|Publication number||US6976457 B2|
|Application number||US 10/693,488|
|Publication date||Dec 20, 2005|
|Filing date||Oct 27, 2003|
|Priority date||Apr 20, 2001|
|Also published as||US20050045123|
|Publication number||10693488, 693488, US 6976457 B2, US 6976457B2, US-B2-6976457, US6976457 B2, US6976457B2|
|Original Assignee||Andreas Stihl Ag & Co. Kg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (4), Classifications (23), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/125,601, filed Apr. 19, 2002, (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,644,251), and claims priority of German patent application 101 19 282.7, filed Apr. 20, 2001.
The invention relates to a two-stroke engine including a mixture lubricated two-stroke engine for a portable handheld work apparatus, such as a motor-driven chain saw, cutoff machine, blower apparatus, brushcutter or the like.
A two-stroke engine of the above kind is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,216,650. The bypass channel, which supplies clean air, opens via a membrane valve into the transfer channel which is configured as a radially open channel. The radial opening of the transfer channel is closed by a valve housing which carries the membrane valve and which is to be mounted on the cylinder. This requires a significant manufacturing and assembly effort because the valve plate is to be mounted close to the transfer channel.
It is an object of the invention to provide a two-stroke engine which is so improved that a reliable assembly of a membrane valve is provided while avoiding additional seal surfaces.
The two-stroke engine of the invention includes a two-stroke engine in a portable handheld work apparatus. The two-stroke engine includes: a crankcase; a cylinder connected to the crankcase; the cylinder having a cylinder wall defining a cylinder bore open to the crankcase; a piston displaceably mounted in the cylinder bore and the piston and the cylinder conjointly defining a combustion chamber; a crankshaft rotatably mounted in the crankcase; the piston being operatively connected to the crankshaft for driving the crankshaft; a mixture inlet in the crankcase; a transfer channel for flow connecting the crankcase to the combustion chamber and the transfer channel having a first end open to the crankcase and a second end communicating with the combustion chamber; a bypass channel for conducting an essentially fuel-free gas; the bypass channel having an opening into the transfer channel at a location between the first and second ends thereof; the transfer channel being configured as a closed channel over the length thereof in the cylinder wall; a membrane valve assembly including a membrane axially inserted into the transfer channel through the first end thereof; the membrane having an attachment section and projecting in the transfer channel up to in front of the opening; the membrane being movable between a closed position wherein the opening is closed and an open position wherein the fuel-free gas can flow through the opening and into the transfer channel; the membrane valve assembly further including a membrane carrier for supporting the membrane in the open position thereof; and, the membrane being fixedly clamped at the attachment position thereof between the membrane carrier and the cylinder at the foot region thereof.
According to the invention, the transfer channel is configured as an essentially closed channel over its length in the cylinder wall so that a tight channel guidance is provided without additional sealing measures. The membrane valve is to be mounted at the opening of the bypass valve into the transfer channel and is pushed axially into the transfer channel via the open end thereof facing the crankcase and is fixed on the cylinder in the region of the end facing toward the crankcase. The membrane projects up to in front of the opening of the bypass channel and opens and closes the opening in the manner of a check valve. The open end, which is at the crankcase side, defines the assembly opening of the membrane valve. The otherwise necessary additional sealing measures are unnecessary because of this arrangement of the membrane valve.
A two-stroke engine configured in this manner can be operated as a so-called advanced-storage engine or a stratified charge engine, depending upon how the bypass channels, which supply essentially fuel-free gas or air, are switched or controlled.
According to the invention, the membrane of the membrane valve is supported by an essentially stiff membrane carrier which holds the membrane in the open position. The membrane carrier includes a breakthrough, which is arranged at the elevation of the opening, so that the flow in the transfer channel is not hindered by the membrane carrier. The membrane carrier can be fixed in the transfer channel by an attaching screw engaging through the cylinder wall from the outside. The attaching screw is advantageously screwed into the membrane carrier.
The sealing seat for the membrane of the membrane valve is formed in the transfer channel. It is advantageous to configure this sealing seat on an insert part, which is manufactured separately from the cylinder and is mounted through the crankcase-side end of the transfer channel. The insert part is advantageously configured as a plate and is advantageously fixed in the cylinder by attachment means engaging in the cylinder from the outside. The insert part lies approximately seal tight on the inner wall of the transfer channel. The plate-shaped insert part extends over the opening of the bypass channel in the longitudinal direction of the transfer channel. A flow opening is provided in the insert part at the elevation of the opening of the bypass channel into the transfer channel and this flow opening connects the bypass channel to the transfer channel. The plate-shaped insert part engages with one end in an assembly slot provided in the cylinder and is fixed therein by attachment means introduced into the cylinder radially from the outside.
In order to ensure a precisely functioning reliable assembly of the membrane valve even by an inexperienced assembler or without sight control, projections are provided on the membrane carrier which engage in assigned openings of the cylinder wall. A first projection can be configured as a stop against rotation and a second projection can be configured as an assembly aid. The attachment screw advantageously engages in the projection forming the assembly aid. For this purpose, the projection, which defines the assembly aid, is configured as a cylinder bushing which lies with an approximate fit in a through bore for the attachment screw. The attachment screw is then screwed into the assembly projection of the membrane carrier and supports itself with its head against an outer annular shoulder of the cylinder wall. In this way, large attachment forces can be developed which ensure a reliable fixing of the membrane valve in the transfer channel.
