounds.
The objects of my invention are to produce a comfortable seat for users on lawns and at outdoor assemblies which will not injure the grass while using nor disturb the surface on which it is placed, and also to provide a port able seat which can be readily and easily carried anywhere and allow the user to be near the ground and enjoy the pleasure of the close proximity to a grass-surface, flower-beds, dsc. and be able to sit or recline for reading, study, sketching, fishing, and other things where needed without being directly on the ground, thus obviating the chill of the earth or the stain of the grass or other substance. I attain these object-s by the device illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is an elevation showing the device open and ready to use as a seat, the back B standing erect. Fig. 2 is a plan of the device as shown at Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an elevation of the back looking from the rear, showing attachmen ts of the brace D and hooks g g,which hold the brace when closed and ready for trans portation. Fig. 4. shows the device folded for carriage.
Similar letters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
In the drawings, A represents the front of base of my portable seat and may be constructed of any suitable material, preferably of light strong three-quarter or one inch board. It should be of width of about twelve inches and of length about eighteen inches.
a is a cleat, of similar material, firmly fastened to base A, to which cleat the back 13 is hinged by hinges b b, so that the back may be adjusted backward and forward at will. The back B is also preferably of wood and of the width of twelve inches and length twentyfour inches and about same thickness as base or seat.
O is the base-rest for the back, also formed of wood or other suitable material. It is about eighteen inches in length, of about three and one-half inches in width, and is scored upon its upper side with transverse channels 0, and also the base-rest is provided With vertical channels 0, which are a continuation of the transverse channels 0. The base-rest O is really a continuation of the base A, and it is hinged to the base A by hinges F F, which afford articulation or joint at that point, so that the device may the better adapt itself to uneven ground,thusin such cases affording an adjustableandfirmerbase. Thehinged joint also allows the folding of the seat into a small compass for transportation or carrying. D, the brace or support of the back, is hinged at e e and is preferably formed of light iron or steel rod about one-fourth inch in diameter. It has a transverse bar E to engage with transverse channels 0 of the base-rest G, and it has also vertical spurs cl (Z to engage with the vertical channels 0.
When the device is folded, the brace D in folding will extend just far enough (see Figs. 3 and 4) to form a convenient handle to carry the device and is held in place by hooks g g.
Some of the advantages" of my device are as follows: The owners of lawns or parks do not like anything to be used as a seat which will cut up or destroy the grass or ground.
My device is operated as follows: In being placed where the user desires, opening baserest 0 and extending base or seat A, laying same flat on ground, raising back B, and giving it the desired inclination by adjusting brace D as desired to base-rest (3, user then occupies base A, thus sitting on or near grass without incurring dampness or chill.
My device is not only useful where lawnseats with legs are objectionable, for the reason they destroy the grass and sod, but it allows the user to be near the grass or near a bed of flowers or like situations without injury from dampness or the stain of the grass or earth.
These seats are useful for reading or resting, as the back can be given any desired inclination and changed from one position to another at will, as one does not like one position in sitting or lounging. They are useful for naturalists, artists, and students, fishermen, andin tents,and for ranchmen and herders, invalids, hospitals, sanitariu ms, colleges, or wherever it is desired to have a portable seat for patients and persons, and for picnic gage with the rack for adjustment, substan- 10 parties and out-of-doors lectures and meettially as described. ings. In testimony whereof I affix my signature What I claim, and desire to secure by Letin presence of two Witnesses. 5 ters Patent, is l A legless lawn-seat having a jointed or ar- MARK FARR ticulated base and adjustable back, a rack Witnesses: upon the upper side of the base-rest and a ERNEST E. STONE,
pawl attached to the back and adapted to en CHARLES C. SPOTSWOOD.