US 698966 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 698,966. Patented Apr. 29', |902.v
KlTsEE. MACHINE FOR PRUDUCING MATRICES FUR STEREUTYPE PLATES.
(Application led Nov. 20, 1895.)
5 Sheets-$heet l.
mi mams Perma co, mowmmo. wAsmNnwn, u. cv
No. 698,966. Patented Apr. 29, |902.
MACHINE FOR PRUDUCING MATRICES FR STEBEOTYPE PLATES.
'Application filed Nov. 20, 1895.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 2.
No. 698,966. Patented Apr. 29, |902.
MACHINE FOB PBODUGING MATRICES FOR STEBEOTYPE PLATES.
(Application med. Nov. 20, 1895.)
5 Sheets-Sheet 3.
Massages. y Patented Apr. 29, |902.
MACHINE FOR PRODUCING MATRICES FOR STEREUTYPE PLATES.
(Application led Nov. 20, 1895.)
me "cams Pains co, mmaurnaxwnmcmu. n. c.
No. 698,966. .Patented Apr. 29, |902.
l. KITSEE. MACHINE FUR PRODUCINGMATRICES FOR STEBEOTYPE PLATES.
'Applicaton filed Nov. 20, 1895.
' 5 Sheets-Sheet 5.
ma Nonms persas co, mman-mn.. wnmnm'bn, n. c.
UNITED STATES ATENT FFICE.
IsIDoR KITsnE, oir PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
MACHINE FOR PRODUCING MATRICES Foe sTEREoTYrE-'PLATEs SPECIFICATION-forming parier Letters Patent No'.v` 698,966, dates April 29, 1902,. Application filed November 20, 1895. Seriai No. 569,542. A(N0 lIlOdel-J T0 all whom 7125 may concern,.-
Be it known that I, IsIDoR KITsnn, 0E the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Penn-f sylvania, have invented `certain vnew and useful Improvements in Machines for Producing Matrices for Stereotype-Plates', of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to the production of signs on the surface ofsthe matrix-blanks. If-
the desired matter forthe stereotype-plate is a design, then the samecan be simply traced upon the surfacevof the blank-with the material hereinafter described g" but if such should consist of `reading matter, as is the'case with stereotype-plates for books, and more especially for newspapers, such matter has to be'` printed upon the surface.
In newspaper-work the great difficulty of printing with the aid ofa common type-writing machine consists in the fact that its reading matter necessitates the employment of such a number of fonts of type as is impossi ble to be operated on by one operator in the usual manner, and as this my invention has 1 in part more special reference to the produc-A tion of stereotype-plates for newspaper-Work I include herein also the method of producing the im print'of reading 41n atter in the required different types `with theaid of a common type-VY writer machine having only such parts altered as are necessary to carry ont with it my in- The underlying principle in this vention. part of my invention consists in the employment of two machines, the one a usual type-V writing machine, with the necessary parts al-4 tered, and the other provided with as many different fonts of type as are deemed necessary for the production of the reading matter. The second machine is actuated with the aid of electromagnetic devices through the operation of the first-named machine, and I call the second machine, to distinguish it from the first-named machine, a printing-machine.77
- ln the drawings I have illustrated the second machine' as consistingof four different fonts of type; but it is unnecessary to vsay that'the'device may be provided with any number of type-fonts, which addition requires only additional circuits and electromagnetic devices such as are illustrated in the drawings and as I vwill describe hereinafter. y Referring to the drawings, in which similar letters indicate similar parts, Figure lis a plan view of the printing-machine with' the four sections of theprinting device, each section embracing one type-font in dotted lines.
Fig. 2 is .ft-vertical transverse section von the line a; Qcof Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a plan View ofthe mechanism operating one font of type. Fig. 1et is a side elevation,"partially lin section, of the same. Fig. 5 is a vertical transverse section ofpart of a type-'writing machine. Fig. G is a diagram illustrating the electrical connection between the type-writing machine and the printing-machine.
A is a base, being part ofthe printing-machine, to which baseare attached at opposite ends the two standards A A.
B is the carriage, loosely mounted in the guide d af-of the standards A A in such a way as to be capable of a transverse in'ove- -ment for the purpose hereinafter described.