Advantageously, the projection, which is provided as an assembly aid, can also be used to thread on the insert part. The insert part can, together with the membrane carrier and the membrane, be configured as a preassemblable component. The membrane is preferably held to be clamped between the parts.
In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the bypass channel is connected via a connecting stub to the transfer channel and the connecting stub is configured as one part with the cylinder.
The invention will now be described with reference to the drawings wherein:
The internal combustion engine 1 comprises a cylinder 4 which is configured as one piece with the cylinder head 3 in the embodiment shown. The cylinder bore 5 is open toward the crankcase 6 and a reciprocating piston 7 is displaceably arranged in the cylinder bore 5. The piston 7, the cylinder 4 and the cylinder head 3 all conjointly delimit a combustion chamber 8 to which a spark plug 9 is assigned.
The piston 7 drives a crankshaft 11 via a connecting rod 10. The crankshaft 11 drives a work tool and is rotatably supported in the crankcase 6.
The crankcase 6 is connected to a mixture inlet 12 (
Each of the transfer channels (14, 15) is configured as a channel in the cylinder wall 13 closed over its axial length. The membrane valve 20 is pushed axially into the transfer channels (14, 15) via the open ends 16 facing toward the crankcase. The membrane 21 is fixed in a suitable manner on the cylinder 4 or on the cylinder wall 13 in the region of the open end 16 facing toward the crankcase. The membrane projects from the attachment end 22 up to in front of the opening 23 of the bypass channel 18 into the transfer channel 14 and covers this channel completely in the closed state.
In the embodiment shown, the membrane 21 is supported by an essentially stiff membrane carrier 24. The membrane 21 is made of a flexible material and is held at least in the region of the attachment end 22 on the membrane carrier 24. The membrane carrier 24 and the membrane 21 lie in a recess 25 in order to influence the flow in the transfer channels (14, 15) as little as possible and to not disadvantageously narrow the channel cross section. The recess 25 is configured in the outer channel wall of the transfer channel 14. The membrane carrier projects (as does the membrane 21 itself) up to in front of the opening 23 of the bypass channel 18. The membrane carrier has a through opening at the elevation of the opening 23. In the embodiment shown, an opening 26 is provided in the free end of the membrane carrier. This opening is configured approximately the same as the cross-sectional area of the opening 23 and is preferably greater than this opening 23. In the open state, the membrane 21 lies on the membrane carrier 24 and, for this reason, the free end of the membrane is bent out of the recess 25 and projects into the transfer channel 14. In the open state, essentially fuel-free gas flows into the transfer channels in accordance with the arrows shown, until the pressure increases in the crankcase because of the downwardly traveling piston. The pressure is also present in the transfer channels (14, 15) and effects a closure of the membrane valve 20 which transfers reliably into the closed state because of the provided opening 26. The opening 26 furthermore ensures that gas, which flows from the crankcase through the transfer channel into the combustion chamber is not hindered by the membrane carrier projecting into the transfer channel.
The membrane carrier 24 has two projections (27, 28) in the region of the attachment end 22. These projections (27, 28) project into corresponding recesses (30, 31) in the channel wall of the transfer channel.
The first projection 27 is configured in the manner of a cylinder bushing which lies with an approximately precise fit in a through bore 31 for an attachment screw 29. The attachment screw 29 engages with a winding section into the cylinder bushing of the projection 27. The head of the attachment screw 29 is supported on an outer step 32 of the cylinder 4. This has the consequence that, when rotating the attachment screw 29 in the projection 27, the projection seats tightly in the through bore 31 as an assembly aid whereby the membrane carrier 24 is fixed in the region of the open end 16 facing toward the crankcase. The membrane carrier 24 is reliably held in the recess 25 by the external attachment screw 29.
The projection 28 is used to ensure that there is no rotation. This projection 28 lies in a recess 30 of the cylinder wall 13 which is open toward the crankcase 6. The projection 28 constitutes a device which prevents rotation and is formed by a lug which is provided on the end of the membrane carrier 24 facing toward the crankcase.
As shown in
In the embodiments of
When the piston 7 travels downwardly, the mixture, which is inducted into the crankcase 6 via the mixture inlet 12, is compressed and this is associated with a pressure increase. As soon as the piston opens the ends 17 of the transfer channels (14, 15) facing toward the combustion chamber, the mixture flows via the transfer channels into the combustion chamber 8. After passing through bottom dead center, the piston 7 travels again in the direction toward the cylinder head 3, which leads to an underpressure in the crankcase 6. Since the ends 17 of the transfer channels facing toward the combustion chamber are again closed in the meantime, a fresh mixture is induced via the mixture inlet 12 because of the underpressure and simultaneously essentially fuel-free gas or air is drawn in via the bypass channels (18, 19). The membrane valves 20 open when there is an underpressure in the crankcase so that air can enter directly into the transfer channel via the opening 23. After the ignition in the region of top dead center, the piston again travels downwardly and the hot combustion gases are directed away via the outlet 4′ before the opening of the transfer channels.
