|Publication number||US6969002 B2|
|Application number||US 10/324,651|
|Publication date||Nov 29, 2005|
|Filing date||Dec 19, 2002|
|Priority date||Dec 19, 2002|
|Also published as||US20040118923|
|Publication number||10324651, 324651, US 6969002 B2, US 6969002B2, US-B2-6969002, US6969002 B2, US6969002B2|
|Inventors||Thomas E. Creamer, Victor S. Moore, Wendi L. Nusbickel, Scott L. Winters|
|Original Assignee||International Business Machines Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (19), Non-Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (13), Classifications (12), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of portable computing devices and, more particularly, to using portable computing devices to exchange information using bar codes.
2. Description of the Related Art
Bar codes are used to represent information in a manner that can be easily and automatically read by machines referred to as bar code readers. Accordingly, bar codes are utilized for a variety of different purposes which range from tracking and identifying inventory items to identifying persons. Bar codes can be implemented as single dimension bar codes or as multidimensional bar codes.
In any case, bar code readers, whether implemented as laser scanners, charge-coupled device (CCD) array scanners, or wand scanners, can read a bar code printed on a label. Generally, the bar code reader is able to read the bar code by passing a beam of light over the bar code. The scanner can determine the bars and the spaces between the bars based upon how much light is reflected from the bar code. Notably, bar code readers can scan a given target bar code anywhere from one time per second to over hundreds of times per second. Once the bar code has been read, the bar code scanner can process the raw data.
Bar codes need not be printed on paper or other conventional surfaces. For example, bar codes can be displayed upon display devices such as liquid crystal displays (LCD). LCDs operate by altering the polarity of portions of the screen to allow light to pass through thereby producing areas of contrast on the LCD. Thus, a bar code can be displayed upon the LCD and can be read by a bar code reader.
Conventional devices such as electronic wallets having displays incorporated therein can be programmed to display bar codes upon the display screen of the device. These devices can be programmed to store and display any of several different bar codes which correspond to identification cards the user typically carries on his or her person. Because the electronic wallet can display a given bar code responsive to a user request, the user need not carry the various individual cards if the bar code from the card is stored within the electronic wallet.
Still, such devices are limited to displaying a single bar code responsive to a user request.
The present invention provides a method, system, and apparatus for conveying information from a portable computing device to a bar code reader. More particularly, the present invention can provide information to a bar code reader by sequentially displaying segments of a large or extended bar code. In addition to providing more information through a set of sequential bar code segments than would be possible using conventional bar code display technologies, the present invention can detect when a bar code reader is attempting to scan the display of the portable computing device so as to automatically begin displaying segments of the bar code. The segments can be displayed sequentially according to a predetermined time interval, or can be displayed each time the bar code reader scans the display of the portable computing device.
One aspect of the present invention can include a method of automatically providing information from a portable computing device to a bar code reader. The method can include, within the portable computing device, automatically detecting a scan from the bar code reader. For example, the light emanating from the bar code reader can be automatically detected. Responsive to the automatic detection of the scan, one or more segments of a visual image can be presented on a display screen of the portable computing device. For instance, several segments of an extended visual image can be presented sequentially or a segment which constitutes an entire visual image can be presented upon the display of the portable computing device.
Another embodiment of the present invention can include a method of providing information from a portable computing device to a bar code reader wherein segments of an extended visual image are presented responsive to scans by the bar code reader.
The method can include, within the portable computing device, detecting a first scan from the bar code reader and, responsive to the detection of the first scan, presenting on a display screen of the portable computing device a first segment of the visual image. Accordingly, a second scan can be detected from the bar code reader. Responsive to the detection of the second scan, a next segment of the visual image can be presented upon the display screen.
The method can include detecting further scans from the bar code reader and, for each detected further scan, presenting upon the display of the portable computing device a next segment of the visual image until each segment of the visual image has been displayed. Notably, the detecting steps can include detecting light emanating from the bar code reader.
Another embodiment of the present invention can include a method of providing information from a portable computing device to a bar code reader wherein responsive to a detected event, a first segment of a visual image can be presented on a display screen of the portable computing device. Prior to the step of presenting the first segment, the method can include detecting a user command and generating the event in response to the detected command. Alternatively, prior to the step of presenting the first segment, the method can include detecting a scan from the bar code reader and generating the event in response to the detected scan. In any case, the method can include sequentially presenting upon the display of the portable computing device, further segments of the visual image, wherein each further segment of the visual image is displayed for a predetermined amount of time.