C is the subcarriage, loosely mounted in lthe-guides bi b' of the carriage B, allowing said subcarriage C the necessary longitudinal movement, as later o n more fullyI described.
-T is the matrix, secured either directly or through-the intervention of a'c'ontaining-p'an to the subcarriage C. "Itjis, vtherefore selfevident that the movement of either one or the other of the carriages necessitates a similar movementof th'e'matrix.
I winll'now describe the diiferent mechanism necessary for a. transverse movem'ent'of the carriage B, and therefore matrix T, and the manner in which such movement is brought y To the carriage is' for such purpose secured the rack-plate D. Y This plate has to be provided upon-:its face with as'many different sets ot' rack-teeth as the printing-machine is provided with different type-fonts, and as I have illustrated such machine as being provided with four fonts of types the plate D has cut upon its face four different sets of rack-teeth d d d d, each set being of ICO llifferentsize corresponding, as it were, to thev different size of space necessary for eachtypre Y ofeach of `thedifferent type-fonts.
. E E E2 Ila are electromaguets, of which F F F F are the armatures secu red to F". These armatures have pivotally secured to their ends thespring-actuatedpawlsffj'f. These pawls are normally held against their respec live, rack-teeth through `the medium of -the rodsf1f1f'1f1. To these rods are pivotally secured the heels oftheir respective pawls.
vare actuated. return or back movement of thecarriagep'B f8 f3 7013],8 are collars securedto therods and f12f12f12f12 are springsrpressing upon said collars, and therefore upon said rods. The tendency ofthese springs is-to press the rods, with the attached pawl-heels, down or inward,
thereby pressing the pawls'against-the rackf` teeth. The armaturesF FF F, to which the pawls ffff are pivotally secured, are normally kept away from their. respective .magnets through the springs F6 FGF F1". ln-con-l junction with this'rstseriesof pawls is the secondseries of. pawlsf11f16j'16f111,'with their,
spring-pressed rods. These pawls press always against the rack-teeth, and their office.
is to. prevent the return of the carriage B during the time that the pawls of the first series It is therefore obviousthata is only possible at the time when both series of pawls are releasing -theirpressure upon the rack-teeth. As soon as, such is the case the tension of the spring F21 comes `into play, and Athe carriage returns through the action 1 of this spring to its starting-poing,
I will now describe the manner in ,which the two series of pawls are simultaneously released and the mechanism necessary to such operatiom lAs stated above,` theerpawls are kept up or outward through the action of the springs which press the pawlheels down or inward, and to release the pressure of the pawls it is only necessary to counteract thel pressure of the springs f12 f12f12f12. To this end the frame F11 in proximity to the springpressed rods, as above described, is provided with guides, in which is loosely mounted the plunger F10, to which is secured the rod F12,
pivotally attached to one end ofthe armature F13 ot" the electromagnet F11, the armature itself being pivoted at F15 to a lug projecting from the frame F11. Should,l therefore, the
electromagnet F11 be energized, it will draw4 the near end of the armature F13 toward it, thereby ,pressing the plungerF10 against the lower ends of all rods ,of both lseries ofthe pawls, thereby releasing them and allowing the spring F21 to act, as above set forth. Y
To secure the longitudinal movement to the carriage O, I have recourse to the following mechanism: The guides of the standards A Al are provided with the sliding rack-plate G, provided with four diit'erent sets of teeth g g g g, cut upon its face or surface in a man-.,
ner similar to the four series of teethlof the rack-plate D. G is an arm projecting from the carriage C and through an orifice in the rack-plate G, A longitudinalv movement vof the rackplate G will therefore draw the carriage C with it. I-I H H2113 are electromagnet-s provided each withneof the varmatures H-1fIl^1 H1Hf1-pivoted at H8, To .the endsof series of spring-actuated pawls 7L11 7216 7116 71.111.-
The armaturesH.-4 H11-H1111 arenormally kept away if rom their` .respective electromagnetsV through the action of their-respective springs IH12 HQHQ HF. Y The mechanism' to release these two series of pawls-is considered generally of the same construction as the mechanism described above to release the lirsttwo series of pawls. Inihis case the frame H11is secured itt-proximity tothe rods, and mounted in the guides ofsaidframe is the plunger H13, hav. ingconnected toitpthe rod H15, which on-its opposite end is pivotally secured tovone end ofthe armature H1? of the eleotromagnet H17. The armature itself is pivoted toa lug of the frame H11.- ;'Theactfion of. the armature and its connectinggrod and plunger on the spring-f. pressed rods ifthe electromagnet is energizedfis the same as the action of the similar mechanism of thefirst-deseribed releasin gdevice. 1
In the-printinggmachine JJ J2` .lgtal'e theL four sections of thegmovableftype'a-rrangef ments,each sectionrepresenting one complete font fo type, and as one section is :an exact duplicate of the other sectionsit i's only necessary to describe one of these sections. t In describing Vthis part ofthe mechanism l have more specially reference to Figs. l, 2, 3, and
4 of the drawings, as in `such figures the parts referred. to arem ore clearly illustrated.
