|Publication number||US7003828 B2|
|Application number||US 10/875,206|
|Publication date||Feb 28, 2006|
|Filing date||Jun 25, 2004|
|Priority date||Jun 25, 2004|
|Also published as||CA2472491A1, CA2472491C, US20050283911|
|Publication number||10875206, 875206, US 7003828 B2, US 7003828B2, US-B2-7003828, US7003828 B2, US7003828B2|
|Inventors||Richard B. Roussy|
|Original Assignee||Carroll Hospital, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (24), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (17), Classifications (15), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to patient beds, particularly to height adjustable patient beds for healthcare facilities, such as hospitals and long-term care facilities. In particular, the present invention relates to a system for maintaining a height adjustable patient bed in a level position while adjusting the height of the bed.
Patient beds in healthcare facilities are designed so that various parts of the bed can adopt a number of positions to provide for greater patient comfort and/or to facilitate the tasks of an attendant, for example a nurse. For example, beds may be raised or lowered to different heights. Beds may be tilted to achieve the Trendelenburg and reverse Trendelenburg positions. Beds may comprise patient support platforms having back rests and/or knee rests that can be raised or lowered to support a patient's back and knees in a variety of positions.
Adjusting the height of a patient bed may be accomplished by a variety of means. One particularly advantageous method is through the use of linear actuators, for example as described in U.S. Patent Publication 2003/0172459 published Sep. 18, 2003, the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference. In such a bed, the head end and the foot end of the bed are raised or lowered through the use of separate linear actuators. One linear actuator operates a first set of pivotable legs for adjusting the height of the head end of the bed while another linear actuator operates a second set of pivotable legs for adjusting the height of the foot end of the bed. However, since the two linear actuators operate separately, there is a tendency for one end of the bed to lag behind the other, thereby causing the bed to acquire a tilt. This problem is exacerbated when there is unequal loading on one end as opposed to the other end of the bed since the linear actuator at the end with greater loading must work harder to adjust the height of that end.
A number of methods have been used to mitigate against this problem. For example, limit switches or stops may be used on the bed to deactivate the lead linear actuator at pre-set intervals to provide time for the other to catch up. However, the necessarily wide spacing of such limit switches still results in significant and noticeable tilting of the bed between intervals. As well, motion of the bed during height adjustment is noticeably fitful and uneven.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,205,004 issued Apr. 27, 1993 to Hayes et al. describes the use of an external level sensor connected to actuators so that if the tilt of the bed varies from the adjusted and desired position, one or the other actuator is adjusted to restore the desired tilt position. This system has several drawbacks. Since the sensor is located externally from the actuators, it can get in the way of normal bed operation and may be subject to physical damage. Furthermore, external sensors described in this patent lack sensitivity and lead to noticeable tilt and fitfulness during height adjustment of the bed.
Finally, it has even been suggested in the art to use very powerful linear actuators, which are not affected by the load on the bed. However, this has proven to be practically not possible as all actuators have load restrictions. In any event, such very powerful actuators would be overly expensive and would have larger power requirements.
There is still a need in the art for a simple, reliable system for leveling a bed with little noticeable tilt and greater smoothness of operation during height adjustment of the bed.
According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a system for maintaining a height adjustable patient bed in a level position while adjusting height of the bed, the system comprising: a first electrically powered linear actuator having a first internal position sensor, the first linear actuator operable to adjust height of a head end of the bed; a second electrically powered linear actuator having a second internal position sensor, the second linear actuator operable to adjust height of a foot end of the bed; and, control means electrically coupled to the first and second linear actuators, the control means operable to compare position information from the first and second internal position sensors, and the control means operable to adjust power supply to the linear actuators in response to the position information for maintaining the bed in a level position while the height of the bed is being adjusted.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a height adjustable bed comprising: a frame having a head end and a foot end; first bed support means having a top end pivotally coupled to the frame and a bottom end for supporting the bed on a surface; second bed support means having a top end pivotally coupled to the frame and a bottom end for supporting the bed on the surface; a first electrically powered linear actuator having a first internal position sensor, the first linear actuator coupled to the first bed support means and operable to adjust height of the head end in relation to the surface by urging the first bed support means to pivot at its top end; a second electrically powered linear actuator having a second internal position sensor, the second linear actuator coupled to the second bed support means and operable to adjust height of the foot end in relation to the surface by urging the second bed support means to pivot at its top end; and, control means electrically coupled to the first and second linear actuators, the control means operable to compare position information from the first and second internal position sensors, and the control means operable to adjust power supply to the linear actuators in response to the position information for maintaining the bed in a level position while the height of the bed is being adjusted.
