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Publication numberUS69953 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 15, 1867
Publication numberUS 69953 A, US 69953A, US-A-69953, US69953 A, US69953A
InventorsJohn Richards
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in fixed calipee gauges
US 69953 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Caliper Gag e. I N0 69,953; Patented Get 115, 1867.

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.axm j gnite h tans gaun -gai JOHN RICHARDS, 'O F CINCINNATI, OHIO.

Letters Patent No. 69,953, dated October 15, 1867.



Be it known that I, JOHN RICHARDS, of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton, and State of Ohio, have invented a new and improved Form for Fixed Caliper Gauges; and I hereby declare the following to be a full and exact description of the same, reference being had to the drawings accompanying and forming a part of this specification, in which i Figure 1 is a side view of'a three-inch gauge.

Figures 2 and 3, similar views of two-nnd-a-halfdnch gauges of the same form; and

' Figure 4 an edge view of fig.-1. i

The nature of this invention consists in constructing fixed caliper gauges with their concave and convex edges representing arcs of a true circle, se that the gauge can be cut from a sheet of metal, or turned and finished by the use of ordinary metal-cutting machines, with rotary movement, thereby cheapening and simplifyingtheir construction, as hereinafter explained.

By the use only of standardgauges can system and uniformity be attained in the construction of machinery. Adjustable tools for taking dimensions require to be set to some standard when used, and the mechanism for their adjustment generally destroys their stiifnessand makes them unreliable for accurate measurement. The fixed or solid caliper gauge, here illustrated and described, is intended for general shop use, and the peculiar form of its construction is such that can be readily, and cheaply made upon machines in common use, while its form is such as to fill the necessary conditions of stiffness and convenience for use.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will describe the manner and form of constructing the same.

I am aware that fixed gauges, of analogous construction, have been commonly known and used, with the difierenceof. having such forms in their outline that they were tedious and expensive to make, and could not be so produced for general use. p

In constructing the. gauges in the form here shown, when their outline is two incomplete circles, eccentric to each other, the. piece is cut fromashcet of metal with revolving tools, having an adjustment from the centre to suit the different circles, or the plate can be chucked in a common lathe, and the gauge cut out, as will be readily understood. By either of these modes the edges are formed true and require but little finishing, while the outline being a true sweep presents a symmetrical appearance. The gauges can also beipunehed from the sheet, while their peculiar form admits of their being ground or otherwise finished by rotation, as before mentioned. The points are hardened to prevent wear, and-carefully adjusted to standard sizes, the fit to extend the whole depth of the parallel faces at a, as shown.

Having thus described the nature of my invention, what I. regard as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is I v v A fixed caliper gauge, when constructed as herein specified, the outline being arcs of true circles, substantially as described.


W. S, KELLEY W. R/Hiznn;

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US4782595 *Oct 26, 1987Nov 8, 1988Arman DiewertBrake drum measuring apparatus
US5050310 *Oct 9, 1990Sep 24, 1991Jiles Stephen LPlastic-pipe ovality gauge
US5806198 *Apr 24, 1996Sep 15, 1998Essilor International Compagnie Generale D'optiqueTemplate for calibrating an ophthalmic lens grinding machine, and corresponding calibration method
US6904690 *Apr 10, 2002Jun 14, 2005John S. BakkePipe size identifier and measuring tool
US8082714 *Apr 14, 2009Dec 27, 2011Burns Jason WRotatable wedge tile spacer having a curved body
US20090260317 *Oct 22, 2009Burns Jason WRotatabel wedge tile spacer having a curved body
Cooperative ClassificationG01B3/30