The base of all these sections J4 isxedly securedto theframe J5, which in turn is' secured to the baseA. j is a rod upon which th-e'typebarj', ,carrying thetype 31.1, ispivoted. This rodis secu red inthe standardjg. Depending IOO IIO
from the type-barj is the arm 713,10 theend of which is pivotallyvsecured the arm or rodjj1, 1
which in turn is at its otherend pivoted to the armature '7'5 of the magnetji. 'Phe armature itself is pivoted atj?.
.T111 is the ribbon, which passesr over the noatrixT directly above 'the dead-center ofthe machine withfthe aidof-the rollers ly'S-tothe ribbon-tale-up mechanism, of which J11 is the winding-spool fixedly secured-to the shaft J12, having attached toit-the ratchet J13,.op erated by themagnet J1f1, armature J15, pawl J1, pawl-rod J1? in a manner Well understood Referring to Fig. 5, it is only necessary for me to describe such parts'ofy the type-writing machine as will have to be altered, so as to cooperate w.i-th and actuate my printing device.
K is the key. of an ordinary typewriting machine, attached in the usual manner to the arm K', which operates the type-bar through the medium of the toggle.
K2 is a spring-contact secured tothe bottom of the arm Kin such place and manner that when said arm is depressed it overbridges the space between the two metallic contactpoints -land thereby establishing a path for .the flow of the current if these two contact-.points are inserted ina currentca`rrying circuit. I
In Fig. 6 I have shown seven keys of a typewriting machine and their connections with the four sections J Jf J2 J3 of the printingmachine. I These 'keys perform the following functions: a is thekeyfor printing thelettei-ag b, the key for'printiug the letter 'b; 0, thekeyforprintingtheletter c Space is the key for moving the matrix a space between letters or words. Line is the key for moving the matrix forward a line or two, as desired. A Release l is the key. for releasing the series vof pawls fand f1,- Release 2,.the key for releasing the series of pawls h hw.
The upper series of magnets marked J are I the magnets of section J of the printing-machine corresponding to the keys above'described. The second series of m aguets marked J are the magnets of section J of the printing-machine, the magnets J2 of section J2, and the magnets .J3-of section J3 of the printing-machine, allcorresponding in their respective sections to the keys aforesaid.
L is a hand-switch having the contact-poin ts Z Z Z2'Z3. Thesevcontact-points are in electrical connection'with the sections J, J', J2, and J3 ofthe printing-machine, respectively, so that through the shifting of the switcharm to any of the contact-points the magnets. of theA corresponding sections are placed in the circuit and can therefore vbe operated on through thedepression of one or the other of' the keys of the type-writing machine. f
In the drawings' the switch is in contact with point Z, and the magnets of section J are therefore inserted in the circuit, and as the connections in all the sections are similar to the connections in section J it is only necessaryto describe this section and in connection with it such devices as are necessary tooperate these or lthe other sections.