Another aspect of the present invention can include a portable computing device for displaying visual images. The portable computing device can include a display which is capable of presenting one or more segments of a visual image to be read by a bar code reader, for example a liquid crystal display. The portable computing device also can include a sensor configured to detect a scan from the bar code reader and a processor configured to instruct the display to present the one or more segments of the visual image responsive receiving a signal from the sensor indicating that a scan from the bar code reader was detected. The portable computing device also can include a memory for storing the one or more segments of the visual image or other visual images.
The sensor can be configured to detect multiple scans by the bar code reader and provide a signal to the processor for each detected scan. Accordingly, the processor can be configured to send to the display a next segment of the visual image to be presented upon the display for each signal received from the sensor. Alternatively, the processor can be configured to send to the display further segments of the visual image to be presented upon the display, wherein each further segment is displayed for a predetermined amount of time.
There are shown in the drawings embodiments which are presently preferred, it being understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.
The present invention provides a solution for conveying information from a portable computing device to a bar code reader. The present invention can provide information to a bar code reader by sequentially displaying segments of an extended bar code. The invention further can automatically display a complete bar code or segments of an extended bar code, whether single dimension or multidimensional bar codes, automatically responsive to detecting a scan from a bar code reader.
The term “bar code” as used herein, can include any of a variety of graphic symbols or visual images. The bar code can be formed from an ordering of spaced vertical bars, wherein both the thickness of the bars and the amount of space between the bars can vary. The arrangement of bars and spacing specifies encoded information. For example, the bar code can be a conventional low, medium, or high density bar code. The bar code, however, also can be a single dimension, dual dimension and/or multidimensional bar code. Still, the bar code need not be formed of bars and spaces at all, but rather any image which can be read or interpreted using a scanning device capable of detecting visually detectable patterns, referred to as a “bar code” reader or scanner. Although a variety of existing bar code encoding standards exist, a bar code can specify information, whether numbers, characters, and/or symbols, using any protocol which both the bar code reader, and decoder if separate from the bar code reader, and the bar code generating device have been configured or programmed to implement.
An extended bar, as used herein, can refer to a bar code that is longer than those in conventional use. Accordingly, an extended bar code can present more information than conventional paper-based bar codes. Thus, the extended bar codes can specify additional information such as parity bits for forward error correction, additional bits for encryption and authentication, or any other additional information which may be of use.
The display 105 can be a liquid crystal display (LCD) or any other display which can display or present a bar code that can be read by any of a variety of bar code readers, such as laser bar code readers, charge-coupled device (CCD) array bar code readers, or wand bar code readers. The bar code reader scan sensors (hereafter scan sensors) 110 can be configured to detect a light source from a bar code reader. Accordingly, the scan sensors 110 can be implemented in similar fashion to the detectors or sensors disposed within conventional bar code readers. The scan sensors 110 can be configured to detect light having a wavelength within a predetermined wavelength range which includes light sources utilized by bar code readers. Accordingly, the sensors 110 can be equipped with suitable filters for blocking unwanted light falling outside of the predetermined wavelength range, or light which does not fall within given predefined bands of allowable wavelengths.
Although the scan sensors 110 are shown in
In operation, when brought into the scanning range of the light source of the bar code reader, the scan sensor 315 can detect the beam of light which emanates from the bar code reader. The scan sensor 315 can detect each pulse of the light source of the bar code reader as the light source continually attempts to read any targets within the scanning area. For each detected pulse of the light source from the bar code reader, the scan sensor 315 can send a signal to the processor 305. The processor 305 can access the memory 310 to retrieve bar code information from the memory 310.
In one embodiment, the processor 305 can retrieve an entire bar code which can be provided to the display 320 for presentation. In another embodiment, a first segment of an extended bar code can be retrieved from the memory 310 and provided to the display 320 for presentation. In that case, the processor 305 can retrieve another segment of the extended bar code each time a signal from the scan sensor 315 is received. Each of the retrieved segments can be provided to the display 320 for presentation. Notably, the processor can continue to retrieve additional segments of the extended bar code until either no segments of the extended bar code remain, that is each has been presented upon the display 320, or no further signals are received from the scan sensor 315 indicating that the portable computing device 300 is out of scanning range of the bar code reader or that the bar code reader has stopped scanning.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the scan sensors 315, upon detecting a light source from the bar code reader, can send a signal to the processor 305. The processor 305 can retrieve a first segment of an extended bar code. In this embodiment, rather than presenting further segments of the extended bar code for each subsequent detection of a light pulse from the light source of the bar code reader, further segments of the extended bar code can be automatically played, for example at predetermined intervals.
