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Publication numberUS698031 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1902
Filing dateNov 25, 1901
Priority dateNov 25, 1901
Publication numberUS 698031 A, US 698031A, US-A-698031, US698031 A, US698031A
InventorsBenjamin Pierson Leslie
Original AssigneeNaething Leslie Tiling Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 698031 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 693,03L Patented Apr. 22,1902.

' B P. uasue.

FILE- .m. mm m 25, mm.

(No Modei.)




. SPEGIFICATIONfOrming' part of Letters Patent No. 698,031, dated April 22, 1902.

Application fi ed November 25,1901. eel-I51 No. s3.e72 (Noinodeh) To all whom, it may concern.-

Be it known that I, BENJAMIN PIERsoN LEs- LIE, a citizen of the United States of America, and aresident of the borough of Brooklyn, county of Kings, city and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tiles, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates generally to tiles for floors, walls, ceilings, fireplaces, &c., and is specificallydesigned to produce an improved form thereof which when set by being embedded in a-layer of cement will be separately and individually keyed in position as the coment hardens.

The preferred forms of tile embodying my invention are illustrated in the'accompanying sheet of drawings, throughout the several views of which like numerals of reference indicate corresponding, parts.

In the drawings, Figure l is a View in perspective, illustrating the method of assembling the tiles to form a suitable design and for securing the same temporarily as assembled. Fig. 2 is a plan view showing a finished section of a tiled surface. Fig. 3 is an edge View of the same. Fig. 4 is avdetail central sectional view of my improved form of tile. Fig. 5 is a similar view ofa modification. Fig. 6 is a similar view of a second modification, and Fig. 7 is a similar view of a third modification.

' In the'drawings, l 1, &c., represent the tiles, which may be of polygonal or curved outline, but, as shown, are preferably in the form of a disk provided peripherally with a series of scallops uniting to form its circular outline. Instead of the scalloped edging the same may be fluted or formed by regular or irregular corrugations, &c.,'or the ornamental form may be entirely dispensed with and a plain circular or other outline employed; but for practical purposes a corrugated or equiva lent form .of edging is preferred, as it increases the surface area in cont-act with the cement foundation.

The upper side or face 2 of the tile is-fiat; but the lower side 3 may be concave or hollowed out, as shown in Figs. 5 and 7, to further enlarge the surface area, and thereby increase the bond with the cement.

At a suitable point in each tile, preferably at or near the center thereof, a through-opening 4 isforrned and may be of uniform or varying diameter. The form of the opening is unimportantfit being essential only that it shallextend entirely through the body of the tile 'in'order to afford free entrance for the cement, as the tile is embedded in' the same, and for the purpose also of enabling the workman in pointing up or grouting to include these openings at thesame time and by packing them solidlywith cement to thereby connect and key each tile to the foundation and also provide additional foothold to prevent slipping on the finished surface.

As atpreliminary step in the'operatiou it iscustomary to assemble thetiles according'to a certain design or plan and after dividing the same into sections of suitable size to secure the tiles forming each section toia sheet of paper coated with adhesive substance.

Considerable difficulty is encounteredin arranging circular tiles, owing to their tendency to get out of alinemeut, &c., and it frequently happens that a number of tiles become displaced and are out of position when pasted on the paper, (to.

As illustrated in Fig. 1 of the drawings, the

open-center tile avoids the objections above noted by enabling the same in the preliminary, assembling to be set on equispaced pins projecting from a board or table, which at once insures proper aliuement, position, 850.,

andowing' to the fact that each tile is individually held on a pin all danger of displacing one or more tiles when pasting the paper on the same is avoided.

In setting a section of open-center tiling it i is placed with the disks downward'upon a layer or foundation of cement or other material, and after the paper is removed from the upper surface of the tiles the latter are pressed downward and embedded in the cement which enters and fillsmore or less completely the joints between the tiles and also the central openings thereof, as indicated in Figs. 2 and 3. The adjoining sections of tiling are set in a similar manner, and when completed the joints are closed bya process known as grouting, which consists in applying a solution of cement to the tiled surface and working itin around the tiles and into the central openings thereof until these spaces are solidly filled. Theadvantages of the invention will be apparent'from the foregoing description.

It willbe'understood that I do not Wish to limit myself tothe forms of tile herein shown and described,'as various changes might be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention. Tiles having diiferent outlines might be employed, and the same might be solid, hollow, or undercut, &c. The edging might be made up of curved or plain surfaces, &c.; but all such changes I consider obviousand immaterial variations of form and not of substance and still within the meaning of the present invention, the essential feature of which consists in the opening through the body of the tile.

Having therefore described my invention, I claim 1. An open-center tile having a concaved under surface.

2. An open-center tile provided with acor rugated periphery.

3. A tile cut away centrally to form an openingof varying diameter and having a concaved under surface.

4.. A tile cut away centrally to form a through-opening and provided with a corrugated periphery, the under surface of said tile being concave.

Signed at New York, N. Y., this 15th day of November, 1901.


\Vitnesses: 1


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3203069 *Sep 4, 1962Aug 31, 1965Structural Clay Products InstApparatus for casting panels from plurality of brick-like bodies
US3349158 *Jun 2, 1966Oct 24, 1967Pandora Custom CraftMethod and apparatus for making mosaics
US4296160 *Jan 7, 1980Oct 20, 1981Mateflex/Mele CorporationMethod of zoning grate surfaces
US6048403 *Apr 1, 1998Apr 11, 2000Applied Materials, Inc.Multi-ledge substrate support for a thermal processing chamber
US6200388Feb 11, 1998Mar 13, 2001Applied Materials, Inc.Substrate support for a thermal processing chamber
US6280183Apr 1, 1998Aug 28, 2001Applied Materials, Inc.Substrate support for a thermal processing chamber
US6395363 *Nov 5, 1996May 28, 2002Applied Materials, Inc.Sloped substrate support
Cooperative ClassificationE04F15/04