Electrically powered linear actuators are generally known in the art and are known to be used on height adjustable patient beds to adjust the height of the bed. U.S. Patent Publication 2003/0172459 in the name of Richard Roussy published Sep. 18, 2003, the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference, is one example of a height adjustable bed employing electrically powered linear actuators to adjust the height of the bed.
An electrically powered linear actuator generally comprises a reversible electric motor and a piston rod coupled to the electric motor through a gearing system. The gearing system generally comprises a lead screw, which rotates under the influence of the motor. Rotation of the lead screw results in extension or retraction of the piston rod depending on the direction of rotation of the lead screw which depends upon the direction in which the motor is being driven. Since the piston rod is coupled to a bed support means, extension and retraction of the piston rod leads to height adjustment of the bed by virtue of the action of the piston rod on the bed support means. The electric motor may be either AC or DC, although DC motors are preferred.
A linear actuator useful in the present invention is equipped with an internal position sensor. The internal position sensor is located within the workings of the linear actuator itself. Any suitable internal position sensor may be used. In one embodiment, position sensing may be accomplished by counting a regularly occurring event of the linear actuator during height adjustment of the bed. The number of counts is managed by the control means and is related to the position of the bed. Preferably, counts may be based on rotation of a rotational element of the linear actuator, for example, the lead screw. The control means keeps track of the number of revolutions of the lead screw of each linear actuator and compares the number of counts between the first and second linear actuators to determine whether one end of the bed is getting ahead of the other end.
A particularly useful example of an internal position sensor is one comprising a Reed switch proximal a magnet. When a pole of the magnet passes the Reed switch, the Reed switch is opened or closed. The opening and closing of the Reed switch generates a pulse count, which is used as positional information for processing by the control means. The magnet is preferably a multi-pole magnet, for example an eight-pole magnet. The magnet is preferably a doughnut magnet.
The magnet is preferably capable of being moved so that the poles of the magnet pass the Reed switch. The magnet is preferably coupled to a rotational element of the linear actuator, for example the lead screw. In this case, the rotational element provides for movement of the magnet so that successive poles of the magnet would pass the Reed switch to thereby cause the Reed switch to open and close thus generating the pulse count. From the pitch of the lead screw (typically about 4 mm), stroke distance of the linear actuator and therefore the height of the bed can be correlated to the pulse count generated by the internal position sensor. A deviation in pulse counts between the linear actuators can be correlated to a difference in height between the ends of the bed. The deviation in pulse counts can then be used as a parameter for the control means to determine whether power adjustment to one of the linear actuators is required to permit the other to catch up and maintain the level of the bed. In practice, the amount of permissible deviation is pre-selected. When the pulse count of one linear actuator deviates from the pulse count of the other linear actuator by a value greater that the pre-selected amount, the control means switches off the motor of the linear actuator having the greater pulse count until the deviation is rectified, at which time, the control means switches the motor back on. One pulse count, i.e. one opening and closing of the Reed switch, correlates to a very small positional change in the height of the bed and the pre-selected amount of deviation is generally chosen to be relatively small (e.g. about 4 pulse counts). As a result, the linear actuators turn off and on very quickly when making corrections for bed level. In this manner, very fine control of bed level is permitted. Thus, there is no noticeable tilt of the bed during height adjustment of the bed and the bed operates more smoothly during height adjustment of the bed.