The bar code reader can read a segment of the extended bar code one or more times for each scan or pulse of the light source. A computing device attached to the bar code reader or incorporated within the bar code reader can include necessary logic for determining whether a same segment was read in subsequent reads of the bar code scanner or that different segments were read. Such an embodiment can be implemented regardless of the scan rate of the bar code reader. Further such an embodiment can be implemented in cases where a bar code reader does not pulse the light source, but rather utilizes a light source which is constant.
Still, as noted, other embodiments of the present invention can include displaying each segment of an extended bar code in sequential fashion, wherein each segment is displayed for a predetermined time period before presenting the next segment. According to this embodiment, the sequence of bar code segments can be initiated by detection of a scan by the scan sensor 110, or by a user command, for example a voice command, a key command, or the like.
In step 610, responsive to detection of the scan by the bar code reader, a first segment of an extended bar code can be displayed upon the display screen of the portable computing device. In step 615, the portable computing device can monitor for subsequent scans by the computing device. That is, the processor can continually monitor for signals or interrupts received from the scan sensors indicating that another scan has been detected.
In step 620, a determination can be made as to whether more than a predetermined amount of time has elapsed since detecting the last scan from the bar code reader. If more than the predetermined amount of time has elapsed, the method can proceed to step 625 indicating an error condition. In step 625, the portable computing device can indicate the error condition by playing an audible notification, displaying a notification, or performing another error recovery technique. For example, although alternative error recovery techniques are not disclosed within the flow chart, those skilled in the art will recognize that one or more error recovery techniques can be implemented such as beginning the presentation of segments of the bar code anew, terminating the presentation of bar code segments, and the like. Accordingly, after step 625, the method can end.
If in step 620, the predetermined time period for monitoring for subsequent scans of the bar code has not elapsed, the method can continue to step 630. In step 630, a determination can be made as to whether a subsequent scan has been detected. If not, the method can loop back to step 615 to continue monitoring for a subsequent bar code reader scan. If a subsequent scan by the bar code reader is detected, the method can continue to step 635. In step 635, the next segment of the bar code can be presented upon the display of the portable computing device. The method then can proceed to step 640, where a determination can be made as to whether additional segments of the bar code have yet to be displayed. If not, the method can end. If so, the method can continue to step 615 to continue monitoring for subsequent scans by the bar code reader.
The present invention provides a method, system, and apparatus for providing information from a portable computing device to another computer system through a bar code reader. The inventive arrangements disclosed herein enable a portable computing device to automatically detect a scan by a bar code reader, and in response, present one or more bar codes or bar code segments. The segments of an extended bar code can be presented sequentially for predetermined periods of time or can be presented sequentially responsive to the detection of subsequent scans by the bar code reader. Irrespective of the particular embodiment, substantial amounts of information can be transferred from the portable computing device through the bar code reader.
The present invention can be realized in hardware, software, or a combination of hardware and software. The present invention can be realized in a centralized fashion in one computer system, or in a distributed fashion where different elements are spread across several interconnected computer systems. Any kind of computer system or other apparatus adapted for carrying out the methods described herein is suited. A typical combination of hardware and software can be a general purpose computer system with a computer program that, when being loaded and executed, controls the computer system such that it carries out the methods described herein.
The present invention also can be embedded in a computer program product, which comprises all the features enabling the implementation of the methods described herein, and which when loaded in a computer system is able to carry out these methods. Computer program or application in the present context means any expression, in any language, code or notation, of a set of instructions intended to cause a system having an information processing capability to perform a particular function either directly or after either or both of the following: a) conversion to another language, code or notation; b) reproduction in a different material form.
This invention can be embodied in other forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. Accordingly, reference should be made to the following claims, rather than to the foregoing specification, as indicating the scope of the invention.
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|U.S. Classification||235/462.15, 235/462.01|
|International Classification||G06K1/12, G06K7/10|
|Cooperative Classification||G06K7/1095, G06K1/12, G06K7/10, G06K7/1491|
|European Classification||G06K7/14A6R, G06K7/10S9L, G06K1/12, G06K7/10|
|Dec 19, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, NEW Y
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CREAMER, THOMAS E.;MOORE, VICTOR S.;NUSBICKEL, WENDI L.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:013611/0264;SIGNING DATES FROM 20021211 TO 20021217
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