Necessary to the operation of any and all of the electromagnetic devices is a source of electric current, and in the drawings I have illustrated this source as a battery M, from which emanates the feed-wire l, having connected thereto in multiple arc the'wires 1a ll lc ll1 le 1f l?, running, respectively, to the ((3,77 (L l, (i C777 C( Space??? (LLineU i( Re leased, and Release 2;
The operation is as follows: desires to print the letter a of section J, he will leave theswi'tch as shown in Fig. 6 and depress the key marked a. Through this operation he will close the circuit between` the contacts and of key a, thereby establishing'au unbroken circuit between battery and some of the devices placed in section J, and the current will iow from the battery M through wires l and l, contact-point springy K2, contact-point wire 2, magnet l7' of section J, which magnet is also marked a, wire 3, electromagnet E, wire 4, contact Z, switch L, wire 5, electromagnet JM, 'and wire 6 back to battery. Through the flow of the c urrent through electromagnet js of sec tion J marked a the'individual type-bar of this magnet will be actuated in such manner as to leave the imprint of its type on the matrix and through the flow of the current through electromagnet E the mechanism for moving carriage B in a transverse direction will be operated on in such mannerso'asto. move said carriage B, and therefore the matrix T, one space, which space is equal to the space of letter a plus its spacing unit. The operations of the keys marked b c are the same in their result as the operation of the ky marked a. Space is depressed, the current will flow from the battery M through Wires I and ld,- contact spring Kicontact of the key marked Space, thence throughfwire '7, electromagnet E, and wire 4 back' to the battery. The operation of electromagnet E was eX- plained above.` Its function is to move car` riage B one space. If the key marked Line" isdepressed, the current Will ilow from the battery through wiresl and le, contact springK2, and contact of the key marked Line, through wire S', electromagnet H, and back through wire 4 to the battery. In conjunction With the description of f the operation of this key'attention has to `be calledto the conducting-plate d20, which is secured to the guide-rod al, (more clearlyshown in Fig. 2,) arid-which guide-rod isin turn secured' to the carriage Bin such manner so that the transverse movement of the carriage will carry this 'contact-plate d20 under the 'contacts L21 and 0.2?, thereby establishingthe,l necessary circuit for operating the mechanism of bell L24 a short time before the carriage has traveled its full distance, ringing the bell @L24 andV notifying the operator of 'the distance the carriage B has already traveled and may yet be able to travel before completing the line. If lthe key marked Release y1 is del pressed, it will close the circuit around elecpawls 7L and h1, the functions of which were If the operator If the key marked- IIO clearly described in conjunction with the description of the longitudinal movement given to carriage C.
After the above descriptions the modus operandi' of both the type-writing and printing machine will be clearly understood. The
- manuscript, the contents of which should be stereotyped, `is handed to the person operating the type .-writing machine, the kind of types to be used for certain parts in .the ymanuscript being noted upon the same. The operator after fixing the circuit for the desired type-font operates his machine in the usual manner. This machine is provided with the necessary ink-ribbon and paper, as usual, so that thecontents of the manuscript will not only appear on the matrix-blank of the printing-machine, but also on the paper operated on by the type-writing machine. It is obvious that the contact-points of the switch controlling the electrical circuits of the different type-fonts should be designated by the name 'under which the particular kind of type is known. Any alterations of the printed mat- Vter may be made by erasing the matter obcircuit with suitable connections controlled by the keyboard of the writing-machine.
2. In a machine of the class described, a writing-machine, a printing-machiner provided with a plurality of fonts of type of different faces, electromagnetic devices for actuating the type-arms of said printing-machine, a separate circuit for the electromagnetic devices of `each type-font, and means for controlling each of said circuits.
3. A printing-machine provided with a plurality of fonts of type of dierent faces, each font being operated by an independent system of electromagnetic devices controlled by a type-writer circuit, and a switch for throwing into operation any font desired, in combination with a type-writer located in said circuit for operating any one of said fonts.
4.- A printing-machine provided with a plurality of fonts of type of different faces, each font being operated by an independent system of electromagnetic devices controlled by a type-Writer circuit, a switch for throwing into operation any font desired, and electromagnetic devices for controlling the movements of the carriage of the machine, i-n combination with a type-writer located in said circuit for operating any one of said fonts.
InA testimony whereof I sign my name, this 18th day of November, 1895, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
GEO. M. COSTELLO,y WALLACE B. ELDRIDGE.