Errors in the pulse counts of the linear actuators may accumulate over time, especially when the bed is being lowered. The control means knows which way the bed is being driven by virtue of the polarity in the wires to the motor. When power to the motor is turned off, pulse counting stops but momentum of the lead screw may carry a pole or poles of the magnet further resulting in one or more unregistered counts. Accumulation of counting errors over time can be significant, therefore, the pulse counts of the linear actuator are preferably periodically reset to zero. Resetting the pulse counts to zero may be accomplished by establishing a home position. When the linear actuator is in the home position the pulse count is automatically set to zero. For convenience, the home position is set to when the linear actuator is fully retracted, which conveniently corresponds to a lowermost position of the bed. In one embodiment, a limit switch is triggered as the linear actuator reaches the fully retracted position, which interrupts power to the motor even though a down button on a control panel is still being depressed. This provides a signal to the control means to reset the pulse count to zero.
The control means is electrically coupled to the linear actuators by a wire or wires or wirelessly. The control means preferably comprises a microprocessor or microprocessors having software therein. The control means records and compares pulse counts from the internal position sensors of the linear actuators. In response to the pulse count comparison, the control means can adjust power supply to various elements of the linear actuators, including the motors. The control means may be separate from or part of other electrical controls for other functions of the bed.
A height adjustable bed in accordance with the present invention comprises a frame having a head end and a foot end. Mounted on the frame there may be a patient support platform, which supports a mattress and ultimately the patient. The patient support platform may comprise back and knee portions, which are movable to provide different positions in which the patient may repose. The frame is supported on a surface, such as the floor, by bed support means, for example leg structures. In one embodiment, the bed comprises two bed support means, each having a top end pivotally coupled to the frame and a bottom end for supporting the bed on the surface. The bottom end may be provided with feet, casters, foot/caster arrangements or any other suitable surface engaging means.
The linear actuators are coupled to the bed support means. One linear actuator is operable to adjust the height of the head end of the bed by urging one of the bed support means to pivot at its top end. In addition to the top end pivoting, the top end and/or the bottom end of the bed support means translates along a direction parallel to the frame and the surface. As a result, the height of the head end above the surface will change. In a similar manner, the other linear actuator is operable to adjust the height of the foot end of the bed by urging the other bed support means to pivot at its top end.
In a preferred embodiment, the top end of the bed support means both pivots and translates, with the bottom end remaining in a fixed location on the surface. In such an embodiment, the bed support means may be pivotally attached to a bed support bearing structure, which is movably mounted on the frame. The bed support bearing structure is coupled to the linear actuator and moves along the frame as a result of the action of the linear actuator to thereby translate the top end of the bed support means. The height of the bed is thereby adjusted since the bottom end of the bed support means remains in the fixed location on the surface.
The system of the present invention is particularly advantageous when the height of an unevenly loaded bed is being adjusted. Uneven loading on the bed causes the motor in one of the linear actuators to turn more slowly than the other. Since there is a direct relationship between motor speed and rate of height adjustment of the bed, one end of the bed quickly lags behind the other end during height adjustment of an unevenly loaded bed. The system of the present invention provides effective, non-noticeable leveling of the bed during height adjustment despite extreme differences in loading of one end of the bed to the other.
Further features of the invention will be described or will become apparent in the course of the following detailed description.
