|Publication number||US6999787 B2|
|Application number||US 10/344,206|
|Publication date||Feb 14, 2006|
|Filing date||Aug 9, 2001|
|Priority date||Aug 11, 2000|
|Also published as||DE10040035A1, DE10040035B4, EP1307790A1, EP1307790B1, US20040023681, WO2002014961A1|
|Publication number||10344206, 344206, PCT/2001/2954, PCT/DE/1/002954, PCT/DE/1/02954, PCT/DE/2001/002954, PCT/DE/2001/02954, PCT/DE1/002954, PCT/DE1/02954, PCT/DE1002954, PCT/DE102954, PCT/DE2001/002954, PCT/DE2001/02954, PCT/DE2001002954, PCT/DE200102954, US 6999787 B2, US 6999787B2, US-B2-6999787, US6999787 B2, US6999787B2|
|Original Assignee||T-Mobile Deutschland Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (5), Classifications (15), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to a method for the synchronization of the internal clock of a mobile radio terminal device with the local time.
2. Description of the Prior Art
It is known that a mobile radio terminal device, in particular a GSM terminal device, does not have the capability of determining the correct local time of day. Even if a clock module is installed in the terminal device, it is, in general, necessary for the user to provide it with the correct time.
The invention addresses the problem of proposing a simple and automated method for the synchronization of the internal clock of a mobile radio terminal device with the local time.
This problem is solved in the invention as herein disclosed and claimed.
The described method offers the mobile radio subscriber the capability of having displayed the current local time of day by the mobile radio terminal device in simple manner. The time of day can be determined accurately to a few seconds, which, for practical purposes, is entirely sufficient.
The method can be expanded such that a mobile radio subscriber can be provided with the “correct” local time even when traveling, i.e. when roaming, virtually by the “push of a button”.
In conjunction with
As is evident in
Thus, if a mobile radio terminal device sends a short message to itself at time t0, it is informed at time t2 (after a few seconds) of the time tZ of the arrival of its own message in the SMSC when receiving the short message sent to itself. If the terminal device remembers the sending time t0 by registering the setting of the internal clock, as well as the acknowledge time t1, a few seconds after sending its own message, then thereby a time window between t0 and t1 is given, in which the time stamp tZ of the SMSC must assuredly lie. Through maximal boundary definition of the time window, the time tZ can be derived with good accuracy.
A detailed consideration of the minimum transmission times in the GSM network, in particular the delay time of the signals at the air interface, permits a further shrinking of the time window between t0 and t1, such that an accuracy of the prediction of tZ of approximately one second appears attainable. This accuracy is often sufficient for practical purposes. This will be explained in the following in conjunction with
At time t0 the terminal device sends a short message to itself, which is received by the SMSC.
The terminal device calculates the time t0′=t0+d0 wherein d0 is the estimated or known minimum transmission time for the message from the terminal device to the SMSC. The message cannot have arrived at the SMSC before the passage of d0 time units.
The terminal device waits for the acknowledgment (Ack) of the reception of the message in the SMSC. The acknowledgment arrives at time t1.
The terminal device calculates the time t1′=t1−d1, wherein d1 is the estimated or known minimum transmission time for the acknowledgment from the SMSC to the terminal device. The SMSC must have gotten the acknowledge on its way before this time t1′.
Now, the mean value tM=(t1′+t0′)/2 is formed from the calculated times t0′ and t1′. This mean value tM corresponds fairly accurately to the value (point in time) of the time stamp tZ assigned by the SMSC.
The terminal device now waits for the arrival of the message directed to itself, which arrives at time t2.
The terminal device takes the time stamp tZ from the message.
The terminal device compares the time stamp tZ with the calculated value tM and, if necessary, corrects its internal clock by the difference of tD=tZ−tM time units. It is obvious that with this selection of correction the maximum time error relative to the SMSC is t=(t1−t0)/2 or the least.
The absolute accuracy depends on the maximum discrepancy of the SMSC clock from the “true time”, i.e. the absolute time error is greater by the inaccuracy of the time base in the SMSC.
The method can also be applied in the case of roaming, i.e. if a mobile radio subscriber is located outside of his home network, if the SMS message is transmitted to a time server connected to the SMSC, and the time server is informed in the message of the network code of that network into which the terminal device is currently logged in. The time server provides in his response to the terminal device information about the time zone or the correction to be applied. Herein the home SMSC can continue to be employed. This can be realized relatively readily in the terminal device, for example through an SIM toolkit application.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US6728533 *||Jan 25, 2001||Apr 27, 2004||Sharp Laboratories Of America, Inc.||Clock for mobile phones|
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|DE10065484A1||Dec 28, 2000||Jul 12, 2001||Sagem||Method for setting the clock of cellular portable telephone and suitably equipped telephone involves receiving station returning message to telephone marked with date and time|
|DE19860939A1||Dec 29, 1998||Jul 20, 2000||Guenther Mikolajzak||Translators system for translating foreign languages using mobile telephone network uses data flow effected by mobile radio network or etc radio communication system between telephones and memories|
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|GB2362787A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7613212 *||Jun 10, 2003||Nov 3, 2009||Atrica Israel Ltd.||Centralized clock synchronization for time division multiplexed traffic transported over Ethernet networks|
|US8391422 *||Jan 5, 2010||Mar 5, 2013||Casio Computer Co., Ltd.||Time information receiver, radio wave timepiece and storage medium having program stored therein|
|US9696689 *||Jun 29, 2015||Jul 4, 2017||Casio Computer Co., Ltd.||Electronic timepiece|
|US20100177854 *||Jan 5, 2010||Jul 15, 2010||Casio Computer Co., Ltd.||Time information receiver, radio wave timepiece and storage medium having program stored therein|
|US20160018792 *||Jun 29, 2015||Jan 21, 2016||Casio Computer Co., Ltd.||Electronic timepiece|
|U.S. Classification||455/550.1, 455/566, 455/418, 455/423, 455/67.11, 455/425|
|International Classification||G04R20/14, G04G5/00, H04B7/15, H04M1/725, H04W88/02|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W88/02, G04R20/14|
|European Classification||H04W88/02, G04G5/00B|
|Jun 10, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: T-MOBIL DEUTSCHLAND GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ZSCHINTZSCH, HANS;REEL/FRAME:014189/0404
Effective date: 20030304
|Jul 21, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Aug 7, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8