With the attachment of the membrane valve in accordance with the invention because of the open end of the transfer channel facing toward the crankcase, the possibility is provided to manufacture the cylinder with transfer channels closed over their entire length. In the embodiment of
As shown in the section view of
The assembly of the membrane valves 20 takes place in the embodiment of
The cylinder of the embodiments of
An insert part 45 is provided in order to form a simply machined sealing surface as a sealing seat 46 for the membrane 21. The insert part 45 is advantageously configured as an insert plate 50. The insert part 45 is configured longer than the transfer channel 14 running in the elevation direction of the cylinder 4. The insert part 45 lies in the correspondingly deep configured recess 30 which is configured in the outer channel inner wall 48. An assembly slot 51 extends from the recess 30 in the elevation direction of the cylinder 4 and is open exclusively to the interior of the transfer channel 14 and extends in the plane of the recess 30.
The insert part 45 is configured separately from the cylinder 4 and is machined in a simple manner outside of the cylinder so that a configuration of the seal seat 46 can be undertaken which satisfies the requirements of the membrane valve 20. The plate-shaped insert part 45 includes a flow opening 47 at the elevation of the opening 23. The flow opening 47 lies approximately coincident with the opening 23 and establishes a connection between the bypass channel 18, which supplies the air, and the transfer channel 14. The flow opening 47 is opened and closed by the membrane 21. The membrane 21 is supported by the membrane carrier 24 in the open position of the membrane.
Preferably, the plate-shaped insert part 45 is assembled outside of the cylinder with the seal seat 46 together with the membrane carrier 24 and the membrane 21 as a preassembled component. For this purpose, the plate-shaped insert part 45 has a bore at its one end 52 into which the projection 27 of the membrane carrier 24 engages. The membrane 21 is held in a clamp-like manner between the attachment end of the membrane carrier 24 and the end 52 of the insert part 45.
When inserting the plate-shaped insert part 45, the end 49, which lies forwardly in the insert direction, is guided into the assembly slot 51. The assembly slot 51 is so configured that the end 49 of the plate-shaped insert part 45 is accommodated with slight play. After the projection 27 is guided into the through bore 31 of the cylinder 4, attachment means are applied radially from the outside and are formed by attachment screws 29 and 53. The end 49 of the plate-shaped insert part 45, which lies in the assembly slot 51, is penetrated by the attachment means 53. The attachment screw advantageously engages with a thread in the material of the cylinder head 3.
In the assembled condition, the plate-shaped insert part 45 is held approximately seal tight against the inner wall 48 of the transfer channel 14. The seal seat 46 lies on the side facing toward the membrane 21. Accordingly, the membrane valve 20 comprising the seal seat 46 of the plate-shaped insert part 45, the membrane 21 and the membrane carrier 24 can be assembled outside of the cylinder and can there be checked and then be pushed into the transfer channel 14 through the end 16 of the transfer channel open to the crankcase and can be fixedly assembled on the inner wall 48 of the transfer channel 14.
In the embodiment of
As shown in
An opening 63 is formed in the connecting section 61 of the membrane 21 and this opening is preferably configured as a slot 64 aligned in the longitudinal direction 65 of the connecting section 61. In the open position of the membrane 21 shown in
As in the other embodiments, the membrane carrier 24 is mounted with an attachment means 29 which engages through from the outside and is preferably an attachment screw mounted in the foot region of the cylinder 4. A projection 28 of the membrane carrier 24 engages in a recess 30 of the cylinder wall 13 and acts to prevent rotation and/or acts as assembly aid. It is practical when this projection 28 is configured as an angled lug at the end of the membrane carrier 24.
It is understood that the foregoing description is that of the preferred embodiments of the invention and that various changes and modifications may be made thereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
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|US20020152973 *||Apr 19, 2002||Oct 24, 2002||Igor Klaric||Two-stroke engine having a membrane valve integrated into the transfer channel|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7281044 *||Jan 10, 2002||Oct 9, 2007||Hitachi, Ltd.||SAN infrastructure on demand service system|
|US7331315 *||Feb 9, 2006||Feb 19, 2008||Eastway Fair Company Limited||Two-stroke engine with fuel injection|
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|U.S. Classification||123/73.00A, 123/73.0PP, 123/65.00V|
|International Classification||F02B33/30, F01L3/20, F02B63/02, F02B33/04, F02B75/02, F02F1/00, F02B25/22|
|Cooperative Classification||F02B25/22, F02B33/30, F02B33/04, F01L3/205, F02B2075/025, F02B63/02, F02F1/002|
|European Classification||F02B63/02, F02B33/30, F02B25/22, F01L3/20B, F02F1/00B, F02B33/04|
|Dec 23, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ANDREAS STIHL AG & CO. KG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KLARIC, IGOR;REEL/FRAME:014829/0618
Effective date: 20031119
|Jun 11, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 14, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8