In order that the invention may be more clearly understood, embodiments thereof will now be described in detail by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Still referring to
In the actuator control box 19, signal from either the up/down decoder 64 or the second UART serial port 65 is sent to the actuator microcontroller 66. The actuator microcontroller 66 comprises, among other elements (not shown), a first position memory 67 and a second position memory 68. From the microcontroller 66, the signal is sent to first and second counters 69,70 thereby closing first and second counter switches 71,72. The signal passes to first and second NPN transistors 73,74 which power first and second coils 77,78 of first and second relays 75,76. Powering the coils 77,78 activates armatures, which pull down on contacts 79,80 thereby permitting 24V DC power to flow to the first and second linear actuators 15,16. Field effect transistors 91,92 momentarily keep the circuit open when the contacts 79,80 close in order to prevent arcing in the contacts. As the motors in the first and second linear actuators 15,16 rotate, first and second Reed switches 81,82 open and close in a manner as described below. Opening and closing of the Reed switches 81,82 sends signals back to the first and second counters 69,70 and pulse counts generated by the counters 69,70 are stored in the first and second position memories 67,68. The actuator microcontroller 66 is programmed to compare the difference in pulse counts between the position memories.
Under conditions of balanced load on the bed, pulse counts in the two position memories remain close together (e.g. within 5 pulse counts of each other) and the electrical system behaves as described above. However, when one end of the bed bears a greater load than the other, the linear actuator at the end having the greater load must do more work and therefore lags behind the linear actuator at the other end. For example, when a patient is lying in the bed, the head end of the bed bears a greater load and the first linear actuator 15 lags behind the second linear actuator 16. In this situation, the number of pulse counts stored in the first position memory 67 becomes fewer than in the second position memory 68. When the actuator microcontroller 66 determines that the difference in pulse counts is greater than 5, the actuator microcontroller 66 sends a signal to the second counter switch 72 to open thereby cutting power to the second linear actuator 16. The motor of the second linear actuator 16 stops running so no more pulse counts are counted. Since the motor of the first linear actuator 15 continues to run, pulse counts in the first position memory 67 rise. When the pulse count difference between the position memories 67,68 is less than 5, the actuator microcontroller 66 sends a signal to the second counter switch 72 to close thereby re-powering the second linear actuator 16 which re-starts the pulse counts in the second position memory 68. Since 5 pulse counts represents only a partial turn of a linear actuator, the linear actuator turns off and on so quickly that there is no noticeable tilt or jerkiness during height adjustment of the bed. During the period of time in which the motor is off, the linear actuator actually doesn't completely stop turning due to momentum thereby contributing an overall smoothness of action. It is one important benefit that the self-leveling system can control the level of the bed without any noticeable tilt or jerkiness during height adjustment of the bed.
A similar description as above can be applied to a situation where the foot end of the bed is more heavily loaded, the difference being that the first linear actuator 15 rather than the second linear actuator 16 is switched off when the pulse count difference exceeds 5. One skilled in the art will realize that any pulse count difference may be programmed into the actuator microcontroller 66. As indicated previously, it is desirable to occasionally re-set the pulse counts to zero in both position memories 67,68, which is accomplished by lowering the bed to its lowermost position.
Other advantages which are inherent to the structure are obvious to one skilled in the art. The embodiments are described herein illustratively and are not meant to limit the scope of the invention as claimed. Variations of the foregoing embodiments will be evident to a person of ordinary skill and are intended by the inventor to be encompassed by the following claims.
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|U.S. Classification||5/611, 5/600|
|International Classification||A61G13/06, A47C19/04, A61G7/012, A61G7/005, A61G7/00, A61G7/018|
|Cooperative Classification||A47C19/045, A61G7/012, A61G7/005, A61G7/018|
|European Classification||A47C19/04B, A61G7/012, A61G7/018|
|Jun 25, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CARROLL HOSPITAL GROUP INC., CANADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ROUSSY, RICHARD B.;REEL/FRAME:015520/0793
Effective date: 20040623
|Aug 10, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 3, 2011||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CHG HOSPITAL BEDS INC., CANADA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:CARROLL HOSPITAL GROUP INC.;REEL/FRAME:027009/0203
Effective date: 20101201
|Mar 18, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jan 16, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: STRYKER CORPORATION, MICHIGAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CHG HOSPITAL BEDS INC.;REEL/FRAME:034779/0934
Effective date: 20150102